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China Smart Grid, Eco-Cities & Smart Cities

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In China, the five year plan points out that developing smart eco-cities – maximizing the conservation of energy, water, land and materials, reducing pollution, optimizing the transportation, protecting the environment, and improving building comfort, health and safety – is a critical stage for accelerating industrialization, urbanization and rural development providing great opportunities. It is estimated that between 2010 and 2025, around 250 million citizens will move from rural areas into cities. By 2030, 1 billion people out of 1.4 billion in China will live in cities, from 3 to 13 (smart eco-) megalopolises built.

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China Smart Grid, Eco-Cities & Smart Cities

  1. 1. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. China Smart Grid and Smart Eco-Cities (Abstract) Prepared for Intersolar Beijing , March 2014 “Smarter, Greener, Together!” Patrick SCHULER 苏乐 SEC, Founding Partner www.smartecocity.com
  3. 3. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. SMART GRID Key drivers 3. Integrate Intermittent CO2 free energy 低碳能源的系统接入  Renewable Grid Connection : On-shore/Offshore可再生能源的接入  Wind/Solar Management in Grid Control Rooms控制室对太阳能风能管理系统  Grid Connected Storage to Grid / Evolution to Meshed DC Grids储能的介入及向DC网状电 网的演变 2. Improve energy efficiency across the value chain 提升能源价值链的效率  Improved Generation Dispatch efficiency 提升发电调度效率  On-Line Substation Asset Management变电站在线资产管理系统  Demand side management需求侧管理 1. Maintain Grid Reliability and Stability电网的安全与稳定  On-Line Stability software in Control rooms控制室在线安全稳定软件系统  Digital Substations数字化变电站  PMUs, Wide Area Automation & Defense Plan广域安防系统PMU
  4. 4. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CITY EVOLUTION Concept
  5. 5. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. ECO-CITY CORE PILLARS 6 Core integrated pillars ENERGY WATER MOBILITY  Raw material  Renewable (Wind, Solar, Biomass)  Hydro (Small Hydro)  Marine (Wave, Ocean, Tidal)  Energy efficiency  Energy storage  Transmission and Distribution  Public (Rail-, Sub-,Tramway)  Electric Vehicle  EV components  Recharging  Biofuel and Biogaz BUILDING RECYCLING  Green Building  Green Industries  Green envelope and materials  Distributed Energy Resources  Heating, ventilation and air conditioning  Combined Heat and Power  Circular economy  Mixed wastes  Waste treatment  Construction with waste  Waste to energy HEALTH  Healthcare  Biodiversity  Clean Development Mechanism  Air quality management  Carbon trading  Green agriculture  Water treatment  Wastewater treatment  Soil and sludge treatment  Purification  Filtration  Water distribution
  6. 6. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. SMART CITY CRITICAL PILLARS Smart Services Renewable PV Renewable Cogeneration Community Energy Management System Renewable Geothermal Building Energy Management System Electric Vehicles Energy Storage Residential Energy Management System Smart Services and Financing are the backbone of smart eco-city projects Financing  Private Financing  Public Private Partnerships (PPP)  Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC)  Government funding  Smart Power Grids  Smart Water  Smart e-Mobility  …  Smart Public Services  Smart Education  Smart Healthcare
  7. 7. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. SMART ECO-CITY DRIVERS Emergence of Virtual Power Plants
  8. 8. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. SMART ECO-CITY EVOLUTION Roadmap
  9. 9. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. SMART ECO-CITY SUCCESS 5 Steps to success for smart eco-parks VISION clearly set: an efficient + livable + sustainable park SOLUTIONS combing hardware (cleantech) + software (smart) to plan the environment and efficiency of the park INTEGRATION leadership to make the overall mixed-use park green and efficient (operation & information) INNOVATION and start-up incubation to make a holistic sustainable park a reality COLLABORATION between best-in-class foreign and local partners across the Smart Eco-City value-chain. 1 2 3 4 5
  11. 11. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA MEGA TRENDS Today until 2025 Source: McKinsey Global Institute analysis 250Million people will move to cities 221cities will have 1 million+ population 5megalopolis will have 20 million+ population 11city clusters with 60 million+ population 170mass-transit systems will be built 40Billion m2 floor space will be built 50,000of these buildings could be skyscrapers 30% buildings will be green
  12. 12. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID DECISION MAKING SGCC-CSG State Council National Energy Commission National Development Reform Commission (NDRC) State Electricity Regulatory Commission State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) National Energy Administration/Bureau State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) China Southern Power Grid (CSG) • Multiple parties are making impact on how smart grid will be developed in China. • State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) and China Southern Power Grid (CSG) have the most direct influence on smart grids in China. Local Government ( provinces, cities) 5 Provinces26 Provinces/Autonomous Region/Municipalities
  13. 13. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID DEFINITION “Strong and Smart Grid”
  14. 14. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID STACK Smart Grid Layers 1 Generation 2 Transmission 3 Substation 4 Distribution 5 Consumption 6 Dispatching DISPATCHING Conventional PG Renewable Energy PG Energy Storage UHV/HVDCFACTs Digital S/S Digital S/S Digital S/S Transmission Condition Monitoring Distributed Power SourceDigital DIS S/S Digital DIS S/S DIS Automation PG to Grid Micro Grid Super-conduct & Energy Storage Electric Vehicle Smart Home Smart Residential Smart Building Smart Home Appliance Distributed Power Source Smart Residential Smart Building Energy Efficiency and Information Management Terminal ICT Platform Note s/s: substation PG: power generation
  15. 15. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID COVERAGE Two distinctive parts UHV UHV HVDC 10kV-750kV A/C Power Generation Transmission Transformation (Substation)Distribution Consumption Dispatching STRONG Grid SMART Grid Functions
  16. 16. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID DISPATCHING Grid dispatch hierarchy 国家调度中心 National Control Center 省级调度中心 Provincial Control Centers 市级调度中心 Municipal Control Centers 县级调度中心 County Control Centers 区域调度中心 Regional Control Centers 2000+ 320 31 6 1
  17. 17. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID TARGETS Development of “Strong and Smart Grid” 5. Consumption 6.Dispatching4.Distribution 1.Generation 2.Transmission 3.Transformation • 2015: 90 GW wind and 6 GW solar power • 2020: 150 GW wind and 18 GW solar power • 2015: Online monitoring and FACTS roll-out • 2020: UHV and FACTS deployed • 2015: 38% of >110/66kV substations to be digital • 2020: 65% smart S/S goal • 2015: distribution automation system in 31 major cities. • 2020: 100% flexible integration of distributed generation • 2015: 2,351 EV charging stations and 220,000 charging poles • 2020: Completed EV charging network • 2015: >provincial dispatching centers up-to date • 2020: Full capability dispatching system
  18. 18. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID DEVELOPMENT Three Phases 2011-2015 2016-2020 .123Construction Upgrade & Completion Define Smart Grid Development Planning Unification of information Model Strengthen Power Grid Key Technology R&D Standards setting Pilot projects Pilot Projects Analysis & Summary Improvement of Strategic Planning of Smart Grid Construction Specification set-up Massive Construction Almost completion of Smart Grid Evaluation Upgrade Technology, Management and Equipment Level Achievement of Chinese Characteristic Strong Smart Grid 2009-2010 Planning & Pilot1 2 3
  19. 19. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID INVESTMENT Timeline 2009-2020 • Average Yearly Investment = 250~300 Billion RMB • Smart Grid = 384 Billion RMB (11%) • Strong UHV = 630 Billion RMB (18%)
  20. 20. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID PILOTS BREAKDOWN Second Phase Pilot Projects
  21. 21. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID PILOT MAP Demonstration projects mainly around Beijing and Shanghai cluster On-going Complete Projects:
  22. 22. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART GRID EXPERTISE R&D Center in Nanjing and Beijing Construction of National Research and Test Centers: • National Energy Research (Experiment) Center for Solar Power (in Nanjing) • National Energy Research (Experiment) Center for Grid Connection of Bulk Wind Power (in Beijing) • National Energy Smart Grid R&D (Experiment) Center (in Beijing and Nanjing) 国家级研发(实验)中心建设: • 国家能源太阳能发电研发(实验)中心(南京) • 国家能源大型风电并网系统研发(实验)中心(北京) • 国家能源智能电网技术研发(实验)中心(北京、南京)
  23. 23. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART CITY MINISTRIES SUPPORT 1.6 Trillion RMB & >300 cities involved during the12th Five-year Plan Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) • >80 Billion RMB credit line with the China Development Bank for smart city pilot projects • 193 pilot smart city development projects selected in 171 cities. Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) • 20 cities chosen for technologies and standards pilots Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) – Internet of Things • Smart grids, mobility, industries, homes, agriculture, logistics, environment protection, security and healthcare pilots strongly supported China Academy of Telecommunications Research (CATR) • >1.6 Trillion RMB investment forecasted over the period US International Data Corporation (IDC) • 66 Billion RMB market and forecasts double-digit growth
  24. 24. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART ECO-CITY EVOLUTION Smart Eco-Cities need to be smart, green and replicable What Limits Examples • Small scale city built- out and little industry activity • More testing than preservation of urban environment • 2010 Shanghai Expo Smart Grid Demo Pilot • Smart Home/Villas • City with cutting-edge sustainability standard in infra. and buildings • Green to the extreme • Cleantech not linked with industry cluster • Tianjin Sino-Singapore eco-city • SGCC/CSG Pilots • City spurs related industry cluster • Adopt cleantech that are commercially scalable • Serve as a replicable pilot • Yangzhou Smart Valley • Nanjing Smart Grid Base Little Development Microgrid/Green Showcase Scalable and replicable Smart Home/Buildings Smart District Smart Comprehensive Cluster
  25. 25. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA SMART ECO-CITY EXAMPLES Smarter, greener, but together? Smart Home/Buildings Smart District Smart Comprehensive Cluster Shanghai Expo Smart Grid Beijing Smart Home Tianjin TEDA Yangzhou Smart Valley Nanjing Smart Grid base Smart Grid? …
  26. 26. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. CHINA BILATERAL, SMART & ECO CITIES A selection of 10 on-going eco-park and smart city projects Beijing TianjinShenyang Nanjing Chengdu Wuhan Zhenjiang Suzhou Wuxi Shanghai Shenzhen Hangzhou Yangzhou Qingdao Eco-City Smart City City focus: City (A-Z) Case Nanjing SNECO Guangzhou SSGKC Qingdao SGEP Shenyang SUP Shenzhen QIEFC Tianjin TEDA Wuhan HNEC Yangzhou ETDZ Zhenjiang SSZEIP Zhuhai CSG Guangzhou Zhuhai Low Medium High Very highKPIs: Hainan Dalian Sino bilateral collaboration Map of smart and eco cities
  27. 27. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. THE NEW CHINA ALSTOM+GE SMART OFFERING A more complete Smart Green energy player Beijing TianjinShenyang Xian Chengdu Wuhan Jinan Changzhou Suzhou Wuxi Shanghai Shenzhen Qinhuangdao Hangzhou Yangzhou Qingdao Grid Power Grid Power Head OfficeHead Office ALSTOM ENERGY BUSINESS IN CHINA ALSTOM GE XD (15% GE) 1958 first trade 1906 first trade 1959 founded ~7,000 employees ~5,000 employees ~20,000 employees 12 Cities 4 Cities 6 Cities 22 Facilities 9 Facilities 7 Facilities A leading provider of hydro turbines, boilers nuclear islands and Smart Grid A leading provider of gas turbines A local leader of UHV&HVDC (T&D) equipment LOCAL CUSTOMERS & PARTNERS INCLUDE Renewable Hydro, Wind, CCS Large Gas Turbine Large Steam Turbine Boilers Gene- rators Heat Recovery Steam Generator Heat Exchanger Environ- mental control systems Plant Nuclear/ Conv. Island T&D THE FULL ENERGY VALUE CHAIN Guangzhou Hong Kong Smart Grid
  29. 29. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. SMARTECOCITY (SEC) Green Building Green Mobility Green Community Smart Public Services Waste Management Green Lifestyle Water Management Green Energy Environment Quality Low Carbon Industry Smart Education Smart Government Smart Power Grid Smart Home Smart Building Smart Healthcare Smart Traffic Smart Mobility EQUITY (Smart/Internet) ENVIRONMENT (Eco/Cleantech) ECONOMY (City/Financing) Smart Water The network at the intersection of the “3E” sustainability circles Shanghai Wuhan Chongqing Beijing Shenzhen Singapore Tokyo Seoul Hong Kong Taipei
  30. 30. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. SMARTECOCITY (SEC) Join the SEC network,“smarter, greener, together !” We are looking forward meeting you online and in person in our Cities! Click on the icon China Smart Green Eco Cities - 中国智能绿色生态城市 Linkedin Group Beijing Shanghai Chongqing Wuhan Shenzhen Hong Kong Singapore Tokyo Seoul Taipei SmartEcoCity (SEC) is the executive business network in China & Asia to enhance the livability, workability and sustainability of cities in Asia. We are at the intersection of internet (Smart), cleantech (Eco) and cities (City) bringing citizens together to build connections and exchange ideas, hence our motto “Smarter, Greener, Together!”.
  31. 31. © 2014 SEC. All rights reserved. www.smartecocity.com Thank you! 谢谢!