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Motherboard ppt

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Motherboard ppt

  1. 1. MOTHERBOARD Presented By VIPIN KUMAR FROM JCHNE
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Motherboard is a main (PCB) printed circuit board. Where are all the components or devices are connected directly and indirectly.
  3. 3. TYPES OF MOTHERBOARD • INTEGRATED MOTHERBOARD • NON INTEGRATED MOTHERBOARD • DESKTOP MOTHERBOARD • LAPTOP MOTHERBOARD • SERVER MOTHER BORD • • AT MOTHERBOARD • ATX MOTHERBORD
  4. 4. TYPES OF MOTHERBOARD BASED ON DEVICES THEY SUPPORT • Integrated motherboard • Non integrated motherboard
  5. 5. INTEGRATED MOTHERBOARD An integrated system board has multiple components integrated into the board itself. These may include the CPU video card , sound card and various controller cards.
  6. 6. NON INTEGRATED MOTHERBOARD Non integrated system board uses installable components and expansion cards. For example, non integrated system board may allow you to upgrade the video card by removing the old one and installing a new one. Non integrated motherboard typicaly have several PCI expansion slots as well.
  7. 7. TYPES OF MOTHERBOARD BASED ON FORM FACTOR 1. AT 2 . ATX
  8. 8. AT MOTHERBOARD AT MOTHERBOARD IS A MOTHERBOARD WHICH HAS DIMENSIONS OF THE ORDER OF SOME HUNDRED MILLIMETERS, BIG ENOUGH TO BE UNABLE TO FIT IN MINI DESKTOP.
  9. 9. ATX MOTHERBOARD ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY EXTENDED,OR POPULARLY KNOWN AS THE ATX, ARE THE MOTHERBOARD WHICH WERE PRODUCED BY THE INTEL IN MID 90`S AS AN IMPROVEMENT FROM THE PREVIOUSLY WORKING MOTHERBOARD SUCH AS AT.
  10. 10. TYPES MOTHERBOARD BASED ON USE 1. Desktop motherboard 2. laptop Motherboard 3. server motherboard
  11. 11. DESKTOP MOTHERBOARD • Desktop motherboard are used in personal or desktop computer. As it is used for application at home and in office, this type of motherboard is the most basic type
  12. 12. LAPTOP MOTHERBOARD • Laptop motherboard is used to connect different parts of a laptop system. These motherboard generally have very advanced features as compared to the desktop motherboard and most of the functions have been integrated into the laptop motherboard
  13. 13. SERVER MOTHERBOARD • Server motherboard are more advanced then desktop motherboard and are designed to offer high -end service which are more reliable and ready to operate in 24*7 environments.
  14. 14. MANUFACTURERS OF MOTHERBOARD Motherboard are available in various sizes and configurations. Some motherboard support 32 and 64 bit processor as well operating system. It is manufacturers by many companies such as. 1. Asus 3. Intel 3. MSI 4. Gigabyte.
  15. 15. ASUS MOTHERBOARD
  16. 16. INTEL MOTHERBOARD
  17. 17. GIGABYTE MOTHERBOARD
  18. 18. MSI MOTHERBOARD
  19. 19. FORM FACTOR MOTHERBOARD REPRESENT THE SIZE OR SHAPE OF MOTHERBOARD 1. ATX 2. MICRO ATX 3. LPX 4. NLX 5. BTX SEE MORE……..
  20. 20. ATX MOTHERBOARD • IMPROVEMENT DONE IN EASLY TO USE, SUPPORT FOR CURRENT AND FUTURE I/O, AND ALSO TO CURRENT AND FUTURE TECHNOLOGY.
  21. 21. MICRO ATX MOTHERBOARD • SUPPORTS CURRENT AND NEW PROCESSOR TECHNOLOGIES . AGP (ACCELERATED GRAPHICS PORT) TO HAVE HIGH PERFORMANCE GRAPHICES
  22. 22. LPX MOTHERBOARD .BASED ON DESIGN BY WESTERN DIGITAL. .Usually found in desktop pc’s. . High quality product at low cost but makes difficult to upgrade and repair.
  23. 23. NLX MOTHERBOARD • support current and future processor technologies. • also support new AGP and tall memory technology. • installing and upgrading the system is easy.
  24. 24. BTX MOTHERBOARD The BTX, or Balanced Technology Extended form factor, unlike its predecessors is not an evolution of a previous form factor but a total break away from the popular and dominating ATX form factor
  25. 25. MOTHERBOARD COMPONENTS 1 CLOCK GENRATER 2. CPU socket 3. Memory Socket Memory error checking 4. BIOS RAM 5. CMOS Ram 6. Battery 7. Chipset 8. Expansion Slot 9. AGP Port 10. IDE Ports 11.SERIAL PORTS 12. 13. Floppy Disk port 14. IO Connectors/USB ports USB port add more printer ports 15. Main Power Connector1 16. Front Panel Connecting Pin 17.CPU FAN SOCKET 18.NORTH BRIDGE
  26. 26. CPU COMPONENTS
  27. 27. CHIPSET • Chip set is a set of IC. • The combination of the North and Southbridge in a computer is Called the chipset.
  28. 28. SUPERIOCHIP SUPER I/O CHIP IS A SINGLE CHIP WHICH CANTROLS SLOWER I/O DEVICES WHICH ARE NOT CONTROLLED BY SOUTH BRIDGE.
  29. 29. MEMORY SOCKET( DIMM SOCKET • There are 3 types of memory that currently popular used in the PC, 1. RD RAM 2. DDR RAM 3. SD RAM
  30. 30. CONTINUE…. RDRAM Memory -Used in Pentium 4 motherboard - 2 Notches -highest performance and is most expensive. DDR ram -128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB. -medium high performance and medium price. SDRAM -lowest performance and lowest price.
  31. 31. CPU SOCKET • A CPU socket or slot is an electrical component that attaches to a printed circuit board (PCB) and is designed to house a CPU (also called a microprocessor). • It is a special type of integrated circuit socket designed for very high pin counts. • CPU sockets on the motherboard can most often be found in most desktop and server computers (laptops typically use surface mount CPUs), particularly those based on the Intelx86 architecture.
  32. 32. The CPU and RAM Communication The CPU processes data. The RAM contains data and programs. The data bus transports the processed data to the RAM so it can be stored, displayed, or output.
  33. 33. Read-Only Memory can be read but not changed. It is non-volatile storage: it remembers its contents even when the power is turned off. ROM chips are used to store the instructions a computer needs during start-up, called firmware. Some kinds of ROM are PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, and CD-ROM. ROM Bios
  34. 34. CMOS BATTERY o This is a 3 volt battery, this battery supplies the power to CMOS ram for CMOS ram to retain the information during system powered off, the battery may be last for 5 or 6 years. • ITS MAIN WORK TO SET DATE AND TIME
  35. 35. EXPANSION SLOT ( PCI ) • Expansion slot or Expansion bus is the slot that enable the user to add the adapter card for additional function to the system Example.  Sound card or Multimedia  LAN card.  SCSI controller card.  Internal Modem card.  TV tuner card.  Additional hard disc controller card.
  36. 36. (AGP PORT) AGP ( Accelerated Graphic Port ) port is a high speed data transfer port, this port is used by the display adapter card that demands so much data with in short period of time.
  37. 37. I/O USB PORTS
  38. 38. Selecting a Motherboard • Some questions to ask when picking a motherboard – What form factor does the motherboard use? – Does the motherboard provide proper CPU support? – What type of BIOS does the motherboard use? – Does the board fit the case you plan to use? – What is the warranty on the board? • Embedded (on-board) component – Component located on the board – Avoid board with too many embedded components • Such boards do not easily accept add-on devices

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