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Matthew Baker Nokia - 5G UK Spectrum Policy Forum

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Perspectives from leading device and infrastructure vendors
Matthew Baker, Head of Radio Physical Layer & Co-Existence Standardization, Nokia

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie

Matthew Baker Nokia - 5G UK Spectrum Policy Forum

  1. 1. 1 © Nokia 2016 Towards 5G The technology and standards landscape Public • Matthew Baker, Head of Radio Physical Layer & Co-Existence Standardization • 17-05-2016 • UK Spectrum Policy Forum Workshop on how 5G will emerge in the UK
  2. 2. 2 © Nokia 2016 What is the landscape into which 5G will arrive? What will make 5G a success? What will 5G bring? Public Three questions
  3. 3. 3 © Nokia 2016 1. What is the landscape into which 5G will arrive? Public
  4. 4. 4 © Nokia 2016 The 4G / LTE success story Public Setting the standard for mobile broadband
  5. 5. 5 © Nokia 2016 From LTE-Advanced to LTE-Advanced PRO 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Smartphones Smartphones , connected cars, Internet of Things Spectrum Efficiency Cells LTE-U FDD-TDD Carrier Aggregation UHF Densification HetNets 256QAM MIMO CoMP customer confidential Three dimensions of evolution
  6. 6. 6 © Nokia 2016 LAA provides higher spectral efficiency than WiFi Embracing new spectrum regimes 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 Single Network Two Networks Relativecapacity Capacity with single technology LTE Wi-Fi LAA offers double the cell range of WiFi 0 50 100 150 200 LTE (5 GHz) Wi-Fi (5 GHz) Meters Outdoor micro cell range Min Max Public
  7. 7. 7 © Nokia 2016 From macro-coverage to Het Nets with Small cells 630m Macro site Small cell Outdoor coverage Macro cell offloading Mass event capacity Indoor coverage 60m Public venues Shopping malls
  8. 8. 8 © Nokia 2016 LTE Advanced Pro opening up new ecosystems Technology convergence across domains, benefiting from economy of scale Towards vehicular communications (V2X) customer confidential • Navigation • Traffic control and safety • Intelligent Transport Systems • Vehicle toVehicle Pedestrian Infrastructure Home Towards public safety • High power user equipment • Proximity • Group Communications Towards the Internet of Things • Low cost modems • Long battery life • Enhanced coverage • Reliability – congestion control Towards the multi-cell broadcast • All devices • Low tower sites • Single Frequency Network • UHF (also sub-700MHz) LTE-A Release 12…14
  9. 9. 9 © Nokia 2016 Mobile traffic growth is exploding... 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 GB Mobile Data Usage in Finland [GB/person/month] • 93% traffic growth during 2015 • Engine of economic growth • But can consumers and businesses be expected to pay 93% more per year...?! • Hence, revenue to generate further growth lies in new industries and ecosystems The amount customers are willing and able to pay will not!
  10. 10. 10 © Nokia 2016 What will 5G bring? Public
  11. 11. 11 © Nokia 2016 Public 5G from Research to Standards 2014 2015 2016 2018 2019 2020 2021 202220172013 Nokia 5G vision Olympics Olympics RAN SI Channel model AH RAN WGs tech SI 5G RAN P1 WI 5G RAN P2 WI System design & pre-study Exploration Standard definition 5G commercialization SA1 SIs SA1 WI SA2 arch, SI SA2 and CTx arch. P1 WIs Rel-13 Rel-14 Rel-15 Rel-16 Rel-17 SA2 and CTx arch. P2 WIs SA3 sec. SI SA3 security P1 WI SA3 sec. P2 WI Evaluation Outcome Proposal window workshop future tech trends IMT above 6 GHz IMT vision WRC-15 Specifications WRC-19 IMT2020 perf. Requirements & evaluation criteria
  12. 12. 12 © Nokia 2016 5G radio Sub and above 6 GHz Smooth 4G evolution Sub 6 GHz Programmable World 5G will complement 4G not replace it Tight interworking between 4G and 5G People & Things <2 ms 3 Gbps 10 ms 1 Gbps 10 ms 150 Mbps Backward compatibility <1 ms >10 Gbps Tight interworking Rel.8... Rel.10... Rel.13+ Nokia Confidential
  13. 13. 13 © Nokia 2016 5G Targets for the Next Decade of Communication 1 ms 10 Gbps 100 Mbps 1000 Gbps 10.000x more 100.000 connected devices 1.000.000 IoT device density Latency Peak rate Anywhere, anytime Per km2 capacity Capacity vs 2010 Per km2 Per km2 Extreme Mobile Broadband Massive Machine-Type Communication Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication
  14. 14. 14 © Nokia 2016 #2 Scalable “massive MIMO” • Agnostic to antenna configuration Five Key Technology Components of the 5G New Radio #1 New spectrum options • Mainly unpaired spectrum • Range of licensing regimes 300 MHz 3 GHz 30 GHz 10 GHz 90 GHz 10 cm 1m 1 cm 3 mm #3 Flexible frame design User#3 User#2 User#5 User#2 User#4 User#1 User#5 User#1 time frequency User#3 One tile corresponds to the smallestuserallocation Dt Df #4 Multi-connectivity #5 Distributed flexible architecture Gateway • Low overhead • Flexible numerology 5G LTE 5G WiFi 5G Spectrum
  15. 15. 15 © Nokia 2016 3000x Higher Traffic Volumes than Today’s Hotspots Spectrum [MHz] Site density [/km2] 20 MHz 200 MHz 600 MHz 2000 MHz 15/km2 100/km2 300/km2 1000/km2 0.3 Gbps 15 Gbps 150 Gbps >1 Tbps Push LTE to the extreme Deploy 5G at cm waves Deploy 5G at mm waves 50x 10x 10x LTE today Per operator in downlink Public
  16. 16. 16 © Nokia 2016 Example: Massive MIMO Public Requires higher frequency spectrum: 28 GHz is a priority in much of the world
  17. 17. 17 © Nokia 2016 Field Performance – Massive MIMO off 9.94 Mbps 88.5 Mbps Public
  18. 18. 18 © Nokia 2016 Massive MIMO / 3D beamforming off Field Performance – Massive MIMO On 4x Throughput 39.5 Mbps 360.3 Mbps Public
  19. 19. 19 © Nokia 2016 Public 5G on commercial AirScale radio access - world’s first Investments today will meet future demands < 1ms 8 x 8 MIMO Dynamic UL/DL Optimized frame structure 5G Virtual Reality experience Augmented real world mobility & collaboration Augmented shopping Augmented dashboard Augmented gaming VR gaming Remote robotics Real-time remote avatar Virtual 3D presence Real-time collaborationTouch & Steer AirScale RRH AirScale Base Station AirScale System Module App Server AirScale Cloud BTS Server AirFrame
  20. 20. 20 © Nokia 2016 Public 5G autonomous driving - world’s first Connected mobility will become a reality • Autonomous cars, solely steered by 5G live network • 1 ms latency and ultra reliability for fast moving vehicles • 5G architecture for overall car traffic performance Up to 4 times more cars on existing roads possible Close to zero fatalities; 1 million lives saved0 Personal time gain due to traffic optimization1hour day
  21. 21. 21 © Nokia 2016 Public 5G Massive Capacity - world record >30Gbps for the user, new business for operators • Combining any kind of access • For fixed, mobile, human and machine type devices • For all traffic types Aggregated capacity AnyAccess gateway ASA mmWave WiFi Licensed G.Fast CPE Unlicensed G.Fast ISAM Shared Fixed Mobile LTE-A faster than 100Mbit/s commercial fiber services today300x Virtual Reality and UHD video to the mass market
  22. 22. 22 © Nokia 2016 Public Massive Connectivity – world record Over 1 million devices connected to a single cell site • Connect billions of devices • Support diverse applications in most efficient manner • E2e QoE session control more devices than a 3 sector, 2 carrier LTE cell site150xNovel 5G multi- service waveform Video Connectionless messaging Application specific flexible routing Simplified signaling protocols Superefficient connected cities become real
  23. 23. 23 © Nokia 2016 What will make 5G a success? Public
  24. 24. 24 © Nokia 2016 • Capacity to support continued traffic growth without network congestion • Spectrum to provide capacity • Low frequencies for coverage • Available spectrum is limited • Benefits of 5G will be in Ultra-reliable low-latency comms and IoT rather than data rate • High frequencies for capacity • Affinity with massive MIMO • Benefits of 5G will include significantly higher data rates • Light licensing to encourage new players • Flexible technology to benefit new industries and ecosystems Public Conclusions: What will make 5G a success?
  25. 25. 25 © Nokia 2016 Thank you! Public
  26. 26. 27 © Nokia 2016 Public Copyright and confidentiality The contents of this document are proprietary and confidential property of Nokia. This document is provided subject to confidentiality obligations of the applicable agreement(s). This document is intended for use of Nokia’s customers and collaborators only for the purpose for which this document is submitted by Nokia. No part of this document may be reproduced or made available to the public or to any third party in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia. This document is to be used by properly trained professional personnel. Any use of the contents in this document is limited strictly to the use(s) specifically created in the applicable agreement(s) under which the document is submitted. The user of this document may voluntarily provide suggestions, comments or other feedback to Nokia in respect of the contents of this document ("Feedback"). Such Feedback may be used in Nokia products and related specifications or other documentation. Accordingly, if the user of this document gives Nokia Feedback on the contents of this document, Nokia may freely use, disclose, reproduce, license, distribute and otherwise commercialize the feedback in any Nokia product, technology, service, specification or other documentation. Nokia operates a policy of ongoing development. Nokia reserves the right to make changes and improvements to any of the products and/or services described in this document or withdraw this document at any time without prior notice. The contents of this document are provided "as is". Except as required by applicable law, no warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, are made in relation to the accuracy, reliability or contents of this document. NOKIA SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE IN ANY EVENT FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENT or for any loss of data or income or any special, incidental, consequential, indirect or direct damages howsoever caused, that might arise from the use of this document or any contents of this document. This document and the product(s) it describes are protected by copyright according to the applicable laws. Nokia is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Other product and company names mentioned herein may be trademarks or trade names of their respective owners.