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(Materi) Proses Pembentukan FTA.pdf

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  1. 1. PEMBENTUKAN FTA DAN PERKEMBANGAN PERUNDINGAN KERJA SAMA ASEAN DENGAN MITRA DIALOG Direktorat Perundingan ASEAN Ditjen Perundingan Perdagangan Internasional Kementerian Perdagangan 12 JULI 2020
  2. 2. 01 Mekanisme dan Tahapan Perjanjian Internasional OUTLINE 02 ASEAN’s Relations 03 ASEAN-Canada 04 ASEAN-EU 05 ASEAN-Swiss/EFTA & ASEAN-UK
  3. 3. Mekanisme dan Tahapan Perundingan Perjanjian Internasional
  4. 4. Tahapan Perundingan Perdagangan Internasional Mandat Inisiasi (Internal (ASEAN), Eksternal (Partner)) Mandat Preliminary Meeting Joint Feasibility Study Assessment ASEC Proses Ratifikasi Implementasi Proses Negosiasi Peluncuran Negosiasi Joint Statement Negosiasi disepakati M U L A I
  5. 5. Proses Negosiasi Persetujuan CEPA/EPA/FTA Pra-Negosiasi Negosiasi Pasca Negosiasi/ Implementasi Penyelesaian Scoping Paper Penyusunan pos isi runding (as living document/ dinamis) Peluncuran (launching) Perundingan Perundingan CEPA/EPA/ FTA Penyelesaian Perundingan Proses Ratifikasi/ Perjanjian via DPR/ Presiden Implementasi Persetujuan CEPA/EPA/FTA General Review CEPA /EPA/FTA Feedback
  6. 6. ASEAN’s Relations
  7. 7. Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN • Ekonomi terbesar ke-5 di dunia, ke-3 di Asia dengan GD P gabungan sebesar US$3.2 triliun pada tahun 2019. • Pasar ke-3 terbesar di dunia dengan total populasi lebih d ari 655 juta jiwa, setelah RRT dan India. 1/3 dari total popul asi berasal dari Indonesia. • Total perdagangan ASEAN mencapai US$ 2.8 triliun pada t ahun 2019. • Perdagangan Intra ASEAN tercatat sebagai pangsa pasar terbesar dari total perdagangan barang ASEAN pada 201 9 yaitu 22.5% lebih rendah dibandingkan pada tahun 2018 y ang mencapai 23%. • ASEAN mendatangkan FDI sebesar US$ 160.6 miliar pada 2019, 65.8% merupakan sektor perdagangan jasa. • Investasi Intra-ASEAN terbesar di 2019 (19.4%), diikuti de ngan Uni Eropa (18.4%), Jepang (9.6%) dan RRT (8.2%). Sumber: ASEAN Key Figures, 2020
  8. 8. [ S L I D E 8 ] No URAIAN 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 % Change (YoY) 2020/2019 Trend (%) 2016-2020 I EKSPOR 33.8 39.2 41.9 41.5 36.5 -13.67 6.99 Migas 4.4 6 6.4 5.4 3.5 -28.32 6.68 Non-Migas 29.4 33.2 35.5 36.1 33 -11.53 7.04 II IMPOR 34.6 39.3 45.9 39.8 29.8 -28.48 5.3 Migas 9.5 12.3 14.4 10.1 5.6 -37.89 3.47 Non-Migas 25.1 27 31.5 29.7 24.2 -22.21 6.69 III TOTAL TRADE 68.4 78.5 87.8 81.3 66.3 -18.45 -0.27 Migas 13.9 18.3 20.8 15.5 9.1 -41.29 -9.64 Non-Migas 54.5 60.2 67 65.8 57.2 -13.07 1.87 IV TRADE BALANCE -0.8 -0.1 -4 1.7 6.7 294.12 - Migas -5.1 -6.3 -8 -4.7 -2.1 55.32 - Non-Migas 4.3 6.2 4 6.4 8.8 37.50 15.77 NERACA PERDAGANGAN INDONESIA DENGAN ASEAN 2016 – 2020 Perkembangan neraca perdagangan Indonesia dengan ASEAN di tahun 2020 mengalami Surplus USD 6,7 miliar .
  9. 9. PRODUK EKSPOR DAN IMPOR UTAMA INDO NESIA KE ASEAN DI TAHUN 2020* No HS Code Uraian Produk Nilai Ekspor 1 27011900 Coal, whether or not pulverised, but not agglomerated ,other coal 2,993,938,87 7 2 71081210 Gold in lumps, ingots or cast bars 2,689,905,83 8 3 15119037 Liquid fractions of refined palm oil, with iodine value 55 or more but less than 60 955,737,9 78 4 87032259 Oth motor car (Station Wagon&sport cars) Of Not 4W Dgasoline of a cylinder 1,000 < cc <= 1,500, Not CKD 636,976,3 75 5 74031100 Refined copper for cathodes and sections of cathodes 498,893,2 87 6 24022090 Cigarettes containing tobacco, oth than beedies and clove cigarettes 487,751,2 29 7 87112096 Other motorcycles (w/ or without side-cars) incl scooters with other cc, not CKD 458,968,1 76 8 27011290 Other coal, whether or not pulverised, but not agglomerated ,bituminous coal 377,580,8 61 9 15111000 Crude palm oil 376,798,4 12 10 72191300 Flat-rolled product stainless steel,width>=600mm, unfurtherwork than hot-rolled in coils,3mm>=thicknes s<4.75mm 327,571,8 22 No HS Code Uraian Produk Nilai Impor 1 17011400 Raw sugar of oth cane sugar, in solid form, not cont added flavouring/colouring matter 678,486,79 8 2 71081210 Gold in lumps, ingots or cast bars 390,544,07 9 3 85429000 Parts of electronic integrated circuits 352,626,84 4 4 39021040 Polypropylene ,granules, pellets, beads, flakes, chips & similar forms 322,825,51 3 5 29012100 Ethylene 250,188,67 8 6 39012000 Polyethylene having a specific gravity of 0.94 or more 229,157,94 7 7 84304910 Wellhead platforms&integrad produc modules suitable for use in drilling operations 228,627,67 7 8 39023090 Propylene copolymers other than in form of liquids or pastes 227,078,90 2 9 29024300 p-Xylene 179,173,36 0 10 33029000 Oth prep based on odoriferous substances for the manufacture of beverages 172,564,81 7 10 PRODUK EKSPOR UTAMA INDONESIA KE ASEAN 10 PRODUK IMPOR UTAMA INDONESIA DARI ASEAN Sumber: BPS (2021), diolah Kemenda g [ S L I D E 1 1 ]
  10. 10. Arti Penting Keketuaan Indonesia di ASEAN TAHUN 2023 1. Sentralitas ASEAN perlu diperkuat di tengah ketidakpastian ekonomi global dan Perdag angan internasional semakin kompleks pas ca Pandemi COVID-19. 2. Penguatan rantai pasok dunia → Penurunan daya saing akibat kecenderungan peningkat an proteksionisme. 3. Upaya Recovery ekonomi melalui digitalisasi ekonomi di kawasan. 4. Menjamin keterbukaan pasar melalui kelanc aran arus barang dan jasa di masa Pandemi COVID-19.
  11. 11. ASEAN’s CATEGORIES OF ENGAGEMENT Turki A Dialogue Partner is an external party which supports ASEAN Community building. Sectoral Dialogue Partner A Sectoral Dialogue Partner is an external party which engages two or more ASEAN sectoral bodies. Development Partner is an external party which engages in development cooperation to support ASEAN Community building Chile
  12. 12. ASEAN Integration with Global ASEAN Strategic Partners: •ASEAN-US, ASEAN-EU dan ASEAN-Russia. Sub Regional Cooperation: • Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT), Brunei Darussalam- Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippine East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA)) ASEAN FTA Partners: ▪ ASEAN + 1 FTAs: ASEAN-China FTA, ASEAN-Japan CEP, ASEAN-Korea F TA, ASEAN-India FTA, ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand FTA dan ASEAN-Ho ng Kong FTA ▪ Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
  13. 13. Saat ini terdapat 6 FTA antara ASEAN dan negara mitra yang sudah implementasi (China, Korea, Jepang, India, Australia dan New Zealand, dan Hong Kong). Untuk ASEAN-Hong Kong, China FTA, Indonesia telah mengimplementasikannya mulai tanggal 4 Juli 2020 • Cakupan masing-masing ASEAN + 1 FTA berbeda-beda. • Berlangsung secara bertahap dan secara berkala dilakukan review sesuai dengan perkembangan perekonomian dunia dan kebutuhan. 2007 2010 2019 Timeline berlaku nya ASEAN+1 FTA: Kerja Sama ASEAN +1 FTA
  14. 14. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) RCEP Fact RCEP disepakati pada tahun 2011 yang merupakan konsolidasi seluruh negara ASEAN+1 FTA. Perundingan RCEP dimulai pada tahun 2013. Indonesia merupakan negara inisiator RCEP. Indonesia menjadi Ketua Komite Negosiasi Perdagangan RCEP (RCEP-TNC) RCEP bertujuan mengeliminasi tarif progresif dan hambatan perdagangan, selain itu menciptakan fasilitasi dan transparansi dalam perdagangan → regional value chain dan produk industri. Perundingan RCEP telah selesai secara substansial pada November 2019 dan ditandatangani pada 15 November 2020. 33% GDP Dunia 42% FDI Dunia 48% Populasi Dunia 14
  15. 15. ASEAN-Canada
  16. 16. FTA Criteria Paper: EU, Canada, Chile, and EAEU (37th HLTF-EI Meeting, 12 – 13 February 2020, Ha Noi, Viet Nam) “Amongst the four prospective FTAs/CEPs assessed in this paper, Canada is perhaps the one that has shown the most consistent, strong interest in pursuing an FTA with ASEAN, and in terms of process it has also been amongst the most advanced”
  17. 17. ASEAN-Canada in Numbers Foreign Direct Investment* (FDI) • Canada FDI in ASEAN = USD 13.2 billion • ASEAN FDI in Canada = USD 396 million The total merchandise trade value between ASEAN and Canada reached USD 20 billion in 2020 In 2018, Canada’s services trade with ASEAN (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam) accounted for US$1.4 billion of exports and US$2.7 billion of imports, an average growth rate of 4.5% and 6.4% in 2004 *Source: Joint Media Statement 9th AEM-Canada Consultations ASEAN is Canada’s 6th trading partner (2018), while Canada ranked as the ASEAN’s 9th trading partner (Source: trademap.org) 1. Electrical machinery and equipme nt and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television (755.05) 2. Clothing Accessories. Knitted or crocheted (515.06) 3. Machinery, mechanical appliances. Nuclear reactors, boilers;parts the reof (497.84) 4. Rubber and articles thereof (433.74) 5. Aircraft, spacecraft, and part thereof (384.77) 1. Cereals (756.15) 2. Machinery, mechanical appliances. Nuclear reactors, boilers;parts thereof (539.14) 3. Fertilizers (519.27) 4. Electrical machinery and equi pment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television (283.46) 5. Pulp of wood or other fibrous cellulosic material; etc (278.61) Top 5 ASEAN Export to Canada** Top 5 Canada Export to ASEAN** **Source: www.trademap.org; year 2020 (in million US$ )
  18. 18. Indonesia-Canada Trade Relations Description 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Trend(%) Jan - Jul Change(%) 2015-201 9 2019 2020 2020/2019 TOTAL TRAD E 2,115,477.3 2,374,859.0 2,754,638.7 2,696,923.0 5.71 1,674,608.6 1,379,694.0 -17.61 EXPORT 732,447.3 821,233.1 913,889.2 858,206.0 5.82 518,649.5 438,579.4 -15.44 IMPORT 1,383,029.9 1,553,625.8 1,840,749.5 1,838,717.0 5.68 1,155,959.1 941,114.6 -18.59 BALANCE -650,582.6 -732,392.7 -926,860.2 -980,511.0 -5.70 -637,309.7 -502,535.3 21.15 Trade Balance (Source: Indonesia BPS, in million USD) • Indonesia’s deficit contributed by non-oil and gas products from Canada, mainly Wheat and Meslin (38.1%), Mineral or Chemical Potassic Fertilisers (16.3%); and Chemical Wood Pulp (15.3%). • Indonesia’s main exports are Natural Rubber and Footwear. Description 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Trend(%) Jan - Jul Change(%) 2015- 2019 2019 2020 2020/2019 TOTAL TRADE 2,331,596.3 2,115,477.3 2,374,859.0 2,754,638.7 2,696,923.0 5.71 1,674,608.6 1,379,694.0 -17.61 EXPORT 722,344.7 732,447.3 821,233.1 913,889.2 858,206.0 5.82 518,649.5 438,579.4 -15.44 IMPORT 1,609,251.6 1,383,029.9 1,553,625.8 1,840,749.5 1,838,717.0 5.68 1,155,959.1 941,114.6 -18.59 BALANCE -886,906.9 -650,582.6 -732,392.7 -926,860.2 -980,511.0 -5.70 -637,309.7 -502,535.3 21.15
  19. 19. Milestones in ASEAN – Canada Economic Cooperation (1) 2016 2017 2018 2019 Ministers agreed to initiate work on Joint Feasibility Study (JFS) for a potential ASEAN-Canada FTA and launch Trade Policy Dialogue 5th AEM-Canada Consultations focused on Small and Me dium-Sized Enterprises ( MSMEs) The 1st Trade Policy Dialogue (TPD) tasked Officials to exchange view on next step for ASEAN-Canada with a view of presenting the recommendation to 9th AEM- Canada Consultations The 3rd TPD focused on innovation and IP. The 8th AEM-Canada Consultations held in Singapore. The 2nd TPD focused on Canada’s experience negotiating FTA with EU July 11-12, 2018, the 1st Exploratory Discussions (ED)
  20. 20. 2020 2021 8 – 12 June 2020 – The 4th TPD on new issues under FTA focused on Government Procurement, Environment, Labor and SOEs 9th AEM- Canada Consultations Ministers tasked Officials to continue work on Reference Paper as basis for Ministers to decide on the next step ASEAN- Canada November 2020 progress report on the next steps toward a possible ASEAN- Canada FTA will be provided by Ministers to Leaders June 2021 Finalisation (including dome stic approval) of the Reference Paper for an ASEAN-Canada FTA January 2021 Officials initiate discussions on the Reference Paper for an ASEAN- Canada FTA Milestones in ASEAN – Canada Economic Relations (2) 20 August 2021 ASEAN and Canada Economic Ministers meet to consider the recommendations in the Reference Paper September 2021 Ministers announce decision on the launch of the negotiations for the ASEAN- Canada FTA at the 10th AEM- Canada Consultations.
  21. 21. ERIA ASEAN GDP Canada GDP Canada-ASEAN Exports ASEAN-Canada Exports 1.6 % 0.3 % 26.5 % 18.7 % US$ 39.4 Billion US$ 5.1 Billion US$ 3.36 Billion US$ 3.18 Billion 0.12 % 0.10 % 13.3 % 15.5 % US$ 6.01 Billion US$ 2.54 Billion US$ 4.81 Billion US$ 2.67 Billion INDONESIA GDP 0.79 % US$ 7.05 Billion 0.09 % US$ 1.29 Billion INDONESIA Exports 50.6 % US$ 0.87 Billion 42.1 % US$ 1.35 Billion The study shows potential gains for ASEAN and Canada from an FTA, with positive impact on trade and investment flows Jointly conducted by the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and Global Affairs Canada in 2018 Joint Feasibility Study (JFS) – Results
  22. 22. 16 Areas of Convergence National Treatment & MA in Goods - Telecommunications - Trade Remedy - Temporary Entry of Business Persons - ROO & Origin Implementation Procedures - e- Commerce - Customs & Trade Facilitation - Competition Policy - Sanitary & Phyto-Sanitary - Transparency and Anti-Corruption - Technical Barriers to Trade & GRP - ECOTECH - Investment - SMEs - Cross- Border Trade in Services - Dispute Settlement 9 New Area Financial Services - GP - SOEs Intellectual Property - Labor - Environment - Culture - Trade & Gender - Trade & Indigenous People ED Series The 1st ED July 2018 @Singapo re The 2nd ED April 2019 @Lao PDR Two EDs had been held, in Singapore and in Lao PDR. These EDs were welcomed at the 8th AEM-Canada Consultation s Exploratory Discussion for Possible FTA
  23. 23. ASEAN-Canada Annual Trade Policy Dialogue TPD is an annual event that serves to deepen the economic relationship between ASEAN & Canada by encouraging dialogue on trade policy issues of mutual interest 1st TPD ▪ 2017 ▪ focused on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (MSM Es), which was identified as a priority topic by ASEAN member states for 2017 2nd TPD ▪ 2018 ▪ focused on Canada’s experience negotiating an FTA with the European Union 2nd TPD 3rd TPD ▪ 2019 ▪ focused on Canada’s national IP and innovation strategies, including the policies and programs supporting Canadian innovation 2nd TPD 4th TPD ▪ 2020 ▪ Focused on four issues, namely Government Procurement, Environment, Labour and State- Owned Enterprises
  24. 24. Challenges: Priority, Level of Ambition, Coverage? Canada typically has a comprehensive coverage and high ambition in the areas of Goods, Services, Investment, GRP, IP, SME, Financial Services, Labour, Environment, State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) and Designated Monopolies, Trade and Gender, Trade and Indigenous, Transparency and Anti-Corruption, Institutional, Culture ASEAN+1 FTAs do not include chapters on GP, GRP, Labour, Environment, State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) and Designated Monopolies, Trade and Gender, Trade and Indigenous. *Source: Next Steps toward a Possible ASEAN-Canada Free Trade Agreement
  25. 25. Recommendations: ASEAN – Canada Ministerial Consultation, August 2020 Task officials to develop a reference paper that would identify – on a ‘without prejudice’ basis – the possible FTAs objectives, proposed chapters /elements, including the potential level of ambition for each, areas of convergence and divergence and other relevant considerations 1 3 Urge officials to complete their task as soon as possible and submit their recommendations on whether or not to pursue an ASEAN-Canada FTA by the next AEM-Canada Consultations in 2021 Note the key milestones on the next steps tow ard an ASEAN-Canada FTA and agreed on the following milestones: 2 November 2020: progress report on the Next Steps Toward a Possible ASEAN-Canada FTA will be provided by Ministers to Leaders, either virtually or in person as appropriate Encourage ASEAN and Canada to explore creatively possible ways and means for continuous collaboration to enhance mutual understanding on issues of mutual interest January 2021: Officials initiate discussions on the Reference Paper for an ASEAN-Canada FTA August 2021: ASEAN and Canada Economic Ministers meet to consider the recommendations in the Reference Paper 4 Continue cooperation programs, as and when necessary, to enhance the capacity of ASEAN Member States to benefit from an ASEAN-Canada economic engagement in the future, especially in view of the on-going transformation of the global economy post-COVID 19 5 *Source: Next Steps toward a Possible ASEAN-Canada Free Trade Agreement 25
  26. 26. 26 Brunei’s Priority Economic Deliverables (PED) R E C O V E R Y S U S T A I N A B I L I T Y D I G I T A L I Z A T I O N Non-Tariff Measures Cost Effectiveness Toolkit (NTM Toolkit) ASEAN Framework to Support Food, Agriculture, and Forestry (FAF) Small Producers, Cooperatives, and MSMEs to Improve Product Quality to Meet Regional/International Standards and Ensure Competitiveness Work Plan on the Implementation of the ASEAN Agreement on e-Commerce 2021-2025 Post-COVID-19 Recovery Plan for ASEAN Tourism Launch of the Negotiation for the ASEAN-Canada Free Trade Agreement ASEAN Investment Facilitation Frame work Signing of the 9th AFAS Protocol on Financial Services Convene ASEAN Financial Uteracy Conferences Regional Action Plan on the Impleme ntation of the Norms of Responsible State’s Behavior in Cyberspace ASEAN Joint Declaration on Energy Transitions and Energy Security Initiate the Development of ASEAN Taxonomy on Sustainable Finance Framework fo Circular Economy Imperaticve for Regional Cooperation in Minerals: Key Recommendations to Respond to The Opportunities and Challenges of a Minerals-Intensive Future
  27. 27. v v v 2 4 3 6 5 15 December 2020 September 2021 August 2021 June 2021 March 2021 February 2021 Present Concept Not to SEOM for comments. SEOM Lead from each AMS shall be responsible for consultations and coordination with its sectoral bodies/ experts for concerted responses, particularly on the outputs and timing, as outlines in this Concept Note. Concept Note is finalised by SEOM. In parallel, ASEAN off icials shall continue the discussions with Canada (through emails) on the Reference Paper for an ASEAN-Canada FTA. Finalisation (including domestic approval) of the Reference Paper for an ASEAN-Canada FTA Endorsement of the Concept Note by AEM Retreat ASEAN and Canada Economic Ministers to consider the recommendations in the Reference Paper intersessionally. Ministers announce decision on the launch of the negotiations for the ASEAN-Canada FTA at the 10th AEM-Canada Consultations. Brunei’s PED Process (Step for Implementation) 1
  28. 28. Scope of Draft Reference Paper for a Possible ASEAN-Canada FTA Trade in Goods (National Treatment & Market Access) Trade Remedies Economic & Technical Coop eration Custom Procedure & Trade Facilitation Sanitary & Phytosanitary Me asures Technical Barrier to Trade Good Regulatory Practices (GRP) Government Procurement (G P) Trade in Services Temporary Movement of Natural Person s E-Commerce Investment Competition Policy Intellectual Property (IP) Transparency and Anti-Corruption Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures MSMEs Dispute Settlement 28 Environment State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) and Designated Monopolies Labour Trade and Indige nous Trade and Gender Culture Institutional Financial Services
  29. 29. ASEAN-EU
  30. 30. ASEAN-EU in Numbers Foreign Direct Investment* (FDI) • EU FDI in ASEAN = USD 16.2 billion • EU as the 3rd largest external source of FDI among ASEAN’s Dialogue Partners The total merchandise trade value between ASEAN and EU reached USD 268 billion in 2020 1. Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television (50.43) 2. Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers; parts thereof (19.25) 3. Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (9.85) 4. Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical (7.18) 5. Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (6.97) 1. Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers; parts thereof (22.24) 2. Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television (16.15) 3. Pharmaceutical products (6.96) 4. Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical(5.65) 5. Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (4.74) Top 5 ASEAN Export to EU 28** Top 5 EU 28 Export to ASEAN** **Source: www.trademap.org; year 2020 (in billion US$ ) *Source: Draft Joint Media Statement 17th AEM-EU Trade Commis sioner Consultations (Source: trademap.org) EU was ASEAN’s third largest trading partner in 2019 with two-way trade reaching USD [280.6] billion in 2019, accounting for [10.1]% of ASEAN total trade. *Source: Draft Joint Media Statement 17th AEM-EU Trade Commis sioner Consultations
  31. 31. Indonesia-EU 28 Trade Relations Description 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Trend(%) Jan - Jul Change(%) 2015-201 9 2019 2020 2020/2019 TOTAL TRAD E 2,115,477.3 2,374,859.0 2,754,638.7 2,696,923.0 5.71 1,674,608.6 1,379,694.0 -17.61 EXPORT 732,447.3 821,233.1 913,889.2 858,206.0 5.82 518,649.5 438,579.4 -15.44 IMPORT 1,383,029.9 1,553,625.8 1,840,749.5 1,838,717.0 5.68 1,155,959.1 941,114.6 -18.59 BALANCE -650,582.6 -732,392.7 -926,860.2 -980,511.0 -5.70 -637,309.7 -502,535.3 21.15 Trade Balance (Source: Indonesia BPS, in million USD) • Indonesia’s surplus contributed by non-oil and gas products to EU 28, mainly Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal (HS15), Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS64) ; and Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television (HS85). 31 Description 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Trend(%) Jan – April Change(%) 2015- 2019 2020 2021 2021/2020 TOTAL TRADE 25,197.02 28,844.97 31,237.09 27,117.63 25,504.97 -0.37 8,753.99 9,185.00 4.92 EXPORT 14,454.82 16,336.44 17,087.13 14,616.73 14,363.77 1.23 4,969.06 5,605.62 12.81 IMPORT 10,742.20 12,508.52 14,149.96 12,500.90 11,141.19 0.73 3,784.92 3,579.37 -5.43 BALANCE 3,712.62 3,827.91 2,937.16 2,115.82 3,222.58 -8.39 1,184.14 2,026.25 71.12
  32. 32. Trade Balance (Source: data.aseanstats.org) Description 2016 2017 2018 2019 TOTAL TRADE 233,579.05 260,759.58 286,868.89 280,818.52 IMPORT 103,145.79 103,092.80 126,090.28 126,710.70 EXPORT 130,433.25 157,666.77 160,778.60 154,107.81 TRADE BALANCE 27,287.46 54,573.97 34,688.31 27,397.10 Both ASEAN and Indonesia experience trade surplus On 2019, top sources of EU’s imports from ASEAN were: Viet Nam – USD 41.4 Bn (27%) Thailand – USD 23.6 Bn (15%) Singapore – USD 34.5 (22%) Indonesia – USD 14.6 Bn (9%) Malaysia – USD 23.1 Bn (15%) ID-EU 28 TRADE BALANCE 3,712.62 3,827.91 2,937.16 2,115.82 (in million USD) ASEAN – EU 28 Trade Relations
  33. 33. source:http://trade.ec.europa.eu • Arahan Menteri untuk memulai perundingan AEUFTA pada bulan April 2007, namun terhenti pada tahun 2009. • Tahun 2017, perundingan AEUFTA direaktivasi kembali dengan pembahasan Framework AEU FTA. • Framework AEUFTA telah dibahas sebanyak 3 (tiga) kali . (Pertemuan terakhir pada 18-21 Feb 2020) EU-Singapore Trade and Investment Agreements ditandatangani pada 19 Oct 2018. EU-Vietnam Trade and Investment Agreements ditanda tangani pada 30 June 2019. Perundingan Putaran ke-10 IEU CEPA dilakukan secara virtual pada 22 Februari - 5 Maret 2021. Proses negosiasi dimulai bulan Maret 2013, tetapi berhenti sejak kudeta militer tahun 2014. Negosiasi dimulai pada tahun 2010 dan setelah 7 putaran perundingan dihentikan atas permintaan Malaysia. Negosiasi dimulai pada bulan Desember 2015, putaran kedua diadakan pada bulan Februari 2017 Perundingan EU- Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement (IPA) telah berlangsung 5 (lima) kali putaran perundingan dan berhenti sejak 2017 karena isu human rights. ASEAN Singapura Vietnam Indonesia Thailand Filipina Malaysia Myanmar EU FTA’S UPDATE IN ASEAN REGION
  34. 34. MILESTONES FRAMEWORK ASEAN-EU FTA 2007 2017 Setelah 6 (enam) putaran, Joint Committee ASEAN-EU FTA dihentikan sementara AEM Retreat 2-3 Maret 2021 Para Menteri sepakat untuk segera melanjut kan pembahasan internal ASEAN terhadap framework setting out the parameters for a future ASEAN-EU FTA, untuk kemudian membahasnya dengan EU 2006 Pertemuan ke-7 AEM-EU Trade Commisioner Consultations, memberikan mandate agar negosiasi ASEAN-EU mulai dilaksanakan 2009 Pertemuan AEM-EU Trade Co mmissioner Consultations ke-1 5 menyepakati agar proses re- scoping ASEAN-EU FTA dimulai kembali 2018 Pertemuan ke-3 Joint Working Group ASEAN EU FTA, pembahasan framework masih memerlukan pembahasan lebih lanjut karena terdapat perbedaan “gap” yang cukup lebar 10 Maret 2017 di Manila, Filipina Proses negosiasi ASEAN- EU Free Trade Agreement (AE-FTA) diluncurkan SEBELUM RE-SCOPING ASEAN UNI EROPA FTA RE-SCOPING ASEAN UNI EROPA FTA 20-21 Februari 2020 di Brussel, Belgia 2021
  35. 35. CAKUPAN FRAMEWORK SETTING OUT THE PARAMETERS FOR A FUTURE ASEAN-EU FTA INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES GENERAL/KEY PRINCIPLES PARAMETER OF THE AGREEMENTS 1. Trade in Goods, yakni: - Tariff elimination and reduction - Non-Tariff Measures - Rules of Origin - CPTF - SPS - STRACAP - Trade Remedies 2. Trade in Services 3. Investment 4. Intellectual property 5. Competition Policy 6. Energy, Raw Materials 7. MSMEs 8. Economic Cooperation 9. Electronic Commerce /D igital Commerce 10. Dispute Settlement 11. Review Mechanism 12. Transparency of Regul ation 13. Government Procurem ent 14. Trade in Sustainable D evelopment (TSD) 15. Institutional Provisions
  36. 36. Capital Movement and Payment Trade and Sustainable Development Government Procurement Energy and Raw Materials Transparency of Regulation USULAN AREA/ISU BARU EU ON TEKS PARAMETER FRAMEWORK FOR AN FTA ASEAN-EU
  37. 37. DRAFT TEKS ROO Proposal EU: 1. Rules of Origin, including origin procedures, should support regional economic integration. They should be flexible, [consider the principle of substantial transformation,] and have simplified rules and procedures to facilitate trade and regional supply chains, while preventing circumvention. They should minimize costs and burden for businesses, particularly for [MSMEs small and medium sized enterprises]]. 2. [ Product specific Rules of Origin should be [trade facilitative, flexible, and should based on the standard EU GSP rules with limited number of adjustments to] reflect evolving economic realities.]] The Rules of Origin provisions should require clear and simple evidence of origin, such as self-certification of origin applied in a harmonised way in the ASEAN region. 3. [The provisions of the Rules of Origin Protocol shall also apply to the territories of Ceuta, Melilla, Andorra and San Marino] [The application or non-application of the Rules of Origin to the territories of Ceuta, Melilla, Andorra and San Marino will be subject to further discussion. Posisi ASEAN : ▸ ASEAN: We would like to retain the term “MSME”. Please note that EU already agreed to use MSME and it would be used throughout the text for consistency. ▸ ASEAN views that PSRs based on the standards EU GSP rules is already prejudging the outcome of potential negotiations; prefers not to mention any specific rules of origin in this framework.
  38. 38. ASEAN- Swiss/EFTA & ASEAN-UK
  39. 39. Draft Joint Declaration of Cooperation (JDC) PERKEMBANGAN PERUNDINGAN KERJA SAMA ASEAN-SWISS/EFTA Directorate General of International Trade Negotiation, Ministry of Trade of Indonesia Inisiasi (Swiss/EFTA) The EFTA Council’s Chair letter to the ASEAN Secretary General dated 29 November 2017 Assessment ASEC Criteria and Approach to Guide ASEAN’s Strategic Economic Engagement with External Parties Preliminary Meeting AEM- Switzerland Open-Ended Troika Dialogue Meeting tanggal 10 November 2020 Mandat 16th ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Council held in April 20 18 for the HLTF-EI Mulai Mandat 34th High-Level Task Force on ASEAN Economic Inte gration (HLTF-EI) Meeting tanggal 12-13 Maret 2019 di Bangkok, Thailand
  40. 40. Work Plan dalam Bentuk Joint Declaration of Cooperation (JDC) PERKEMBANGAN PERUNDINGAN KERJA SAMA ASEAN-UK Directorate General of International Trade Negotiation, Ministry of Trade of Indonesia Inisiasi (UK) 5 Juni 2020 UK mengajukan untuk full dialog partner ASEAN Assessment ASEC Criteria and Approach To Guide ASEAN’s Strategic Economic Engagement With External Parties : The United Kingdom Preliminary Meeting AEM Troika Open-Ended Dialogue with UK Ministers, Tanggal 26 Agustus 2020 Mandat Para Menteri ASEAN pada the 26th AEM Retreat tanggal 10 Maret 2020 Mulai Mandat 38th HLTF-EI Meeting, tanggal 28 Juli 2020, meyepakati salah satu bentuk kerja sama yakni ASEAN-UK FTA
  41. 41. Thank you Directorate General of International Trade Negotiations Ministry of Trade, Republic of Indonesia Follow us on @djppikemendag @ditperundinganasean ditjenppi.kemendag.go.id

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