3 R ’ S O F
E N V I R O N M E N T
N A M E - V A N S H P A T I L
S T D - 1 1 T H D I V . - C
R O L L N O . - S 1 1 C 3 6
SNBP International School
• What are 3 R’s of Environment?
• Which Items can be recycled?
• Biodegradable Waste
• Advantages of Biodegradable Waste
• How these 3 R’s help our Environment
What are 3 R’s of
• The three R's – reduce, reuse and recycle – all
help to cut down on the amount of waste we
throw away. They conserve natural resources,
landfill space and energy. Plus, the three R's
save land and money communities must use to
dispose of waste in landfills.
• "Reduce" means using fewer resources in the first place.
This is the most effective of the three Rs and the place to
begin. It is also the hardest because it requires letting go of
some very American notions, including the bigger the
better, new trumps old and convenience is next to
godliness. But you don't need to let go completely or all at
once. "Reduce" is a comparative word. It says: cut back
from where you are now.
• Buy products in bulk. Larger, economy-size products or ones in concentrated form
use less packaging and usually cost less per ounce.
• Avoid over-packaged goods, especially ones packed with several materials such as
foil, paper, and plastic. They are difficult to recycle, plus you pay more for the
• Avoid disposable goods, such as paper plates, cups, napkins, razors, and lighters.
Throwaways contribute to the problem and cost more because they must be
replaced again and again.
• Buy durable goods – ones that are well-built or that carry good warranties. They will
last longer, save money in the long run and save landfill space.
• At work, make two-sided copies when ever possible.
• Maintain central files rather than using several files for individuals.
• Use electronic mail or main bulletin board.
• Reuse is the action or practice of using an item, whether for its
original purpose (conventional reuse) or to fulfil a different function
(creative reuse or repurposing). It should be distinguished from
recycling, which is the breaking down of used items to make raw
materials for the manufacture of new products. Reuse – by taking,
but not reprocessing, previously used items – helps save time,
money, energy and resources. In broader economic terms, it can
make quality products available to people and organizations with
limited means, while generating jobs and business activity that
contribute to the economy.
• Reuse products for the same purpose. Save paper and plastic bags, and repair
broken appliances, furniture and toys.
• Reuse products in different ways. Use a coffee can to pack a lunch; use plastic
microwave dinner trays as picnic dishes.
• Sell old clothes, appliances, toys, and furniture in garage sales or ads, or donate
them to charities.
• Use reseal able containers rather than plastic wrap.
• Use a ceramic coffee mug instead of paper cups.
• Reuse grocery bags or bring your own cloth bags to the store. Do not take a bag
from the store unless you need one.
• Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new
materials and objects. The recovery of energy from waste materials
is often included in this concept. The recyclability of a material
depends on its ability to reacquire the properties it had in its original
state. It is an alternative to "conventional" waste disposal that can
save material and help lower greenhouse gas emissions. It can also
prevent the waste of potentially useful materials and reduce the
consumption of fresh raw materials, reducing energy use, air
pollution (from incineration) and water pollution (from landfilling).
• Buy products made from recycled material. Look for the recycling symbol or ask store
managers or salesmen. The recycling symbol means one of two things – either the product
is made of recycled material, or the item can be recycled. For instance, many plastic
containers have a recycling symbol with a numbered code the identifies what type of
plastic resin it is made from. However, just because the container has this code does not
mean it can be easily recycled locally.
• Check collection centers and curbside pickup services to see what they accept and begin
collecting those materials. These can include metal cans, newspapers, paper products,
glass, plastics and oil.
• Consider purchasing recycled materials at work when purchasing material for office supply,
office equipment or manufacturing.
• Speak to store managers and ask for products and packaging that help cut down on waste,
such as recycled products and products that are not over packaged.
• Buy products made from material that is collected for recycling in your community.
• Use recycled paper for letterhead, copier paper and newsletters.
• Paper including newspapers, magazines,
and mixed paper.
• Cardboard (OCC)
• Glass bottles and jars.
• Rigid plastic products.
• Metal containers, including tin, aluminum,
and steel cans.
• Food waste, if your city has an organics
• Biodegradable waste includes any organic matter in waste
which can be broken down into carbon dioxide, water,
methane or simple organic molecules by micro-organisms
and other living things by composting, aerobic digestion,
anaerobic digestion or similar processes. In waste
management, it also includes some inorganic materials
which can be decomposed by bacteria. Such materials
include gypsum and its products such as plasterboard and
other simple organic sulfates which can decompose to yield
hydrogen sulphide in anaerobic land-fill conditions.
• Biodegradable Plastics are easy to Recycle
• They consume Less Energy during their Manufacture
• Reduction of the Amount of Waste Produced
• Lower Petroleum Consumption
• Reduction of Carbon Dioxide levels
• Reduction of Emission of Greenhouse Gas Levels
How these 3R’s
Environment • The three R's – reduce, reuse and recycle – all help to cut
down on the amount of waste we throw away. They conserve
natural resources, landfill space and energy. Plus, the three
R's save land and money communities must use to dispose
of waste in landfills. Siting a new landfill has become difficult
and more expensive due to environmental regulations and
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