Writing a clear problem statement in research helps
the reader to understand the purpose of the study
more clearly. However, writing a clear problem
statement still becomes an issue. As a result, the
reader unable to understand what is the purpose of
the research. Hence, this innovation aims to develop
a statement of problem template on how to write a
clear problem statement. Through this template,
researchers may be able to have better guidelines
on developing a clearer problem statement.
(Smith et al., 2021)
announces the purpose, scope, and direction of the paper. It tells the
reader what to expect in a paper and what the specific focus will be.
illustrates what the study will do, which should reflect the statement of
Illustrates what’s wrong, what’s missing, what researchers don’t know or
need to know better, and what needs to be done.
Is the overall purpose of conducting the research. It could be to add to
the knowledge in the area, to address an existing gap in the
knowledge, to devise and test a solution to an existing problem
4. The purpose
Place Place the problem into a particular context that defines
the parameters of what will be investigating.
Answer Answer the “so what?” question so that reviewers know
why they should care about this problem and research.
Orient Orient the reader to the significance of study and the
research objectives or questions to follow.
Introduce Introduce the reader to the importance of the topic
6. 1-Practical research problems:-
For practical research, focus on the concrete details of the
● WHERE AND WHEN DOES THE
● WHO DOES THE PROBLEM
● WHAT ATTEMPTS HAVE BEEN
MADE TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM?
7. 2-Theoretical research problems:-
For theoretical research, think about the scientific, social,
geographical and/or historical background:
● What is already known about
● Is the problem limited to a
certain time period or
● How has the problem been
defined and debated in the
8. Problem statements three elements:
1. The problem itself,
stated clearly and with
detail to establish why
it is important.
2. The method of
solving the problem,
often stated as a claim
or a working thesis.
3. The purpose,
statement of objective
and scope of the
9. Criteria of Problem Statements:
The statement of the problem should clearly indicate what is to
The actual statement may be in a declarative or in a question
The statement should indicate the variables of interest and the
specific relationship between the variables that are to be studied.
10. Research aim:
• It should be written in definite
statement such as (the purpose of this
• The purpose identifies the research
variables and population.
• It is worded appropriately.
• It is associated with research
objectives and hypothesis.
1. Is the framework presented with clarity?
2. Is the framework specified? Is a particular theory or model identified
as a framework for the study?
3. Does the framework "fit" the problem? Include all relevant variables?
4. Is the framework linked to the research purpose?
5. If a map or model is presented, is it adequate to explain the
phenomenon of concern?
6. Would another framework fit more logically with the study?
7. Are the concepts adequately defined in way that is consistent with
8. Do the problem and hypothesis naturally flow from the framework?
9. Note: qualitative research, descriptive studies, and physiologic
studies, typically will not have a theoretical framework.