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Manifesto: Anil Gupta - Honey Bee Network

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The STEPS Centre Symposium, 26 September 2009, focused on our Innovation, Sustainability, Development: A New Manifesto project. This presentation by Anil Gupta of the Honey Bee Network and Indian Institute of Management, was one of those given at the event. For more information see: www.anewmanifesto.org

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie, Bildung
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Manifesto: Anil Gupta - Honey Bee Network

  1. 1. NIF, sristi, gian, IIMA Honey Bee network, [email_address] anil k gupta Engaging with Knowledge rich-economically poor : choosing the right road Honey Bee Network building upon green grassroots innovations and people’s knowledge systems
  2. 2. Loops for linking innovations with investments and enterprise, science and technology and culture of nurturance are still too longwinded
  3. 3. Why are loops so longwinded? the innovator, investor, entrepreneur, and of course scientists and technologists who could add value, designers who could improvise, packager, the logistics chain manager etc., who can deliver Unwillingness to recognize and resolve the ex ante and ex poste transaction costs of each actor,
  4. 4. Result: empty benches <ul><li>Unless we pay for unmet transaction costs, bench will remain empty </li></ul>
  5. 5. ABC to DEF : Honey Bee Network’s next milestones <ul><li>A: access ( of grassroots inventors and innovators </li></ul><ul><li>B: bridge formal and informal science </li></ul><ul><li>C: creativity, collaboration and compassion </li></ul><ul><li>What are the DEF? </li></ul><ul><li>any guess???? </li></ul>
  6. 6. From ABC to DEF Technology, institutional and cultural networks to AUGMENT GREEN GRASSROOTS INNOVATIONS
  7. 7. ABC to DEF : Honey Bee Network’s next milestone <ul><li>A: access ( of grassroots inventors and innovators, and traditional knowledge holders ) </li></ul><ul><li>B: bridge formal and informal science </li></ul><ul><li>C: creativity, collaboration and compassion </li></ul><ul><li>What are the DEF? </li></ul><ul><li>any guess???? </li></ul>
  8. 8. D E F <ul><li>D: design ( by young technology students, see www.techpedia.sristi.org 20,000 + projects uploaded in the last four months , distributed design through MAD ( Management of Autopoesis Design ), Diversity, democratization, debunking of ‘holy cows’,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, </li></ul><ul><li>E: energy efficiency , social effectiveness and ethical fulcrum </li></ul><ul><li>F: fabrication, (FAB Lab Network), Fostering partnership between modular design platforms, mentors and grassroots and high tech innovation networks) and Fellowship </li></ul>
  9. 9. Key challenges <ul><li>Most grassroots innovations are at a proof of concept stage </li></ul><ul><li>There is no common language to describe different components and parts since innovators use often local salvage material to design products </li></ul><ul><li>It is not easily known to innovator as to which part of the form, feature or function should be optimized and in what sequence </li></ul>Most grassroots innovations are at a proof of concept stage It is not easily known to innovator as to which part of the form, feature or function should be optimized and in what sequence
  10. 10. Challenges continued: Key elements of analyzing trajectory/path of a problem such that it becomes solvable How to combine efficiency with affordability, local maintainability, adaptability and rejuvenability ( as against junking or salvagability )— greenness quotient How to embed ethical values, that maximize role of local knowledge, culture and institutions and minimize the materials to reduce entropy and generate socio-ecological efficiency
  11. 11. Features of collaborative platform <ul><li>Multi-media, multi-langauge : overcoming barriers of language, literary and localism </li></ul><ul><li>Different people can participate in design analysis, solution, debate, fabrication </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying Problem, solution & substitution or elaboration space </li></ul>
  12. 12. Durability and renewability : different components have different life scales, fatigue levels, how to combine elements with different time scales of life, what to do with those whose life is over vis a vis those which might live for hundred years more Should scale be enemy of the sustainability : logic of the Long Tail, investing in ideas, technologies with limited diffusion, without that sustainability is threatened How to transfer science for development and diffusion of technologies( Gupta,1988)
  13. 13. Honey Bee 17(1 & 2) January-June 2006
  14. 14. Labour First!!! <ul><li>Manifesto of the labour </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of &quot;farmers first&quot; has been talked about in India as well as worldwide for at least twenty years. </li></ul><ul><li>But the idea of &quot; labourers first&quot; is yet to emerge as a priority for any political party or for that matter scientific community. </li></ul><ul><li>When political debates do feature farm labourers, they tend only to stress the right to manual work rather than mental work, or the need for better technologies or knowledge for building upon the knowledge systems of labourers themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Are some problems neglected even by grassroots innovators, the problem of women workers, for instance? Tea pluckers, paddy transplanters, cooking stove………………….. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Global silence on grassroots creativity: A simple search on the web on various key words related to grassroots innovations, creativity and attributed traditional knowledge [as distinct from institutionalised anonymous knowledge] will reveal an extraordinary silence and a zone of darkness. Why should even after 20 years of HBN and 17 years of CBD, 14 years of TRIPS, and WTO, there should be such a great silence on the issue of unaided creativity and innovation at grassroots? Why should there be so few examples about a phenomena which should appear to be so fundamental to the spirit of participative and entrepreneurial development? Has ethics to do some thing with it?
  16. 16. Innovation Investment Enterprise GOLDEN TRIANGLE OF CREATIVITY
  17. 17. Learning from people: <ul><li>User driven innovation but who scales up/or do non scalable solutions have no merit? </li></ul><ul><li>Authenticating what we learned, sharing our findings with people, acknowledging them, connecting them </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networking: among which part of society? </li></ul><ul><li>In which language, where is the content in multi- language, multi-media </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Transaction costs: whose, how and when </li></ul>
  18. 18. What can India and China learn from Brazilian slums Mr Ubirajara, 47 , in slums around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, inventor of stand on front wheel of cycle More stable, easier to vend things, portable bench
  19. 19. Honey Bee network in Limpopo, South africa Modified donkey cart (One among many designs ) Differential-40 kg, what is it doing here, amrutbhai What it was???? What it became
  20. 20. CHIN: Shanzhai Breathing Apparatus Honey Bee Network in china TUFE The crude breathing machine assembled by Ji jun hai, Meng wen hai and Ma bao shun pumping life into Xiaoyan’s lungs!
  21. 21. Barriers <ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>literacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>localism </li></ul></ul></ul>Overcoming asymmetry Isolated disconnected fragmented Barriers Literacy Localism Language Other transaction costs Enablers Knowledge/technology Institutions culture/values Learning communities
  22. 22. Layers of Triggers /motivations how do knowledge rich –economically poor people think Materials methods purposes/uses oral/visual iterative/isolationist irreverence Client problem/ community problems own problem just fun user needs See Riya Sinha, 2009 PhD thesis research
  23. 24. freedom is to look in the mirror and learn that fairness to oneself and others is not divisible In search of freedom for innovators at grassroots
  24. 25. Why do some hang the straw bundles, when in others parts, it is heaped on the ground? Freedom is to Ask questions seemingly trivial but holding a tenuous link with diversity, design, and survival algorithm
  25. 26. How do poor people take rest, what do they laugh about, Does this world belong to them at all?
  26. 27. Creativity counts <ul><li>Amphibious cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Tree climber </li></ul><ul><li>Who is physically challenged ? </li></ul><ul><li>Washing machine cum exercising machine Cycle that makes bumps work for you </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Simple can be optimal </li></ul>
  28. 29. Ribbed teflon coated aluminum tawa
  29. 30. IIP Dehradun says: <ul><li>Its Ribbed Circular Bottom in aluminum tawa gives 7.9% higher thermal efficiency (52.17%) compared to conventional Iron Tawa (44.27%) and ribbed bottom gives about extra 1.09 per cent over ordinary aluminum tawa. </li></ul><ul><li>Fast cooking due to its higher thermal efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design of this Tawa is registered, design registration No. 201308 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 31. Shadows of sustainable spirit: trying to look for frugal, diverse, resilient and simultaneous solutions , as nature does all the time
  31. 33. Portable cycle USD 70 Sandeep Kumar
  32. 34. Saga of an innovator: Bachhu Bhai, tenth class pass Jamnagar, India Tractor driven by a joy stick and a bulb that lasts very long
  33. 36. Four in one: flour mill, iron cutter, water pump and dynamo for power generation
  34. 37. Seen during Shodh Yatra in Anantnang, J and K
  35. 38. JANAKI Devi, Western Champaran, Bihar, innovator of a herbal pesticide, patent filed by NIF on her innovation, testing done in SRISTI natural product lab
  36. 39. Samvedana se srijansheelata ( empathy triggering innovation) Virendra kumar sinha Solves the problem of sound and air pollution Invented a silencer cum pollution control device, 12-14 kg carbon in eight months Now likely to be used in Chilka lake, Orissa, on boats so that birds and dolphins are not disturbed
  37. 40. Md Rojadeen: cooker for coffee creativity in champaran ( 22 nd shodh yatra Dec 2008)
  38. 41. Service at your door step: Sheikh Jahangir, Jalgaon, Maharshtra
  39. 42. How did honeybee network evolve its framework
  40. 43. Rethinking logistics for sustainable future learning from grassroots innovators anil k gupta [email_address] Minds on the margin are not marginal minds: shall we join hands in learning from grassroots innovators
  41. 44. Survival Strategies Access to Factors & Product Markets and Kinship networks Public Policies for direct & indirect transfer & support Knowledge Systems Individual Collective Contemporary Innovations Traditional Knowledge Individual Collective Scouting and Dissemination Converting Innovations into Products Rewarding and Compensation Micro Policy Macro Policy Knowledge Network Livelihood Reinforcing Experimental and Innovative Ethics Sustainable Livelihood Conservation of Biodiversity & Associated Knowledge Systems SRISTI & GIAN IIMA IIMA SRISTI NIF NIF SRISTI NIF NIF
  42. 45. Shodh yatra every summer, every winter
  43. 46. Are these the marginal minds?
  44. 47. Corridors of creativity
  45. 48. Will we have the humility to learn from Ms Ram Timari Devi Champaran, jan 2009,
  46. 49. Bhabi mahato, Puruliya, West Bangal, with her broom, to sweep cow webs in our mind
  47. 50. 7 th Satvik Traditional Food Festival, iim campus Higher Boron in local varieties of maize makes consumers less vulnerable to arthritic pain in joints, than those who consume hybrid maize in Africa and elsewhere, creating markets for local foods, fashion and feelings about healthy life
  48. 51. Ignite <ul><li>Recognising creativity of children and nurturing their dreams </li></ul>
  49. 52. I want a high tech school bus which can give alert signal as it approaches my bus stop. I would not miss my bus this way!!: pallavi, 9 th class I want to integrate the gait of a person with a mobile. As walking style differ person to person, the software will be able to identify the signals based on the body movements while walking If the mobile will sense a different movement once act will lock itself and send a message about its location predefined number. : anurag rathor 9 th class Why pierce skin to get a blood test done? I wish to make a blood testing system that would do the required test by scanning the skin surface or testing the skin excretions :srishti class iv
  50. 53. The young Creators: Inventions from Whitmore Primary School An idea contest triggered by a short video message sent to the students at Whitmore Primary School, Hackney, UK resulted in the compilation of an invention book having innovative ideas presented by children of 7-10 years old. Mrs Romee Day, a school headmistress joined the 18th Shodh Yatra with Peter Day of BBC London and was so deeply touched by the experience that she decided to test the idea in her class. The results are presented here. It does not matter if some of the ideas have been tested or proved by seniors recently, the point really is that little kids can invent if only they were challenged!
  51. 54. <ul><li>Shoes that walk on water </li></ul><ul><li>What if we could walk on the rivers? </li></ul><ul><li>Ephraim of class III wants to develop </li></ul><ul><li>shoes that can walk on water. Such </li></ul><ul><li>shoes will make help us cross lakes </li></ul><ul><li>and rivers easily. </li></ul><ul><li>A similar invention has been made </li></ul><ul><li>by Rosen of Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.primidi.com/2004/08/ </li></ul><ul><li>02.html )Also see HB 17(4) & 18(1): </li></ul><ul><li>8-16, 2006 & 2007 for similar innovation by Chaurasia, NIF </li></ul>
  52. 55. Ife, class 4, Whitmore school, London Car that swims in water, runs on roads, has sails to use wind energy
  53. 56. <ul><li>Mobile pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Louis, class IV has thought about a pencil by </li></ul><ul><li>which you can stay in touch with your friends </li></ul><ul><li>and family. The rubber on the tip of the pencil </li></ul><ul><li>will flash when you receive a call, and the caller’s </li></ul><ul><li>name will be displayed on a small screen provided </li></ul><ul><li>on the side. </li></ul>
  54. 57. <ul><li>Alarm bed </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have problems in waking up early, and </li></ul><ul><li>going to school early? </li></ul><ul><li>Kyle, class V has a solution for your problems. He thinks of inventing a bed, which will have an alarm system installed in it to ensure you wake up on time! </li></ul><ul><li>( Also see HB 11(4) & 12(1): 11-12; 2000-2001 for </li></ul><ul><li>an interesting wake up alarm system designed by </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Abdul Khadar Nadakattin of Karnataka ) </li></ul>
  55. 58. g2G India, China and Brazil collaboration steered by sristi grassroots to global <ul><li>Global GIAN – Building Global Value </li></ul><ul><li>Chain for augmentation of Green </li></ul><ul><li>Grassroots Innovations </li></ul>
  56. 59. Global Enquires for grassroots innovations ( g2G) 2009 Business Development and MVIF National Innovation Foundation www.nifindia.org/bd
  57. 60. Product enquiries received at Business Development (International) Product enquiries: Source by countries (01/01/09- 17/07/09) Sr. No. Products Enquiries Countries 1 Sanitary Napkin making Machine 8 Bangladesh (4), USA, South Africa , Kenya 2 Areca Nut Machine 1 Indonesia 3 Pomegranate Peeling Machine 3 Germany, Iran, Kuwait 4 Coconut tree climber 8 USA(4), Singapore, Australia, Dubai 5 Raisin Grading Machine 2 USA, Mexico 6 White Flowered Cardamom Variety 1 Sri Lanka
  58. 61. Product enquiries received at Business Development Product enquiries: Source by countries (01/01/09- 17/07/09) Sr. No. Products Enquiries Countries 7 Blind Man Stick 1 Ethiopia 8 Walnut Cracker 2 Iran, USA 9 Bio gasifier 3 Romania, USA(2) 10 Coconut husker 2 Malaysia, USA 11 Hydropower Turbine 2 Liberia, Malaysia 12 Pedal operated pump 1 USA
  59. 62. Product enquiries received at Business Development Product enquiries: Source by countries (01/01/09- 17/07/09) Sr. No. Products Enquiries Countries Comments 13 Milking Machine 7 Tanzania, USA(3), Germany, Canada , Israel 14 Cassava Peeler 6 USA, Sierra Leone, Scotland, Bolivia 15 Multi Purpose Processing Machine 2 Venezuala, Brazil 16 Rural Egg Incubator 1 Haiti 17 Tile Making Machine 1 South Africa 18 Cotton Stripper 1 Saudi Arabia 19 Bamboo Teeth 1 Australia
  60. 63. Product enquiries received at Business Development Product enquiries: Source by countries (01/01/09- 17/07/09) Sr. No. Products Enquiries Countries Comments 20 Development of new coagulant 1 Malaysia 21 coconut defibring machine 1 Indonesia 22 Garlic Peeler 2 USA, Syria 23 Talking Poster 1 Singapore 24 Sugarcane Bud Chipper 1 Saudi Arabia 25 Ajooba Tube light 1 Australia Total 58
  61. 64. Sales made <ul><li>Coconut tree climber- USA (Florida, Massachussets, California, Hawaii etc.) Australia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Mexico, West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Pomegranate deseeder-Turkey, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Garlic peeling machine-Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Arecanut husker- Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Milking machine-Phillipines, Uganda, Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Resin grading machine-Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava peeling machine-kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal growth promoters-Ghana </li></ul>
  62. 65. Lessons from Technology licensing: design in use
  63. 66. <ul><li>Prototype development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed a prototype in collaboration with M/s Greendot International, Ahmedabad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design inputs received from NID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed special small plough and harrow with the help of Vishwakarma Fabricators (Gandhinagar) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test Status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent the prototype to Budhni (May 2003) </li></ul></ul>Modified trial prototype Final Convertible Models 4 Wheel 3 Wheel 1 2 3 4 5 Vanraj Small Tractor
  64. 67. Tree cum Pole climber Innovator : Mr. Mustaq Ahmad Dar | 28 years | 10th Standard Address : Kreeri, Anantnag District, J&K Innovation Summary: Tree cum Pole climber: It is a small portable device that makes climbing trees/poles simple and easy. What is remarkable about this innovation is that it uses body weight to lock the climbing steps and is very light, low cost and easy to maintain.
  65. 68. Business development and Technology licensing <ul><li>Technology license: </li></ul><ul><li>Technology has been licensed to India Innovatix, Ahmedabad </li></ul><ul><li>( An established small enterprise with over 20 years of business in safety climbing equipments ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of rights : Exclusive manufacturing and marketing rights for India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of Agreement :29 Feb, 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status : R & D and value addition in process </li></ul></ul>
  66. 69. Groundnut Digger cum Separator Educated upto 7 th class Manufacturer of agricultural equipment Scouted by: Sundaram Verma (1993) Yusufkhan Vill: Jeweli Dist: Sikar, Rajasthan Rajasthan has predominantly sandy soil which is quite suitable for groundnut cultivation. The yield of the crop is affected as up to 20% of the pods are left underground during harvest. Complete digging out of all the groundnut pods from the soil is not possible as manual labor is scarce, costly and other means are not available. It is unique tractor mounted device which is used to dig and separate the left over groundnut pods from the soil. It gets drive through PTO.
  67. 70. <ul><li>IPR Protection: </li></ul><ul><li>Patent filed in India (1806/DEL/2004 dated 24/9/2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Status: Final examination report awaited </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition and Reward: </li></ul><ul><li>Awarded first by NIF under the National Award category in the year 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Yusuf Khan has also been nominated for the Asian Innovation Awards 2005 and has qualified among the ten finalists. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been honored in several district level events </li></ul><ul><li>The expert involved in the testing and evaluation has also co-authored himself with the innovator to write a paper for a National Journal. </li></ul>
  68. 71. Septic tank baffle system - An Effluent Filtering Device <ul><li>The cost effective filtering device is a compact co-axial system of PVC pipes which allows out flow of treated waste water while retaining the solid waste allowing anaerobic decomposition of waste </li></ul><ul><li>Results in cost saving of 5% over conventional septic tanks by doing with baffle walls and dividers </li></ul>Video
  69. 72. Conventional tanks
  70. 73. Technology licensing <ul><li>GMI Zarhak, Goa </li></ul><ul><li>(In the business of rotational moulding, which is on of plastic processing. Started in 1996 with the manufacture of SHAKTI brand water tanks, moved into custom moulding of material handling viz: bins, pallets etc ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of rights : Exclusive manufacturing and marketing rights for the assigned area for Goa and 200 Km radius of Goa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of Agreement : Dec 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status of Business : R & D and value addition in finished. Product just launched </li></ul></ul>
  71. 75. Case study on social diffusion <ul><li>Modified hand pump </li></ul><ul><li>GIAN (n) Jaipur, </li></ul><ul><li>Honey Bee Network </li></ul>
  72. 76. Origin <ul><li>The improved hand pump is a combination of two innovations and ideas recognized by NIF during its second and third National competition on grassroots innovations ( Swyambhu Sharma and Chandan Agarwal) </li></ul>
  73. 77. Issues addressed <ul><li>3.Uncomfortable position for drawing water and drinking at the same time, with a lot of water wastage </li></ul>
  74. 78. The solution ( yusuf and Kumawat) <ul><li>New hand pump has a provision of 25% water donation for the animal trough, which is collected from the runoff </li></ul><ul><li>A provision of about 1 liter water storage inside the head of the pump which can be utilized through a tap for use as a drinking source just by pumping once </li></ul>
  75. 79. 1st Award by National Innovation Foundation Award in the year Feb 2002 Best Technology Award for the year 2003 by National Research Development Corporation, Govt. of India Honored by SRISTI by including him in the Governing body Recognition by Community mansukh bhai jagani: cotton stripper for rainfed cotton varieties :patent in India, USA
  76. 80. 1997 - From Scrap to ……. 2007 – Solid, stable, sustainable solution
  78. 84. Linking open source with IP protected technologies and services “” technology commons”” open for people to people learning, fabrication and adaptation for self use but licensing needed for firms to use
  79. 85. Just for the pain of the mother <ul><li>Asu making machine for Pochampally </li></ul><ul><li>sarees: C Mallesham, Nalgonda </li></ul><ul><li>Laxmi Asu machine by Mallesham </li></ul><ul><li>has relieved women from 8-9 hours </li></ul><ul><li>of labour everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>it just takes 90 minutes to weave a saree compared to the four hours required in the manual process. </li></ul><ul><li>This has brought a revolution among the weaver community. The Indian Patent has been filed for the Innovation. The innovator has sold more than 500 units of the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Also see Honey Bee 19(3): 4-6, 2009 for his detailed profile </li></ul>
  80. 86. This is how it was
  81. 87. This is how it is
  82. 88. Automatic watering in flower pots and others Mr. Abdul Kaleem Video-electric shock Video-flower pot
  83. 89. Phone operated switch & others Mr. Prem Singh Saini
  84. 90. Compressed air car, propelling bicycle using gravitational force and others Mr. Kanak Gogoi
  85. 91. Pomegranate de-seeder, arecanut peeler and other innovations Mr. Uddhab Kumar Bharali, Assam Pomegranate De-seeder: It separates the granules of pomegranate from the outer cover and thin inner membrane without damaging the seeds. It has a capacity of deseeding 50-55 kg of pomegranate per hour. The machine has been exported to two countries, viz.Turkey and USA. Arecanut Peeler: Annoyed by the injuries caused while peeling the areca nuts manually, the innovator has designed and developed an areca nut peeling machine. The machine has a capacity of peeling 100-120 nuts per minute. Cassava peeler: It is a portable electric machine that can process up to five kg of cassava in as many minutes. One unit has even been sold to a customer based in Kenya. Bamboo processing machines: It is an assembly of machines that can perform operations from splitting long lengths of bamboo, sizing, surface finishing and polishing etc. Video small-pome Video -arecanut (open fr source)
  86. 92. Will you join the open source and/or ip protected collaborative platform Honey bee Network seeks your involvement
  88. 94. The strategy for unleashing the creative potential of millions of people at the base of economic pyramid: The development strategy should build upon the resources in which a region and the people inhabiting that region are rich in, Local knowledge and innovations can provide a signal about the stress and pain points and some of the ways in which these pains have been dismissed, diffused and diluted Documentation of such knowledge with prior informed consent can provide a basis for blending formal and informal science to develop value added products,
  89. 95. It is understood that not every knowledge holder may become or may even like to become an entrepreneur. At the same time many knowledge holders can become entrepreneur or tie up with other entrepreneurs to diffuse their knowledge through commercial or non commercial channels. No society has developed or can ever develop by relying only on private markets for creating positive externalities. It is understood that not every knowledge holder may become or may even like to become an entrepreneur . At the same time many knowledge holders can become entrepreneur or tie up with other entrepreneurs to diffuse their knowledge through commercial or non commercial channels.
  90. 96. No society has developed or can ever develop by relying only on private markets for creating positive externalities. Public goods have to be created in the form of open access knowledge based, laboratories, workshops, fab labs, tool rooms, design centres etc. Shortage of such facilities stifles the growth of public spirited science, technology, art and culture. Conversion of ideas, innovations and traditional knowledge into product and services requires funds for product development, testing, demonstrations for user trial, designing, market research, production and distribution. Absence of dedicated funds clearly imply either lack of faith in the genius of creative minds at grassroots or the assumption that such knowledge does not deserve any significant public support. Irony of global diffusion of micro finance matched with global absence of micro venture finance conveys the current state of art with regard to knowledge-based approaches to social development.
  91. 97. It is not that only technological creativity deserves support for generating employment opportunities for poor. The cultural knowledge is no less important for similar support to generate income-enhancing opportunities. Creating a horizontal knowledge network among local creative communities is most vital for improving the living conditions immediately within and across the countries. This will require multi language, multi media databases and networks. Examples of several problems having been faced by farmers in India as well as China triggering similar solutions proves the potential that exists for saving civilizational energy in discovering solutions. Honey Bee Network has provided numerous examples where applicable solutions can help Indian farmers and vice versa. In such for sustainable solution there is no north but only south. There is a great need for exchanging knowledge among different communities.
  92. 98. Engagement with youth is necessary if future leadership has to be in sync with the contemporary needs and aspirations . However, neither the technology youth nor youth engaged in other streams of studies have been mobilized for benchmarking technological inertia, add value to innovations and solve the persistent problems and practices involving lot of drudgery. The portal techpedia.sristi.org is an attempt to pool more than half a million projects done by students every year without any connectivity or accessibility for small scale entrepreneurs or others. Distributed design and manufacturing with horizontal and near term supply chains have to be conceived to reduce energy use and save cost.
  93. 99. There are lot of other changes required for unleashing the economic potential such as land and water reforms, educational reforms to promote social and economic entrepreneurship from an early stage, reorganizing national social services scheme (NSS) and create National Innovation Service corpse. It is a pity the poor people are seeing only as consumers and not as providers of knowledge and ideas. More difficult the living conditions, higher has to be the reliance on knowledge and social networks for survival. There is little else to fall back upon.
  94. 100. Creating licensing opportunities for local knowledge based products to large and small companies in a transparent manner with full accountability towards the knowledge holders, (with or without testing, value addition)
  95. 101. Poor not just as consumers alone, but as providers <ul><li>the mechanism of mentoring small, scattered and disconnected innovators without access to much education, banking or communication systems is not easy. Distributed mentoring is a challenge that we have to meet, if Grassroots to Global (G2G) has to become an international reality. In other words, if triangle of linking innovation, investment and enterprise has to be formed across the world, then transaction costs of each actor will have to be reduced considerably using on-line and off line platforms ( see Tianjin declaration, China, May 31, 2007, www.sristi.org). </li></ul><ul><li>Assume that an entrepreneur in China or UK selects an innovation from India and wants to set up an enterprise in South Africa or Brazil with investment from say, UK, or USA then a G2G model would have come about. Likewise, if entrepreneurs in developed countries can find applications for ideas of grassroots innovators in third world, then a poverty alleviation model will emerge which would look at poor as provider of solutions. Diversity, development, dignity will manifest when ethics, equity, excellence, efficiency, empathy, environment and education fuse. </li></ul>
  96. 102. Creativity counts, knowledge matters, innovations transform, incentives inspire institutions sustain
  97. 103. How did it happen: The journey….. SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH AND INITIATIVES FOR SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES AND INSTITUTIONS (www. SRISTI.org ) info@sristi.org GRASSROOTS INNOVATION AUGMENTATION NETWORK (www GIAN.org) NATIONAL INNOVATION FOUNDATION ( www. NIFindia.org ) info@nifindia.org [email_address] Honey bee network , informal global social movement, started in 1987-89,