2. The Times
In the pre-record age
music was only heard
in live context.
Music was therefore
spread in the form of
written scores or piano
Piano rolls were played
on player pianos and
were perforated paper
rolls designed to
produce key actions
3. Origins of Ragtime
The origins of Rags are firmly within the
Word itself derived from a form of clog
dancing called ‘ragging’.
Syncopated patterns come out of patting
Juba. (clapping hands and thighs and
4. The Birth of Ragtime
Composers in Mid-Western states
used the syncopation and wrote piano
Was influenced by all the popular
styles of period especially military
5. The Main Composers
Scott Joplin (1868-
1917) , Joseph Lamb
James Scott (1886-
created what later
became known as
‘classic rag’ with
6. Musical characteristics
Mainly a piano instrumental style although
some compositions were adopted for larger
ensembles. (New Orleans Jass, guitar,
clarinet and brass etc.)
2/4 or 4/4.
Stride bass technique. (alternate tonic,
chord, dominant, chord) moving in half time
Introduction usually of eight bars.
Compositions structured in 16-32 Bars.
Modulations in pieces frequently to
dominant or relative minor.
Around the beginning of the 20th
century and late 19th century ‘rags’
began to make their way in to the
general populous in the form of
By 1890 white composers became
involved in genre.
1895-1915, ragtime was available to
the public in published piano scores,
on piano rolls.
Ragtime represented a watered down form
of Afro-American expression by eliminating
Later ragtime transitional figures such as
Jelly Roll Morton and James P. Johnson
reintroduced advanced syncopation to the
Introduced many outside of Afro-American
community to the ‘sound’ of music. (blue
notes and syncopations)
10. Works Cited
Baraka, Amiri. Blues People: Negro
Music in White America. New York: W.
Morrow, 1963. Print.
Southern, Eileen. The Music of Black
Americans: A History. New York: W.W.
Norton, 1971. Print.