Harmony and professional ethics

HARMONY AND PROFESSIONAL
ETHICS
HARSHIT GARG
HUMAN CONDUCT
• he right understanding gained through self-
exploration enables one to identify the
definitiveness of human conduct which may
also be called the Ethical human conduct.
• It is the same for all human beings, and is in
agreement with the universal human values.
Acceptance of Basic human values
Define ethics?
ANS. This definitiveness of human conduct in terms of
values, policies and character is termed as ethics.
 The ethics in the living of an individual can be imbibed
only through inculcation of values, policies and
character,
 this is possible through the process of ensuring right
understanding through self-exploration.
 In other words ethics (also known as moral philosophy)
is a branch of philosophy that addresses questions
 about morality – that is, concepts such as good vs. bad,
noble vs. ignoble, right vs. wrong, and matters of
justice, love, peace and virtue.
VALUES V/S ETHICS
Ethics V/s Values
Ethical Conduct
• Ethical conduct implies that it is naturally
acceptable to me and does not give rise to
conflict within.
• Ethical conduct implies that is in consonance
with right understanding of the reality – the
underlying harmony at all levels.
• Ethical human conduct is self-satisfying,
people friendly and universal.
What is ethical human conduct? Explain in terms of
values, policies and character with appropriate examples
• The right understanding gained through self-exploration
enables us to identify the definitiveness of human conduct
which may also be called the ethical human conduct
• It is the same for all human beings
• Unless we have the right understanding, we are not able to
identify the definitiveness of ethical human conduct. It can
be understood in terms of the following
1. Values (Mulya):
2. Policy (Niti):
3. Character (Charitra):
A. Values in self -
Happiness, Peace
,Satisfaction
B. Values in Human –
Human Relationship
:Trust , Respect , Love,
care
C. Values of a Human
Being in its
Participation in
Universal Human
Order-Bravery,
Kindness, Compassion
1. Values (Mulya):
Competence of living in accordance with universal human values or
the participation of a unit in the larger order
2. Policy (Niti): The decision, plan, program,
implementation, result about the enrichment,
protection and right utilization of the resources self,
body.
Have three parts:
A) Economic Value
B) Political Value
C) Policy for Universal Human Order
3. Character (Charitra): The definiteness of my
desire, thought and selection gives definiteness to
my living.
Identification of comprehensive human
goals
1. Right understanding and freedom from
contradictions at individual level
(SAMADHAN)-IN EVERY INDIVIDUAL LEVEL
2. Prosperity and its continuity at the levels of
family ( Samariddhi)- in every family level
3. Fearlessness and mutual trust (Abhaya)-in
the society
4. Co-existence (Sah-astitva)-in the nature
Comprehensive human goals
Comprehensive human goals
1. Right understanding in human levels
means When one does not have the right
understanding, one remains disturbed and also
acts in a manner so as to create disharmony
with other human being as well as with rest of
nature.
2. Prosperity in the family means that the
family is able to identify its needs and is able to
produce/ achieve more than its requirements.
Comprehensive human goals (cond.)
3. Trust in society means every member of
society feels related to everyone else and
therefore there is trust and fearlessness.
4. Co-existence in nature means there is a
relationship and complementarity among all the
entities in nature including human beings.
We may also understand it in the
following sequence.
1. Right understanding
2. Prosperity
3. Fearlessness
4. Co-existence
Comprehensive human goal?
Comprehensive human goals are right understanding,
prosperity, fearlessness and co-existence.
Programs needed to achieve the comprehensive human
goals are:
1. Education – Right Living (Siksha – Sanskar)
2. Health – Self Regulation (Svasthya – Sanyam)
3. Justice – Preservation (Nyaya – Suraksha)
4. Production – Work (Utpadan – Kriya)
5. Exchange – Storage (Vinimaya – Kosh)
1. Education – Right Living
Education refers to understanding harmony at
all four levels of living.
While right living refers to commitment and
preparedness to live in harmony at all four levels
of living.
.
2.Health – Self Regulation
there is harmony among the parts of the body, it
is referred to as health or svasthya
Sanyama refers to a feeling of responsibility for
nurturing, protecting and rightly utilizing the
body.
When the body is fit to act according to the
needs of the self (‘I’),
3. Justice – Preservation
Justice (nyaya) refers to harmony in the
relationship between human beings,
while preservation (suraksha) refers to harmony
in the relationship between human being and
the rest of nature.
4.Production – Work (Utpadan – Kriya)
• Work refers to the physical efforts made by
human on the rest of the nature,
• while production refers to the output /
physical produce that is obtained through
these efforts.
• This dimension of society works to ensure
‘Prosperity’ and ‘Coexistence’.
5. Exchange – Storage
Exchange (vinimaya) refers to the exchange of
physical facilities between the members of the society,
while storage (kosa) refers to the storage of physical
facilities that is left after fulfilling the needs of the
family.
We can now see how these five dimensions of
humanistic society are able to ensure the human goal
We can now see how these five dimensions of
humanistic society are able to ensure the human goal:
1. Education – Right living leads to Right understanding
• Having the process of education and right living leads to right
understanding in the individual.
2. Health – Self-regulation leads to Prosperity
Having the program for health and sanyam leads to well-being
of the body, and identification of need for physical facilities
which along with production ensures feeling of prosperity in the
family.
3. Justice – Preservation leads to Fearlessness and
Coexistence (respectively)
Ensuring justice in relationship, or mutual fulfilment in
relationship on the basis of values like Trust, Respect, etc
leads to fearlessness in society, while Suraksha of nature – via
enrichment, protection and right utilization leads to co-
existence in nature.
4. Production – Work leads to Prosperity and Coexistence
Production and work are for physical facilities, and this leads
to a feeling of prosperity in the family. Production is done in
harmony with nature, and hence, this also leads to co-
existence with nature.
5. Exchange – Storage leads to Prosperity and
Fearlessness
When we store and exchange for mutual
fulfilment and not for
exploitation, then it leads to fearlessness (trust)
in society.
What do you mean by co-existence?
• Ans: Co-existence in nature means there is a
relationship and complementarity among all the
entities in nature including human beings.
• Co-existence is a state in which two or more groups
are living together while respecting their differences
and resolving their conflicts non-violently
• The world is full of Diversity – there are different
nations, cultures, religions, communities, languages,
and beliefs.
• The beauty of existence can only be maximized if
everything in this world is in harmony. Peaceful,
symbiotic co-existence is the key to harmony in the
world.
Co-existence has been defined in numerous ways:
1. To exist together (in time or space) and to
exist in mutual tolerance.
2. To learn to recognize and live with
difference.
3. To have a relationship between persons or
groups in which none of the parties is trying to
destroy the other.
4. To exist together (in time or place) and to
exist in mutual tolerance.
Visions of Human Order:
• The visions for human order includes three
elements
• i) Humanistic Education
• ii) Humanistic constitution and
• iii) Humanistic order
Humanistic education
• also called person-centered education
• Humanistic Education will incorporate appropriate
integration of values and skills so that human being
are able to understand their needs correctly and
fulfilled them in an eco-friendly and people friendly
manner
• Humanistic Education will facilitate the process of self
exploration will leads continuous self evolution of
human beings
• The approach seeks to engage the whole
person: the intellect, feeling life, social
capacities, artistic and practical skills are all
important focuses for growth and
development.
• Important objectives include developing
children's self-esteem, ability to set and
achieve appropriate goals, and development
toward full autonomy.
humanistic education
basic principles of humanistic education
1) Students' learning should be self-directed.
2) Develop students who want and know how to
learn.
3) The only form of meaningful evaluation is
self-evaluation.
4) Feelings, as well as knowledge, are important
in the learning process.
5) learn best in a nonthreatening environment.
• It refers to the set of rule which the human
beings should follow.
• This is to ensure mutual fulfillment and
coordination in the human order together with
the other orders.
• Human constitution is the frame work of
humans, living in harmony with himself and
with the entire existence.
Humanistic Constitution:
What do you mean by universal human
order? What are its implications?
• Universal human order is a feeling of being
related to every unit including human beings and
other entities of nature
• The steps of organization from family to world
family, each anchored in right understanding will
integrated in the following way:
Family => family cluster => village / community
=> village cluster => => => world family
Universal Human order
• It refers to the efforts of an individual to have a
systematic arrangement of entire universe which
initiates with the individual itself.
• Human Order: The process of right
understanding in the society and continuity of
this process among human beings from
generation to generation leads to human order.
• A human being having definitive answers for
every how and why-spiritually, intellectually and
materially alone can assure its living continuously
with harmony and happiness
Professional ethics
Professional ethics
Professional ethics means to develop professional
competence with ethical human conduct.
Ethical human conduct is the foundation of professional
ethics.
The only effective way to ensure professional ethics is
through correct appraisal and systematic development of
ethical competence in the professional (the human being).
Ethical conduct of profession implies the right utilization of
one’s professional skills towards the fulfilment of
comprehensive human goal and thus, meaningfully
participates in the larger order..
Professional ethics may be defined as a form of applied ethics
that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems
that arise in a business environment.
Profession is a significant domain of human activity targeted
towards participating in the larger order which includes the
society and nature around
Professional ethics concerns the moral issues that arise because
of the specialist knowledge that professionals attain, and how the
use of this knowledge should be governed when providing a
service to the public.
COMPETENCE IN PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
As profession is only a subset of the life activities,
the competence in profession will only be the
manifestation of one’s right understanding.
The salient features characterizing this competence
can be summarized as follows:
1. Clarity about comprehensive human goal:
Samadhan – Samridhi – Abhay – Sah-astitva, and its
fulfilment through universal human order.
2. Confidence in oneself: Based on the right
understanding of oneself and the rest of existence.
COMPETENCE IN PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
3. Mutually fulfilling behaviour: Clarity and confidence in
ethical human conduct
its correlation with sustained personal as well as collective
happiness and prosperity.
4. Mutually enriching interaction with nature: Self-
sufficiency in fulfilment of physical needs; ability to assess the
needs for physical facilities for the family and their fulfilment
through production systems ensuring harmony in the nature.
In the light of the above, one acquires the ability to identify
and develop appropriate (people-friendly and eco-friendly)
technologies, production systems etc.
issues in professional ethics
The unethical practices are rapidly increasing and their impact
is also becoming far-reaching.
Corruption is afflicting all the professions like a virus.
Similarly, other unethical practices are also getting out of
control.
It appears as if human ingenuity is being increasingly
,harnessed to devise newer ways to the ethical conduct of
profession, to twist the laws and to beat the system.
Lapses on the part of big organizations in ethical conduct of
profession have led to large scale disasters, such as Bhopal
Gas Tragedy, etc. endangering public life and prosperity, and
causing serious degradation to environment.
salient categories of these unethical
practices
• Corruption in multiple forms and at various levels.
• Tax evasion, misappropriation and misuse of public funds.
• Misleading propaganda, unethical advertisements and sale
promotion.
• Cut-throat competition.
• Exploiting the weakness of consumers through various
enticements
• Adulteration and spurious production
• Endangering the health and safety of public at large.
• Hoarding and over-charging etc.
Holistic technology
The modern technologies and systems are all human inventions in
response to the needs visualized under the influence of the
prevailing worldview.
Accordingly, they have been designed and optimized to the
objective functions best suited to this world view.
In order to facilitate the development of holistic technologies and
systems, it will be necessary to visualize alternative objective
functions and to formulate appropriate criteria for evaluation
compatible with comprehensive human goal.
holistic technology
Generally speaking, there are three broad
criteria to guide the development of such
technologies and systems, viz.
a. Catering to appropriate needs and
lifestyles,
b. People-friendly
c. Eco-friendly.
Criteria for Technologies
The above mentioned general criteria can be itemized
into more specific form as follows:
1. Catering to real human needs
2. Compatible with natural systems and cycles
3. Facilitating effective utilization of human body,
animals, plants and materials
4. Safe, user-friendly and conducive to health
5. Producible with local resources and expertise as far
as possible
6. Promoting the use of renewable energy resources
7. Low cost and energy efficient
8. Enhancing human interaction and cooperation
What is utility value and artistic value? How are both
important in in human life? Explain with example
• Competence of living in accordance with universal
human values or the participation of a unit in the larger
order- its natural characteristics or svabhava.
• It is further categorized as:
i. Utility Value (Upyogita Mulya): The participation of
human being in ensuring the role of physical facility in
nurture, protection and providing means for the body.
ii. Artistic value (kala mulya): The participation of a
human being in ensuring the role of physical facility to
help and preserve its utility.
Q. Comment on Profession – in the
light of comprehensive human goal
ANS. Any profession is a channel for participation by human beings in
the larger order in pursuance of comprehensive human goal.
In the process, one is able to contribute towards the livelihood of
one’s family and also participate in the larger order constituting the
society and the nature around.
All these activities do require a certain degree of skill and are expected
to be performed in consonance with the comprehensive human goal.
Then only, these will be conducive to the sustained welfare of the
individual as well as the society.
Accordingly, the profession is not only a means of earning one’s
livelihood but a means of one’s evolution by appropriate participation
in the larger order.
It is an important activity to authenticate one’s understanding,
whereby interact with other human beings and with rest of nature in a
mutually fulfilling manner.
Q. What do you mean by professional
ethics?
ANS. Professional ethics means to develop professional
competence with ethical human conduct.
Ethical human conduct means definitiveness of human
conduct. Ethical human conduct is the foundation of
professional ethics.
Professional ethics may be defined as a form of applied ethics
that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems
that arise in a business environment.
Professional ethics concerns the moral issues that arise
because of the specialist knowledge that professionals attain,
and how the use of this knowledge should be governed when
providing a service to the public.
Q. What do you understand by
competence in professional ethics?
Professional ethics means to develop professional competence
with ethical human conduct.
1. Clarity about comprehensive human goal: Samadhan – Samridhi
– Abhay – Sah-astitva, and its fulfilment
2. Confidence in oneself: Based on the right understanding of
oneself and the rest of existence.
3. Mutually fulfilling behaviour: Clarity and confidence in ethical
human conduct and its correlation with sustained personal as well
as collective happiness and prosperity.
4. Mutually enriching interaction with nature: Self-sufficiency in
fulfilment of physical needs; ability to assess the needs for physical
facilities for the family and their fulfilment through production
systems ensuring harmony in the nature.
Q. How do the current world views lead to contradictions
and dilemmas in professional life? –Explain.
We can understand more clearly through examples how the
contradictions and dilemmas are inherently generated by the
prevailing worldview in which wealth maximization is perceived to
be the prime objective.
In the same way, exploitation of nature also becomes acceptable
as it helps a person to accumulate wealth easily and there is no
limit to this
Take the example of business circles, whenever there is a scarcity
of commodity due to say – monsoon failure or other natural
disturbances or wars etc, the people in general are in distress,
however in such a situation the businessmen view will as an
opportunity to make maximum profit by hoarding and black
marketing to serve their objective.
In a similar way, ethical practices like adulteration and
spurious production etc. are also adopted in an attempt
to increase profits- albeit at the cost of greatly
endangering public health and safety.
An interesting example of evident in the advertisements
that we daily come across, particularly in case of various
evidently harmful products like cigarettes, pan masala
etc. Where on one hand, the use of these products is
highly glamorized to attract the consumers and in the end
there is an inconspicuous statutory warning indicating
that the use of these products is injurious to health. Thus
there is clear tendency of making profits by promoting
the sale of the products which are injurious to public
health. In such a situation the dilemma as to how much
importance is to be given to one’s profit and how much to
the welfare always remains unresolved.
Q. Describe briefly the criteria for evaluation of holistic
technology. Support your answer with an example.
ANS. The modern technologies and systems are all human inventions in
response to the needs visualized under the influence of the prevailing
worldview.
Accordingly, they have been designed and optimized to the objective functions
best suited to this world view.
In order to facilitate the development of holistic technologies and systems, it
will be necessary to visualize alternative objective functions and to formulate
appropriate criteria for evaluation compatible
with comprehensive human goal.
Generally speaking, there are three broad
criteria to guide the development of such
technologies and systems, viz.,
a) Catering to appropriate needs lifestyles,
b) People-friendly, and
c) Eco-friendly.
Criteria for Technologies
The above mentioned general criteria can be itemized
into more specific form as follows:
1. Catering to real human needs
2. Compatible with natural systems and cycles
3. Facilitating effective utilization of human body,
animals, plants and materials
4. Safe, user-friendly and conducive to health
5. Producible with local resources and expertise as far as
possible
6. Promoting the use of renewable energy resources
7. Low cost and energy efficient
8. Enhancing human interaction and cooperation
Q. Critically examine the issues in professional ethics
in the current scenario. List any five unethical
practices in profession today and the methods being
tried to curb them.
ANS. The unethical practices are rapidly increasing and
their impact is also becoming far-reaching.
Corruption in multifarious manifestations is afflicting all
the professions like a virus. Similarly, other unethical
practices are also proliferating and getting out of control
Lapses on the part of big organizations in ethical conduct
of profession have led to large scale disasters, such as
Bhopal Gas Tragedy, the Chernobyl Disaster, etc.
endangering public life and prosperity, and causing
serious degradation to environment.
Criteria for Technologies
The above mentioned general criteria can be itemized into
more specific form as follows:
1. Catering to real human needs
2. Compatible with natural systems and cycles
3. Facilitating effective utilization of human body, animals,
plants and materials
4. Safe, user-friendly and conducive to health
5. Producible with local resources and expertise as far as
possible
6. Promoting the use of renewable energy resources
7. Low cost and energy efficient
8. Enhancing human interaction and cooperation
Q. Elaborate on the meaning of swatwa (innateness),
swatantrata (self organization) and swarajya (self
expression). How are they related?
ANS. Swatwa (innateness),-we explored our svatva
(our natural acceptance) at different levels of our living
and how the dialogue that started in us helped us
getting rid of our preconceived notions, our dilemmas,
contradictions and compulsions, either external or
internal.
• Swatantrata (self organization) –
• we attain this self- organized state, we are
able to live in harmony with others and also
we are able to help others attain this state.
Having explored our svatva, we are able to live
accordingly and this way, we become
swatantra.
Swarajya (self expression)-
This leads to our participation in swarajya. It is a
natural process. It leads by itself, without any
external force.
the effort towards ensuring orderliness in the
society is possible and is sustained by ensuring
orderliness in ourselves. This is an important
implication of right understanding when we go to
make policies for nations and the world.
We are exploring our svatva and in the process of
self-verification and living accordingly, we are
attaining svatantrata and svarajya. Having discussed
the content of right understanding
Hindi terms used in human values
1. Values –Mulya
2. Policy - Niti
3. Character – Charitra
4. Right understanding from contradictions -SAMADHAN
5. Prosperity and its continuity -Samariddhi
6. Fearlessness and mutual trust - Abhaya
7. Co-existence -Sah-astitva
8. Education – Siksha
9. Health – Svasthya
10. Justice – Nyaya
11. Production – Utpadan
12. Exchange – Vinimaya
13. Right Living– Sanskar
14. Self Regulation– Sanyam
15. Preservation– Suraksha
16. Work– Kriya
17. Storage– Kosh
18. self expression - Swarajya
19. self organization - Swatantrata
20. Innateness - Swatwa
21. Utility Value - Upyogita Mulya
22. Artistic value - kala mulya
23. natural characteristics – svabhava
24. Trust – vishwas
25. respect - sammana.
26. Ism - thought-system
27. own-being – Svabhava
28. perseverance - dhirata
29. bravery – virata
30. generosity – udarata
31. natural characteristic - Svabhava
32. PRATANTRA - dictated by others
33. Self regulation – sayam
34. health – swasthya
35. Nurturing of the body - POSAN
36. Protection of the body - Sanraksahan
37. Right utilization of the body - Sadupyog
38. Ingestion -Grahan
39. Digestion -Pachan
40. Excretion –Nishkasan
41. Proper upkeep - Vihar of the body
42. Labour - Shram
43. Physical Exercise -Vyayam
44. Asan - Pranayam
45. Treatment - Upchar of the body
46. Desire - Ichchha
47. Thought - Vichara / Vichar
48. Expectation - Asa / Asha
49. Imaging - Chitrana / Chitran
50. Analyzing – Vishleshana
51. Selecting - Chayana
52. Tasting – Asvadana
53. happiness - Sukh
54. physical comforts – Suvidha
55. SWATANTRA - self organized
QUIZZZ
1.Which is implies Behaviour that it is naturally
acceptable to me and does not give rise to conflict
within.
A .Ethical conduct
B. Ethics
2.Which is definitiveness of human conduct in
terms of values, policies and character
A .Ethical conduct
B. Ethics
3.Ethical human conduct
a. self-satisfying,
b. people friendly
c. Universal
d. All of the above
4.Which is not included in comprehensive human
goals
a) SAMADHAN
b) Samariddhi
c) Abhaya
d) management
Match the following
Right understanding Nature
Prosperity self
fearlessness family
Coexistence society
Match the
1. Right
understanding
A. Samarddihi I. Nature
2. Prosperity B. Abhaya II. Self
3. fearlessness C. Samadhan III. Family
4. Coexistence D. Sah-astitva IV. society
5.SAMADHAN Is related to
a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family
b) Society d)Nature
6.Samariddhi is related
a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family
b) Society d)Nature
7. Abhay related to
a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family
b) Society d)Nature
8. Sahastitiva related to
a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family
b) Society d)Nature
9. Prosperity and its continuity with others related to at
lavel of
a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family
b) Society d)Nature
10. Visions of Human Order not include
a) Humanistic Education
b) Humanistic constitution
c) Humanistic vision
d) Humanistic order
11. Humanistic Education is the
a) person-centered education
b) Technical centered education
c) Group centered education
d) Economic Development centered education
12.set of rule which the human beings should
follow the
a) Humanistic vision
b) Humanistic order
c) Humanistic Constitution
d) None of the above
13.Which is the process of right understanding in
the society
a) Humanistic vision
b) Humanistic order
c) Humanistic Constitution
d) None of the above
14. Which is the foundation of professional ethics.
a) Money
b) Technical education
c) Ethical human conduct
d) Humanistic Constitution
15. Which is defined as a form of applied ethics that
examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems
that arise in a business environment
a) Money
b) Technical education
c) Ethical human conduct
d) professional ethics.
16. Competence in professional ethics not include
a)comprehensive human goal: Samadhan – Samridhi –
Abhay – Sah-astitva
b) Politics in Profession
c)Confidence in oneself
d) Mutually fulfilling behaviour
17. Ethical human conduct can be understood in terms
a) Values (Mulya):
b) Policy (Niti):
c) Character (Charitra)
d) All of the above
18. The definiteness of my desire, thought and selection
gives definiteness to my living
a) Values (Mulya):
b) Policy (Niti):
c) Character (Charitra)
d) All of the above
19. Competence of living in accordance with universal human
values or the participation of a unit in the larger order is called
a) Values (Mulya):
b) Policy (Niti):
c) Character (Charitra)
d) All of the above
20. The decision, program, implementation, about the
enrichment, protection and right utilization of the resources
self, body is called
a) Values (Mulya):
b) Policy (Niti):
c) Character (Charitra)
d) All of the above
FILL IT --people-friendly ,ethos ,Professional
ethics, right understanding,Ethics, Ethics, abhay
1. The definitiveness of human conduct in terms of values, policies
and character is termed as ________.
2. Developing ethical competence in the profession is the only
effective way to ensure ____________.
3. The term ethics has been taken from the Greek word _______
which means character.
4. _________ are considered the moral standards by which people
judge behaviour.
5. Professional ethics is the implication of _______ in profession.
6. Comprehensive human goal consists of Samadhan , ______,
and seh-astitiva
7. Holistic production systems are eco-friendly and __________.
21.Which is not the part of Policy
A) Economic Value
B) Political Value
C) Character
D) Policy for Universal Human Order
22. The participation of human being in ensuring
the role of physical facility in nurture, protection
and providing means for the body
a) Utility Value (Upyogita Mulya):
b) Artistic value (kala mulya):
c) Both of the above
23. Which is a branch of philosophy that addresses
questions on conducts of person
a) Ethics (moral philosophy)
b) Science
c) Sociology
d) None of the above
24. concepts such as good vs. bad, noble vs. ignoble, right
vs. wrong, and matters of justice, love, peace and virtue
related to
a) Ethics (moral philosophy)
b) Science
c) Sociology
d) None of the above
25. When one have the right understanding, so he also acts in
a manner so as to create harmony with other human being as
well as with rest of nature.
a) Prosperity in the family
b) Trust in society
c) Right understanding in human levels
d) Co-existence in nature
26.means every member of society feels related to everyone
else and therefore there is trust and fearlessness.
a) Prosperity in the family
b) Trust in society
c) Right understanding in human levels
d) Co-existence in nature
27. means that the family is able to identify its needs and
is able to produce/ achieve more than its requirements
a) Prosperity in the family
b) Trust in society
c) Right understanding in human levels
d) Co-existence in nature
28. there is a relationship and complementarity among all
the entities in nature including human beings
a) Prosperity in the family
b) Trust in society
c) Right understanding in human levels
d) Co-existence in nature
29. Which is right understanding, prosperity ,
fearlessness and co-existence
a) Comprehensive human goals
b) Technical education
c) Ethical human conduct
d) professional ethics.
MATCH
1. Education a. Preservation
2. Health b. Work
3. Justice c. Right Living
4. Production D. Storage
5. Exchange e. Self Regulation
MATCH
TABLE 1 TABLE 2 TABLE 3 TABLE 4
1. Education a. Preservation I. Nyaya M. Sanyam
2. Health b. Work II. Siksha N. Sanskar
3. Justice c. Right Living III. Utpadan O. Kriya
4. Production D. Storage IV. Svasthya P. Suraksha
5. Exchange e. Self
Regulation
V. Vinimay Q. Kosh
30. ……………..understanding harmony at all four levels
of living
a) Health
b) Justice
c) Education
d) Production
31. ……. .is harmony among the parts of the body
a) Health
b) Justice
c) Education
d) Production
32. ………feeling of responsibility for nurturing,
protecting and rightly utilizing the body.
a) Preservation
b) Work
c) Sayam
d) Storage
33. …………. harmony in the relationship between human
beings.
a) Health
b) Justice
c) Education
d) Production
34. physical efforts made by human on the rest of
the nature is ….
a) Preservation
b) Work
c) Right Living
d) Storage
35.………refers to the output / physical produce that
is obtained through these efforts
a) Health
b) Justice
c) Education
d) Production
36. The ………. of physical facilities between the
members of the society,
a) Health
b) Justice
c) Education
d) Exchange
MATCH
Education – Right living
leads to
leads to Prosperity
Health – Self-regulation leads to Prosperity and Fearlessness
Justice – Preservation Leads to Right understanding
Production – Work leads to Fearlessness and Coexistence
Exchange – Storage leads to Prosperity and Coexistence
37. ………….means there is a relationship and complementarity
among all the entities in nature including human beings
a) Co-existence in nature
b) Right understanding
c) Prosperity
d) fearlessness
38. …………….. is a state in which two or more groups are living
together while respecting their differences and resolving their
conflicts non-violently
a) Right understanding
b) Co-existence
c) Prosperity
d) fearlessness
39. The world is full of Diversity – there are different nations,
cultures, religions, communities, languages, and beliefs. Is
example of
a) Right understanding
b) Co-existence
c) Prosperity
d) Fearlessness
40. ……..is a feeling of being related to every unit including
human beings and other entities of nature
a) Humanistic vision
b) Universal Humanistic order
c) Humanistic Constitution
d) None of the above
41. . The participation of human being in
ensuring the role of physical facility in nurture,
protection and providing means for the body .
means
a) Utility Value (Upyogita Mulya):
b) Artistic value (kala mulya):
42. The participation of a human being in
ensuring the role of physical facility to help and
preserve its utility is
a) Utility Value (Upyogita Mulya):
b) Artistic value (kala mulya):
43.we explored our …………..at different levels of our living and
how the dialogue that started in us helped us getting rid of
our preconceived notions, our dilemmas, either external or
internal.
a) Swarajya (self expression)
b) Swatwa (innateness)
c) Swatantrata (self organization)
d) None of the above
44. we attain this ………..state, we are able to live in harmony
with others and also we are able to help others attain this
state.
a) Swarajya (self expression)
b) Swatwa (innateness)
c) Swatantrata (self organization)
d) None of the above
44. Having explored our ……we are able to live
accordingly and this way, we become……..
a) Swatantrata -swatva
b) Swatwa- swatantrata
45.This leads to our participation in………... It is a
natural process. It leads by itself, without any
external force.
a) Swarajya (self expression)
b) Swatwa (innateness)
c) Swatantrata (self organization)
d) None of the above
1. Swarajya a. self organization
2. Swatwa b. innateness
3. Swatantrata c. self expression
Match the followings
a. person-centered education 1. Humanistic
constitution
b. human conduct in terms of values,
policies and character is termed as
2. Humanistic
Education
c. set of rule which the human beings
should follow
3. Human conduct
d. Right understanding through self
exploration
4. ethics
1. policy a. Charitra
2. character b. Mulya
3. value c. niti
4. Right understanding
through
d. Self exploration
1 von 93

Recomendados

Unit 5 Professional ethics von
Unit  5 Professional ethicsUnit  5 Professional ethics
Unit 5 Professional ethicsnithyanithi26
8.6K views27 Folien
Unit 4 Harmony in nature and existence von
Unit  4 Harmony in nature and existenceUnit  4 Harmony in nature and existence
Unit 4 Harmony in nature and existencenithyanithi26
12.1K views25 Folien
UNDERSTANDING THE NEED, BASIC GUIDELINE,CONTENT, PROCESS FOR VALUE EDUCATION von
UNDERSTANDING THE NEED, BASIC GUIDELINE,CONTENT, PROCESS FOR VALUE EDUCATIONUNDERSTANDING THE NEED, BASIC GUIDELINE,CONTENT, PROCESS FOR VALUE EDUCATION
UNDERSTANDING THE NEED, BASIC GUIDELINE,CONTENT, PROCESS FOR VALUE EDUCATIONparasharparashar8021
44.9K views13 Folien
Unit 1 UHV Introduction to Value Education von
Unit   1 UHV Introduction to Value EducationUnit   1 UHV Introduction to Value Education
Unit 1 UHV Introduction to Value Educationnithyanithi26
6.4K views36 Folien
Unit 3 - Harmony in the family and society von
Unit   3 - Harmony in the family and societyUnit   3 - Harmony in the family and society
Unit 3 - Harmony in the family and societynithyanithi26
14.9K views23 Folien
Human values & professional ethics von
Human values & professional ethicsHuman values & professional ethics
Human values & professional ethicsMahamaya technical university
238.5K views36 Folien

Más contenido relacionado

Was ist angesagt?

Co existence of self and body & needs of self & body von
Co existence of self and body & needs of self & bodyCo existence of self and body & needs of self & body
Co existence of self and body & needs of self & bodyGupta Pandiri
16.4K views27 Folien
basic human aspirations von
basic human aspirationsbasic human aspirations
basic human aspirationssimrana1991
48.3K views12 Folien
Human Values and Professional Ethics notes unit 1 von
Human Values and Professional Ethics notes unit 1Human Values and Professional Ethics notes unit 1
Human Values and Professional Ethics notes unit 1Kalpnatomar
137.8K views13 Folien
Self exploration von
Self explorationSelf exploration
Self explorationNikita Talukdar
80.9K views11 Folien
Human Values unit 1 von
Human Values  unit 1Human Values  unit 1
Human Values unit 1Sonam kapil
54.4K views15 Folien
Human values unit 2 notes von
Human values  unit 2 notesHuman values  unit 2 notes
Human values unit 2 notesSonam kapil
165.5K views20 Folien

Was ist angesagt?(20)

Co existence of self and body & needs of self & body von Gupta Pandiri
Co existence of self and body & needs of self & bodyCo existence of self and body & needs of self & body
Co existence of self and body & needs of self & body
Gupta Pandiri16.4K views
basic human aspirations von simrana1991
basic human aspirationsbasic human aspirations
basic human aspirations
simrana199148.3K views
Human Values and Professional Ethics notes unit 1 von Kalpnatomar
Human Values and Professional Ethics notes unit 1Human Values and Professional Ethics notes unit 1
Human Values and Professional Ethics notes unit 1
Kalpnatomar137.8K views
Human Values unit 1 von Sonam kapil
Human Values  unit 1Human Values  unit 1
Human Values unit 1
Sonam kapil54.4K views
Human values unit 2 notes von Sonam kapil
Human values  unit 2 notesHuman values  unit 2 notes
Human values unit 2 notes
Sonam kapil165.5K views
Human Value & Professional Ethics von Jyoti singh
Human Value & Professional EthicsHuman Value & Professional Ethics
Human Value & Professional Ethics
Jyoti singh718 views
human values and professional ethics von anji koppala
human values and professional ethicshuman values and professional ethics
human values and professional ethics
anji koppala1.3K views
Understanding the human being as co existence of  self von ADITYA GUPTA
Understanding the human being as co existence of  selfUnderstanding the human being as co existence of  self
Understanding the human being as co existence of  self
ADITYA GUPTA2.1K views
Holistic technologies von ponlathas
Holistic technologiesHolistic technologies
Holistic technologies
ponlathas5K views
Competence in Professional Ethics von Kuldeep Sharma
Competence in Professional EthicsCompetence in Professional Ethics
Competence in Professional Ethics
Kuldeep Sharma27.5K views
human valye (harmony in self) by uttam von Sunil Kumar
human valye (harmony in self) by uttamhuman valye (harmony in self) by uttam
human valye (harmony in self) by uttam
Sunil Kumar7.8K views
Uhv handout 3 harmony in the family von AmanGoyal151
Uhv handout 3 harmony in the familyUhv handout 3 harmony in the family
Uhv handout 3 harmony in the family
AmanGoyal151593 views

Similar a Harmony and professional ethics

UHV Unit - III ppt.pptx von
UHV Unit - III ppt.pptxUHV Unit - III ppt.pptx
UHV Unit - III ppt.pptxnithyanithi26
1.3K views60 Folien
UHV Handout 4-Harmony in the Society.pdf von
UHV Handout 4-Harmony in the Society.pdfUHV Handout 4-Harmony in the Society.pdf
UHV Handout 4-Harmony in the Society.pdfsunilkumar4879
525 views6 Folien
Professional ethics and human values init 1 von
Professional ethics and human values  init 1Professional ethics and human values  init 1
Professional ethics and human values init 1Raju Diddi
900 views28 Folien
Kve 401 (uhvpe) implications of holistic understanding 1 of 3 von
Kve 401 (uhvpe) implications of holistic understanding 1 of 3Kve 401 (uhvpe) implications of holistic understanding 1 of 3
Kve 401 (uhvpe) implications of holistic understanding 1 of 3ParulAgarwal73
755 views11 Folien
SECOTEC Life Skills Notes for Diploma.docx von
SECOTEC Life Skills Notes for Diploma.docxSECOTEC Life Skills Notes for Diploma.docx
SECOTEC Life Skills Notes for Diploma.docxAugustusKimanzi
11 views71 Folien
15_02_2023_41526209.pdf von
15_02_2023_41526209.pdf15_02_2023_41526209.pdf
15_02_2023_41526209.pdfSiva453615
5 views190 Folien

Similar a Harmony and professional ethics(20)

UHV Unit - III ppt.pptx von nithyanithi26
UHV Unit - III ppt.pptxUHV Unit - III ppt.pptx
UHV Unit - III ppt.pptx
nithyanithi261.3K views
UHV Handout 4-Harmony in the Society.pdf von sunilkumar4879
UHV Handout 4-Harmony in the Society.pdfUHV Handout 4-Harmony in the Society.pdf
UHV Handout 4-Harmony in the Society.pdf
sunilkumar4879525 views
Professional ethics and human values init 1 von Raju Diddi
Professional ethics and human values  init 1Professional ethics and human values  init 1
Professional ethics and human values init 1
Raju Diddi900 views
Kve 401 (uhvpe) implications of holistic understanding 1 of 3 von ParulAgarwal73
Kve 401 (uhvpe) implications of holistic understanding 1 of 3Kve 401 (uhvpe) implications of holistic understanding 1 of 3
Kve 401 (uhvpe) implications of holistic understanding 1 of 3
ParulAgarwal73755 views
SECOTEC Life Skills Notes for Diploma.docx von AugustusKimanzi
SECOTEC Life Skills Notes for Diploma.docxSECOTEC Life Skills Notes for Diploma.docx
SECOTEC Life Skills Notes for Diploma.docx
AugustusKimanzi11 views
15_02_2023_41526209.pdf von Siva453615
15_02_2023_41526209.pdf15_02_2023_41526209.pdf
15_02_2023_41526209.pdf
Siva4536155 views
15_02_2023_41526209.pdf von Siva453615
15_02_2023_41526209.pdf15_02_2023_41526209.pdf
15_02_2023_41526209.pdf
Siva45361514 views
what_is_culture_(2).pptx von SeadDemeke
what_is_culture_(2).pptxwhat_is_culture_(2).pptx
what_is_culture_(2).pptx
SeadDemeke8 views
BBA 205: Business Ethics & CSR von Sudhir Bisht
BBA 205: Business Ethics & CSRBBA 205: Business Ethics & CSR
BBA 205: Business Ethics & CSR
Sudhir Bisht2.9K views
L 1 Understanding Value Education v2.pptx von sudarshan457374
L 1 Understanding Value Education v2.pptxL 1 Understanding Value Education v2.pptx
L 1 Understanding Value Education v2.pptx
sudarshan45737414 views
Week 11 cultural identity Kcom 222 von Thukinator
Week 11 cultural identity Kcom 222Week 11 cultural identity Kcom 222
Week 11 cultural identity Kcom 222
Thukinator1K views
1 Philosophy 222 Ethics University of New Haven .docx von mercysuttle
1  Philosophy 222 Ethics University of New Haven .docx1  Philosophy 222 Ethics University of New Haven .docx
1 Philosophy 222 Ethics University of New Haven .docx
mercysuttle4 views

Más de HARSHIT GARG

Underwritting von
UnderwrittingUnderwritting
UnderwrittingHARSHIT GARG
1.5K views42 Folien
Share capital special cases von
Share capital special casesShare capital special cases
Share capital special casesHARSHIT GARG
44 views26 Folien
Redemption of preference share von
Redemption of preference shareRedemption of preference share
Redemption of preference shareHARSHIT GARG
532 views30 Folien
Preparation of fs as per ifrs & company act 13 von
Preparation of fs as per ifrs & company act 13Preparation of fs as per ifrs & company act 13
Preparation of fs as per ifrs & company act 13HARSHIT GARG
47 views93 Folien
Numericals of share capital von
Numericals of share capitalNumericals of share capital
Numericals of share capitalHARSHIT GARG
259 views94 Folien
Internal reconstruction von
Internal reconstructionInternal reconstruction
Internal reconstructionHARSHIT GARG
4.9K views69 Folien

Más de HARSHIT GARG(17)

Share capital special cases von HARSHIT GARG
Share capital special casesShare capital special cases
Share capital special cases
HARSHIT GARG44 views
Redemption of preference share von HARSHIT GARG
Redemption of preference shareRedemption of preference share
Redemption of preference share
HARSHIT GARG532 views
Preparation of fs as per ifrs & company act 13 von HARSHIT GARG
Preparation of fs as per ifrs & company act 13Preparation of fs as per ifrs & company act 13
Preparation of fs as per ifrs & company act 13
HARSHIT GARG47 views
Numericals of share capital von HARSHIT GARG
Numericals of share capitalNumericals of share capital
Numericals of share capital
HARSHIT GARG259 views
Internal reconstruction von HARSHIT GARG
Internal reconstructionInternal reconstruction
Internal reconstruction
HARSHIT GARG4.9K views
Accounting for share capital von HARSHIT GARG
Accounting for share capitalAccounting for share capital
Accounting for share capital
HARSHIT GARG40 views
human value and professional ethicsQuiz harmony in family 1 word von HARSHIT GARG
human value and professional ethicsQuiz harmony in family 1 word human value and professional ethicsQuiz harmony in family 1 word
human value and professional ethicsQuiz harmony in family 1 word
HARSHIT GARG595 views
human value and professional ethics Mcq unit 2 von HARSHIT GARG
human value and professional ethics Mcq unit 2human value and professional ethics Mcq unit 2
human value and professional ethics Mcq unit 2
HARSHIT GARG10.3K views
Understanding the need, basic guideline,content, process von HARSHIT GARG
Understanding the need, basic guideline,content, processUnderstanding the need, basic guideline,content, process
Understanding the need, basic guideline,content, process
HARSHIT GARG470 views

Último

Parts of Speech (1).pptx von
Parts of Speech (1).pptxParts of Speech (1).pptx
Parts of Speech (1).pptxmhkpreet001
43 views20 Folien
Class 9 lesson plans von
Class 9 lesson plansClass 9 lesson plans
Class 9 lesson plansTARIQ KHAN
68 views34 Folien
UNIDAD 3 6º C.MEDIO.pptx von
UNIDAD 3 6º C.MEDIO.pptxUNIDAD 3 6º C.MEDIO.pptx
UNIDAD 3 6º C.MEDIO.pptxMarcosRodriguezUcedo
145 views32 Folien
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi University von
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi UniversityGuess Papers ADC 1, Karachi University
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi UniversityKhalid Aziz
83 views17 Folien
Payment Integration using Braintree Connector | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #37 von
Payment Integration using Braintree Connector | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #37Payment Integration using Braintree Connector | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #37
Payment Integration using Braintree Connector | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #37MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
44 views17 Folien
Creative Restart 2023: Atila Martins - Craft: A Necessity, Not a Choice von
Creative Restart 2023: Atila Martins - Craft: A Necessity, Not a ChoiceCreative Restart 2023: Atila Martins - Craft: A Necessity, Not a Choice
Creative Restart 2023: Atila Martins - Craft: A Necessity, Not a ChoiceTaste
41 views50 Folien

Último(20)

Parts of Speech (1).pptx von mhkpreet001
Parts of Speech (1).pptxParts of Speech (1).pptx
Parts of Speech (1).pptx
mhkpreet00143 views
Class 9 lesson plans von TARIQ KHAN
Class 9 lesson plansClass 9 lesson plans
Class 9 lesson plans
TARIQ KHAN68 views
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi University von Khalid Aziz
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi UniversityGuess Papers ADC 1, Karachi University
Guess Papers ADC 1, Karachi University
Khalid Aziz83 views
Payment Integration using Braintree Connector | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #37 von MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
Payment Integration using Braintree Connector | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #37Payment Integration using Braintree Connector | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #37
Payment Integration using Braintree Connector | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #37
Creative Restart 2023: Atila Martins - Craft: A Necessity, Not a Choice von Taste
Creative Restart 2023: Atila Martins - Craft: A Necessity, Not a ChoiceCreative Restart 2023: Atila Martins - Craft: A Necessity, Not a Choice
Creative Restart 2023: Atila Martins - Craft: A Necessity, Not a Choice
Taste41 views
Create a Structure in VBNet.pptx von Breach_P
Create a Structure in VBNet.pptxCreate a Structure in VBNet.pptx
Create a Structure in VBNet.pptx
Breach_P82 views
When Sex Gets Complicated: Porn, Affairs, & Cybersex von Marlene Maheu
When Sex Gets Complicated: Porn, Affairs, & CybersexWhen Sex Gets Complicated: Porn, Affairs, & Cybersex
When Sex Gets Complicated: Porn, Affairs, & Cybersex
Marlene Maheu108 views
EILO EXCURSION PROGRAMME 2023 von info33492
EILO EXCURSION PROGRAMME 2023EILO EXCURSION PROGRAMME 2023
EILO EXCURSION PROGRAMME 2023
info33492181 views
Nelson_RecordStore.pdf von BrynNelson5
Nelson_RecordStore.pdfNelson_RecordStore.pdf
Nelson_RecordStore.pdf
BrynNelson546 views
SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF CERVICAL CANCER DR. NN CHAVAN 28102023.pptx von Niranjan Chavan
SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF CERVICAL CANCER DR. NN CHAVAN 28102023.pptxSURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF CERVICAL CANCER DR. NN CHAVAN 28102023.pptx
SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF CERVICAL CANCER DR. NN CHAVAN 28102023.pptx
Niranjan Chavan43 views
NodeJS and ExpressJS.pdf von ArthyR3
NodeJS and ExpressJS.pdfNodeJS and ExpressJS.pdf
NodeJS and ExpressJS.pdf
ArthyR347 views
Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Unit IVMiscellaneous compounds Expectorant... von Ms. Pooja Bhandare
Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Unit IVMiscellaneous compounds Expectorant...Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Unit IVMiscellaneous compounds Expectorant...
Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Unit IVMiscellaneous compounds Expectorant...
Ms. Pooja Bhandare194 views
11.28.23 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx von mary850239
11.28.23 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx11.28.23 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
11.28.23 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
mary850239409 views

Harmony and professional ethics

  • 2. HUMAN CONDUCT • he right understanding gained through self- exploration enables one to identify the definitiveness of human conduct which may also be called the Ethical human conduct. • It is the same for all human beings, and is in agreement with the universal human values.
  • 3. Acceptance of Basic human values
  • 4. Define ethics? ANS. This definitiveness of human conduct in terms of values, policies and character is termed as ethics.  The ethics in the living of an individual can be imbibed only through inculcation of values, policies and character,  this is possible through the process of ensuring right understanding through self-exploration.  In other words ethics (also known as moral philosophy) is a branch of philosophy that addresses questions  about morality – that is, concepts such as good vs. bad, noble vs. ignoble, right vs. wrong, and matters of justice, love, peace and virtue.
  • 7. Ethical Conduct • Ethical conduct implies that it is naturally acceptable to me and does not give rise to conflict within. • Ethical conduct implies that is in consonance with right understanding of the reality – the underlying harmony at all levels. • Ethical human conduct is self-satisfying, people friendly and universal.
  • 8. What is ethical human conduct? Explain in terms of values, policies and character with appropriate examples • The right understanding gained through self-exploration enables us to identify the definitiveness of human conduct which may also be called the ethical human conduct • It is the same for all human beings • Unless we have the right understanding, we are not able to identify the definitiveness of ethical human conduct. It can be understood in terms of the following 1. Values (Mulya): 2. Policy (Niti): 3. Character (Charitra):
  • 9. A. Values in self - Happiness, Peace ,Satisfaction B. Values in Human – Human Relationship :Trust , Respect , Love, care C. Values of a Human Being in its Participation in Universal Human Order-Bravery, Kindness, Compassion 1. Values (Mulya): Competence of living in accordance with universal human values or the participation of a unit in the larger order
  • 10. 2. Policy (Niti): The decision, plan, program, implementation, result about the enrichment, protection and right utilization of the resources self, body. Have three parts: A) Economic Value B) Political Value C) Policy for Universal Human Order 3. Character (Charitra): The definiteness of my desire, thought and selection gives definiteness to my living.
  • 11. Identification of comprehensive human goals 1. Right understanding and freedom from contradictions at individual level (SAMADHAN)-IN EVERY INDIVIDUAL LEVEL 2. Prosperity and its continuity at the levels of family ( Samariddhi)- in every family level 3. Fearlessness and mutual trust (Abhaya)-in the society 4. Co-existence (Sah-astitva)-in the nature
  • 13. Comprehensive human goals 1. Right understanding in human levels means When one does not have the right understanding, one remains disturbed and also acts in a manner so as to create disharmony with other human being as well as with rest of nature. 2. Prosperity in the family means that the family is able to identify its needs and is able to produce/ achieve more than its requirements.
  • 14. Comprehensive human goals (cond.) 3. Trust in society means every member of society feels related to everyone else and therefore there is trust and fearlessness. 4. Co-existence in nature means there is a relationship and complementarity among all the entities in nature including human beings.
  • 15. We may also understand it in the following sequence. 1. Right understanding 2. Prosperity 3. Fearlessness 4. Co-existence
  • 16. Comprehensive human goal? Comprehensive human goals are right understanding, prosperity, fearlessness and co-existence. Programs needed to achieve the comprehensive human goals are: 1. Education – Right Living (Siksha – Sanskar) 2. Health – Self Regulation (Svasthya – Sanyam) 3. Justice – Preservation (Nyaya – Suraksha) 4. Production – Work (Utpadan – Kriya) 5. Exchange – Storage (Vinimaya – Kosh)
  • 17. 1. Education – Right Living Education refers to understanding harmony at all four levels of living. While right living refers to commitment and preparedness to live in harmony at all four levels of living. .
  • 18. 2.Health – Self Regulation there is harmony among the parts of the body, it is referred to as health or svasthya Sanyama refers to a feeling of responsibility for nurturing, protecting and rightly utilizing the body. When the body is fit to act according to the needs of the self (‘I’),
  • 19. 3. Justice – Preservation Justice (nyaya) refers to harmony in the relationship between human beings, while preservation (suraksha) refers to harmony in the relationship between human being and the rest of nature.
  • 20. 4.Production – Work (Utpadan – Kriya) • Work refers to the physical efforts made by human on the rest of the nature, • while production refers to the output / physical produce that is obtained through these efforts. • This dimension of society works to ensure ‘Prosperity’ and ‘Coexistence’.
  • 21. 5. Exchange – Storage Exchange (vinimaya) refers to the exchange of physical facilities between the members of the society, while storage (kosa) refers to the storage of physical facilities that is left after fulfilling the needs of the family. We can now see how these five dimensions of humanistic society are able to ensure the human goal
  • 22. We can now see how these five dimensions of humanistic society are able to ensure the human goal: 1. Education – Right living leads to Right understanding • Having the process of education and right living leads to right understanding in the individual. 2. Health – Self-regulation leads to Prosperity Having the program for health and sanyam leads to well-being of the body, and identification of need for physical facilities which along with production ensures feeling of prosperity in the family.
  • 23. 3. Justice – Preservation leads to Fearlessness and Coexistence (respectively) Ensuring justice in relationship, or mutual fulfilment in relationship on the basis of values like Trust, Respect, etc leads to fearlessness in society, while Suraksha of nature – via enrichment, protection and right utilization leads to co- existence in nature. 4. Production – Work leads to Prosperity and Coexistence Production and work are for physical facilities, and this leads to a feeling of prosperity in the family. Production is done in harmony with nature, and hence, this also leads to co- existence with nature.
  • 24. 5. Exchange – Storage leads to Prosperity and Fearlessness When we store and exchange for mutual fulfilment and not for exploitation, then it leads to fearlessness (trust) in society.
  • 25. What do you mean by co-existence? • Ans: Co-existence in nature means there is a relationship and complementarity among all the entities in nature including human beings. • Co-existence is a state in which two or more groups are living together while respecting their differences and resolving their conflicts non-violently • The world is full of Diversity – there are different nations, cultures, religions, communities, languages, and beliefs. • The beauty of existence can only be maximized if everything in this world is in harmony. Peaceful, symbiotic co-existence is the key to harmony in the world.
  • 26. Co-existence has been defined in numerous ways: 1. To exist together (in time or space) and to exist in mutual tolerance. 2. To learn to recognize and live with difference. 3. To have a relationship between persons or groups in which none of the parties is trying to destroy the other. 4. To exist together (in time or place) and to exist in mutual tolerance.
  • 27. Visions of Human Order: • The visions for human order includes three elements • i) Humanistic Education • ii) Humanistic constitution and • iii) Humanistic order
  • 28. Humanistic education • also called person-centered education • Humanistic Education will incorporate appropriate integration of values and skills so that human being are able to understand their needs correctly and fulfilled them in an eco-friendly and people friendly manner • Humanistic Education will facilitate the process of self exploration will leads continuous self evolution of human beings
  • 29. • The approach seeks to engage the whole person: the intellect, feeling life, social capacities, artistic and practical skills are all important focuses for growth and development. • Important objectives include developing children's self-esteem, ability to set and achieve appropriate goals, and development toward full autonomy.
  • 31. basic principles of humanistic education 1) Students' learning should be self-directed. 2) Develop students who want and know how to learn. 3) The only form of meaningful evaluation is self-evaluation. 4) Feelings, as well as knowledge, are important in the learning process. 5) learn best in a nonthreatening environment.
  • 32. • It refers to the set of rule which the human beings should follow. • This is to ensure mutual fulfillment and coordination in the human order together with the other orders. • Human constitution is the frame work of humans, living in harmony with himself and with the entire existence. Humanistic Constitution:
  • 33. What do you mean by universal human order? What are its implications? • Universal human order is a feeling of being related to every unit including human beings and other entities of nature • The steps of organization from family to world family, each anchored in right understanding will integrated in the following way: Family => family cluster => village / community => village cluster => => => world family
  • 34. Universal Human order • It refers to the efforts of an individual to have a systematic arrangement of entire universe which initiates with the individual itself. • Human Order: The process of right understanding in the society and continuity of this process among human beings from generation to generation leads to human order. • A human being having definitive answers for every how and why-spiritually, intellectually and materially alone can assure its living continuously with harmony and happiness
  • 36. Professional ethics Professional ethics means to develop professional competence with ethical human conduct. Ethical human conduct is the foundation of professional ethics. The only effective way to ensure professional ethics is through correct appraisal and systematic development of ethical competence in the professional (the human being). Ethical conduct of profession implies the right utilization of one’s professional skills towards the fulfilment of comprehensive human goal and thus, meaningfully participates in the larger order..
  • 37. Professional ethics may be defined as a form of applied ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. Profession is a significant domain of human activity targeted towards participating in the larger order which includes the society and nature around Professional ethics concerns the moral issues that arise because of the specialist knowledge that professionals attain, and how the use of this knowledge should be governed when providing a service to the public.
  • 38. COMPETENCE IN PROFESSIONAL ETHICS As profession is only a subset of the life activities, the competence in profession will only be the manifestation of one’s right understanding. The salient features characterizing this competence can be summarized as follows: 1. Clarity about comprehensive human goal: Samadhan – Samridhi – Abhay – Sah-astitva, and its fulfilment through universal human order. 2. Confidence in oneself: Based on the right understanding of oneself and the rest of existence.
  • 39. COMPETENCE IN PROFESSIONAL ETHICS 3. Mutually fulfilling behaviour: Clarity and confidence in ethical human conduct its correlation with sustained personal as well as collective happiness and prosperity. 4. Mutually enriching interaction with nature: Self- sufficiency in fulfilment of physical needs; ability to assess the needs for physical facilities for the family and their fulfilment through production systems ensuring harmony in the nature. In the light of the above, one acquires the ability to identify and develop appropriate (people-friendly and eco-friendly) technologies, production systems etc.
  • 40. issues in professional ethics The unethical practices are rapidly increasing and their impact is also becoming far-reaching. Corruption is afflicting all the professions like a virus. Similarly, other unethical practices are also getting out of control. It appears as if human ingenuity is being increasingly ,harnessed to devise newer ways to the ethical conduct of profession, to twist the laws and to beat the system. Lapses on the part of big organizations in ethical conduct of profession have led to large scale disasters, such as Bhopal Gas Tragedy, etc. endangering public life and prosperity, and causing serious degradation to environment.
  • 41. salient categories of these unethical practices • Corruption in multiple forms and at various levels. • Tax evasion, misappropriation and misuse of public funds. • Misleading propaganda, unethical advertisements and sale promotion. • Cut-throat competition. • Exploiting the weakness of consumers through various enticements • Adulteration and spurious production • Endangering the health and safety of public at large. • Hoarding and over-charging etc.
  • 42. Holistic technology The modern technologies and systems are all human inventions in response to the needs visualized under the influence of the prevailing worldview. Accordingly, they have been designed and optimized to the objective functions best suited to this world view. In order to facilitate the development of holistic technologies and systems, it will be necessary to visualize alternative objective functions and to formulate appropriate criteria for evaluation compatible with comprehensive human goal.
  • 43. holistic technology Generally speaking, there are three broad criteria to guide the development of such technologies and systems, viz. a. Catering to appropriate needs and lifestyles, b. People-friendly c. Eco-friendly.
  • 44. Criteria for Technologies The above mentioned general criteria can be itemized into more specific form as follows: 1. Catering to real human needs 2. Compatible with natural systems and cycles 3. Facilitating effective utilization of human body, animals, plants and materials 4. Safe, user-friendly and conducive to health 5. Producible with local resources and expertise as far as possible 6. Promoting the use of renewable energy resources 7. Low cost and energy efficient 8. Enhancing human interaction and cooperation
  • 45. What is utility value and artistic value? How are both important in in human life? Explain with example • Competence of living in accordance with universal human values or the participation of a unit in the larger order- its natural characteristics or svabhava. • It is further categorized as: i. Utility Value (Upyogita Mulya): The participation of human being in ensuring the role of physical facility in nurture, protection and providing means for the body. ii. Artistic value (kala mulya): The participation of a human being in ensuring the role of physical facility to help and preserve its utility.
  • 46. Q. Comment on Profession – in the light of comprehensive human goal ANS. Any profession is a channel for participation by human beings in the larger order in pursuance of comprehensive human goal. In the process, one is able to contribute towards the livelihood of one’s family and also participate in the larger order constituting the society and the nature around. All these activities do require a certain degree of skill and are expected to be performed in consonance with the comprehensive human goal. Then only, these will be conducive to the sustained welfare of the individual as well as the society. Accordingly, the profession is not only a means of earning one’s livelihood but a means of one’s evolution by appropriate participation in the larger order. It is an important activity to authenticate one’s understanding, whereby interact with other human beings and with rest of nature in a mutually fulfilling manner.
  • 47. Q. What do you mean by professional ethics? ANS. Professional ethics means to develop professional competence with ethical human conduct. Ethical human conduct means definitiveness of human conduct. Ethical human conduct is the foundation of professional ethics. Professional ethics may be defined as a form of applied ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. Professional ethics concerns the moral issues that arise because of the specialist knowledge that professionals attain, and how the use of this knowledge should be governed when providing a service to the public.
  • 48. Q. What do you understand by competence in professional ethics? Professional ethics means to develop professional competence with ethical human conduct. 1. Clarity about comprehensive human goal: Samadhan – Samridhi – Abhay – Sah-astitva, and its fulfilment 2. Confidence in oneself: Based on the right understanding of oneself and the rest of existence. 3. Mutually fulfilling behaviour: Clarity and confidence in ethical human conduct and its correlation with sustained personal as well as collective happiness and prosperity. 4. Mutually enriching interaction with nature: Self-sufficiency in fulfilment of physical needs; ability to assess the needs for physical facilities for the family and their fulfilment through production systems ensuring harmony in the nature.
  • 49. Q. How do the current world views lead to contradictions and dilemmas in professional life? –Explain. We can understand more clearly through examples how the contradictions and dilemmas are inherently generated by the prevailing worldview in which wealth maximization is perceived to be the prime objective. In the same way, exploitation of nature also becomes acceptable as it helps a person to accumulate wealth easily and there is no limit to this Take the example of business circles, whenever there is a scarcity of commodity due to say – monsoon failure or other natural disturbances or wars etc, the people in general are in distress, however in such a situation the businessmen view will as an opportunity to make maximum profit by hoarding and black marketing to serve their objective.
  • 50. In a similar way, ethical practices like adulteration and spurious production etc. are also adopted in an attempt to increase profits- albeit at the cost of greatly endangering public health and safety. An interesting example of evident in the advertisements that we daily come across, particularly in case of various evidently harmful products like cigarettes, pan masala etc. Where on one hand, the use of these products is highly glamorized to attract the consumers and in the end there is an inconspicuous statutory warning indicating that the use of these products is injurious to health. Thus there is clear tendency of making profits by promoting the sale of the products which are injurious to public health. In such a situation the dilemma as to how much importance is to be given to one’s profit and how much to the welfare always remains unresolved.
  • 51. Q. Describe briefly the criteria for evaluation of holistic technology. Support your answer with an example. ANS. The modern technologies and systems are all human inventions in response to the needs visualized under the influence of the prevailing worldview. Accordingly, they have been designed and optimized to the objective functions best suited to this world view. In order to facilitate the development of holistic technologies and systems, it will be necessary to visualize alternative objective functions and to formulate appropriate criteria for evaluation compatible with comprehensive human goal. Generally speaking, there are three broad criteria to guide the development of such technologies and systems, viz., a) Catering to appropriate needs lifestyles, b) People-friendly, and c) Eco-friendly.
  • 52. Criteria for Technologies The above mentioned general criteria can be itemized into more specific form as follows: 1. Catering to real human needs 2. Compatible with natural systems and cycles 3. Facilitating effective utilization of human body, animals, plants and materials 4. Safe, user-friendly and conducive to health 5. Producible with local resources and expertise as far as possible 6. Promoting the use of renewable energy resources 7. Low cost and energy efficient 8. Enhancing human interaction and cooperation
  • 53. Q. Critically examine the issues in professional ethics in the current scenario. List any five unethical practices in profession today and the methods being tried to curb them. ANS. The unethical practices are rapidly increasing and their impact is also becoming far-reaching. Corruption in multifarious manifestations is afflicting all the professions like a virus. Similarly, other unethical practices are also proliferating and getting out of control Lapses on the part of big organizations in ethical conduct of profession have led to large scale disasters, such as Bhopal Gas Tragedy, the Chernobyl Disaster, etc. endangering public life and prosperity, and causing serious degradation to environment.
  • 54. Criteria for Technologies The above mentioned general criteria can be itemized into more specific form as follows: 1. Catering to real human needs 2. Compatible with natural systems and cycles 3. Facilitating effective utilization of human body, animals, plants and materials 4. Safe, user-friendly and conducive to health 5. Producible with local resources and expertise as far as possible 6. Promoting the use of renewable energy resources 7. Low cost and energy efficient 8. Enhancing human interaction and cooperation
  • 55. Q. Elaborate on the meaning of swatwa (innateness), swatantrata (self organization) and swarajya (self expression). How are they related? ANS. Swatwa (innateness),-we explored our svatva (our natural acceptance) at different levels of our living and how the dialogue that started in us helped us getting rid of our preconceived notions, our dilemmas, contradictions and compulsions, either external or internal.
  • 56. • Swatantrata (self organization) – • we attain this self- organized state, we are able to live in harmony with others and also we are able to help others attain this state. Having explored our svatva, we are able to live accordingly and this way, we become swatantra.
  • 57. Swarajya (self expression)- This leads to our participation in swarajya. It is a natural process. It leads by itself, without any external force. the effort towards ensuring orderliness in the society is possible and is sustained by ensuring orderliness in ourselves. This is an important implication of right understanding when we go to make policies for nations and the world. We are exploring our svatva and in the process of self-verification and living accordingly, we are attaining svatantrata and svarajya. Having discussed the content of right understanding
  • 58. Hindi terms used in human values 1. Values –Mulya 2. Policy - Niti 3. Character – Charitra 4. Right understanding from contradictions -SAMADHAN 5. Prosperity and its continuity -Samariddhi 6. Fearlessness and mutual trust - Abhaya 7. Co-existence -Sah-astitva 8. Education – Siksha 9. Health – Svasthya 10. Justice – Nyaya 11. Production – Utpadan 12. Exchange – Vinimaya 13. Right Living– Sanskar 14. Self Regulation– Sanyam 15. Preservation– Suraksha
  • 59. 16. Work– Kriya 17. Storage– Kosh 18. self expression - Swarajya 19. self organization - Swatantrata 20. Innateness - Swatwa 21. Utility Value - Upyogita Mulya 22. Artistic value - kala mulya 23. natural characteristics – svabhava 24. Trust – vishwas 25. respect - sammana. 26. Ism - thought-system 27. own-being – Svabhava 28. perseverance - dhirata 29. bravery – virata 30. generosity – udarata
  • 60. 31. natural characteristic - Svabhava 32. PRATANTRA - dictated by others 33. Self regulation – sayam 34. health – swasthya 35. Nurturing of the body - POSAN 36. Protection of the body - Sanraksahan 37. Right utilization of the body - Sadupyog 38. Ingestion -Grahan 39. Digestion -Pachan 40. Excretion –Nishkasan 41. Proper upkeep - Vihar of the body 42. Labour - Shram 43. Physical Exercise -Vyayam 44. Asan - Pranayam 45. Treatment - Upchar of the body
  • 61. 46. Desire - Ichchha 47. Thought - Vichara / Vichar 48. Expectation - Asa / Asha 49. Imaging - Chitrana / Chitran 50. Analyzing – Vishleshana 51. Selecting - Chayana 52. Tasting – Asvadana 53. happiness - Sukh 54. physical comforts – Suvidha 55. SWATANTRA - self organized
  • 62. QUIZZZ 1.Which is implies Behaviour that it is naturally acceptable to me and does not give rise to conflict within. A .Ethical conduct B. Ethics 2.Which is definitiveness of human conduct in terms of values, policies and character A .Ethical conduct B. Ethics
  • 63. 3.Ethical human conduct a. self-satisfying, b. people friendly c. Universal d. All of the above 4.Which is not included in comprehensive human goals a) SAMADHAN b) Samariddhi c) Abhaya d) management
  • 64. Match the following Right understanding Nature Prosperity self fearlessness family Coexistence society
  • 65. Match the 1. Right understanding A. Samarddihi I. Nature 2. Prosperity B. Abhaya II. Self 3. fearlessness C. Samadhan III. Family 4. Coexistence D. Sah-astitva IV. society
  • 66. 5.SAMADHAN Is related to a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family b) Society d)Nature 6.Samariddhi is related a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family b) Society d)Nature 7. Abhay related to a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family b) Society d)Nature
  • 67. 8. Sahastitiva related to a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family b) Society d)Nature 9. Prosperity and its continuity with others related to at lavel of a) INDIVIDUAL c)Family b) Society d)Nature 10. Visions of Human Order not include a) Humanistic Education b) Humanistic constitution c) Humanistic vision d) Humanistic order
  • 68. 11. Humanistic Education is the a) person-centered education b) Technical centered education c) Group centered education d) Economic Development centered education 12.set of rule which the human beings should follow the a) Humanistic vision b) Humanistic order c) Humanistic Constitution d) None of the above
  • 69. 13.Which is the process of right understanding in the society a) Humanistic vision b) Humanistic order c) Humanistic Constitution d) None of the above 14. Which is the foundation of professional ethics. a) Money b) Technical education c) Ethical human conduct d) Humanistic Constitution
  • 70. 15. Which is defined as a form of applied ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment a) Money b) Technical education c) Ethical human conduct d) professional ethics. 16. Competence in professional ethics not include a)comprehensive human goal: Samadhan – Samridhi – Abhay – Sah-astitva b) Politics in Profession c)Confidence in oneself d) Mutually fulfilling behaviour
  • 71. 17. Ethical human conduct can be understood in terms a) Values (Mulya): b) Policy (Niti): c) Character (Charitra) d) All of the above 18. The definiteness of my desire, thought and selection gives definiteness to my living a) Values (Mulya): b) Policy (Niti): c) Character (Charitra) d) All of the above
  • 72. 19. Competence of living in accordance with universal human values or the participation of a unit in the larger order is called a) Values (Mulya): b) Policy (Niti): c) Character (Charitra) d) All of the above 20. The decision, program, implementation, about the enrichment, protection and right utilization of the resources self, body is called a) Values (Mulya): b) Policy (Niti): c) Character (Charitra) d) All of the above
  • 73. FILL IT --people-friendly ,ethos ,Professional ethics, right understanding,Ethics, Ethics, abhay 1. The definitiveness of human conduct in terms of values, policies and character is termed as ________. 2. Developing ethical competence in the profession is the only effective way to ensure ____________. 3. The term ethics has been taken from the Greek word _______ which means character. 4. _________ are considered the moral standards by which people judge behaviour. 5. Professional ethics is the implication of _______ in profession. 6. Comprehensive human goal consists of Samadhan , ______, and seh-astitiva 7. Holistic production systems are eco-friendly and __________.
  • 74. 21.Which is not the part of Policy A) Economic Value B) Political Value C) Character D) Policy for Universal Human Order 22. The participation of human being in ensuring the role of physical facility in nurture, protection and providing means for the body a) Utility Value (Upyogita Mulya): b) Artistic value (kala mulya): c) Both of the above
  • 75. 23. Which is a branch of philosophy that addresses questions on conducts of person a) Ethics (moral philosophy) b) Science c) Sociology d) None of the above 24. concepts such as good vs. bad, noble vs. ignoble, right vs. wrong, and matters of justice, love, peace and virtue related to a) Ethics (moral philosophy) b) Science c) Sociology d) None of the above
  • 76. 25. When one have the right understanding, so he also acts in a manner so as to create harmony with other human being as well as with rest of nature. a) Prosperity in the family b) Trust in society c) Right understanding in human levels d) Co-existence in nature 26.means every member of society feels related to everyone else and therefore there is trust and fearlessness. a) Prosperity in the family b) Trust in society c) Right understanding in human levels d) Co-existence in nature
  • 77. 27. means that the family is able to identify its needs and is able to produce/ achieve more than its requirements a) Prosperity in the family b) Trust in society c) Right understanding in human levels d) Co-existence in nature 28. there is a relationship and complementarity among all the entities in nature including human beings a) Prosperity in the family b) Trust in society c) Right understanding in human levels d) Co-existence in nature
  • 78. 29. Which is right understanding, prosperity , fearlessness and co-existence a) Comprehensive human goals b) Technical education c) Ethical human conduct d) professional ethics.
  • 79. MATCH 1. Education a. Preservation 2. Health b. Work 3. Justice c. Right Living 4. Production D. Storage 5. Exchange e. Self Regulation
  • 80. MATCH TABLE 1 TABLE 2 TABLE 3 TABLE 4 1. Education a. Preservation I. Nyaya M. Sanyam 2. Health b. Work II. Siksha N. Sanskar 3. Justice c. Right Living III. Utpadan O. Kriya 4. Production D. Storage IV. Svasthya P. Suraksha 5. Exchange e. Self Regulation V. Vinimay Q. Kosh
  • 81. 30. ……………..understanding harmony at all four levels of living a) Health b) Justice c) Education d) Production 31. ……. .is harmony among the parts of the body a) Health b) Justice c) Education d) Production
  • 82. 32. ………feeling of responsibility for nurturing, protecting and rightly utilizing the body. a) Preservation b) Work c) Sayam d) Storage 33. …………. harmony in the relationship between human beings. a) Health b) Justice c) Education d) Production
  • 83. 34. physical efforts made by human on the rest of the nature is …. a) Preservation b) Work c) Right Living d) Storage 35.………refers to the output / physical produce that is obtained through these efforts a) Health b) Justice c) Education d) Production
  • 84. 36. The ………. of physical facilities between the members of the society, a) Health b) Justice c) Education d) Exchange
  • 85. MATCH Education – Right living leads to leads to Prosperity Health – Self-regulation leads to Prosperity and Fearlessness Justice – Preservation Leads to Right understanding Production – Work leads to Fearlessness and Coexistence Exchange – Storage leads to Prosperity and Coexistence
  • 86. 37. ………….means there is a relationship and complementarity among all the entities in nature including human beings a) Co-existence in nature b) Right understanding c) Prosperity d) fearlessness 38. …………….. is a state in which two or more groups are living together while respecting their differences and resolving their conflicts non-violently a) Right understanding b) Co-existence c) Prosperity d) fearlessness
  • 87. 39. The world is full of Diversity – there are different nations, cultures, religions, communities, languages, and beliefs. Is example of a) Right understanding b) Co-existence c) Prosperity d) Fearlessness 40. ……..is a feeling of being related to every unit including human beings and other entities of nature a) Humanistic vision b) Universal Humanistic order c) Humanistic Constitution d) None of the above
  • 88. 41. . The participation of human being in ensuring the role of physical facility in nurture, protection and providing means for the body . means a) Utility Value (Upyogita Mulya): b) Artistic value (kala mulya): 42. The participation of a human being in ensuring the role of physical facility to help and preserve its utility is a) Utility Value (Upyogita Mulya): b) Artistic value (kala mulya):
  • 89. 43.we explored our …………..at different levels of our living and how the dialogue that started in us helped us getting rid of our preconceived notions, our dilemmas, either external or internal. a) Swarajya (self expression) b) Swatwa (innateness) c) Swatantrata (self organization) d) None of the above 44. we attain this ………..state, we are able to live in harmony with others and also we are able to help others attain this state. a) Swarajya (self expression) b) Swatwa (innateness) c) Swatantrata (self organization) d) None of the above
  • 90. 44. Having explored our ……we are able to live accordingly and this way, we become…….. a) Swatantrata -swatva b) Swatwa- swatantrata 45.This leads to our participation in………... It is a natural process. It leads by itself, without any external force. a) Swarajya (self expression) b) Swatwa (innateness) c) Swatantrata (self organization) d) None of the above
  • 91. 1. Swarajya a. self organization 2. Swatwa b. innateness 3. Swatantrata c. self expression
  • 92. Match the followings a. person-centered education 1. Humanistic constitution b. human conduct in terms of values, policies and character is termed as 2. Humanistic Education c. set of rule which the human beings should follow 3. Human conduct d. Right understanding through self exploration 4. ethics
  • 93. 1. policy a. Charitra 2. character b. Mulya 3. value c. niti 4. Right understanding through d. Self exploration