• TO UNDERSTAND WHAT IS BANDAGING AND ITS RULE
• TO KNOW THE TYPES OF BANDAGING , MATERIALS ,PRINCIPLES AND THEIRPROPER
• TO KNOW THE SIZES OF BANDAGES AND THEIR SPECIFIC USES
• TO UNDERSAND THE GENERAL RULES OF BANDAGING
3. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BANDAGE?
• is a piece of material, typically made of cloth or gauze, that is used to cover and protect a wound or
injury. it is often wrapped around the affected area to provide support, compression, and to help
control bleeding.Bandages are commonly used in first aid to promote healing, prevent infection, and
immobilize injured body parts. they can range in size and shape depending on the specific injury or
wound they are intended to treat.
• refers to the process of applying a bandage to a wound or injury in order to protect it,
promote healing, and provide support.
5. USES OF BANDAGE
is used to hold a dressingin place over a wound to create pressure over a bleeding wound
for control of hemorrhage , to secure a splint to an injured part of the body and to provide
support to an injured part.
6. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF BANDAGING
a bandage should never be applied directly over a wound; it should be used only to hold in
place the dressing which covers a wound. a bandage should be applied firmly and fastened
securely it should not be applied so tightly that it stops circulation or so loosely that it
allows the dressing to slip. if bandages work them- selves loose or become unfastened,
wounds may bleed, they may become infected, and broken bones may become further
displaced. it is essential, therefore, that bandages be properly applied and well secured.
8. BASIC MATERIALS
Gauze bandages are widely used because they are light , soft, thin, and porous , and may be easily
adjusted and applied .
Muslin bandages are excellent for bandage practice, since they can be used repeatedly without fraying
and can be easily rerolled
Flannel, being soft and elastic, may be applied smoothly and evenly, and is useful for conditions requiring
bandages which absorb moisture and maintainbody heat.
Crinoline, rather than ordinary gauze, is used in making plaster of paris bandages, since the mesh of
crinoline retains the plaster more satisfactorily than that of gauze .
Rubber and Elastic webbing are used to afford firm support to a part. webbing is preferable to pure
rubber, since it permits the evaporation of moisture.
10. COMMON TYPES OF BANDAGE
Adhesive bandage: also known as a "plaster" or "band-aid," adhesive bandages are small, self-
adhesive strips with a sterile pad in the center. they are commonly used for small cuts, abrasions, and
Gauze bandage: gauze bandages are made of woven or non-woven cotton material and are available
in rolls or pads. they are often used to secure dressings, provide light compression, or cover larger
wounds. gauze bandages can be held in place with tape or clips.
Elastic bandage: elastic bandages, also called compression bandages, are made of stretchable fabric
that provides compression and support. they are commonly used to treat sprains, strains, and muscle
injuries. elastic bandages are available in different widths and can be secured with clips or self-
11. COMMON TYPES OF BANDAGE
Triangular Bandage: Triangular bandages are large, triangular-shaped pieces of cloth typically made
of cotton or muslin. They can be folded to create a sling or used as a dressing to control bleeding, secure
splints, or immobilize limbs.
Cohesive Bandage: Cohesive bandages, also known as self-adherent or self-stick bandages, are
made of a flexible material that sticks to itself but not to the skin or hair. They are commonly used for
wrapping joints, providing support, or securing dressings. Cohesive bandages are easily applied and
can be torn by hand.
Pressure Bandage: Pressure bandages are designed to apply pressure to a wound or injury. They
often consist of a sterile pad or dressing combined with an elastic or cohesive bandage to provide
compression and control bleeding.