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Cancer - ppt 2nd part

  1. Causes of Childhood Cancer  Most childhood cancers do not have a known cause.  Very few cancers by environmental & lifestyle factors.  Chronic infections.  HIV, Epstein-Barr Virus & malaria increase the risk.
  3. Prevalence of Cancer
  5. Top 3 cancers in terms of incidence Lung Cancer Female Breast Cancer Colorectum Cancer Top 3 in terms of INCIDENCE o 2.1 million diagnoses are estimated in 2018
  6. Global patterns by: Level of human development Differences incidence rates & mortality rates in countries with high or very high HDI and countries with low or medium HDI. Sex MEN:- WOMEN:- Lung cancer (most diagnosed & death causing) Breast cancer (most diagnosed & death) Prostate & colorectal cancer (incidence ) Lung cancer Liver & stomach cancer (mortality) Colorectal cancer Cervical cancer Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women in 28 countries. The highest incidence rates in: North America, Northern and Western Europe, China and Australia and New Zealand, with Hungary topping the list.
  7. Prevalence in INDIA
  8. 5 most frequent cancers in ranking Breast Cervical Oral Cavity Lung Colorectal • one woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes in India. • For every 2 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one woman dies of it. • As many as 2,500 persons die every day due to tobacco- related diseases. • Tobacco (smoked and smokeless) use accounted for 3,17,928 deaths (appr) in men and women in 2018
  9. 2018 statistics Male Female 0 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 Estimated number of people living with disease Every year, new cancer patients registered Cancer- related deaths Cancer Statistics in INDIA in 2018 2018 statistics Male Female
  10. Prevalence of Cancer in CHENNAI According to NFHS (National Family Health Survey, 2015- 2016), among the five diseases (Diabetes, Asthma, Goitre, Heart disease and Cancer), cancer is the least common, 376 women per 100,000 and 1,828 men per 100,000 reportedly suffering from cancer.
  11. Cancer & Me
  12. How do I know I have Cancer ? CAUTION Change in bowel or bladder habits (pain, difficulty urinating, blood) A sore that does not heal Unusual bleeding or discharge from private parts (women) Thickening or a lump in the breast or elsewhere (neck, armpit, groin) Indigestion or difficulty swallowing Obvious weight loss, sweating at night, bone pains Nagging cough or hoarseness, sometimes with blood when you
  13. Why do I have Cancer?
  14. Do’s & Don'ts Adopt a healthy lifestyle Adopt safe sexual practices Avoid/ limit exposure to known environmental carcinogens Go for regular check- ups & cancer screening • Do not use tobacco, Arecanut in any form. • Avoid second hand smoke exposure (don’t sit near a person who is smoking). • Quit alcohol Avoid spicy, fried, preserved, processed and junk food, salt preserved food like pickles and very hot beverages • Avoid stress • Avoid sedentary lifestyle • Over exposure to
  16. 1. Cancer is contagious 2. If no one in your family has had cancer, you will not get cancer 3. If you have a family history of cancer, you will surely get cancer 4.Positive thinking will cure cancer If you have diagnosed with cancer, shortly you will probably die in a short period of time 5. If you have diagnosed with cancer, shortly you will probably die in a short period of time 6. Cancer is always very painful
  17. 7.Older people are not fit for cancer treatment 8.Cancer treatment is usually worse than the disease 9.People being treated for cancer can’t participate in their usual activities 9.Use of cell phones & presence of cell phone towers in your vicinity can cause cancer 10.Herbal products can cure cancer 11. Hair dyes & Antiperspirants can cause
  18. An emotional time shock Acceptance Anger Depression Denial Bargaining
  19. Coping with Coping with your emotional reactions
  20. psychosocial factors effects of cancer Depression Suicide Delirium Body Image problemsSexual Functioning Difficulties Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  21. Psychological support can have a good outcome. It can help you; • To accept your cancer diagnosis • Become more informed about your cancer • Avoid giving up • Find the energy to fight for survival against your cancer • Learn how to relax • Regain your self- confidence • Avoid becoming overwhelmed by stress • Express your anxieties • Avoid becoming obsessed with cancer.
  22. Family & Care Giver Issues Psychological Distress Impact on Health Unmet Caregivers Needs Psychosocial Interventions for Care Givers
  23. • Regional Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai • Govt. Arignar Anna Memorial Cancer Hospital, Kancheepuram