Saylor- Alexander Model of
CurriculumA Presentation By:
What is curriculum?
❏ Curriculum typically refers to the
knowledge and skills students
are expected to learn.
❏ The units and lessons that
teachers teach; the assignments
and projects given to students.
❏ The books, materials, videos,
presentations, and readings
used in a course.
What is a curriculum model?
Theoretical frameworks used to design and organize the curriculum according to
certain principles and criteria.
The product model that emphasizes plans and intentions, and the process model
that focuses on activities and effects
Subject-centred (e.g. traditional or discipline-based curriculum), learner-centred,
and problem-centred models.
Why do we need models?
In planning a lesson , we might
concern about what we need to do.
And for the contents which of them
are suitable. If we got these of the
problems “models” may help us to
find the answer.
Saylor and alexander
John Galen Saylor(1902-1998)
❏ He was an American educator.
❏ He was an author.
❏ He had FulBright professorship for
Finland in 1962.
❏ He was an authority on
curriculum,supported a program of
Alexander❏ He was an american educator
❏ He was called the “ Father of the American middle school”
❏ He was also an author.
❏ He also wrote more than 250 books and articles.
According to them: curriculum
“A plan for providing sets of learning opportunities to achieve
broad educational goals and related specific objectives for
an identifiable population served by a single school centre”.
Four steps of
Domanis where learning takes place
There are four domains where
learning takes place:
❏ Personal Development
❏ Social Competences
❏ Continued Learning skills
❏ Appropriate for each of the
❏ Each teacher design their own
instructional plans based of the
❏ Evaluated and edited if needed.
Learning skills are highly
included in goals and
❏ Objectives and domains need
careful observations and careful
considerations of the views and
demand of community.
❏ Based on legal requirements.
❏ Based on research outcomes.
❏ Based on philosophy of
❏ Make a clear visualization.
❏ Select a suitable content.
❏ Organize learning opportunities.
❏ Try in a particular domain.
Select Suitable Content and
OrganizationIn the first stage the designer makes
a clear visualization of the
framework for curriculum and goes
to the next step of selecting content.
❏ Implementation is based on the
the design of the curriculum plan
decisions as to the instructional
modes made by teachers.
❏ After specification of instructional
objectives teacher would select
relevant teaching strategies to
achieve desired learning
outcomes among students.
❏ Total educational program of the
❏ The curriculum plan.
❏ Effectiveness of instructions.
❏ Achievements of students.
❏ The model proposed that
evaluation should be
comprehensive using a variety of
❏ Evaluative data becomes bases
for decisions making in further
Advantages of this approach
❏ The curriculum plan includes alternative modes with suggestions. Thus
encouraging flexibility and more freedom for students and teachers.
❏ It gives power to the learners and they are identified as the experts in knowing
what they need to know.
❏ It honors the social and cultural context of the learners.
❏ Teacher may also find it difficult to strike an acceptable balance among the
needs and interest of students.
SAYLOR AND ALEXANDER MODEL
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