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  2. Paragraph A group of sentences organized around a topic, a main idea about the topic, and details that support the main idea.
  3. Topic The overall subject of a paragraph.
  4. Main Idea A statement that tells the author’s point about the topic. The main idea provides the message of a given paragraph or the argument that is being made about the topic.
  5. Main Idea Main idea can also be called the general sentence.
  6. Details The specific information about the main idea or support for the main idea. Details can also be called supporting sentences.
  7. Main Idea = Topic + Author’s Point about the Topic
  8. How to Find the Topic Ask yourself the question: What or who is this paragraph about?
  9. How to Find the Main Idea Ask yourself the question: What is the overall message being made by the author about the topic of this paragraph?
  10. How to Find Supporting Details Turn the main idea into a question by asking who, what, when, where, why, or how? The answer will give a set of details.
  11. Hints  Boldfaced headings or titles may contain the topic and/or main idea  First and last sentences in the paragraph are usually helpful  Look for repeating words, these often indicate the topic
  12. Remember: Topics, main ideas, and supporting details work together. The main idea tells the author’s point about the topic, and the details offer support for the main idea.
  13. Mother gorillas do a lot for their babies. Specifically, they nurse their babies. They protect them from danger. And they teach the tiny gorillas how to get along with other gorillas.
  14. GORILLAS Mother gorillas do a lot for their babies. They nurse their babies. They protect them from danger. And they teach the tiny gorillas how to get along with other gorillas.
  15. 1.Summer is a wonderful time to spend at West Beach. It is a beach with light- colored, soft sand. The coastline goes on for a long way and many people enjoy walking along it. Children like to play in the surf and walk along the rocks that are visible at low tide. This is a fun beach for people of all ages.
  16. 2.The movie Apollo 13 was a blockbuster for the summer of 1995. It is an exciting story about space exploration. In the movie, the astronauts get in trouble while they are trying to return to Earth. People in the audience are on the edge of their seats waiting to see what happens. What makes it even more exciting is that it is a true story.
  17. The use of renewable energy is essential for a sustainable future. Renewable energy sources are clean and do not produce harmful greenhouse gas emissions, unlike fossil fuels. This helps us not rely on things like oil and gas that are running out. It also makes jobs and helps the economy grow in the long run. Choosing renewable energy can help us deal with climate change and make the planet better for people who come after us.
  18. 3.Robots are being used in sumo wrestling contests. Sumo wrestling is a sport that started in Japan. It takes place in a ring. Two players try to score points by holding each other down or pushing each other out of the ring. Robot sumo uses robots instead of humans. The robot that scores the most points wins
  19. 4.Students compete in robot sumo contests. They learn how to build their own robots. They compete against their classmates and students from other schools. To win, students must be creative. They must have a good plan for defeating other robots.
  20. 5.Pizza is a favorite food in the United States. Pizza is from Italy in the late 1800s. It became popular in the United States after World War II. People like to add toppings on pizza. Some toppings are pepperoni, sausage, and vegetables. These toppings give pizza more flavor. Pepperoni is America’s favorite topping.
  21. 6. Hurricanes are large storms. They begin over the ocean. They gather heat and energy from the water. Hurricanes move slowly to land as they grow stronger. Hurricanes are dangerous because of their size. They are also dangerous because of high winds and big waves. Hurricanes can bring flooding, power outages, and tornadoes.