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Benefit and expected gains with use of de-icing technologies

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Benefit and expected gains with use of de-icing technologies

  1. 1. Benefit and expected gains with use of de-icing technologies H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  2. 2. Agenda •  My background and mission •  Why explore wind power in cold climate? •  Skellefteå Krafts choice of anti/de-icing technology •  Presentation of the Mawic project –  Skellefteå Kraft together with Fortum run this project –  Results up to now •  Conclusion H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  3. 3. My background Ph.D Student Manufacturing Systems Engineering 1999-2004 MW-Innovation 2005-2010 - Development and evaluation of anti/de-icing technology with support from Swedish Energy Agency together with O2 and Kelly Aerospace. Consultant since April 2010 with a mission for Skellefteå Kraft H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  4. 4. My mission for Skellefteå Kraft Evaluation of existing de-icing technology/system in actual projects for their wind power exploration in cold climate. Analyze report and provide Skellefteå Kraft with latest information about ongoing interesting project etc. Update and supply Skellefteå Kraft with latest technology level/ stage about anti/de-icing. Project manager MAWIC project H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  5. 5. Why explore wind power in cold climate at high altitude? Wind speed increase by 0,1 m/s per 100 m of altitude for the first 1000 m. In areas with cold climate, available wind power is approximately 10% higher than other regions due to the increased air density at lower temperatures. It can be a challenge! H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  6. 6. Icing on wind turbine blade Small amounts of ice significantly reduce the aerodynamic properties. Mechanical failures due to increased load or unsymmetrical distribution of the ice. Damages on bearings and gear boxes. Causes noise Safety risks, ice thrown. H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  7. 7. Damage on a service building roof from ice throw. H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  8. 8. Ice throw H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  9. 9. Final choice of anti-icing technology •  Autumn 2010 Nordex installed the first N100/2500 turbines with anti-icing in Jokkmokksliden, the forerunner project to Blaiken. The wind turbine manufacturer tested and optimised the system in cooperation with Skellefteå Kraft on the basis of three different prototype system and one reference turbine. •  One system, laminated carbon fiber below coating. •  The other systems, external installation peel and stick. •  The final choice was the system that is laminated into the blade. The heaters and electrical connections are more protected compared to the other technical solution. Best in evaluation test. •  Skellefteå Kraft now continuing with own studies, together with Fortum for development of control algorithms, etc. for wind power in cold climate in the MAWIC project. H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  10. 10. Measurments Analysis Wind Power for Icy Climates MAWIC Project Byt Bild H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  11. 11. MAWIC Project The objective of this project is increased knowledge and experience of maintenance on turbines equipped with anti and de-icing system for improvement and optimization of control algorithms with focus on lowest possible life cycle costs. H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  12. 12. MAWIC Skellefteå Kraft and Fortum supports and run the project together. Measurements from three Uljabuouda sites. Jokkmokksliden –  Uljabuouda 2010, 10 WTG Skellefteå Blaiken –  Jokkmokksliden 2011, 12 WTG –  Blaiken (2015 under construction, 90 WTG) H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  13. 13. MAWIC Measurement period 01-11-2011 to 31-03-2012. Continuously measurement and analysis of: •  Wind Speed •  Wind direction •  Air pressure •  Humidity •  Temperature •  Ice load H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  14. 14. MAWIC Measurement period 01-11-2011 to 31-03-2012. Other measurement and observation •  Energy production and consumption in the de-icing system. The study sites Uljabuouda, and Jokkmokksliden are recorded. ( Blaiken is excluded, under construction) •  Mesoscale model (Blaiken) •  Noise observation (Uljabuouda when maintenance personal visit site) •  IR camera will be installed, blade monitoring at Uljabuouda WTG 7. H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  15. 15. Results and observations Based on observations at Uljabuouda Nov – Dec 2011 WTG 6 - 10 are the turbines included in this study, with focus on WTG 6 and 7. The de-icing system at WTG 6 has been disabled deliberately for longer periods for a direct comparison of the power production against the other turbines with enabled de-icing system. •  It seems to be a connection between icing and noise •  Energy savings for this period was estimated to 19 000 EUR/ WTG with use of de-icing system. •  Three icing events has been observed in the period Nov-Dec •  Interesting observations are done especially around December 23-24 at Uljabuouda. H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  16. 16. Site Uljabuouda H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  17. 17. Disabled de-icing system •  De-icing system at WTG 6 was disabled from December 8th until December 23rd at Uljabuouda. •  Good Weather forecast for wind power production upcoming holidays •  Until December 22, production losses estimated to 19 000 EUR/WTG. •  A decision was made to activate the de-icing system at WTG 6 between 9:00 and 17:00 Dec 23rd to reduce the energy losses over the upcoming holiday. H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  18. 18. Icing Severe icing on rotor blades reported from site Uljabuouda at Dec 22. Note the difference of ice accretion between the turbines. H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  19. 19. Difference, disabled and enabled de-icing system at Uljabuouda Dec 22 H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  20. 20. Icing event Dec WTG 6 disabled de-icing WTG 7 enabled de-icing H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  21. 21. Icing Event Dec 22 - 26 De-icing enabled at WTG 6 WTG 6 WTG 7 WTG 9 H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  22. 22. Icing Event Dec 22 - 26 De-icing enabled De-icing disabled at at WTG 6 WTG 6 H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  23. 23. Icing Event Dec 22 - 26 De-icing enabled De-icing disabled at Production ~ same level as WTG 6 for WTG 7 at WTG 6 H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  24. 24. Icing Event Dec 22 - 26 De-icing enabled De-icing disabled at Production ~ same level as WTG 6 for WTG 7 at WTG 6 H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  25. 25. Power output December for WT 6 - 7 WT 6 WT 7 H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  26. 26. Conclusion •  Anti-icing is necessary •  Significant energy savings •  Icing generates noise •  System not perfect •  System improvement needed H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN
  27. 27. Thank you for your attention Hans Gedda, H Gedda Consulting AB hans.gedda@telia.com +46 70 377 12 85 On behalf of Skellefteå Kraft AB H GEDDA CONSULTING AB SWEDEN

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