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Madhuri Pancholi ,Interior Design , Dezyne E'cole College.

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Design Basics, first year Interior Design , Dezyne E'cole College. www.dezyneecole.com

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Madhuri Pancholi ,Interior Design , Dezyne E'cole College.

  1. 1. 1st Year Residential Design Diploma NSQF Level-5 of NSDC Dezyne E’cole College, www.dezyneecole.com Interior Design DESIGN Madhuri Pancholi BASICS
  2. 2. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic - Primary Elements ( Line , Shape ,Form ) 1. Point –indicates a position in space 2. Line – a point extended becomes a line with properties of- Line Direction position 2 point with line Horizontal line Vertical line Diagonal line 3.Plane a line becomes a shape With properties of- Length and width Shape Surface Orientation Position Top plan Plane Orientation of the shape 4. Volume a plane becomes a volume With properties of- Vertex Edge Face Top Surface Bottom Orientation of the form Length width and depth Form and space Surface Orientation Position
  3. 3. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic - Primary Elements ( Line , Shape ,Form ) Shape : The characteristics position or shape Configuration of a particular form shape Is the principal aspect by which we identity Forms Square Cube Triangle Pyramid Circle Cylinder Cone Size : The physically dimensions of length Width and depth of a form. while there there dimensions determine the proportions of a form Pillar Resized cube Floor WALL
  4. 4. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic - Primary Elements ( Line , Shape ,Form ) Position The location of a form relative to its environment Or the visual field within which it seen. Orientation The direction of a form relative To the ground plane, the compass Points, other forms, or to the person Viewing the form . Visual inertia The degree of concentration and Stability of a form. The visual inertia Of a form depends on its geometry As well as its orientation relative to the Ground plane, the pull of gravity, And our lines of sight .
  5. 5. Madhuri Pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic - Primary Elements ( Line , Shape ,Form ) Dimensional Transformation : A form can be transformed by Altering one or more Of its dimensions and still Retain its identity as a member Of a family forms. Subtractive Transformation: A form can be transformed By subtracting a position of its Volume. Depending on the extent Of the subtractive process, the Form can retail its initial identity . Additive Transformation: A form can be Transformed by addition Of elements to its volume. Idea Generation Idea Generation Idea Generation
  6. 6. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Beam Pillar Floor Ceiling Wall Idea generation Idea generation Idea generation Topic - Primary Elements ( Line , Shape ,Form ) Dimensional Transformation A form can be transformed by altering one or more of its dimensions and still retain its identity as a member of a family of forms. Subtractive Transformation A form can be transformed by subtracting a portion of its volume. Depending on the extent of the subtractive process, the form can retain its initial identity Additive Transformation A form can be transformed by the addition of elements to its volume.
  7. 7. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic –Plane overhead plane: The overhead plane can be either the roof plane that spans and shelters the interiors spaces of a building from the climatic elements or the ceiling plane that forms upper enclosing surface of the room. The wall plane, because of its vertical orientations, is active in our in normal field of vision and vital so shaping and enclosure of architectural spaces. Wall plane: The base plane can be either the ground plane that serves as the physical foundation an visual base for building forms or he floor plane that forms the lower enclosing surface of a room upon which we walk. Base plane:
  8. 8. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Horizontal Elements Defining Spaces Base plane: The horizontal laying as a figure on a contrasting background defines a simple field of space .this field can be visually reinforced in the following ways. A horizontal plane depressed into the ground plane utilizes the vertical surfaces of the lowered area to define a volume of space. Depressed Base plane:
  9. 9. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Horizontal Elements Defining Spaces A horizontal plane elevated above the ground plane established vertical surfaces along its edges that rein forces the visual separation between its field and the surrounding ground. Elevated Base plane: Overhead plane: A horizontal plane located overhead defines, a volume of space between itself and the ground plane.
  10. 10. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Horizontal Elements Defining Spaces overhead plane Depressed plane Base plane Elevated plane
  11. 11. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Primary Elements Basic Line, Shape, Form overhead plane Depressed plane Elevated plane Base plane
  12. 12. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Vertical Elements Defining Spaces Top plan Top plan Top plan Isometric view Isometric view Isometric view Front view Front view Front view Parallel plane: U- shaped plane: Four planes: closure: Two parallel vertical planes define A volume of space between them That is oriented axially toward Both open ends of the configuration. A u- shaped configuration of vertical Planes defines volume of a space that Is oriented primarily toward the open End of the configuration. Four vertical planes establish the Boundaries of an introverted space And influence the field of space around The enclosure.
  13. 13. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Top plan Top plan Isometric view Isometric view Front view Front view L- shaped plane: When two edges of the field Are clearly defined by the two Planes of the configuration, Its other edges remain ambiguous Unless further articulated by Additional vertical elements, Manipulations of the base plane, Or an overhead plane. Configuration of vertical Planes defines a field of Space along a diagonal From its corner outward. While this field is strongly Defined and enclosed at the Corner of the configuration. Its dissipates rapidly as it Moves away from the corner. The introverted field at The interior corner becomes Extroverted along its outer Edges. Topic – L-shaped Configuration Of Planes
  14. 14. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – L-shaped Configuration Of Planes Top plan Top plan Isometric view Isometric view Front view Front view If a avoid is introduced to one Side of the corner of the Configuration, the definition Of the field will be weakened. The two planes will be isolated From each other and one will Appear to slide by and visually Dominate the other. If neither plane extends to the corner, The field will become more dynamic And organize itself along the diagonal Of the configuration. L- shaped configuration of plane: L- shaped configuration of plane:
  15. 15. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic - Parallel Vertical Planes 2D view Top plan Isometric view Front view A Pair of parallel vertical planes defines a field space between them. The open ends of the field, established by the vertical edges of the planes. Give the space a strong directional quality. Its primary orientation is along the axis about which the planes are symmetrical. Since the parallel planes do not meet to form corners and fully enclose the field. The space is extroverted in nature. parallel vertical plane:
  16. 16. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – U-shaped Planes 3D view The spatial field can be expanded by extending the base plane beyond the open ends of the configuration. This expanded field can in turn be terminated by a vertical. If one of the parallel planes is differentiated from the other by chance in form , color , or texture a secondary axis , perpendicular to the flow of the space , will be established within the field 3D view
  17. 17. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – U-shaped Planes 3D view Top plan Isometric view Front view A u- shaped configuration of vertical planes define a volume of a space that is oriented primarily toward the open end of the configuration.. U- shaped plane: The open end is primarily aspects of the configuration by virtue of its uniqueness relative to the other three planes. It allows the field to have visual and spatial continuity with adjoining space.
  18. 18. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – U-shaped Planes 3D view If the plane of the opening is further defined with columns or overhead elements, the definition of the original field will be reinforced and continuity with the adjoining space will be interrupted. If the configuration of planes is rectangular and oblong in form, the open end can be along its narrow or wide side. In either case, the open end will remain the primary face of the spatial field, and the plane opposite the open end will remain the primary face of the spatial field, and the plane opposite the open ends will be the principal element among the three planes of the configuration.
  19. 19. Madhuri Pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Color Wheel Primary Analogous Hue Secondary Intermediate Complementary Split-Complementary Tint Shade
  20. 20. Topic – Color Scheme Y B R RV V BV RO O YOYG G BG NEUTRALIZING COLORS Red + Green Red – Orange + Blue – Green Orange + Blue Yellow – Orange + Blue – Violet Yellow + Violet Yellow – Green + Red - Violet PRIMARY The three colors from which all colors are created SECONDARY Created by mixing equal portions of two primary colors BLUE YELLOW RED YELLOW + RED = ORANGE RED + BLUE = VIOLET BLUE + YELLOE = GREEN Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By
  21. 21. Topic – Color Scheme TERTIARY Created by mixing equal portions of one primary and secondary color YELLOW + ORANGE = YELLOW - ORNAGE RED + ORANGE = RED - ORANGE RED + VIOLET = RED - VIOLET BLUE + VIOLET = BLUE- VIOLET BLUE + GREEN = BLUE- GREEN YELLOW + GREEN = YELLOW - GREEN COMPLEMENTARY Colors that are directly opposite each other on the color spectrum. When two complementary colors are mixed , they neutralize each other by creating brown. For example VIOLET + YELLOW = NEUTRAL RED + GREEN = NEUTRAL BLUE + ORANGE = NEUTRAL Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By
  22. 22. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – color Scheme v Y- Yellow YG – yellow green G – green BG – blue green C – cyan B – blue v v v G v Color Wheel V M RM R RO Y YG BG C B VB Complementary contrasting color Spilt complementary colors Analogous colors Triad colorsVB – violet blue V – violet M – magenta RM – red magenta
  23. 23. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Hues Opposite The Color Wheel Complementary Colors More Intense And Vibrate When Placed Next To Each Other As They Complete For Your Attention. Complementary colors Spilt Complementary colors One Of The Complementary Colors Is Spilt Off Into A Pair Of Neighboring Hues. Analogous colors Colors That A Neighbor One Another On The Color Wheel Hues Appears To “Push” At Each Other, Creating An Optical Illusion Where Each Zone Appears Larger When It Has Your Attention. Triad colors Hues equidistant on the color wheel. Topic – color Scheme
  24. 24. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Warm Cool Neutral Colour Warm Colors Cool Colors Neutral colors Cool colors Warm colors Neutral colors Cool/ Warm/ Neutral Colors
  25. 25. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Tints Tone And Shades Tints Tones Shades Tints Tons Shades Colors Adding Grey Tones Adding Black Shades Adding White Tints
  26. 26. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Psychology Of Colour Tints The psychology of Colour RED ORANGE RED Conveys Boldness, Drama, Romance, Power, Passion, & Even Danger. VIBRANT Reds Can Heighten Senses, While Earthy Red Tones Create Warmth And Comfort PERFECT For A Dining Area, An Accent Color On One Wall, Or As The Main Color In A Small Space ORANGE Conveys Friendliness, Happiness, Innovation, Energy, & Fun WARM Orange Colors Attract Attention, Making A Space Feel Approachable And Welcoming PERFECT For An Entryway, The Kitchen Or As An Accent For Bookcase And Shelves
  27. 27. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Tones Shades BLUE PURPLE The psychology of Colour BLUE Conveys Strength, Dependability, Tranquility, Calm, Freshness, & Serenity VERSATILE Blues Can Create A Mood That Is Cheerful And Refreshing Or Reflective And Intellectual PERFECT For The Main Bedroom Ceilings And Making Small Rooms Feel Larger (With Pale Shades) PURPLE Conveys Mystery Regality, Eccentricity, Luxury, Exoticism & Sophistication ASA Combination Of Red And Blue , Purple Can Be Dramatic Or Subtle, Exciting Or Calming PERFECT For A Formal Living Room, A Kid’s Bedroom, Or As A Backdrop For Antique Silver Topic – Psychology Of Colour
  28. 28. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Tints Ton Shades YELLOW GREEN The psychology of Colour Conveys Optimism Timelessness Hospitality, Peacefulness, & Creativity SUNNY Uplifting Yellows Can Promote Communication And Improve Concentration PERFECT For A Breakfast Nook Or To Brighten Dark Hallways And Rooms Without Windows GREEN Conveys Growth Renewal, Relaxation Gentleness, Reassurance,& Safety SOOTHING Greens Are The Color Of Nature. So They Create A Calming Feel-good Atmosphere PERFECT For A Spa- Like Bathroom Or A Hushed Den Or Library YELLOW Topic – Psychology Of Colour
  29. 29. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By BROWN Tones Conveys security, robustness, warmth, stability, earthiness, and comfort ORGANIC Inviting browns evoke scenes of nature, encouraging you to slow down and relax PERFECT For counterbalancing contrasting, highlighting, or toning down others colors Brown The psychology of Colour Topic – Psychology Of Colour
  30. 30. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Shades Colour Schemes Analogous ANALOGOUS One Might Think Of Analogous Colors As Neighbors Since They Are Adjacent To Each Other On The Color Wheel. Analogous Colors Inherently Look Good Together Since They Have Similar Origins. This Scheme Is Often Found In Nature. ANALOGOUS Orange Yellow Orange Yellow Green ANALOGOUS Topic – color Scheme
  31. 31. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Colour Schemes Complementary Complementary Any two colors located opposite of each other On the color wheel are termed complementary Colors. As implied, complementary colors enhance Each other and almost always look great together. You see this scheme in many aspects of your everyday Life. For example, the reds and greens of Christmas. Complementary Violet Green ANALOGOUS Topic – color Scheme
  32. 32. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted ByTopic – Principles Of Design Shades Principles Of Design Balance BALANCE Balance In Interior Design Refers To Proper Distribution Of Objects in A Room to Create Visual Balance Refers to The Distribution of Visual Weight Within a Composition. A Work That is Unbalanced Visually Creates Tension. Balance Is Created When There Is an Equilibrium Of Elements That Need Each Other And Together They Create Unity. Balance Every Single Design Elements Should Complete With Home Interior . Must Have Symmetrical And Asymmetrical Balance Pillow colors in Exciting print to set Off neutral colors Use And Tables On Either Side Of The Sofa
  33. 33. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Shades Principles Of Design Harmony HARMONY Topic – Principles Of Design Harmony Elements Should Work Together Without Clashing Create A Sense Of Peace All Major Furniture In The Same Color Textures And Fabrics Can Still Vary The Name Implies Stresses On The Fact That There Should Be A Sense Of Uniformity Or Harmony Among All The Elements Used. Interior Design Should Serve As A Visual Guide For A Person To Understand A Living Space, Without Harmony, The Visual Guide Will Only End Up Confusing The Person.
  34. 34. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Shades RHYTHM Principles of Design Rhythm The Design Principles That Suggested Connected Movement Between Different Parts Of Design By Using Colors, Lines, Forms, Or Texture Also Referred To As Continuity. Rhythm Is Visual Flow. The Eye Should Be Able To Flow Smoothly Across The Room. Regular Repetition Of Lines, Shape., Or Colors That Create A Movement. Patterns Have Rhythm. Rhythm Refers To A Way Of Utilizing The Art Elements To Produce The Look And Feel Of Rhythmic Movement With A Visual Tempo Or Beat. Rhythm Is A Feeling Of Structured Movement Created By The Repetition Of Elements. Rhythm Can Be Used To Design Repeated Elements And The Space Between Then Make Patterns That We Experience As Rhythm. This Helps To Give A Composition Visual Harmony By Creating Unity In A Layout. Examples Include The Repetition Of Similar Shapes, Colors Or Textures. Topic – Principles Of Design Rhythm Use Combinations Of Colors Prints Or Shades Use Different Shades And Pattern To Create Best Visual Integration Fabrics Used In Sofa Curtains Should Match With Your Sofa Wall Painting And Wall Art Color Must Complete With Your Sofa Upholstery
  35. 35. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Shades Principles of Design Proportion & Scale PROPORTION Topic – Principles Of Design Proportion & Scale Design Elements Should Match With The Proportion Of The Residential Area Avoid Using Large Patterns And Oversize Cushions In A Small Area The Principle Of Scale And Proportion Ensure That Objects Placed In A Space Look Like They Belong To Each Other. Be It The Size, Dimension, Shape Or Colour Of The Objects, A Harmony Should Be Established Between Them And A Proportion Has To Be Maintained. For Example, A High Ceiling Environment Implies That High Rise Furniture Should Be Preferred Over Low Rise Furniture Should Be Ottomans. Also Under Stuffed Pillows Would Make As Sofa Look Empty And Under Accessorized, Thus Disrupting The Harmony And Proportion That Is Supposed To Exist.
  36. 36. Madhuri pancholi 1st Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Submitted By Shades EMPHASIS Principles Of Design Emphasis Emphasis Is Also Referred To As Point Of Focus Or Interruption. It Made The Locations In A Composition Which Most Strongly Draw The Viewer’s Attention. Usually There Is A Primary, Or Main Point Of Emphasis With Perhaps Secondary Emphases In Other Parts Of The Composition. The Emphasis Is Usually An Interruption In The Fundamental Pattern Or Movement Of The Viewer’s Eyes Though The Composition Or A Break In The Rhythm. The Artist Or Designer Uses Emphasis To Call Attention To Something Or To Vary The Composition In Order To Hold The Viewer’s Interest By Providing Visual “Surprises”. Topic – Principles Of Design Emphasis Some Designs Elements Should Be More Important The Others Decide On A Central Point For A Room Use A Furniture In Color That Complement The Central Point
  37. 37. YOUMADHURI PANCHOLI 1st Year Residential Design Diploma NSQF Level-5 of NSDC Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com THANK

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