Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Information Architecture for decision making

1.442 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

UX Nights Vol. XIX Arquitectura de la Información
Ciudad de México
3 de marzo de 2016

Information Architecture for decision making
Jorge Sneij

Veröffentlicht in: Design
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

Information Architecture for decision making

  1. 1. Some kind of illustration or image? INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
 FOR DECISION MAKING
  2. 2. 01 TABLE OF CONTENTS • Words and concepts • The challenges • What is User Experience? • What is Information Architecture? • Why do we apply Information Architecture for decision making? • How do we apply it? • Some things we do to improve decision making • RIZOM’s Digital strategy approach • References
  3. 3. ABOUT US • Strategic consulting firm providing services for Digital Transformation • Business Intelligence • Information Architecture • Service Design • Knowledge Management VOL XIX ARQUITECTURA DE INFORMACIÓN UXNights - CDMX
  4. 4. THANK YOU.WORDS AND CONCEPTS
  5. 5. 01
  6. 6. WHAT IS INFORMATION? DATA CONTENT INFORMATION KNOWLEDGE Facts and statistics collected together 
 for reference or analysis (Stevenson, 2010). Things that are being arranged 
 or sequenced (Covert, 2014). Analyzed data. Facts that have been 
 organized in order to impart meaning 
 (Dalkir, 2011). Understanding gained 
 through experience and study (Covert, 2014).
  7. 7. 01
  8. 8. THANK YOU.THE CHALLENGES
  9. 9. 01 MESSES AND CONFUSION 01 DATA MESES. Our digital world contains several data messes. Confusion or difficulty are common reactions when we try to manage data. 02 HUMAN NETWORKS. Users and stakeholders are embedded in networks and respond differently and have many different perceptions. 03 DIGITAL JARGON. Words matter. The senseless overuse of technical words doesn't help teams to turn ideas into useful things. 04 LACK OF DIRECTION. Everything is complex; reality, systems, and networks. However, it is the lack of clear direction that creates the worst difficulties.
  10. 10. 01 (Kane et al., 2015)
  11. 11. THANK YOU.WHAT IS 
 USER EXPERIENCE?
  12. 12. HOW DO WE UNDERSTAND 
 USER EXPERIENCE AT RIZOM? • Traditional User Experience: The “user experience” (UX) is how a human feels when using the interface of a digital product while attempting to accomplish a task or goal. But in practice, the term “user experience” refers to whether a person has a good or bad time trying to utilize a digital product (Levy, 2014). • UX Strategy: Disruption in the digital marketplace through mental-model innovation. • “UX Strategy is the intersection of business strategy and UX design. (Levy, 2014)
  13. 13. THANK YOU. WHAT IS 
 INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE?
  14. 14. HOW DO WE UNDERSTAND 
 INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE AT RIZOM? • Organize: impose order and structure on things, and on information about things (see more in Glushko, 2014). • Design: we relate it to the disciplines of product/service design • Architecture: research, planning (forethought), design, construction. • “Information architecture is the way that we arrange the parts of something to make it understandable”. (Covert, 2014)
  15. 15. IA DETERMINES STRUCTURE AND MEANING • “When we architect information, we determine the 
 structures we need to communicate our message”. (Covert, 2014)
  16. 16. HOW DO WE UNDERSTAND 
 INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE AT RIZOM? • You can use the Information Architecture methodology not only to arrange the parts of a website or an interface, but also to arrange the parts of a client’s “problem”, from an information point of view.
  17. 17. 01 WE USE IA CONCEPTS FOR BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE DASHBOARDS
  18. 18. THANK YOU. WHY DO WE APPLY INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE FOR DECISION MAKING?
  19. 19. Some kind of illustration or image? THE PROCESS OF INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE DEVELOPMENT Some kind of explanatory text, reference or footnote can go here and wrap to two lines, if needed. RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION DECISION MAKING (Source: based on Rosenfeld et al., 2014)
  20. 20. 01 Original idea Improved idea Better result RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION • Less cost • Less time • Less risk CASE A: IMPROVE SOLUTIONS
  21. 21. ECOWAS OBSERVATORY FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY CASE A: IMPROVE SOLUTIONS
  22. 22. 01 Minimum viable prototype
 shared with stakeholders strategy team diagrams
  23. 23. 01 Original idea Stop and think RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION CASE B: STOP AND THINK • Informed decisions • Avoid risks
  24. 24. ELECTRICITY UTILITIES GLOBAL BENCHMARKING INFORMATION SYSTEM CASE B: STOP AND THINK
  25. 25. 01 Stop and think: • World Bank’s decision on the scope of the system • Detailed definition of users’ needs and type of dashboards/reports • Currently using a business intelligence tool for data mining and evaluation of results • System sustainability plan cost, time and scope 
 SCENARIO A SCENARIO B SCENARIO C comparison analysis 
 of existing solutions basic sketches definition of scenarios blueprints
  26. 26. 01 Original idea Alternative idea Result Drop original idea RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION CASE C: ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION • Make things work
  27. 27. 01 Terms of 
 Reference 
 RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION CASE C: ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION Modification in ToR Result Drop original idea IA is getting popular and respected. However, in some cases the terms of reference are developed without proper IA analysis or without tasks for research.
  28. 28. Some kind of illustration or image? THE PROCESS OF INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE DEVELOPMENT Some kind of explanatory text, reference or footnote can go here and wrap to two lines, if needed. RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION DECISION MAKING key decisions (Source: based on Rosenfeld et al., 2014)
  29. 29. THANK YOU. HOW DO WE APPLY INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE FOR DECISION MAKING?
  30. 30. Some kind of illustration or image? INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE DEVELOPMENT
 (RIZOM’S) RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION (Source: RIZOM)
  31. 31. Some kind of illustration or image? DIGITAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
 RIZOM’S PROJECT OUTCOMES RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION (Source: RIZOM)
  32. 32. Some kind of illustration or image? STRATEGY AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
 THE VALUE CHAIN CONCEPT research design source manufact ure market sell service TRADITIONAL VALUE CHAIN FOR A PHYSICAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURER BASIC ELEMENTS OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PROCESS environmental scanning strategy
 formulation strategy implementation evaluation
 and control
  33. 33. Some kind of illustration or image? DIGITAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
 RIZOM’S PROJECT OUTCOMES RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION (Source: RIZOM)
  34. 34. SUCCESSFUL INNOVATIVE DIGITAL PRODUCTS 
 NEED STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP
  35. 35. THANK YOU. SOME THING WE DO 
 TO IMPROVE 
 DECISION MAKING
  36. 36. 1. Good research means asking the right questions
  37. 37. RESEARCH FRAMEWORK • This model helps to organise research 
 and to know where to shine the flashlight.
 
 (Rosenfeld et al., 2014)
  38. 38. RESEARCH FRAMEWORK: CONTEXT • BACKGROUND RESEARCH. 
 Business goals, schedule, budget, audiences, technical infrastructure, past initiatives, organigrams • INTRODUCTORY PRESENTATIONS. 
 Why IA is important, relation of IA with the organisational environment, major milestones (Rosenfeld et al., 2014)
  39. 39. RESEARCH FRAMEWORK: CONTEXT • MEETINGS: • Strategy team (goals, audience, functionality, timeframe) • Content managers (content policies, controlled vocabularies, purpose of the content, content collection, legal and privacy) • Information Technology team (meet system administrators and software developers early on to learn about the existing and planned technical infrastructure that will support the product) • STAKEHOLDERS INTERVIEWS • TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT: gap analysis “business goals - user needs - technology limitations”
 
 (Rosenfeld et al., 2014)
  40. 40. 01 Information
 Architect System Developers Stakeholders Users Content
 Managers Strategy 
 team UX designers Collecting all the possible understanding and ideas, is key for any IA process specially during the RESEARCH stage. Right questions, in the right way at the right time.
  41. 41. 2. Build shared understanding among your teammates
  42. 42. 01 The lack of vocabulary makes difficult to turn ideas into plans. The senseless overuse of technical words doesn’t help to build understanding.
  43. 43. CONTROLLED VOCABULARY • A controlled vocabulary is an organised list of terms, phrases, and concepts intended to help someone to navigate a specific context. • It is good to define a list of terms, and acronyms, that will be used in every stage of the IA development process. • Share it with stakeholders, users, and specialist coworkers.
  44. 44. TAXONOMIES • Structural methods for organization and classification. (Covert, 2014)
  45. 45. 3. Use diagrammatic techniques for sensemaking
  46. 46. MINDMAPS ARE USEFUL FOR DISCUSSIONS • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets
  47. 47. SIMPLIFY MODELS • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets (Source: Canon et al., 2011)
  48. 48. EXPAND MODELS UPON AGREEMENT • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets • Some Bullets
  49. 49. 01(Covert, 2014) COMMUNICATE THE IDEAS THROUGH DIFFERENT DIAGRAMS
  50. 50. 01 (Covert, 2014) see more in (Rosenfeld et al., 2014)
  51. 51. 4. Develop a project PLAN
 (not just a list of requirements or terms of reference) … and discuss it with the team
  52. 52. STRATEGY • Controlled vocabulary • Research outcomes • Baseline assessment • High-level structure of the Information Architecture • Roles and responsibilities • Deliverables • Dependencies • Cost, time and scope (scenarios) PROJECT DOCUMENT 

  53. 53. THANK YOU. RECENT EXAMPLE
 
 WIREFRAMES AS A THEMATICALLY RICH CONCEPTUAL MODEL
  54. 54. RECENT EXAMPLE: 
 APPLYING UX AT A HIGHEST LEVEL Rather than thinking of the wireframe as a low-fidelity, grayscale snapshot of what a page will eventually look like, coming further and further into focus as the design is refined, we can embrace a broader view of the wireframe as a thematically rich conceptual model — one that is now depicting page-level details, reinforcing previous models of the system as a whole. Travis LaFleur (The Understanding Group)
 February 19, 2016 Toward a More Expansive View of Wireframes
  55. 55. RECENT EXAMPLE: 
 APPLYING UX AT A HIGHEST LEVEL Travis LaFleur (The Understanding Group)
 February 19, 2016
  56. 56. RECENT EXAMPLE: 
 APPLYING UX AT A HIGHEST LEVEL Travis LaFleur (The Understanding Group)
 February 19, 2016
  57. 57. THANK YOU. RIZOM’S 
 DIGITAL STRATEGY APPROACH
  58. 58. Some kind of illustration or image? INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE - PROJECT OUTCOMES (RIZOM) RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION
  59. 59. Some kind of illustration or image? DIGITAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
 RIZOM’S PROJECT OUTCOMES RESEARCH STRATEGY DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION ADMINISTRATION (Source: RIZOM)
  60. 60. 01 APPROACH TO INFORMATION ECOSYSTEMS
  61. 61. REFERENCES • Berger, W. (2014). A more beautiful question. New York, NY: Bloomsbury, USA. • Cannon, D., Wheeldon, D., Lacy, S., & Hanna, A. (2011). ITIL service strategy. TSO. • Covert, A. (2014). How to Make Sense of Any Mess: Information Architecture for Everybody. CreateSpace. • Dalkir, K. (2011). Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice. MIT Press (MA). • Glushko, R. J. (2014). The Discipline of Organizing: Professional Edition. “O’Reilly Media, Inc.” • Kane, G. C., Palmer, D., Phillips, A. N., Kiron, D., & Buckley, N. (2015). Strategy, not technology, drives digital transformation. MIT Sloan Management Review. • Rosenfeld, L., Morville, P., & Arango, J. (2015). Information Architecture: For the Web and Beyond. “O’Reilly Media, Inc.” • Stevenson, A. (2010). Oxford Dictionary of English. Oxford University Press, USA.
  62. 62. THANK YOU. QUESTIONS? Please Contact: Jorge Sneij Cofounder and Senior Consultant, RIZOM jsneij@rizom.org | @jsneij | www.rizom.org

×