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Impacts of Pandemics and Epidemics on Child Protection

Ramya Subrahmanian's presentation on 'Impacts of Pandemics and Epidemics on Child Protection' at the Alliance for Child Protection Humanitarian Action's event in October 2020.

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Impacts of Pandemics and Epidemics on Child Protection

  1. 1. Impacts of Pandemics & Epidemics on Child Protection Lessons learned from a rapid review in the context of COVID-19 Ramya Subrahmanian, UNICEF Innocenti
  2. 2. Background Adverse consequences of COVID-19 and control measures for: children’s development, safety, well-being, protection from harm, abuse, and violence Learn from previous pandemics and epidemics Rapid review synthesizes evidence on child protection impacts of previous health crises and lessons for COVID-19 for every child, answers
  3. 3. What are the effects of pandemics and epidemics on child protection outcomes?
  4. 4. What are the effects of pandemics and epidemics infection control measures on child protection outcomes?
  5. 5. How do the effects of pandemics and epidemics and their infection control measures vary for children and adolescents in vulnerable circumstances or at risk?
  6. 6. In the review 6,000 studies checked 53 studies met the scope • 16 systematic reviews • 16 non-systematic reviews • 22 cross-sectional studies Evidence overwhelmingly focused on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa and Ebola in West Africa for every child, answers
  7. 7. Limitations Pandemics and epidemics are unique COVID-19 unprecedented in its global coverage Limitations to generalizability and applicability for every child, answers
  8. 8. Findings Outcomes multi-layered with immediate and intermediate outcomes • Being orphaned • Stigmatization and discrimination • Reductions in household income • Illness or death of breadwinners • Child work • Early marriage for girls • Early and adolescent pregnancy • Child abuse • Sexual violence • Access to services affected for every child, answers
  9. 9. Policy Recommendations • Respond to children in vulnerable circumstances e.g. psychosocial interventions • Respond to stigmatization and discrimination e.g. information campaigns • Invest in social protection • Promote access to health, protective, and justice services • Ensure continued access to education, and support return to school for every child, answers
  10. 10. Primary Research Recommendations • Rigorous retrospective studies to investigate causal links between exposure to health crises and child protection outcomes. • Reinforce monitoring, evidence, and learning Pre-existing programmes present opportunities to conduct pre- and post-outbreak studies. Longitudinal data provides baseline data and infrastructure to quickly collect data. • Rigorous remote qualitative research when feasible. Strong burden of proof for data collection. • Focus on children and adolescents in vulnerable circumstances • Broaden geographic focus expand evidence base beyond Sub-Saharan Africa and West Africa. Retrospective studies, e.g. SARS, MERS, H1N1, COVID-19 in Asia and Latin America. for every child, answers
  11. 11. Secondary Research & Synthesis • Robust analysis drawing on administrative data provide robust statistical evidence through econometric analysis of the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19. • Deep dives into evidence on HIV/AIDS limited synthesis on impacts of HIV/AIDS on child protection outcomes, including child labour, unpaid care • Synthesis of evidence on interventions to reduce child protection risks collate evidence to strengthen recommendations and the evidence- base for every child, answers
  12. 12. Thank you