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Building Resilience and Greening Africa through Entrepreneurship

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Leading restoration and climate resilience experts share how entrepreneurs in Africa are leading the restoration movement, creating jobs, and making their communities more resilient to climate change.

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Building Resilience and Greening Africa through Entrepreneurship

  2. 2. NOTES AND SOURCE go hereIOM 2015 SPEAKER BIOS Sean DeWitt Director, Global Restoration Initiative Sean is the Director of the Global Restoration Initiative at WRI. He manages the process to inspire, support and mobilize our partners to restore forests and degraded lands. This involves active coordination among governments, civil society, communities and individuals to fulfill international commitments on forests, and most importantly to deliver benefits to local livelihoods, local communities and to nature. Sofia Faruqi Manager, New Restoration Economy Sofia manages the New Restoration Economy, which is working on the business models, financial mechanisms, and market incentives needed to transform disparate projects into a thriving industry that restores degraded forests and agricultural lands. The restoration economy mitigates climate change and alleviates poverty while creating value for investors and companies. She led the Land Accelerator, which is the first startup accelerator in the world focused on land restoration. The inaugural cohort of 12 entrepreneurs met in Nairobi, Kenya, in December 2018. Moushumi Chaudhury Associate, Climate Resilience Moushumi is an Associate in the Climate Resilience Practice at WRI. Moushumi works on developing and building capacity to use tools for adaptation decision making. She is currently working on online data sharing platforms to democratize access to climate information. She is also helping the Government of Ethiopia develop specific goals on agriculture and adaptation by using adaptation tools. In her past work at WRI, she worked with the Government of Fiji and Kenya to build readiness to apply to the Green Climate Fund by training on decision making tools.
  3. 3. NOTES AND SOURCE go here SPEAKER BIOS Emily Averna Associate, African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative Emily Averna is an Associate with the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100). AFR100 is a pan-African, country-led initiative to bring 100 million hectares of degraded land into restoration by 2030 and capture associated benefits for food and water security, poverty alleviation, and climate change resilience. Emily co-leads relationship management, partner coordination, fundraising, and communications efforts for AFR100. Kuki Njeru Co-Founder, Green Pot Enterprises Kuki Njeru is one of the founding Members of Green Pot, which was established in 2014, with the aim of afforesting and offering alternative investment options. Her perfect blend of her training skill, energetic personality, belief and impeccable people skills have seen her open unimaginable market bases and frontiers – the perfect ingredients required to push the Green Pot Brand and products. This holder of a Bachelor’s Degree in Information Systems and Technology has gone to lengths to master what she now considers her new path — trees and the environment. Rebecca Carter Deputy Director, Climate Resilience Practice Rebecca is the Deputy Director of WRI’s Climate Resilient Development Practice. She focuses on governance issues related to climate resilience, including the transparency, equity and inclusivity of adaptation planning and implementation processes. Her work encompasses climate finance, developing methods and tools for tracking adaptation at scale, and making adaptation interventions more transformational.
  4. 4. Photo: WRI/Flickr LINKING CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND RESTORATION Moushumi Chaudhury March 20, 2019
  7. 7. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON RESTORATION BUSINESSES Impacts Business Consequences The Bottom line • Flooding of manufacturing premises • Loss of access for deliveries • Business interruption • Impact on reputation • Drop in productivity • Potential lost sales • Impact on future sales • Water shortages due to droughts • Increased water rates • Business interruption • Climate becomes better suited to certain trees/crops • Increased raw material costs • Drop in productivity • Potential lost sales UKCIP 2013
  8. 8. RESTORATION AS A POTENTIAL WAY TO BUILD CLIMATE RESILIENCE Photo: CIAT/Flickr Trees help cool temperatures by providing shade, moderating health impacts of heat waves and regulating water flows, which can reduce impacts of floods and droughts.
  9. 9. HOW TO SUPPORT SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES TO SCALE RESTORATION Photo: WRI/Flickr Adaptive Capacity Level | Improve knowledge of climate risks Financial Level | Gain access to private finance Governance Level | Address land tenure and fragmentation of land Ecosystem Level | Plant trees that are more flood and drought resistant
  10. 10. The Land Accelerator Photo Credits: WRI
  11. 11. NOTES AND SOURCE go here An accelerator is helpful in the following ways: 1. Capacity: Restoration enterprises repeatedly indicated a lack of investment and technical capacity. An accelerator builds the capacity of multiple enterprises at the same time through a rapid and intense program. Most accelerators have 8-15 companies in each cohort 2. Network: An accelerator connects companies to each other, to investors, and to mentors. Each of these networks is valuable and is tough for any entrepreneur to tap individually. In particular, the Demo Day convenes investors and can help several companies raise capital 3. Discovery: The application process brings forth companies in the space that may not have been on the radar previously HOW CAN AN ACCELERATOR HELP?
  12. 12. NOTES AND SOURCE go here WRI conducted extensive research on existing accelerators (including GAAAP, Impact Amplifier, Growth Africa, Village Capital, Spark, and Ecostar). WRI interviewed 10 restoration enterprises to understand their needs. We found: 1. Accelerators are disproportionately focused on the tech and consumer sectors. An accelerator focusing on landscape restoration does not exist 2. Most accelerators in Africa are run by people who have no entrepreneurial experience themselves. This leaves out the first-hand knowledge founders need 3. Communication with investors, mentoring program, business development, and Demo Days were priorities. But entrepreneurs we spoke with also expressed a strong interest in technical areas such as nursery management, climate resilience, and working with smallholder farmers 4. Programs ranged in length from a week to a year. The entrepreneurs we tested our idea with had a strong preference for a short program that ranged from 3-5 days WHY THE LAND ACCELERATOR?
  13. 13. NOTES AND SOURCE go here 13 • WRI partnered with Fledge to create a 4-day program in Nairobi, Kenya from December 3-6, 2018. • The Land Accelerator brought together 12 entrepreneurs from 7 countries for training, mentoring, and networking. THE LAND ACCELERATOR
  14. 14. SCREENING PROCESS HAS 5 COMPONENTS • What is the product? • Who is the target customer? • Is there a team? • Has a company been set up? • Ongoing operations? • Expectations for revenues/ profits? Profitability • What is growth potential? • Targeted area of land (in hectares)? • Operating leverage? • Marginal costs? • Customer acquisition costs? Scalability • Capital required to start? • Expertise requirements? • What else is required to start something similar? • Relevant to other parts of country/ continent? Replicability Environmental Impact • Does it depend on resource extraction? • Does it increase land productivity? • Biodiversity? • Carbon sequestration? • Soil health? • Air/water quality? • Other impacts? Social Impact • Job creation? • Percent of women employed? • Percent of poor employed? • Percent of higher- value activities done locally? • Benefits to local community? • Benefits to others?
  15. 15. NOTES AND SOURCE go here THE FIRST LAND ACCELERATOR Kenya 27% Niger 11% DRC 7%Rwanda 7% Tanzania 7% Ethiopia 5% Liberia 5% Ghana 4% Malawi 4% Cameroon 3% Nigeria 3% Rest of Africa 7% Non-Africa 10% Applicant Pool Note: Only companies that indicated a country in their application are included above • Despite limited promotion, there were 245 applications from 27 countries • After rigorous screening of online applications and Skype interviews, 12 companies were selected o 5 were founded or co-founded by women o 10 with revenues, most running for 2+ several years o Sustainable agriculture was the most common theme (such as moringa, cashews, macadamia) • Each company was matched with 3 one-on-one mentors • Mentoring and investor introductions continue after the event on an ongoing basis
  16. 16. NOTES AND SOURCE go here UNIQUE, CUSTOMIZED PROGRAM Climate risks Farmer psychology Certifications Restoration movement Nursery management Mentoring Networking Media engagement Pitch prep & practice Demo Day Lean startup Realities of funding Financial modeling & budgeting
  18. 18. NOTES AND SOURCE go here CREATING A SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLE Call for Land Accelerator Applications Target all 28 AFR100 partner countries Tap into entrepreneurship and investor networks Select 15 promising enterprises Host a 4-6 day training, networking and investor- focused Land Accelerator for the 15 participating enterprises Match companies with capital Reinvest funds into future Accelerators Form a Land Accelerator SPV which will invest $50,000 in each enterprise, in return for a 6% equity stake WRI is interested in forming a special purpose vehicle (SPV) that invests in the enterprises selected for the Land Accelerator.
  19. 19. Entrepreneurship for Restoration in Africa By: Kuki Njeru Green Pot Enterprises Ltd 20th March 2019
  20. 20. • Greenpot Enterprises Limited was launched in 2014 and is Kenya’s first fully integrated bamboo company • Our business model is multidimensional, which entails large-scale nurseries, large-scale bamboo plantations all the way to creating a bamboo factory • We also became part of large-scale landscape restoration • Green Pot aims to create business opportunities for Kenyans through this lucrative venture • It is therefore constantly developing bamboo based initiatives and concepts INTRODUCTION TO GREEN POT “Be Proactive” – Steven Covey
  23. 23. GPE provides seedlings & project management Resource mobilization / finance approval Farmers / project implementers plant bamboo GP Industries purchase bamboo from farmers RESTORATION MODEL
  24. 24. • This is a bottom-up approach (community up) • Education Acceptance Participation Implementation • Key to restoration: – Long term/large scale – Each site is unique – Restoring functionality and productivity is priority – Balance local needs and high-level priorities – Use trees to enhance production HOW WILL RESTORATION WORK?
  25. 25. • Pitching skills • Investor readiness and what to expect • Investor engagement and negotiation • Pitching • Business valuing • Networking opportunity with other restoration players • Meeting potential investors at Demo Day. We are still engaging with about 3 IMPACT OF THE LAND ACCELERATOR
  26. 26. • We have missed about 3 planting seasons due to low rainfall • Decreased revenue from seedling sales • Reduced number of restoration projects • Increased project costs as some areas may require repeat planting • The expected maturity of the bamboo has increased by about a year, thus moving the date of production as well as returns to our restoration investors HOW CLIMATE CHANGE HAS AFFECTED RESTORATION BUSINESS
  27. 27. • Exploring drought resilient bamboo species • Include irrigation and insurance in restoration projects • Trying to get other revenues like carbon credits to help manage the high costs that are climate change related • Managing investor and farmer expectations (increase the return period) • Training farmers on smart and integrated agriculture that includes water harvesting and farm waste management MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE CHALLENGES FOR SUCCESS IN RESTORATION PROJECTS
  28. 28. Kuki Njeru Director, Marketing and Outreach, Green Pot Enterprises Limited, kuki@greenpotenterprises.com +254 721 593 211 CONTACT INFORMATION
  29. 29. AFR100 is a pan-African, country- led initiative to bring 100 million hectares of degraded lands into restoration by 2030. 29
  30. 30. VISION We envision a future where 100 million hectares of degraded landscapes across Africa have been restored. This restoration movement is: • Africa-owned • Connected • Adequately financed • Driven by grassroots & “grasstops” • Leading the global movement
  31. 31. 31 A GROWING NETWORK
  32. 32. CORE AREAS OF SUPPORT • Convene at continental, regional, national & landscape scales • Support landscape plans • Strengthen coordination • Share knowledge and replicate • Access finance • Support coordinated monitoring & reporting • Showcase successes and plans
  36. 36. 36 31.2 Mha in progress of 168.43 Mha committed (19%)
  37. 37. 37 INVESTMENT READINESS TRAINING IN NIGER Through business scoping, investor research, and targeted investment-readiness training, the project team is focused on supporting entrepreneurs to pitch their business models and access impact finance.
  38. 38. 38 BUSINESS-INVESTOR MATCHMAKING IN MALAWI Through business scoping and field visits, investor research, discussions on climate risks and adaptation options, a networking and matchmaking roundtable, and post-event investor introductions, the project team is working to upscale successful restoration business models. Focus enterprises include: AfriBam, Consolidated Processing Industries, and Moringa Miracles – enterprises that are all restoring and protecting land, while targeting different markets (timber, energy, non-timber forest products).
  40. 40. TURNING BARRIERS INTO STRATEGIC OPPORTUNITIES 1. Encourage early-stage risk-taking: There are very, very few investors who are willing to invest in an early-stage restoration enterprise in Africa. Most investors—including impact investors with a focus on land use in Africa—are unwilling to take the risk on an unproven company. Often, no one wants to be the first investor, which creates a chicken-and-egg problem for entrepreneurs. WRI and funding partners can play a role in changing this mindset so that more finance flows to the restoration economy. 2. Expand the investor base: Investor interest in restoration in Africa is largely limited to impact investors. There is a need to engage a broader range of funders including foundations, high-net-worth individuals, and development banks. 3. Mitigate financial risk: Financial mechanisms that reduce risk will bring more private investors to the table. These mechanisms may include blended finance instruments that bring together public and private capital, or insurance guarantees for foreign investors who are new to Africa, or first-loss guarantees that limit the potential for loss. 4. Build Resilience: The ability of early-stage entrepreneurs to adapt to climate risks, such as droughts and floods, is low. They require support in accessing climate data for planning, prioritizing and evaluating adaptation options, and implementing options within their own company to be viable in the face of climate change. WRI can support such enterprises in adaptation planning to build resilience.