• According to Ezra Solamn “Financial
management is concerned with the
efficient use of an important economic
resources viz capital funds”.
• Financial Management means planning,
organizing, directing and controlling the
financial activities such as procurement
and utilization of funds of the enterprise.
9. MEANING: FINANCIAL
• Financial Management is an operational activity,
which is accountable for the effective utilization
of funds necessary for operations. One of the
primary objectives of financial management is to
maintain enough money to meet the necessary
current and capital expenditure, apart from
10. NATURE OF FINANCIAL
Financial management is mainly concerned with
the proper management of funds.
The financial manager must see that the funds
are procured in a manner that there is risk, cost
and control considerations are properly
balanced in a given situation and there is
optimum utilization of funds.
11. FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
• Assess Current Financial Position
• Define and Prioritizing Goals
• Financial and Investment Plan
• Implementation of the Plan
• Monitor, Evaluate and Adjust Performance
12. SCOPE OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
• Scope covers both acquisition & utilisation of
funds – efficient and wise allocation of funds to
• Financial mgt involves providing solutions for
major financial operations of a firm
- Investment decisions
- Financing decisions
- Dividend policy decisions
13. INVESTMENT DECISION/ FUNCTION
• Investment decisions relates to the selection of
assets (fixed & current assets) in which
funds will be invested by a firm.
• Invst in fixed & long term assets & projects is
called capital budgeting – volume of invst ,
risk & returns , cost of capital.
• Invst & mgt of current assets is called
working capital mgt –mgt of cash, inventory
& receivables, profitabilty & liquidity.
15. FINANCING DECISION/FUNCTION
• Financing decisions are concerned with the
Capital structure decisions of a firm
( proportion of debt & equity).
• Creating proper mix between debt & equity –
optimum capital structure.
• Tradeoff between risk & return.
16. DIVIDEND POLICY DECISIONS /
• Deciding the Dividend payout ratio considering
the benefit of shareholders & firm both.
• Dividend decision should be analysed in relation
to the financing decisions of the firm.
17. DUTIES / ROLES / RESPONSIBILITIES OF A
• Performing Financial Analysis
• Making Investment decisions
• Making Financing decisions
18. PERFORMING FINANCIAL ANALYSIS &
• Transforming financing data into form which
can be used for decision making.
• Determing need for additional (reducing)
19. MAKING INVESTMENT DECISIONS
• Determine the mix of current assets & fixed
assets to be held by a firm.
• Determine the type of asset in each category
20. MAKING FINANCING DECISIONS
• Determining mix of short term & long term
• Indepth analysis of available financing
alternatives , their costs & long term
21. CHALLENGES FOR FINANCIAL MANAGERS IN A
Changing Economic Environment
• Talent and Capability
22. NATURE OF FINANCIAL
Company (Revenue Recent Investment Decision
Boeing ( $61) Began production of its 787 Dreamliner
aircraft, at a forecasted cost of morethan
The cash flow from Boeing’s
operations allowed it to repay some
of its debt and repurchase $2.8
billion of stock.
Toyota (¥ 26,289) In 2008 opened new engineeringand
safety testing facilities in Michigan.
Returned ¥431 billion to
shareholders in the form of
Wal-Mart ($406) In 2008 announced plans to invest over a
billion dollars in 90 new stores in Brazil.
In 2008 raised $2.5 billion by an
issue of 5-year and 30-yearbonds.
Union Pacific ($18) Acquired 315 new locomotives in 2007. Largely financed its investment in
locomotives by long-term leases.
Wells Fargo ($52) Acquired Wachovia Bank in 2008 for$15.1
Financed the acquisition by an
LVMH (€17) Acquired the Spanish winery Bodega
Issued a six-year bond in2007,
raising 300 million Swiss francs.
Lenovo ($ 16) Expanded its chain of retail stores to cover
over 2,000 cities.
Borrowed $400 million for 5 years
from a group of banks.
25. BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Managing Director /
VP/ Director (Finance)/ Chief Finance officer (CFO)
Foreign Exchange Manager
Financial planning &
fund raising manager
Capital Budgeting manager
Data processing mgr
26. FUNCTIONS OF A
• Treasurer is mainly responsible for financing
& Investment activities.
• The main functions of a treasurer are
- Obtaining finance
- Investor relationship
- short term financing
- cash & credit mgt
- Investments & insurance
27. FUNCTIONS OF A
• Controller is concerned with Accounting &
• The main functions of a Controller are
- Financial Accounting
- Internal audit
- Management accounting & control
- Budgeting & planning
33. MAXIMIZING EPS
• Ignores timing and risk of the expected
• Maximizing EPS will not result in highest
price for company's shares.
34. NON FINANCIAL
General welfare of employees
General welfare of society
Fulfillment of responsibilities towards
customers, suppliers etc.
Leadership in R&D.
Effective utilization of funds
35. INTERFACE OF FINANCIAL MGT
WITH OTHER FUNCTIONAL AREAS
• Finance and Production
• Finance and Marketing
• Finance and Personnel ( Human resource)
• Finance and Research & Development
36. FINANCE AND
• Finance is the basis of production and is
needed at every stage of production
• Planning & preparation of project report
• Acquiring raw materails, plant & machinery,
tools & spares, technological know how etc.
• Hold stocks of RM, WIP and FG .
37. FINANCE AND
• Finance is needed in all vital areas of
marketing such as
• Sales promotion & Advertising
• Introduction of new products, diversification
of existing lines to satisfy customers changing
• Physical distribution of goods.
38. FINANCE AND PERSONNEL (
• Finance in personnel is required for
• Promotion Schemes.
39. FINANCE AND RESEARCH &
• Finance in R& D is used for
• Technological up gradation
• To meet and cater the demands of changing needs &
preferences of customers
• To stay competitive
41. FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF
• Personal Finance
▫ Financial Position
▫ Adequate Protection
▫ Tax Planning
▫ Investment and Accumulation Goals
▫ Retirement Planning
▫ Estate Planning
42. FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF
• Corporate Finance
▫ Balancing Risk and Profitability
▫ Maximizing Entity’s Wealth and Stock Value
▫ Managing the Working Capital
▫ Measure the Performance of Portfolio
43. FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF
• Public Finance
▫ Related to Sovereign States & its entities
▫ Identification of required expenditure
▫ Source of that entities revenue
▫ Debt Issuance for Public Works Projects
• In corporate finance, the agency
problem usually refers to a conflict of interest
between a company's management and the
company's stockholders. The manager, acting as
the agent for the shareholders, or principals, is
supposed to make decisions that will maximize