Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Mercurial training

864 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

This is small slide which i summarize the common usage of Mercurial

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie
  • Loggen Sie sich ein, um Kommentare anzuzeigen.

Mercurial training

  1. 1. MERCURIAL TRAINING www.phuongdo.vn https://www.facebook.com/kezaburo 6/4/2012 HCM city
  2. 2. Agenda • Install the Mercurial on a SUSE machine • Behind the Mercurial • Basic commands in the Mercurial • Mq extension tool for patching • Common Issues • The Mercurial vs other SCM www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  3. 3. INSTALL on SuSE • Find the version of SUSE – cat /etc/SuSE-release • Find the path of repo of the Mercurial for that SuSE version – http://mercurial.selenic.com/wiki/Download – http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/tools:/scm/ openSUSE_11.4/devel:tools:scm.repo • Use the zypper tool to add the repo’s path zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/tools:/scm/openSUSE_11.4/devel:tools:scm.repo • Use the zypper/yast tool to install the Mercurial zypper install mercurial Check the installation: hg debuginstall www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  4. 4. Basic Concepts • Topology – Mercurial is completely decentralized system, and thus has no concept of central repository – In Mercurial, the user can define the topology by themselves for sharing the changes www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  5. 5. Basic Concepts • Repository and working directory – Mercurial repositories contain a working coupled with a store – For example: /home/repository/ directory is as below figure • In working directory, the state of files will be refer to a specific revision of repository • In .hg/store/data/ folder, it contains in formation about changes of each file www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™ Main.c Main.h .hg Rev 0 Rev 1 Rev 2 Rev 3parent parent parent Working directory repository
  6. 6. Basic Concepts • Revision is local version index for the project • Changeset is unique version index for global • In above figure, we have a repository with two heads and two branches • Head is the revision has no child revision. And the biggest revsion head is the tip www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™ 0 1 2 3 4 5 6(tip) Working dirhead head Branch Achangeset: 1:d7fd576b6c9b | user: trunghuynh | date: Fri Jun 08 17:28:32 2012 +0700 | files: hello1.cc revision
  7. 7. Common Commands hg help <command> • Hg init -> initialize a repository, of course it is a directory • Hg add -> inform the Mercurial that you want it keep track your files • Hg clone -> clone the project from a Mercurial repository – Especial, we can clone with the specific branch: hg clone <main-repo> <new-repo> -r <head of specific branc> • Hg pull -> get the changes from our peers into our repository – Notice that pull command just update our backlog information of our repository • Hg update -> will update the changes after pulling, in fact it is merging the current working revision with the change from pulling • Hg commit -> like saving edited word file. It will create a changeset • Hg push -> pushing our changes for others pulling – The backlog information of main repo will automatically update when the child repos push their changes • Hg branch ->check the current branch or set branch – Notice that branch name is permanently recorded as part of the changeset’s metadata – Branch name is used as the tip revision when we want checkout a branch • Hg log ->show the information about the repository • Hg tip ->show information of the “tip” revision. The “tip” revision is the head with largest revision www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  8. 8. Common Commands • Hg merge -> merge the working directory with other revision • Hg diff -> show what is changed since the last committing • Hg revert -> revert the specific file into the unmodified state • Hg incoming ->see what will be updated when we do a pull action • Hg rollback  uncommit… • Hg annotate <filename> • Hg strip <revision number> ->delete a specific revision www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  9. 9. Hg commit www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™ 0:qe7 1:de5 2:ye2 3:af9 @ Alice’s Repo main.c model.h model.c Working directory socket.c 3:a3e changed When we commit a new changeset will be created
  10. 10. hg push/pull www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™ Main Repos 0:qe7 1:de5 0:qe7 1:de5 2:af9 Bob’s Repo 0:qe7 1:de5 2:ye2 Alice’s Repo 2:af9 2:af9 hg pull <Bob’s repo> @ @ @ @ Mark parent revision of working directory A revision of repo
  11. 11. hg merge/update www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™ Alice’s Repo 0:qe7 1:de5 2:ye2 3:af9 @ The “hg update” command will change our current working revision that we are working on. The “hg merge” command will merge a specific revision to the current working revision. In this case, the change from af9 changeset will merge into the revsion 2. After successful merging, we has to commit to create a new changeset/revision which contains both change from revision 3 and 2 4:kq6
  12. 12. Advance Using Mercurial • Merge conflict: – The conflict happens when two changesets have modified the same file’s section with different way. In this case, the Mercurial need a help from user. www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™ Main() { printf(“hello Mercurial world”); printf(“Merge is fun and easy”); } Main() { printf(“hello Mercurial world”); printf(“Merge is difficult”); } Changeset 4 Changeset 7
  13. 13. Common Issues • To resolve that conflicts we need to open that file and edit to what we want. After that we use “hg resolve <filename> to correct the confliction. • To support merging, we can use a graphical tool such as kdiff3 as the best tool. www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  14. 14. Common Issues • abort: outstanding uncommitted changes – The cause is merging with uncommitted changes. – There open happens when we pull while there are some uncommitted change – Have two solutions are: • Always commit changes before pulling • Extract the uncommit changes into the file and pulling. After that imports the uncommit change file • abort: push creates new remote heads on branch 'default'! – When we push some things that will create new heads in remote repo. Mercurial thinks that is an impolite action. The best way is when pulling and merge before pushing • “abort: crosses branches (use 'hg merge' or 'hg update -C')” – Update the working revision in the different branch www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  15. 15. MQ tool • MQ is the extension tool of Mercurial that manages your patches – Modify the .hgrc to enable MQ [extensions] hgext.mq = www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  16. 16. MQ tool what is patch file? diff --git a/opensaf.spec.in b/opensaf.spec.in --- a/opensaf.spec.in +++ b/opensaf.spec.in @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ %define is_ais_msg %(test "@AIS_MSG_ENABLED@" = "yes" && echo 1 || echo 0) %define is_ais_smf %(test "@AIS_SMF_ENABLED@" = "yes" && echo 1 || echo 0) %define is_tipc_trans %(test "@TIPC_TRANSPORT_ENABLED@" = "yes" && echo 1 || echo 0) +%define is_ais_pm %(test "@AIS_PM_ENABLED@" = "yes" && echo 1 || echo 0) %define _pkglibdir %{_libdir}/%{name} %define _pkgsysconfdir %{_sysconfdir}/%{name} @@ -541,6 +542,46 @@ %endif +%if %is_ais_pm www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™ Diff header Hunk
  17. 17. MQ tool • Create a patch repository – Hg qinit • This command will create a “patches” directory in “.hg” directory and also create a patch queue • In patches folder contains our patches and more two files that are a series file and a status file • The series file contains all of patches name that MQ knows • The status file contains status of all patches that are applied currently • Hg qseries command lists every patch that MQ knows about in a repository • Hg qapplied command lists every patch that MQ has applied in a repository www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  18. 18. MQ tool • Hg qnew –m “message for patch” <patch name> – Create a new patch with a patch name • Hg qrefresh – Save new change to the top applied patch Note: hg revert will let you come back the last refresh state. www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  19. 19. MQ tool • Hg qpop – Pop out the top patch from the queue • Hg qpush – Push a patch into the queue • Hg qdelete <patch.name> – Delete a patch from a queue. The file is still preserve in patch repository • Hg qfinish ?? www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™
  20. 20. Mercurial vs Others www.phuongdo.vn Eng. TrungHuynh™ From www.infoQ.com