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Political Transformations in Network
Societies: The Internet, Power Shifts,
and the Fifth Estate
William H. Dutton
Quello ...
Democracy and the Internet?
Shifting Views on Political Implications
Looking Back: Power Shifts &
Computing, 1975
Social
Shaping of
Technology
and its
Implications
Internet and Democratic Power Shifts, 2005
Internet and Reinforcement Politics, 2015
Internet and Technocratic
Power Shifts, 2016
The Internet’s Use in Reconfiguring Access to:
Alternative, Empirical Perspective:
Enabling Networked Individuals
Oxford Internet Surveys (OxIS)
• 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013
• Cross-sectional Surveys versus Panels
• Multi-Stage ...
Quello Search Project: The Role of
Search in Shaping Political Opinion
Surveys to Focused Case Studies
Pattern of
Findings
(OxIS)
Search in
Politics
(Quello)
Critiques of Technical Perspectives
The Metaphor of a Fifth Estate
 Press since the 18th
Century - the ‘Fourth Estate’
 Internet in the 21st -
enabling a Fi...
Historical Pathways to a Fourth Estate
From Feudal Estates to the 21st
Century
Feudal Estates 21st
Century Analogies
Clergy Public Intellectuals
Nobility Busines...
The Metaphor of a Fifth Estate
 Press since the 18th
Century - the ‘Fourth Estate’
 Internet in the 21st -
enabling a Fi...
Fifth Estate defined by being networked (beyond the home), producing content
(writing blogs, posting text and photos), sou...
Networked Individuals Across Institutions
Arenas Networked
Institutions
Networked
Individuals
Health & Medical Care E-Heal...
Fifth Estate as Complement v Substitute
Strategies of Networked Individuals of a Fifth Estate
Martha Payne, 9 yr old girl
writes blog for school project in
Scotland: ‘NeverSeconds’
- Produced content: photos &
review...
Strategies of Networked Individuals of a Fifth Estate
Accountability: Distributing, Leaking
Strategies of Networked Individuals of a Fifth Estate
Petition on
High Heels
Committees issue
“High Heels and
Workplace Dress
Codes”, January 25,
2017
Points of Summary and Conclusion
Back to the US Predicament
Political Transformations in Network
Societies: The Internet, Power Shifts,
and the Fifth Estate
William H. Dutton
Quello ...
Political Transformations in Network Societies - the fifth estate
Political Transformations in Network Societies - the fifth estate
Political Transformations in Network Societies - the fifth estate
Political Transformations in Network Societies - the fifth estate
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Political Transformations in Network Societies - the fifth estate

Talk on 'Political Transformations in Network Societies: The Internet, Power Shifts, and the Fifth Estate' for presentation for students and faculty of CIES, University Institute of Lisbon, Portugal, 9 March 2017.

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Political Transformations in Network Societies - the fifth estate

  1. 1. Political Transformations in Network Societies: The Internet, Power Shifts, and the Fifth Estate William H. Dutton Quello Center Michigan State University Twitter: BiIIDutton Presentation for CIES, University Institute of Lisbon, Portugal, 9 March 2017.
  2. 2. Democracy and the Internet?
  3. 3. Shifting Views on Political Implications
  4. 4. Looking Back: Power Shifts & Computing, 1975 Social Shaping of Technology and its Implications
  5. 5. Internet and Democratic Power Shifts, 2005
  6. 6. Internet and Reinforcement Politics, 2015
  7. 7. Internet and Technocratic Power Shifts, 2016
  8. 8. The Internet’s Use in Reconfiguring Access to:
  9. 9. Alternative, Empirical Perspective: Enabling Networked Individuals
  10. 10. Oxford Internet Surveys (OxIS) • 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013 • Cross-sectional Surveys versus Panels • Multi-Stage Probability Sample • England, Scotland & Wales • Respondents: 14 years and older • Face-to-face Interviews, High Response Rates • Sponsorship for 2013 from the Nominet Trust, Ofcom, UK Research Councils, dot.rural • Component of World Internet Project (WIP)
  11. 11. Quello Search Project: The Role of Search in Shaping Political Opinion
  12. 12. Surveys to Focused Case Studies
  13. 13. Pattern of Findings (OxIS)
  14. 14. Search in Politics (Quello)
  15. 15. Critiques of Technical Perspectives
  16. 16. The Metaphor of a Fifth Estate  Press since the 18th Century - the ‘Fourth Estate’  Internet in the 21st - enabling a Fifth Estate Internet enabling a critical mass of individuals to source information and network in ways that enhance their communicative power vis-à-vis business, industry, government, politics &
  17. 17. Historical Pathways to a Fourth Estate
  18. 18. From Feudal Estates to the 21st Century Feudal Estates 21st Century Analogies Clergy Public Intellectuals Nobility Business, Industry and Economic Elites, Internet Industrial Elites Commons Government, Politicians & Regulators Press Journalists and the Mass Media Mob Mobs, but also Civil Society, Networked Individuals
  19. 19. The Metaphor of a Fifth Estate  Press since the 18th Century - the ‘Fourth Estate’  Internet in the 21st - enabling a Fifth Estate Internet enabling a critical mass of individuals to source information and network in ways that enhance their communicative power vis-à-vis business, industry, government, politics &
  20. 20. Fifth Estate defined by being networked (beyond the home), producing content (writing blogs, posting text and photos), sourcing (following search), collaborating (following cues), trusting (content, providers), centrality (viewing net as essential for information).
  21. 21. Networked Individuals Across Institutions Arenas Networked Institutions Networked Individuals Health & Medical Care E-Health, emailing safety alerts Going to the Internet for info; networked physicians (Sermo) Education Multimedia classrooms, MOOCs Rate my teacher; Khan Academy, Informal learning Governance Cyberdemocracy, e- Voting, e-Petitions Anti-bribery websites; Arab Spring; 38 Degrees News Online journalism Citizen journalists, bloggers, whistle- blowers, churnalism.org
  22. 22. Fifth Estate as Complement v Substitute
  23. 23. Strategies of Networked Individuals of a Fifth Estate
  24. 24. Martha Payne, 9 yr old girl writes blog for school project in Scotland: ‘NeverSeconds’ - Produced content: photos & reviews school lunch in 2012 - Distributed on her blog: neverseconds.blogspot.com/ - Censored by her institution (her primary school’s council) -8,859,514 pages views -Fostered debate over the quality of school lunches nationwide and worldwide
  25. 25. Strategies of Networked Individuals of a Fifth Estate
  26. 26. Accountability: Distributing, Leaking
  27. 27. Strategies of Networked Individuals of a Fifth Estate
  28. 28. Petition on High Heels Committees issue “High Heels and Workplace Dress Codes”, January 25, 2017
  29. 29. Points of Summary and Conclusion
  30. 30. Back to the US Predicament
  31. 31. Political Transformations in Network Societies: The Internet, Power Shifts, and the Fifth Estate William H. Dutton Quello Center Michigan State University Presentation for CIES, University Institute of Lisbon, Portugal, 9 March 2017.

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