Psychology is a study about humans, to find
out what influences them to behave the way
One of the most important factors to this is
How does one find out another’s personality?
personality is the characteristic patterns of
thoughts, feelings and behaviours that make
a person unique. Personality rises from
within an individual and remains fairly
consistent throughout life
As previously stated personality is the prime
contributing factor to why a person acts and
thinks the way that they do.
Personality helps to choose one’s career in
life by knowing whether they are suited to it
the early perspectives on personality.
this theory suggests that there are a limited number of personality
types which are related to biological influences.
emphasises the influence of the unconscious.
these are things that one does unknowingly.
There are many different theories about how personality
develops. Here are some of the ideas:
suggests that personality is a result of interaction between
the individual and the environment.
things that are around an individual play a large part in
determining their personality
There are essentially 3 methods to assessing an
The clinical interview
Objective personality assessment
Projective personality assessment
Way of assessing a patient’s personality
Aims to measure an individual’s behaviour
Two people sit down and exchange words, for
the interviewer to try and understand the
patient’s problem in order to diagnose it
Consists of structured, semi-structured and
Professional type of assessment with
controlled, consistent questions measured by
Tests measure a person’s normal
Cut-score point on the scale
Aimed to reveal hidden personality traits.
Reveals person’s inner feelings and conflicts
from previous life experiences
Rorschach test interprets patient’s responses
to discover personality characteristics
Tests may be dehumanizing.
Tests may invade privacy.
Tests may be biased.
Tests may be culturally unsuitable.
Psychology has come a great way in figuring
out how and why humans act the way they
do but as seen above some methods have to
be re-addressed to cover one more step to
the ultimate goal of personality assessment
About.com. (2011). Behavioural psychology.
ogy/Behavioral_Psychology.htm (accessed 21
Schneiderman, R. (2010). Career Planning.
Why Is Personality Important? Available
sonality_intro.htm (accessed 22 September