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Early assessment and management of major trauma

discuss about advanced trauma life support

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Early assessment and management of major trauma

  1. 1. Datedon; 3rd june,2017. Early assessment and management of major trauma.
  2. 2. * oTrauma: a greek word means wound. It is defined as mechincal injury to tissue by an external physical cause.
  3. 3. *A GOOD BEGINNING ALMOST ASSURES SUCCESS… *EMERGENCIES DON’T GIVE US A SECOND CHANCE.
  4. 4. *ATLS; it is a training program for all medical providers in the management of acute trauma cases, developed by american college of surgeons *A . ADVANCED *T. TRAUMA *L. LIFE *S. SUPPORT
  5. 5. *Prepration; an effective prepration needs team work. A.prehospital phase. o receiving hospital is notified first. oReach to nearest facility. B.In hospital phase. oAdvanced planning for truma patient arrival. oMethod to summon extra medical assisstance.
  6. 6. Airway maintenance with cervical spine protection
  7. 7. *
  8. 8. o o *Assume cervical spine injury unless proven otherwise.
  9. 9. *Breathing and ventilation *Rapid assessment of respiratory rate. *Po2 *Trachea *Chest expansion *Percussion *auscultation
  10. 10. *Circulation and hemorrhage control *Stop bleeding whether of external hemorrhage or internal. *Assess pulse temprature skin colour chnage urine output blood pressure
  11. 11. *Disability and neurological status *Disability assessed by AVPU scale *A; ALERT obeys commands *V;VOCALISE *P;PAIN respond *U;UNREPONDER *neurologicalSTATUS ASSESSD BY; *GCS SCALE *Pupil reaction to light *Limb movement
  12. 12. *expose *You can’t treat what you don’t find *If u don’t look you wouldn’t see
  13. 13. *
  14. 14. *
  15. 15. o CT o X. ray o U/S o ENDOSCOPY o DPL *
  16. 16. o Patient should be admitted to concerned ward or o ICU Or o REFERRED. *
  17. 17. o Completed within 24 hours o Review of diagnostic test and examination of patient to ensure all injuries have been identified. *
  18. 18. Thank you

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discuss about advanced trauma life support

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