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The physical features of india by sourav rakshit

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The physical features of india by sourav rakshit

  1. 1. WELCOME TO THE PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA By- Sourav Rakshit Class -9(A) Roll no- 34
  2. 2. K2 Kanchenjunga Nanga Parbat Makalu
  3. 3. The Himalayas, geologically young and structurally fold mountains stretch over the northern borders of India. The Himalayas consist of three parallel ranges in its longitudinal extent:- 1) Himadri 2) Himachal 3) Shiwaliks Besides the longitudinal divisions, the Himalayas have been divided on the basis of regions from west to east:- 1) Punjab Himalayas 2) Kumaon Himalayas 3) Nepal Himalayas 4) Assam Himalayas
  4. 4. The northern plains have been formed by the interplay of three major river systems, namely- the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra along with their tributaries. The northern plain is broadly divided into three sections:- 1) The Punjab plains 2)The Ganga plains 3)The Brahmaputra plains According to the variations in relief features, the Northern plains can be divided into four regions:- 1) Bhabar 2)Terai 3)Bhangar 4)Khadar
  5. 5. The peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. This plateau consists of two broad divisions:- 1) The Central Highlands 2) The Deccan Plateau One of the distinct features of this area is that it consists of a black soil area known as Deccan trap. This is of volcanic origin and hence the rocks are igneous. Actually these rocks have denuded over time and are responsible for the formation black soil.
  6. 6. THE INDIAN DESERT
  7. 7. The Indian desert lies towards the western margins of the Aravalli Hills. It is an undulating sandy plain covered with sand dunes. This region receives very low rainfall. It has arid climate with low vegetation cover. Streams appear during the rainy
  8. 8. THE COASTAL PLAINS
  9. 9. The plateau is flanked by stretch of narrow coastal strips, running along the Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal:- 1)Konkan plain 2)Kannad plain 3)Malabar coast In the northern part it is known as Northern Circar, while in southern part it is known as the coromandel coast.
  10. 10. THE ISLAND S
  11. 11. India has two main groups of islands. These are:- 1)Lakshadweep islands 2)Andaman and Nicobar islands The island groups provide sites for fishing and port activities. They have thick forest cover. These island groups are of great strategic importance to the country.

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