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Relative income poverty: Family characteristics, financial year ending 2018

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For a person to be in relative income poverty it means they are living in a household where the total household income from all sources is less than 60 per cent of the average UK household income (as given by the median).

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Relative income poverty: Family characteristics, financial year ending 2018

  1. 1. Relative income poverty Family characteristics Financial year ending 2018
  2. 2. Lone parent households were the family type most likely to be in relative income poverty • 44 per cent of people in lone parent households and 32 per cent of people in single female households with no children lived in relative income poverty after housing costs in the period 2015-16 to 2017-18 (an average over three financial years). • In comparison, 15 per cent of people living in couple households without children were in relative income poverty.
  3. 3. Percentage of people in each family type in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), 2015-16 to 2017- 18 Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP 15 18 22 23 23 28 32 44 0 10 20 30 40 50 Couple without children Pensioner couple Single female pensioner Couple with children Single male pensioner Single male - no children Single female - no children Lone parent
  4. 4. • In the past, most people living in relative income poverty were living in households with children. • However, the pattern is now less clear with a similar proportion of those living in relative income poverty living in households with children and without children. Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP The people in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), by family type, 2015-16 to 2017-18 19% 47% 34% Pensioner Families Families with Children Families without Children Note Families here include single people What type of families live in Poverty?
  5. 5. Around 70,000 children living in lone parent families were living in relative income poverty • 44 per cent of children who lived in lone parent families lived in relative income poverty in the latest period, 2015-16 to 2017-18. This figure has decreased from 47 per cent seen in the last two periods and has returned to that seen in the period 2012-13 to 2014-15. • A quarter of children in couple households were in relative income poverty.
  6. 6. Children that lived in households where the youngest child was aged 0 to 4 accounted for half of all children that were in relative income poverty Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP The children in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), by age of youngest child in household, 2014-15 to 2017- 18 90,000 50,000 30,000 10,000 Age 0-4 Age 5-10 Age 11-15 Age 16-19
  7. 7. Larger families are more likely to live in relative income poverty • In the most recent period (2015-16 to 2017-18), the likelihood of being in relative income poverty was higher for those children who lived in a household with three or more children compared to those who lived in households with less than three children. • The likelihood of being in relative income poverty was 40 per cent for children living in households with three or more children, 28 per cent for children living in households with one child and 24 per cent for those children living in households with two children. • Children that lived in households of three or more children accounted for more than a third of all children that were in relative income poverty.
  8. 8. Percentage of children in each family size in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), three-financial-year averages Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2007 to 2010 2008 to 2011 2009 to 2012 2010 to 2013 2011 to 2014 2012 to 2015 2013 to 2016 2014 to 2017 2015 to 2018 One child Two children Three or more children Trends may be volatile due to small samples

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