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Passive voice sindi sanchez ci 26471354

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The subjunctive
The subjunctive
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Passive voice sindi sanchez ci 26471354

  1. 1. Passive voice Voz pasiva. ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE VOZ ACTIVA Y PASIVA ALUMNA: SINDI ESTHER SÁNCHEZ COLINA C.I: 25471354
  2. 2. Voz activa y pasiva Active and passive voice Focus in the subject who is making an action. • She made a mistake • Ella cometió un error. Active Focus on the action. Knowing who or what is performing the action isn’t important or it’s not known. • A mistake was made. • Se cometió un error. Passive
  3. 3. ¿Cómo crear una oración en voz pasiva? How to create a sentence with the passive voice Active She writes a letter (Sub verb object) Passive A letter is written by her. (Sub verb object) Active They bought the car last month Passive The car was bought last month Reglas básicas Se crea con el verbo “to be” conjugado y el participio pasado (past participle) de cada verbo. Subject + verb to be + past participle. En la passive voice, el object pasa a ser el subject y viceversa. El “principal verb” cambia a su participio y estará acompañado del “verb to be” Si en la oración esta presente el “subject”, es decir, la persona que esta realizando la acción, será mencionada después de la preposición “by” en la forma pasiva. Debe ser utilizado únicamente con verbos transitivos.
  4. 4. ¿Cómo crear una oración en voz pasiva? How to create a sentence with the passive voice El verbo “to be” debe estar conjugado según el tiempo verbal a utilizar. Simple tense Structure Present Am/ are / is + pp Past Was / were + pp Future (will) will be + pp Future (going to) Am / are / is going to + pp Continuos tense Structure Present Am / are / is being + pp Past Was / were being + pp Perfect tense Structure Present Have / has been + pp Past Has been + pp Future Will have been + pp
  5. 5. Usos de la voz pasiva How to use passive voice  Existen oraciones impersonales que suelen mencionar opiniones, pensamientos o suposiciones en la oración, se forman con la misma estructura “subject + to be+ participle”, con los siguientes verbos: Report (informar) Say (decir) Know (saber / conocer) Consider (considerar) Expect (esperar) It is reported the fired was controlled. It is said she was never found. it is known the prize will be given tomorrow. It has been consider to built another building. It has been consider to built another building.
  6. 6. Usos de la voz pasiva How to use passive voice Suppose (suponer) Afirmativo: acciones que estaban planeadas, que se supone que van a realizar, u obligaciones. Planes o obligaciones finalmente no se cumplieron Negativo: no conveniencia o prohibición You were supposed to pick it up! The bus was supposed to leave at 5 o'clock. (but it left at 8 o'clock) You are not supposed to sleep here. (you are not allowed to sleep here)
  7. 7. Usos de la voz pasiva How to use passive voice Presente Simple My brotherstudies the lesson. The lesson is studied by my brother. Presente Continuo My brother is studying the lesson. The lesson is being studied by my brother. Pasado Simple My brotherstudied the lesson. The lesson wasstudied by my brother. Pasado Continuo My brother was studying the lesson. The lesson was being studied by my brother. Futuro Simple My brother will study the lesson. The lesson will be studied by my brother. Futuro Cercano My brother is going to studythe lesson. The lesson is going to be studied by my brother. Presente Perfecto My brother has studied the lesson. The lesson has been studied by my brother. Pasado Perfecto My brother had studied the lesson. The lesson had been studied by my brother.
  8. 8. Usos de la voz pasiva How to use passive voice Impersonal passive voice Everyone think that the ship will arrive tomorrow morning. It is said that the ship will arrive tomorrow morning. The ship is said to arrive tomorrow morning. He says that the Governor inaugurated the bridge the last year. It is said that the Governor had inaugurated the bridge the last year. The Governor is said to have inaugurated the bridge the last year.

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