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Automated parking system

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Automated parking systems
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Automated parking system

  1. 1. AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM1  CONSTRUCTION & MATERIALS- VII
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM2  The growing population of India has created many problems - one of the challenging ones being car parking which we confront almost every day.  Automated Car Parking is a method of automatically parking and retrieving cars that typically use a system of pallets and lifts. The intention is to compact more cars in the same space, reduce the space needed to park the same number of cars. Automated car parks can be situated above or below ground or a combination of both.  They serve advantages like safety, saving of space, time and fuel (since one does not have to drive around for locating space) but also need to have an extra and a very detailed assessment of the parking required, space availability and traffic flow.  These can be further categorized into fully automatic or semi- automatic systems.
  3. 3. ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATED PARKING AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM3 Multi-level parking systems for sometime have provided relief since they come with a number of advantages –  The parked cars and their contents are more secure since there is no public access to parked cars  Only minimal ventilation and lighting systems are needed.  Lower maintenance and operational cost.  Minor parking lot damage such as scrapes and dents are eliminated.  More parking in less space.  Eliminating the need for ramps, aisles, passenger lifts & stairs.  Comfortable for the drivers & cars are more secured.  Cost saving for builders by saving height or depth.  Lower ceiling requirements  Dense depth-to-depth and bumper-to-bumper parking is possible.
  4. 4. HISTORY  Automated parking systems first appeared in Europe as early as the 1900’s and in the North America in the 1920’s. The need for automated parking systems then is the same as it is now: maximize the value of available land by condensing parking.  The 1950’s saw the peak of the industry in North America with a number of high profile systems built but demand in Japan, Korea and parts of Europe.  The technology has been around for a long time.  Widely used in the other parts of the Country and the World.  Installed Automated Parking Systems (North America)
  5. 5. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AUTOMATIC AND TRADITIONAL PARKING SYSTEM  There is a greater sense of security due to the fact that patrons do not actually walk to and from their own space.  There is high parking efficiency .  There is no need for driving while looking for an available space.  The patrons wait for their car in a highly controlled environment.  There are less chances for vehicle vandalism.  There is a minimal staff requirement if it is used by known parkers.  There is an easier facade integration since there are no ramping floors or openings in exterior walls. AUTOMATIC PARKING SYSTEM: ADVANTAGES:
  6. 6. DISADVANTAGES:  There is a greater construction cost per space (but this may be offset by the chance for lesser land costs per space and the system manufacturers say that the operating and maintenance cost will be lower as compared to a conventional ramped parking structure).  Use of redundant systems will result in a greater cost.  It may be a bit confusing for unfamiliar users.  It is not recommended for high peak hour volume facilities.  There may be a fear of breakdown (How do I get my car out?).  There is an uncertain building department review and approval process.  It requires a maintenance contract with the supplier.
  7. 7.  Ease of maintenance.  Very faster communication.  No wastage of time.  Require less manpower.  Loss of driving-related jobs.  Loss of privacy.  Drivers being inexperienced if situations arose requiring manual driving.  Software reliability & Liability for damage.  Self-driving cars could potentially be loaded with explosives and used as bombs. TRADITIONAL PARKING SYSTEM: ADVANTAGES: DISADVANTAGES:
  8. 8. FULLY AUTOMATIC PARKING SYSTEM: Fully automated parking systems operate much like robotic valet parking. The driver drives the car into an APS entry (transfer) area. The driver and all passengers exit the car. The driver uses an automated terminal nearby for payment and receipt of a ticket.  More sophisticated fully automated APS will obtain the dimensions of Carson entry in order to place them in the smallest available parking space. The driver retrieves a car by inserting a ticket or code into an automated terminal.  The APS lifts the car from its parking space and delivers it to an exit area.
  9. 9. SEMI-AUTOMATIC PARKING SYSTEM  Semi-automated APS also use a mechanical system of some type to move a car to its parking space, however putting the car into and/or the operation of the system requires some action by an attendant or the driver.  The choice between fully and semi-automated APS is often a matter of space and cost, however large capacity (> 100 cars) tend to be fully automated.
  10. 10. TYPES OF PARKING SYSTEM AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM10  Dependent/Stack System  Puzzle Car Parking Systems  Stacker Crane Parking System  Tower Parking System  Cart Type Parking System  Level Parking System  Chess Type Parking System  Rotary Car Parking System  Turn Table System  Car Lift
  11. 11. DEPENDENT/STACK SYSTEM AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM11  This system features a pallet that is lifted up and then after the car is loaded. Thus additional parking can be made available in the space below the loaded pallet. Both indoor and outdoor installation is possible.  These systems are electromechanically or hydraulically operated. Preferably these systems are valet parking systems. Mostly preferred in residential complexes, IT Parks and Hotels.  Stackers are aimed to double the parking space above ground / basement type parking.  Technical Specification Car length : 5000 mm Width : 2100 mm Height : 1500 mm, 1700 mm , 2000 mm Weight : 2000 Kg
  12. 12. AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM12 There is saving in space, construction cost, lighting, fire fighting, etc; the systems allow very fast parking-in and parking-out time, safety and security of the cars, reduced air pollution, and need little maintenance. The life cycles of our parking systems are 15-20 years but they may be extended to 30 years with good maintenance.
  13. 13. PUZZLED SYSTEM AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM13  This system features combination pallets carrying cars, individually load & unload of cars is possible. This system is individual combination of multiple levels, vertically and horizontally is possible. Puzzle System is aimed for optimum use of space on ground. It is electro mechanically designed to go vertically up to 7 levels & horizontally to as much space available on ground. Here the cars move vertically and horizontally like a puzzle, till the car required comes to the lower level where it is driven out. Installed in basements, rooftops, under stilts, open grounds, terraces, driveways etc. One Pallet on each level, except the TOP level, should be kept vacant at all times for the independent puzzle operation to happen. The system is designed in the form of a matrix of rows and columns such as 2 x 2 or 2 x 3 etc in which out of the total number of available spots, a certain number of spots are kept vacant to enable horizontal and vertical movement of remaining spots. Available in the range of two to six levels, all the cars are independent of each other and the system can be installed in a phased manner.
  14. 14. AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM14 CASE: IF YOU WISH TO RETRIEVE CAR NO. 3 3
  15. 15. STACKER CRANE PARKING SYSTEM AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM15  This system features a typical storey system. It has a unique mechanism called stacker. It moves centrally and has parking slots on its either side.  It has in-built robotic mechanism that pulls and push the car and from the lift bay. The number of stackers cranes depends upon the total number of cars and floors. This can accommodate 100-300 cars.  Technical Specification Car length : 5000 mm Width : 2100 mm Height : 1500 mm, 1700 mm , 2000 mm Weight : 2000 Kg Suitable for Car Models Sedan For All levels & SUV For only ground level.
  16. 16. CART PARKING SYSTEM AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM16  This system has multiple entry and exits as per the project design. This system has inbuilt mechanism called CART which moved every Parking floor. The numbers depends on total nos. of floors and total nos. of cars.  This system can be pallet based or without pallet also.  Preferably these system can be used in longitudinal parking areas. System can be designed for 50 to 100 cars or more.
  17. 17. AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM17  Various configuration are implemented in order to provide the maximum parking capacity. Suitable for large scale construction projects.  Depending on land size standard or cross-sectional types may be applied. The vertical lift and entrance positioning may be designed according to a customer request.  Technical Specification Car length : 5000 mm Width : 2100 mm Height : 1500 mm, 1700 mm , 2000 mm Weight : 2000 Kg
  18. 18. LEVEL PARKING SYSTEM AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM18  Used for large buildings and for superior space efficiency.  Addition to multi level parking spaces with vertical and horizontal directions to facilitate the entry & exits of cars.  Operating systems are: lift, side sliding, pallet.  Technical Specification Car length : 5000 mm Width : 2100 mm Height : 1500 mm, 1700 mm , 2000 mm Weight : 2000 Kg  Suitable for Car Models Sedan For All levels & SUV For only ground level.
  19. 19. TOWER PARKING SYSTEM AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM19  This system features a lift which is electromechanically operated. At the loading point as per the design the lift shall receive the car and then travels to the respective location of the parking slot.  It parks the car to the parking slot. This system can design with pallet or without pallet.  This system is preferable for 30 to 40 cars. At three cars space, effective utilization of space and height.  Technical Specification Car length : 5000 mm Width : 2100 mm Height : 1500 mm, 1700 mm , 2000 mm Weight : 2000 Kg
  20. 20. AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM20 Key Advantages: •Space - effective installation makes parking upto 60 cars possible in the space required for 3 •Easy maintenance •Bottom, middle and top entrance possible •Inbuilt and standalone options available •Human - oriented design •Computerized control systems
  21. 21. CHESS PARKING SYSTEM AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM21  This has floor mounted roller bed system which can allow the crisscross movement of the pallet and the car. This system preferably installed on RCC floors.  System can be designed for from 800 to 1000 cars or even more also. It has separate lifts which acts as ENTRY & EXIT points.  These systems can be used in longitudinal & square of parking areas also.  Technical Specification Car length : 5000 mm Width : 2100 mm Height : 1500 mm, 1700 mm , 2000 mm Weight : 2000 Kg This system is a revolutionary type of system in the parking systems. With this system maximum utilization of the floor space is possible. No drive way, no space for movement of mechanisms.
  22. 22. Requirements for Different Types of Systems AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM22  Planning  General Building Code Requirements Architectural Structural  Electrical and Mechanical Code(LADBS Test Lab)  Fire Code
  23. 23. PLANNING REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM23
  24. 24. PLANNING REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM24 Mechanical Parking lift is considered as tandem parking.
  25. 25. BUILDING CODE REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM25  There are general provisions in the IBC for automated parking garages that can be followed in collaboration with the Fire Department.  Enclosed Parking Garages –occupancy classification determined with the help from the Fire Department  Open Parking Garages –may be considered as S‐2 occupancy  Other requirements-Using Engineering and Construction Judgement (some of the requirements are similar to elevator requirements).
  26. 26. ARCHITECTURAL REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM26 Mechanical automobile parking lifts must provide adequate door clearance for an attendant to exit a vehicle per manufactures specifications
  27. 27. ARCHITECTURAL REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM27 Minimum height requirements
  28. 28. ARCHITECTURAL REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM28 Minimum height requirements (Cont.)  Mechanical automobile parking lifts shall be arranged in such a manner as to allow full operation of the sprinkler system.  A minimum of 16 feet. ceiling height shall be provided when a two- parking level mechanical automobile parking lift is installed in a garage.  The required ceiling height may be reduced by up to 18 inches if the mechanical automobile parking lift is installed in a non-sprinklered garage, or when approval has been obtained from the Mechanical Plan Check for wall mounted Fire sprinklers prior to Building Plan Check approval.  Additional headroom may be required to accommodate installation of roll-up garage doors
  29. 29. STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM29  The mechanical automobile parking lift shall be installed on a level surface.  The supporting structure and connections to the supporting structure shall be designed by the Approved structural engineer.  The weight of the automobiles shall be included in determining the design seismic load
  30. 30. FIRE DEPARTMENT REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM30 PRIMARY CONCERNS  ACCESS TO BUILDING AND FIRE  FIRE DETECTION AND REPORTING  FIRE ATTACK  FIREFIGHTERS SAFETY
  31. 31. FIRE DEPARTMENT REQUIREMENTS AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM31  Mechanical Parking Design Requirement  Specific for “car stackers” up to 4 levels  Outdoor -Have to be minimum 15’ from opening and walls less than 2-hour fire resistive rated  Indoor Sprinklers Smoke exhaust system Separated from other uses by 2-hour fire resistive rating Source Statter911

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