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Transcultural Nursing (Tati).pptx

  2. Learning Objectives On completion of this lecture , the learner will be able to: Define transcultural.  Define transcultural nursing. Understand Leininger’s Culture Care Theory Recognize Importance of transcultural in nursing field. Identify Factors affecting transcultural in nursing field.  Implement Transcultural nursing assessment. Articulate Transcultural nursing Role in transcultural. Finding Transcultural barriers
  3. Outline  Introduction. Definition of transcultural.  Definition of transcultural nursing. Leininger’s Culture Care Theory Importance of transcultural in nursing field. Factors affecting transcultural in nursing field.  Transcultural nursing assessment. Transcultural nursing Role in transcultural. Transcultural barriers
  4. Introduction. The transcultural approach can be applied at all levels of health care institutions; but nurses are in a privileged position in this approach. According to Leininger’s model, only nurses can provide transcultural health services. Because the main aim of nursing is to provide a caring service that respects people’s cultural values and lifestyles. Nurses should offer acceptable, affordable and culturally suitable care to individuals under the conditions of the day. The nurses should explore new ways of providing cultural care in multicultural societies, understand how cultures affect health-disease definitions, and bridge the gap between care for individuals in different cultures. Transcultural nursing provides effective nursing care to meet the cultural needs of individuals, families and groups. The concept of “Transcultural Nursing” derived from the need to care for individuals in different cultures in nursing was first used by Madeleine Leininger in 1979.
  5. Definition Culture is defined as the sum of all the material and spiritual values created in the process of social development and the tools that are used to create and hand these values down to next generations and show the extent of the man’s authority and control over their natural and social environment. Transcultural is defined as "seeing oneself in the other“ The extending through all human cultures" or "involving, encompassing, or combining elements of more than one culture. (Bielefeld: Aisthesis, 2018) Transcultural nursing is defined being an ongoing process with a goal of achieving the ability to work effectively with culturally diverse persons, and additionally, to care for these individuals with a keen awareness of diversity, a strong knowledge base and skills in transcultural nursing, and especially a strong personal and professional respect for others from various cultures (Leininger, 2002).
  6. Pioneer of transculturing nursing model
  7. Leininger’s Culture Care Theory Concept of theorist:- nurses had to acquire an in- depth knowledge of different cultures in order to provide care to people of various ethnicities. focused on the relationship between culture and care on health and wellness. Purpose and goal:- of her theory is for nurses to understand diverse and universal culturally based care factors.
  8. Cross-Cultural Communication Cross-cultural communication includes certain factors that must be considered when nurses interact with patients and their family members from cultural backgrounds that differ from their own (Andrews, 2003). Cross-cultural communication factors:- 1-Cultural identity 2-Racial identity 3-Ethnic identity 4-Gender roles 5-Individual personalities 6-Social class 7-Age 8-Roles identity
  9. These values and attitudes can have an impact on communication across cultures because each person's norms and practices will often be different and may possibly clash with those of co-workers brought up in different parts of the world Racial identity refers to how one's membership to a particular race affects how they interact with co-workers of different races. Ethnic identity highlights the role ethnicity plays in how two co-workers from different cultures interact with one another. Addressing different ethnicities in a workplace as a way of educating all co-workers to the dynamics that may arise between individuals of the same or different ethnic groups. Factor that impacts intercultural communication is gender. This means that communication between members of different cultures is affected by how different societies view the roles of men and women.
  10. a person communicates with others from other cultures depends on their own unique personality traits and how they esteem themselves. These differences will have an effect on the way that multiple individuals from the same culture communicate with other individuals. The social identity factor refers to the level of society that person was born into or references when determining whom they want to be and how they will act accordingly. The age identity factor refers to how members of different age groups interact with one another. This might be thought of in terms of the "generation gap". The roles identity factor refers to the different roles a person plays in his or her life including their roles as a husband or wife, father, mother or child, employer or employee, and so forth. How two members of a workforce from two different cultures view these various roles influences how they will interact with their fellow colleague or counterpart.
  11. Importance of transcultural in nursing field Culturally competent nursing care:- Helps ensure patient satisfaction and positive outcomes. Identifying particular cultural patterns so that an individualized care plan is formulated that will help meet the established healthcare goals. Providing holistic nursing practice includes physical, psychological, social, emotional, and spiritual needs of patients. Achieved efficacy in communication skills, cultural assessments, and knowledge acquisition related to health practices of different cultures. Establish cross-cultural communication to provide individualized care that is based on cultural practices.
  12. Transcultural nursing assessment The Transcultural Assessment Model was developed in response to registered nurses’ need to assess and design care for culturally diverse patients (Giger & Davidhizar, 2002). This model provides a framework that can be incorporated into nursing patient assessment. The model assesses differences between individuals in cultural groups by inquiring about six cultural dimensions: communication, time, space, social organization, environmental control, and biological variations. This assessment framework can be utilized by registered nurses to facilitate the design and delivery of sensitive care (Giger & Davidhizar, 2002)
  13. Communication Time Space C T S When communication barriers were present, patients often expressed concerns and fears of being misunderstood as well as a strong sense of insecurity during interactions with nursing staff (Cioffi, 2003) To understand individualistic views of culture, student nurses must assess patient views about passage of time, points in time, and duration of time. Many countries and cultures are oriented with a focus on the past. These cultures value tradition and doing things as their predecessors have done. Humans vary greatly in their comfort level related to personal space. Some of these spatial concerns are related to personal preferences, while others are a reflection of cultural principles. Transcultural nursing assessment
  14. Environmental Control Biological Variation E T Environmental control can be explained in the patient’s ability, within their cultural system, to plan activities that control their environment as well as their perception of personal control over factors in the environment (Giger & Davidhizar, 2004). When assessing a patient’s cultural underpinnings, biological variations need to be evaluated carefully to avoid stereotypes and discrimination. These factors include race, body structure, genetic variations, nutritional preferences and psychological characteristics (Davidhizar, & Giger, 2008). Humans often learn and adopt cultural beliefs through social organization. Individuals from culturally diverse backgrounds will all manifest different degrees of acculturation into the beliefs of their dominant culture. In some circumstances, Transcultural nursing assessment Social Organization S
  15. Transcultural nursing Role in transcultural. Determine the client's cultural heritage and language skills. Determine if any of his health beliefs relate to the cause of the illness or to the problem. Collect information that any home remedies the person is taking to treat the symptoms. Nurses should evaluate their attitudes toward ethnic nursing care. Self-evaluation helps the nurse to become more comfortable when providing care to clients from diverse backgrounds Understand the influence of culture, race &ethnicity on the development of social emotional relationship .
  16. Transcultural nursing Role in transcultural Collect information about the socioeconomic status of the family and its influence on their health promotion and wellness Identify the religious practices of the family and their influence on health promotion belief in families. Understanding of the general characteristics of the major ethnic groups, but always individualize care. The nursing diagnosis for clients should include potential problems in their interaction with the health care system and problems involving the effects of culture. The planning and implementation of nursing interventions should be adapted as much as possible to the client's cultural background. Evaluation should include the nurse's self-evaluation of attitudes and emotions toward providing nursing care to clients from diverse sociocultural background
  17. Transcultural nursing approach Culture of the nurse: The only factor influencing the patient-nurse relationship is not the patient himself/herself. The nurses’ own customs and traditions, beliefs and values are also important in transcultural relationships. The nurse’s self-awareness can be the starting point to understand the patient culturally. Culture of the environment: The last element of the transcultural trio is the culture of the environment. The environment is an integral part of the culture. Individuals as physical, ecological, sociopolitical and cultural beings are continuously interacting with each other. Nurses may have to intervene in the patient and family relationship because of frequent bureaucratic arrangements and procedures.