3. COMMERCIAL LAUNDRIES
These are also known as off site laundry or
These cater to hotel on a contract basis.
Usually the soiled linen are laundered & delivered
back to the hotel within 24-48 hours.
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4. ON-PREMISES LAUNDARIES (OPL)
These are also known as on-site laundry or in-
It is the hotel’s own laundry situated on its
It may be run by the management or managed on
Services are faster (maximum of 8 hours), hence
the stocks are reduced.
There is better control, better supervisor, and
hence a long life for linen.
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5. PLANNING AN OPL
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1. The soiled linen are collected from all the
departments of the Hotel like F&B, Kitchen,
2. The soiled linen are then transported to the laundry
in two ways, first is, the soiled linen are put in the
trolley and are then taken to the laundry via
elevators and the second way is that the soiled linen
are dumped into the linen chute which is directly
connected to the laundry.
3. The soiled linen are then sorted on three basis i.e.
by the type of fabric, color of the fabric, and degree
4. After sorting the soiled linen, the linen are weighed
according to the washing machine capacity and are
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The washing depends on 4 things which varies as
per the fabric:-
Fabric temperature Water level Time
Less soiled Low Less less
More soiled high more More
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12. This is done by using hot and cold water,
which are usually recovered 7 recycled
from earlier steps during the last rinse in
order to save water.
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13. Hydro means water & extraction to
remove. Extraction removes at least 80%
of the water from the linen used in the
rinsing process. It also reduces the drying
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16. WASH CYCLE
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17. In this process, the washing machine
automatically sucks the high level of water in
which the soiled linen are added at medium
temperature to reduce the soil load for the
upcoming suds flushes.
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18. In this stage, the high alkaline product is
added, which may be followed by additional
flushes. The break cycle is usually carried
out at a medium temperature and low water
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19. This is the actual wash cycle in which acid
part of the hoppers is sucked by the
machine. It takes place in hot water at low
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20. This rinse cycle removes soils and alkaline to
help the bleach work more effectively later. In
this process 50-60% water is removed from
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21. In this stage, the washing machine sucks the
bleach automatically from the hoppers in the
hot water at a low water level. Bleach kills
bacteria, whitens fabrics and removes stains.
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22. The washing machine sucks the high level of
water and remove detergent and soils from
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23. This high speed spin removes left over detergent
and soil from the linen, usually after the first rinse
step. It removes 70% of water from the linen. The
washing machine spins at 200 RPM.
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24. Softener and sours are added to condition
fabric. This cycle is run at a medium
temperature and at low water level. Starches
are added to stiffen cotton fabrics. Sizing
may also replace the sour/softener step.
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25. A high speed spin removes most of the
moisture from the linen. The length of the
spin depends on the fabric type, extractor
capacity, and extractor spend. Around 95%
of water is removed in this stage.
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26. WASH CYCLE TABLE
1 flush High Medium 1½-3 min
2 Breaks Low Medium 4-5 min
3 Suds Low High 3-8 min
4 Intermediate-Rinse Less Less 1-2 min
5 Bleach Less High 5-7 min
6 Rinse High Medium 2-8 min
7 Intermediate-Extraction Less Medium 5 min
8 Softener/Sizing Less Medium 2-8 min
9 Final Extraction - - 8 min
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28. DRY CLEANING
This is the cleaning of fabrics in substantially non-
aqueous liquid medium.
Dry cleaning removes oils as well as many water soluble
& some insoluble materials with the help of detergents &
various other agents.
It is done by using dry powder, liquid such as petrol,
benzene, & so on.
Unlike laundry, dry cleaning does not cause swelling of
the fibers, & so does not lead to shrinkage , wrinkle, &
bleeding of color of the fabric and thus it is a safe method
for cleaning delicate textiles.
It was earlier known as ‘French Cleaning’ or ‘Chemical
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29. ADVANTAGES OF DRY
Dry cleaning cleans clothes for which laundering is
It causes no shrinkage to the fabric.
It does not flatten the pile of fabrics such as velvet.
Finishes such as moireing are retained even after
Colors do not bleed on dry-cleaning.
Stains are more readily removed by dry-cleaning.
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30. DISADVANTAGES OF DRY-
Dry-cleaning is expensive as compare to the
Many dry-cleaning solvents are harmful to health if
inhaled for long duration.
After cleaning with solvents, a certain unpleasant
smell tends to be retained by the articles.
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32. When soiled linen garments are delivered for dry-
cleaning, they are first sent to the marking areas.
Here, a piece of white fabric with a number or some
other code stamped on it with indelible marking ink
is securely attached to the garments. Every article is
marked individually to facilitate identification.
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33. The garments then pass on to the sorting
areas.it is done on the basis of soil
level,colour and in this case the
fabric/cloth pouches are checked for the
valuables of the guests.
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34. Absorbents are applied to remove grease
spots from all kind of materials like french
chalk,bran or flour etc/
APPLICATION OF ABSORBENTS
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35. Heavily soiled areas of the garments are
treated with solvents. Volatile dry solvents
such as amyl acetate to remove oil-borne
stains, while non-volatile solvents are used on
paint and varnish stains.
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36. A load of approximately 45kg is
transferred to the dry-cleaning cylinder.
Very delicate cloths are placed in a net
bags first. An appropriate solvent is
circulated through the clothes.
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37. Excess solvent is removed from the
garments by centrafugal action in a
revolving perforated cylinder contained in
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38. After extraction, the garments are dried in
a dryer that has a perforated drum
enclosed in a tumbler.The temperature for
the same should not exceed 70 degree as
otherwise it may catch fire.
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39. Solvents are expensive and therefore
filtered out, distilled, and reused, they are
not allowed to evaporate after use. But
used in recycled manner
FILTERING & DISTILLATION
OF THE SOLVENT
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40. Dried garments are inspected to check
that they are perfectly clean. If necessary,
they are spot-cleaned a second time.
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41. In this process, the garments are restored
as nearly as possible to its original size,
shape, feel, and appearance.
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42. Buttons and buckles that had been removed
are stitched back on. Finally the garments are
packed in a paper or suspended from clothes
hangers covered with polythene bags. They
are now ready for delivery
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49. PROCEDURE FOR STAIN
Soak in cold water
Soak in warm water
Allow it to get open air bleach.
Apply cold alkaline solution.
Apply hot alkaline solution
Apply cold acidic solution.
Apply an oxidizing bleach.
Treat with reducing bleach.
Repeat the procedure if stain is still there.
Soak it in the glycerin for ½ an hour.
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50. VALET SERVICE
It is the service given by housekeeping to guests in
which the guest clothes are taken and returned back
from the room. It is chargeable service.
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