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Types of Web Browser
Types of Web Browser
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Browser

  1. 1. Internet browser Introduction  An internet browser, also known as a web browser or simply a browser, is a software program that is use to access the internet and view web pages on computer  Web browser is a computer program used for accessing sites or information on a network  It can be used to upload or download files  It also uses cookies to store information and it caches web pages to make internet surfing more efficiently  Browsers are all slightly different, but they all allow you to 'surf' the internet and access different websites  Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the world’s first web browser by the name ofWorldwide Web in 1990 and later changed its name to Nexus gave people a basic way to viewweb pages  We can think of browser as gateway to the internet  The main purpose of an internet browser is to translate, or extract,the code that websites are designed in into the text, graphics, and other features of the web pages that are used to seeing today  Without browsers,the internet as we know it today would be impossible  E-commerce,online draws,social media, and many other things we take for granted today would be impossible without internet browsers  Internet browsers have developed into powerful tools that let you safely and quickly access your favorite websites  A Web browser acts as an interface between the user and Web server  Web user access information from web servers,through a client program called browser FEATURES  All major web browsers allow the user to open multiple information resources at the same time, either in different browser windows or in different tabs of the same window  A refresh and stop buttons for refreshing and stopping the loading of current documents  Home button that gets you to your home page  Major browsers also include pop-up blockers to prevent unwanted windows from "popping up" without the users consent  All major web browsers allow the user to open multiple information resources at the same time, The ability to mute sound in individual  either in different browser windows or in different tabs of the same window  A refresh and stop buttons for refreshing and stopping the loading of current documents  Home button that gets you to your home page  Major browsers also include pop-up blockers to prevent unwanted windows from "popping up" without the users consent  The most popular typesof internet browsers today include: WORLD WIDE WEB  Worldwide Web was the first web browser. When it was written, Worldwide Web was the only way to view the Web. It was capable of displaying basic style sheets,downloading and opening
  2. 2. any file type supported by the NeXT system, browsing newsgroups, and spellchecking. At first, images were displayed in separate windows, until Next Steps Text class supported Image objects. Microsoft Internet Explorer  Internet Explorer (IE) is software of Microsoft. This is the most commonly used browser in the universe. This was introduced in 1995 along with Windows 95 launch and it has passed Netscape popularity in 1998.  In 1995, Microsoft introduced their first web browser by the name of internet explorer and it got the world’s first web browser award later in 2002.  One of the first graphical-based Web browsers and, at the time, the dominant browser in use with control of over 90 percent of the market.  Internet Explorer supports Java, JavaScript, , RSS, CSS , while also offering features like tabbed browsing, private browsing, and built-in malware and phishing protection.  Internet explorer has received criticism from many users who attributed many security flaws or incompatibility with web standards like  Internet Explorer is generally the first component of Windows used in 1995 that is generally known as Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE or MSIE) containing a series of graphical web browsers and works only on Windows operating systems.  It also includes privacy protection such as malware and phishing that is built-in.  It mainly use over roughly 90% percent of the world in the market.  Most people started out using Internet Explorer the majority of the time when it comes to browsing the internet, checking emails, listening to music online, shopping online, and etc.  This was the first web browser consumers used in technology world before other web browsers came out  Pic browsers pie in 2012, 26% of the users on internet are using Internet Explorer but Google Chrome came in close to second place in the competition of usage share in April 2012 followed by Firefox and so on.  free to download at no cost  Offers every help option we looked for, including direct support via email and telephone  Provides speed and functionality,  Mostly used throughout the world  Bugs come in IE (Internet Explorer) users at different times and fixing them is time consuming  Microsoft is unaware of finding any bugs hidden within the browser to fix  Installation on software such as Adobe Flash Player  Lack of security in ActiveX controls  Lack of built in features to synchronize bookmarks  Confusion between 32 and 64 bit versions for IE  Lack of cross-platform experience (i.e. used in Windows but not Mac)  Huge target for hackers and cyber-thieves Mosaic  Mosaic was developed at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA)  Mosaic was also the first browser to display images in line with text instead of displaying images in a separate window  In 1993, Mark Anderson invented a web browser by the name of Mosaic, which was very easy to use.
  3. 3.  Mosaic was developed at the national center for supercomputing applications (ncsa) at the university of Illinois urbana-champaign beginning in late 1992.  ncsa released the browser in 1993,  Mosaic was also the first browser to display images in line with text instead of displaying images in a separate window Google Chrome  This web browser is developed by Google and its beta version was first released on September 2, 2008 for Microsoft Windows. Today, chrome is known to be one of the most popular web browsers with its global share of more than 50%.  Is the name of the Web browser developed by Google Inc. that appeals to many users as it combines a design with advanced technology to make the Web faster,safer and easier to browse  Google Chrome is a web browser developed by Google  Is faster,more easy to use than any Other Browser  Has an integrated menu page to translate any language you want And Some Other details.  It was first released as a beta version for Microsoft Windows on 2 September 2008, and the public stable release was on 11 December 2008.  Google Chrome was first released in September, 2008, for Windows, and later ported to Mac, Linux, iOS and Android devices.  One main feature of the browser has been speed.  Chrome offers a number of features such as instant search,auto-fill to complete forms, saved password retrieval, and Google account sign-in to instantly access recent tabs and searches across all your devices.  Other features include access to favorite pages instantly with thumbnails, desktop shortcuts to launch Web applications, and independently run tabs within the browser to prevent browser crashing.  Google Chrome is a freeware browser developed by Google using the Web Kit layout engine.  It was first release on Microsoft Windows operating system on September 2, 2008 in 43 different languages in beta version.  It was written in C++, Assembly, Python, and JavaScript. Currently, it is available in 52 languages.  Fast browsing performance  More control over your tabs  More dynamic home page for common used search engines and bookmarks  More speed and won’t slow down on your browsing through internet  Built-in Flash and PDF Support  Has sync capabilities that allow you to access your customized browser from any computer  Makes searching so much simpler  Ease of use ,Great security ,Free to download at no cost  Lack of parental controls  Minor site incompatibilities  Graphics hardware acceleration doesn’t work with all graphics cards Mozilla Firefox • Firefox is a free and open source web browser developed for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux coordinated by Mozilla Corporation and Mozilla Foundation.
  4. 4. • It was first version 1.0 released on November 9, 2004. • It is now available in about 78 languages worldwide. • The original title was Phoenix from the Phoenix Technologies and had to be renamed because of trademark problems. • It was renamed to Firebird which was a free database software project. • There was conflict in using the name and the matter was resolved when they renamed the browser again to Firefox. • Later on February 9, 2004, Mozilla Firebird became known as Mozilla Firefox then simply referred to as Firefox (FX, or FF). • Firefox was introduced to new comers who were used to browsing through Internet Explorer in the early 90s. • Majority of people may stick to this brand since it most popular browsers amongst its competitors based on its features and may allow secure downloads on applications and programs. • More secure privacy mode and downloading • More natural navigation • Contains simple interface • Offers lot of help and support on Firefox tutorial • Ease of use, More Customization, Speed and more compatible • Free to download at no cost • No thumbnail previews or mouse gestures however there are free plug-ins from Firefox Mozilla that address both these issues • Resource heavy “uses a heavy portion of memory to run • Is a free and open source web browser derived from the Mozilla Application Suite and managed by Mozilla Corporation. • Mozilla started on November 9, 2004 • Firefox is a new browser derived from Mozilla. • It was released in 2004 and has grown to be the second most popular browser on the Internet. • The Firefox Web Browser is the faster,more secure,and fully customizable way to surf the web • Mozilla is a global community dedicated to building free,open source products like the award winning  Firefox web browser and Thunderbird email software.  It was released in 2004 and has grown to be the second most popular browser on the Internet.  Has a great acceptance by users who define it as safer,faster and better performance than Internet Explorer, also highlighting its simplicity and ease of use.  browser engine to display web pages supports several web standards including HTML  Mozilla Firefox offers many plugins, extensions, add-ons and the ability to customize its appearance,  Firefox also offers useful tools for web developers as the error console, DOM inspector or extensions like  Mozilla Firefox known simply as Firefox is a free and open-source web browser developed for Windows, OS , and Linux, with a mobile version for Android  As of February 2014, Firefox has between 12% and 22% of worldwide usage, the third most popular web browser. According to Mozilla, Firefox counts over 450 million users around the world.  The browser has had particular success in Indonesia, Iran,Germany, and Poland, where it is the most popular browser with 55%, 46%, 43%, and 41% of the market share, respectively.
  5. 5.  Easy to use, excellent accessories, continuous updates, excellent support, its only disadvantage is that it is slow to read pages in comparison of others, just a bit faster than explorer. Internet Explorer: Best for the chance user,it works, is slow but for the average user is not a problem and although it is extremely unsafe to most average or casualuser I do not care about viruses or spyware while not noticing Apple Safaris  Apple Safari is a Web browser available for the Windows operating systems as well as the iPhone, iPod Touch and iPod.  Safari is a graphical web browser developed by Apple and included as part of the Mac OS X operating system.  On the company’s Mac OS X operating system, it became Apples default browser  It was first released as a public beta in January 2003.  has very good support for latest technologies like XHTML, CSS2  Safari has been designed based on the principle that the most useful browser is one that "gets out of your way and lets you simply enjoy the Web."  At the heart of Apple's Safaribrowser is the Web Kit engine, which is responsible for functions like displaying graphics, translation fonts, running JavaScript and determining page layout.  Safari currently occupies the fourth position in the browser market behind Microsoft's Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome.  Apple Safarifeatures include Private Browsing, privacy setting e-mail search bookmarks,  It supports operating systems: Mac OS X Leopard, Windows Vista SP1, and Ubuntu 7.10.  Safari on iPhone. Safari on iPod. Safari on Windows. Safari on Linux.  Initial release January 7, 2003  Safari is also the native browser for iOS.  Safari 5.1.7, released on May 9, 2012, is the last version available for Windows.  the fastest of all browsers at the time to read Java scrip, ideal to check pages with heavy graphics,  It uses for interpreting web pages and running JavaScript.  Highlight the speed of Safari, a very carefuldesign, safety and the services offered, including resources for designers and programmers  Safari is web browser that was produced and developed by Apple Inc., which functions on a Mac OX, iOS, and Windows operating system.  It was first put out in public on January 7, 2003 by Apple Inc.  It was Apple’s default browser known as “Panther” for Mac users and released on June 11, 2007 on Microsoft Windows operating system.  Safari is generally for Mac users who are operating Mac OS X 8.1 and onwards for later systems.  Page-load times impressive  Provides all of security features  Cleans up unnecessary junk  Great for Mac users and free to download  Speed compatibility  Extremely Fast to download for Mac users  Add extensions from SafariExtensions  Lack of customization options many competitors offer  Support system may be missing some options for users in FAQ section  Trouble with Google built-in search engine that can’t be change  Difficulty deleting cookies on exit automatically
  6. 6. Opera  Opera web browser was introduced in 1996, which has not shown well enough performance until today  Opera is smaller and faster than most other browsers,yet it is full- featured.  Fast,user-friendly, with keyboard interface,multiple windows zoom functions, and more. Java and non-Java-enabled versions available.  Ideal for newcomers to the Internet, school children, handicap and as a front-end for CD-ROM  Opera is a web browser and Internet suite developed by Opera Software  The browser handles common Internet-related tasks such as displaying web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages,managing contacts,chatting on IRC downloading files via Bit Torrent, and reading web feeds  Opera is offered free of charge for personal computers and mobile phones  Opera is boasted as being the speediest and most standards-compliant of the current browsers in use, supporting such standards as 128-bit encryption, HTML and JavaScript.  Opera is available for use with the Linux, Symbian, Windows and Mac operating systems.  The browser handles common Internet-related tasks such as displaying web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages,managing contacts,chatting on IRC downloading files via Bit Torrent, and reading web feeds.•  Opera is offered free of charge for personal computers and mobile phones  Editions of Opera are available for devices running the Android, iOS, Symbian, BlackBerry and Windows Mobile operating systems,  According to Opera Software,the browser had more than 350 million users worldwide (more than 270 million users with mobile versions)  Opera has been noted for originating many features later adopted by other web browsers.  Opera includes built-in tabbed browsing, a bookmarks bar, add-ons, and a download manager.  Opera has "Speed Dial", which allows the user to add an unlimited number of pages shown in thumbnail form in a page displayed when a new tab is opened.  Speed Dial allows the user to more easily navigate to the selected web pages.  One security feature is the option to delete private data,browsing history, items in cache and passwords with the click of a button. This lets users erase personaldata after browsing from a shared computer.  Shows details about the website, including security certificates.  The browser checks the website that is being visited against blacklists for phishing and malware, and displays a warning  The Opera Software Company maintains a public web form where users can submit bug reports.  Is a web browser and Internet suite developed by Opera Software?  The browser handles common Internet-related tasks such as displaying web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages,managing contacts, chatting, downloading files via Bit Torrent, and reading web feeds.  Opera is offered free of charge for personal computers and mobile phones.  , Opera is also known for its standards support - through its browser engine Presto  Opera was the first browser that implemented the tab system, and besides the common features of all browsers, , site personalization, thumbnail per tab and mouse movements in navigation, and has built Opera mail client Mail  Installed with good accessories,easy to use, slower than safaribut still faster than the others, has many simple choices of those without the others (such as retrieving a page that you closed accidentally by just 2 click and not look at history or simply copy text and paste when you the option to paste and go),

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