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5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 1
CONFIDENTIAL Template Innovation Day 2019CONFIDENTIAL
S...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 2
CONFIDENTIAL
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CONTENT
Intro – Programming ...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 3
CONFIDENTIAL
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES - INFLUENCE
ON INTEG...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 4
CONFIDENTIAL
INFLUENCE ON INTEGRATED PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 5
CONFIDENTIAL
WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 6
CONFIDENTIAL
WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 7
CONFIDENTIAL
Programming Language
=
Tool to tell the co...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 8
CONFIDENTIAL
• Formal language
• Syntax (symbols) + Sem...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 9
CONFIDENTIAL
Program
(High Level)
Program
(Low Level)
M...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 10
CONFIDENTIAL
Program
(High Level)
Program
(Low Level)
...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 11
CONFIDENTIAL
Program
(High Level)
Program
(Low Level)
...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 12
CONFIDENTIAL
Program
(High Level)
Program
(Low Level)
...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 13
CONFIDENTIAL
HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 14
CONFIDENTIAL
HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 15
CONFIDENTIAL
• First-generation languages
• A.k.a. mac...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 16
CONFIDENTIAL
• Second-generation languages
• A.k.a. as...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 17
CONFIDENTIAL
• Third-generation languages
• Functions,...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 18
CONFIDENTIAL
• Fourth-generation languages
= Very high...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 19
CONFIDENTIAL
HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Each nex...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 20
CONFIDENTIAL
🏊 DEEP DIVE: EARLY HISTORY
Program
(High ...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 21
CONFIDENTIAL
🏊 DEEP DIVE: EARLY HISTORY
Program
(High ...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 22
CONFIDENTIAL
🏊 DEEP DIVE: EARLY HISTORY
Program
(High ...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 23
CONFIDENTIAL
USAGE STATISTICS OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 24
CONFIDENTIAL
MOST USED
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 25
CONFIDENTIAL
MOST LOVED
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 26
CONFIDENTIAL
MOST PAID
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 27
CONFIDENTIAL
PEGUS DIGITAL USE CASES – WHY DID WE CHOO...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 28
CONFIDENTIAL
USE CASES
Monitoring
Signals
▪ Offer exis...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 29
CONFIDENTIAL
USE CASES
Monitoring
Signals
▪ Modern, st...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 30
CONFIDENTIAL
THE FUTURE OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 31
CONFIDENTIAL
Fifth-Generation: “ultimate” level of abs...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 32
CONFIDENTIAL
CONCLUSION
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 33
CONFIDENTIAL
• IoT/Industry 4.0 -> More usage of low-l...
5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 34
CONFIDENTIAL
One group, five brands
Our services are m...
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Software language over the last 50 years, what will be next (by Pieter Zuliani & Joachim Jansen)

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To explain the tremendous evolution in ICT the last decades, one typically refers to the Law of Moore. Today we’re facing with new languages and methodologies popping up like buzz words. Understanding the evolution of programming and cornerstone concepts will help you to position and value future programming languages and trends.

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Software language over the last 50 years, what will be next (by Pieter Zuliani & Joachim Jansen)

  1. 1. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 1 CONFIDENTIAL Template Innovation Day 2019CONFIDENTIAL SOFTWARE LANGUAGE OVER THE LAST 50 YEARS: WHAT WILL BE NEXT? Pieter Zuliani - Joachim Jansen COO Pegus Digital - C++ Lead developer Pieter.zuliani@pegus.digital - Joachim.jansen@pegus.digital TRACK 5 MyTechnology
  2. 2. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 2 CONFIDENTIAL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 CONTENT Intro – Programming language influence on integrated product development What is a programming language History of programming languages Current usage statistics of programming languages Pegus Digital Use Cases – Why did we choose a certain technology stack? The future of programming languages Conclusion
  3. 3. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 3 CONFIDENTIAL PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES - INFLUENCE ON INTEGRATED PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
  4. 4. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 4 CONFIDENTIAL INFLUENCE ON INTEGRATED PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
  5. 5. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 5 CONFIDENTIAL WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
  6. 6. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 6 CONFIDENTIAL WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
  7. 7. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 7 CONFIDENTIAL Programming Language = Tool to tell the computer what to do WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
  8. 8. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 8 CONFIDENTIAL • Formal language • Syntax (symbols) + Semantics (meaning) • Set of instructions • Various kinds of outputs • Many different programming languages WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
  9. 9. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 9 CONFIDENTIAL Program (High Level) Program (Low Level) Machine Code Machine WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE #include <iostream> int main() { std::cout << "Hello World"; }
  10. 10. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 10 CONFIDENTIAL Program (High Level) Program (Low Level) Machine Code Machine WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE section .text global _start: _start: mov eax, 4 mov ebx, 1 mov ecx, string mov edx, length int 80h mov eax, 1 mov ebx, 8 int 80h section .data string: db 'Hello World', 0Ah length: equ 13
  11. 11. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 11 CONFIDENTIAL Program (High Level) Program (Low Level) Machine Code Machine WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE { 0x86, 0xFF, 0x35, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xA3, … 0xC0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xC3 }
  12. 12. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 12 CONFIDENTIAL Program (High Level) Program (Low Level) Machine Code Machine WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
  13. 13. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 13 CONFIDENTIAL HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
  14. 14. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 14 CONFIDENTIAL HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
  15. 15. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 15 CONFIDENTIAL • First-generation languages • A.k.a. machine code • Binary codes of 0 and 1 • not human-readable • No need for any translator or converter • Machine dependent HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES { 0x86, 0xFF, 0x35, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xA3, … 0xC0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xC3 }
  16. 16. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 16 CONFIDENTIAL • Second-generation languages • A.k.a. assembly languages • Use mnemonics => more human-readable • “Low-level” programming language • Assembler converts into machine code HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES section .text global _start: _start: mov eax, 4 mov ebx, 1 mov ecx, string mov edx, length int 80h mov eax, 1 mov ebx, 8 int 80h section .data string: db 'Hello World', 0Ah length: equ 13
  17. 17. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 17 CONFIDENTIAL • Third-generation languages • Functions, Types, Data structures, Objects, Libraries • Referred to as “high-level” languages • A compiler or interpreter translates to assembly language • Examples: FORTRAN, COBOL, PASCAL, C, C++, Java … HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES #include <iostream> int main() { std::cout << "Hello World"; }
  18. 18. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 18 CONFIDENTIAL • Fourth-generation languages = Very high-level abstractions in a specific domain • Database mgmt. • Table-driven programming • Automatic Reporting • GUI Creation HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
  19. 19. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 19 CONFIDENTIAL HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES Each next generation = more abstractions Motivation: needed to construct larger, more complex software Prerequisite: increased computing power
  20. 20. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 20 CONFIDENTIAL 🏊 DEEP DIVE: EARLY HISTORY Program (High Level) Program (Low Level) Machine Code Machine { 0x86, 0xFF, 0x35, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xA3, … 0xC0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xC3 } section .text global _start: _start: mov eax, 4 mov ebx, 1 mov ecx, string mov edx, length int 80h mov eax, 1 mov ebx, 8 int 80h section .data string: db 'Hello World', 0Ah length: equ 13 #include <iostream> int main() { std::cout << "Hello World"; }
  21. 21. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 21 CONFIDENTIAL 🏊 DEEP DIVE: EARLY HISTORY Program (High Level) Program (Low Level) Machine Code Machine 1st Gen • Numerical representation for instructions • Sequences of instructions • Specific Machine 2nd Gen • Human-readable instructions • tagging code sections • Flow control: loop, jump • Machine-independent 3rd Gen • Libraries • Functions, types • Data Structures (Objects) • Complex flow control: If, while, for
  22. 22. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 22 CONFIDENTIAL 🏊 DEEP DIVE: EARLY HISTORY Program (High Level) Program (Low Level) Machine Code Machine Compiler ($$$) Assembler ($)
  23. 23. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 23 CONFIDENTIAL USAGE STATISTICS OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
  24. 24. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 24 CONFIDENTIAL MOST USED
  25. 25. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 25 CONFIDENTIAL MOST LOVED
  26. 26. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 26 CONFIDENTIAL MOST PAID
  27. 27. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 27 CONFIDENTIAL PEGUS DIGITAL USE CASES – WHY DID WE CHOOSE A CERTAIN TECHNOLOGY STACK?
  28. 28. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 28 CONFIDENTIAL USE CASES Monitoring Signals ▪ Offer existing data as Semantic Data ▪ Modern, standardized API for communication ▪ Human-machine interaction ▪ Machine-machine interaction
  29. 29. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 29 CONFIDENTIAL USE CASES Monitoring Signals ▪ Modern, standardized API for communication ▪ Human-machine interaction ▪ Machine-machine interaction ▪ Offer existing data as semantic Data Python C++
  30. 30. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 30 CONFIDENTIAL THE FUTURE OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
  31. 31. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 31 CONFIDENTIAL Fifth-Generation: “ultimate” level of abstraction • Describe problem, not algorithm for solving the problem • Abstracts away method needed for solving • Examples: Genetic Programming, Machine Learning (e.g. Neural networks), Constraint-based Programming Demo 1: Genetic Programming https://keiwan.itch.io/evolution https://rednuht.org/genetic_walkers/ Demo 2: Constraint-based Programming (Logic-based) https://verne.cs.kuleuven.be/idp/server.html THE FUTURE OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
  32. 32. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 32 CONFIDENTIAL CONCLUSION
  33. 33. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 33 CONFIDENTIAL • IoT/Industry 4.0 -> More usage of low-level languages • AI → Increase of Python, R, Lisp, Prolog • Many languages to choose from • Choice depends on: • Target hardware / system • Existing libraries • Community support • Expertise of your team / hiring market CONCLUSION
  34. 34. 5.4 Software language over the last 50 years: what will be next? 34 CONFIDENTIAL One group, five brands Our services are marketed through 5 brands each addressing specific missions in product development. INTEGRATED PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT ON-SITE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT DIGITAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT OPTICAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

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