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Sylor- Alexandar model Of Curriculum

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Sylor- Alexandar model Of Curriculum

  1. 1. Saylor- Alexander Model of CurriculumA Presentation By: Tehreem Sajjad Ayesha Bashir Fiza Abdullah Amna Sakandar Javeria Shafique Taiba Nasir
  2. 2. What is curriculum? ❏ Curriculum typically refers to the knowledge and skills students are expected to learn. ❏ The units and lessons that teachers teach; the assignments and projects given to students. ❏ The books, materials, videos, presentations, and readings used in a course.
  3. 3. What is a curriculum model? Theoretical frameworks used to design and organize the curriculum according to certain principles and criteria. For example: The product model that emphasizes plans and intentions, and the process model that focuses on activities and effects Other Examples: Subject-centred (e.g. traditional or discipline-based curriculum), learner-centred, and problem-centred models.
  4. 4. Why do we need models? In planning a lesson , we might concern about what we need to do. And for the contents which of them are suitable. If we got these of the problems “models” may help us to find the answer.
  5. 5. Authors: Saylor and alexander John Galen Saylor(1902-1998) ❏ He was an American educator. ❏ He was an author. ❏ He had FulBright professorship for Finland in 1962. ❏ He was an authority on curriculum,supported a program of national assessment. Saylor
  6. 6. William Marvin Alexander❏ He was an american educator ❏ He was called the “ Father of the American middle school” ❏ He was also an author. ❏ He also wrote more than 250 books and articles. According to them: curriculum “A plan for providing sets of learning opportunities to achieve broad educational goals and related specific objectives for an identifiable population served by a single school centre”.
  7. 7. Four steps of curriculum model GOALS OBJECTIVES DOMAINS CURRICULUM DESIGNING CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTA -TION CURRICULUM EVALUATION
  8. 8. Domanis where learning takes place There are four domains where learning takes place: ❏ Personal Development ❏ Social Competences ❏ Continued Learning skills ❏ specialization
  9. 9. Designing Curriculum ❏ Appropriate for each of the above domains. ❏ Each teacher design their own instructional plans based of the designed curriculum. ❏ Evaluated and edited if needed.
  10. 10. Goals , Objectives and Domains
  11. 11. Continued…. Learning skills are highly included in goals and objectives.
  12. 12. Careful Considerations ❏ Objectives and domains need careful observations and careful considerations of the views and demand of community. ❏ Based on legal requirements. ❏ Based on research outcomes. ❏ Based on philosophy of specialists.
  13. 13. Designing Curriculum ❏ Make a clear visualization. ❏ Select a suitable content. ❏ Organize learning opportunities. ❏ Try in a particular domain.
  14. 14. Select Suitable Content and OrganizationIn the first stage the designer makes a clear visualization of the framework for curriculum and goes to the next step of selecting content.
  15. 15. Curriculum Implementation ❏ Implementation is based on the the design of the curriculum plan decisions as to the instructional modes made by teachers. ❏ After specification of instructional objectives teacher would select relevant teaching strategies to achieve desired learning outcomes among students.
  16. 16. Evaluation Evaluation includes ❏ Total educational program of the school. ❏ The curriculum plan. ❏ Effectiveness of instructions. ❏ Achievements of students.
  17. 17. Continued…. ❏ The model proposed that evaluation should be comprehensive using a variety of evaluation techniques. ❏ Evaluative data becomes bases for decisions making in further planning.
  18. 18. Advantages of this approach ❏ The curriculum plan includes alternative modes with suggestions. Thus encouraging flexibility and more freedom for students and teachers. ❏ It gives power to the learners and they are identified as the experts in knowing what they need to know. ❏ It honors the social and cultural context of the learners.
  19. 19. Limitations ❏ Teacher may also find it difficult to strike an acceptable balance among the needs and interest of students.
  20. 20. DETERMINE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES SELECT AND CREATE CURRICULUM DESIGN DEVELOP IMPLEMENTATI ON PLANS SELECT EVALUATION PROCEDURE SAYLOR AND ALEXANDER MODEL
  21. 21. Any Questions?

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