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Supporting an lng fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain

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This presentation was given by our Gasbassadors Anil Soni & Mattias Jansson at an LNG bunkering seminar in Langfang, Hebei. It was hosted by ENN , SGMF & CCS. Sponsored by Wartsila & GTT.

In this presentation, they presented the different challenges that the offshore industry is facing & how LNG technology offers a viable option in these challenging markets.

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Supporting an lng fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain

  1. 1. © Wärtsilä Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain 17th November 2016 SGMF Conference, Langfang, China Anil Soni Director, Strategy and Market Development Wärtsilä Gas Solutions Mathias Jansson Innovation & Product Development Fuel Gas Handling 22 November 20161
  2. 2. © Wärtsilä 2025 Jan 1:New chapter of Marpol Annex IV – Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) 2016 Jul 1: Ecdis mandatory existing tankers (>3,000 GT) 2016 Jan 1: US ballast water requirements for existing ships (ballast Water capacity less than 1,5000 cu m or greater than 5,000 cu m) 2016 Jan 1: IMO ballast water convention applies to all other vessels (implies treatment technology needs installing on vessels with ballast water) 2014 Jul 1: Ecdis mandatory for existing passenger ships (<500 GT) 2014 Jul 1: Ecdis mandatory for newbuilding cargo ships (>3,000gt and <10,000 GT) 2013 Aug 1: Maritime Labour Convention. 2013 Jan 1: US ballast water requirements start for newbuildings. 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2012 Jan 1: Europe confirmed draft changes to Sulphur in fuel directive. 2012 Jul 1: Ecdis mandatory for newbuilding passenger ships (>500 GT) and newbuild tankers (>3,000gt). 2013 Jan 1: Ship Energy Efficiency Management plan and EEDI comes into force. 2013 Jan 1: EEDI becomes mandatory for newbuildings. Benchmark set. 2013 Jul 1: Ecdis mandatory for newbuilding cargo ships (> 10,000 GT). 2014 Jan 1: IMO ballast water convention applies to vessels built pre 2009 (implies treatment technology needs installing on vessels with ballast capacity 1,500 GT to 5,000 GT) 2014 Jan 1: US ballast water requirements for existing ships (ballast water capacity 1,500 cu m to 5,000 cu m) 2014 Jul 1: Noise levels: The code on noise levels onboard ships will come into effect when the new regulation enters into force. 2015 Jan 1: SOx ECA limits Sulphur in fuel drops from 1.0% to 0.1% (SOx in emissions should be equivalent if post combustion exhaust gas cleaning technology is used) 2015 Jul 1: Ecdis mandatory existing tankers (>3,000 GT) 2016 Jan 1: IMO NOx tier III rules in force (newbuildings operating in an ECA) 2017 Jul 1: Ecdis mandatory existing cargo vessels (20,000 GT to 50,000 GT) 2018 Jan 1: Ecdis mandatory existing cargo vessels (<20,000 GT) 2018 Jul 1: IMO low- Sulphur fuel availability survey completed (to determine if 2020 global reduction to 0.4% should be deferred to 2024) 2020 Jan 1: Potential start of market-based measure to further curb CO2 emissions from shipping (and contribute to the UNFCCC initiated climate 2020 Jan 1: Sulphur in fuels global limit drops from 3.5% to 0.5% 2020 Jan 1: European rules on Sulphur in fuels forces drop to 0.5% regardless of IMO 2018 availability study Regulations governing shipping & offshore are becoming stricter everyday SHIPPING REGULATIONS Source : Lloyd’s List. ECDIS=Electronic chart Display and Information system, EEDI=Energy Efficiency Design index This picture is only directional. Refer to www.imo.org for latest timeline 22 November 20162 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  3. 3. © Wärtsilä Until recent past shipping & offshore was as simple as this….. SHIPPING ROUTES 22 November 20163 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  4. 4. © Wärtsilä Established Emissions Controlled Areas Emissions Controlled Areas under consideration Shipping critical points But the picture has been changing to look something more like this…. SHIPPING ROUTES 22 November 20164 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  5. 5. © Wärtsilä Technologically there are two economic ways to minimize emissions TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS TO COMPLY WITH ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS Exhaust gas treatment technologies Switch to alternative fuels Two ways ahead: 22 November 20165 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  6. 6. © Wärtsilä Natural gas as marine fuel is the perfect option to comply with emissions regulations LNG AS FUEL FOR COMPLIANCE WITH EMISSION REGULATIONS CO2 NOx SOx Particulates Dual-Fuel engine in gas mode Diesel engine 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Emission values [%] -25% -85% -100% -100% Picture Source: https://malcolmoliver.files.wordpress.com 22 November 20166 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  7. 7. © Wärtsilä Chicken and Egg Dilemma – the million dollar question CHICKEN AND EGG DILEMMA 22 November 20167 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  8. 8. © Wärtsilä LNG as Fuel movement is still waiting for enough LNG bunkering facilities CHICKEN AND EGG DILEMMA • Ship Owners are not keen to use LNG as fuel due to lack of LNG bunkering facilities • Terminal builders/operators are not keen to invest due to lack of sufficient LNG fuelled vessels to bunker • But for how long will we keep talking about this dilemma? • It’s time to take some concrete actions and SGMF is one of best initiatives in this direction. 22 November 20168 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  9. 9. © Wärtsilä Cargo Ship; 4 Containership; 3Cruise; 5 Ferries; 15 Gas Carrier; 6 Inland Vessel; 586 LNG Bunkering Vessel; 3LNGC; 117 LNGC/FSRU; 2 Offshore; 13 Other; 5 Ro-Ro; 3 Tanker; 10 On Order Cargo Ship; 3 Containership; 3 Cruise; 1 Ferries; 35 Gas Carrier; 12 Inland Vessel; 37 LNGC; 201 LNGC/FSRU; 14 Offshore; 32 Other; 8 Ro-Ro; 4 Tanker; 5 In Service In Service; 355; 31% On Order; 772; 69% Global LNG Fuelled Fleet LNG FUELLED FLEET Source: Clarkson Research 24 Oct. 2016 LNG Fuelled Ships 22 November 20169 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  10. 10. © Wärtsilä OVERVIEW OF LNG SOLUTIONS & BUNKERING IN DIFFERENT VESSEL SEGMENTS Mathias Jansson Innovation & Product Development Fuel Gas Handling 22 November 201610 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  11. 11. © Wärtsilä 22 November 201611 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  12. 12. © Wärtsilä 22 November 201612 REFERENCES - OVERVIEW NOTE: Includes also LNG fuel gas tank deliveries of Hamworthy Dredger 3 Fish Feeder 1 Offshore special 1 Passenger 1 Product Tanker 5 PSV 12 RoPax 20 RoRo 4 Tug 4 Special vessels 15 Belgium 4 Canada 14 Germany 2 Norway 15 Sweden 3 UAE 1 USA 8 UK 17 Finland 1 Spain 1 Total number of vessels equipped with Wartsila LNGPac™: 66 Total number of LNGPac™: 80 Total volume: 20580 m³ Number of vessels in operation: 18 Number of vessels confirmed and/or under construction: 48 Owner country Application ABS 6500 BV 6839 DNV-GL 4478 LR 2738 Tasneef 25 Number per class Volume per class ABS 10 BV 15 DNV-GL 16 LR 24 Tasneef 1 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 + 1 5 2 2 5 18 33 Delivery year Distribution trend of LNG fuel gas vessels fitted with Wärtsilä LNG Fuel gas system 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 + Year Cumulative distribution of LNG fuel gas vessels fitted with Wärtsilä LNG Fuel gas system 66 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  13. 13. © Wärtsilä WÄRTSILÄ LNGPAC – DIFFERENT SOLUTIONS FOR DIFFERENT NEEDS LNGPac TM with double shell vacuum insulated tanks and pressure build up LNGPacTM with single shell tanks and LNG pumps (capacity range 25-500 m3) (capacity range 300-3000+.. m3) LNGPac TM with vertical tanks Wärtsilä LNGPac: Optimal Solution for your LNG fuelled ship 22 November 201613 LNGPacTM ISO with containerized tanks Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  14. 14. © Wärtsilä EXAMINING TANK TYPE C - ARRANGEMENTS Vacuum insulated tanks Polyurethane insulated tanks Horizontal Vertical Cylindrical Bilobe Multilobe (prototype) Vertical 14 22 November 2016 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  15. 15. © Wärtsilä LNG DYNAMICS: INFLUENCE ON LNG BUNKERING 15 22 November 2016 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  16. 16. © Wärtsilä16 WÄRTSILÄ LNGPAC LNG BUNKERING 8 5 2 Time Tank pressure Bar(g) Tank pressure control during bunkering • Bunkering from top (spray) • Bunkering from bottom • Automatic mode Bunkering station Tank Connection Space The LNG bunkered should be as cold as possible, to have an effective recondensation of BOG during bunkering from top! The LNG composition of the bunkered LNG should be as close as possible of the LNG in the tank (prefer same bunkering source)! LNG influence during bunkering 22 November 2016 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  17. 17. © Wärtsilä WÄRTSILÄ LNGPAC LNG BUNKERING LNG bunkering pressure is an important parameter for an effective bunkering. Following equation must apply for bunkering: The higher the difference between feeding pressure and p2 the higher the volume flow is. 𝒑 𝟏 − 𝒑𝒍𝒊𝒇𝒕𝒊𝒏𝒈,𝒉𝒆𝒊𝒈𝒉𝒕 + 𝜟𝒑 𝒑𝒖𝒎𝒑 > 𝒑 𝟐 Indicative maximum bunkering flows for different bunkering station skid sizes: DN 50 = 50 m3/h; DN 80 = 100 m3/h; DN 100 = 220 m3/h DN 150= 430 m3/h LNG influence during bunkering 17 22 November 2016 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  18. 18. © Wärtsilä18 WÄRTSILÄ LNGPAC LNG BUNKERING Fully SGMF compliant bunkering manifold arrangement Complete range of bunkering manifold equipment, built as separate, completely pre-assembled units for bunkering and/or vapour return. All units are fully in accordance with latest recommendations of SGMF committee, guideline for standardization of bunkering manifold arrangement for gas fuelled vessels. Bunkering capacity: 50-430 m³/hr (indicative) Bunkering manifold sizes: DN50/80/100/150 Vapour Return manifold sizes: DN50/80/100 22 November 2016 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain Source: SGMF
  19. 19. © Wärtsilä FSRU GDF SUEZ CAPE ANN TIANJIN, CHINA 22 November 201619 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  20. 20. © Wärtsilä 22 November 201620 Tianjin, China CHINA’S FIRST FSRU GDF SUEZ CAPE ANN FSRU GDF Suez Cape Ann Owner Hoegh LNG; MOL Builder SHI, South Korea Year of Built 2009 Cargo Capacity 145 130 m3 Regas Trains 3 x 210 TPH Max operating capacity 750 mmscfd Containment system Mark III - Membrane Classification DNV-GL LOA 283 m Breadth moulded 46 m Summer draught 12.4 m Regas Unit Designer Wärtsilä Gas Solutions Engine Wärtsilä DFDE • Employed as China’s first FSRU located in Tianjin, China, in order to cover industrial demand for natural gas and replace liquid fuels Source: http://www.hoeghlng.com Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain
  21. 21. © Wärtsilä Steam Heated Water/Glycol LNG Regasification System 22 November 2016 Supporting an LNG-fuelled marine industry future across the entire gas value chain21 FSRU GDF SUEZ CAPE ANN Typical Capacity / Train Range Unit Flow 50~270 TPH Pressure 46~120 Bar Steam 15~83 TPH
  22. 22. Anil Soni anil.soni@wartsila.com Mathias Jansson mathias.jansson@wartsila.com

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