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The factories act, 1948

Brief summary of The Factories Act, 1948

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The factories act, 1948

  1. 1. The FactoriesAct, 1948Presented by:Siddhesh Vijay Lakhan(13)
  2. 2. • Need for the act – working conditions• Extent and application of the act• Object of the act • Health, welfare and safety of workmen • Working hours of adults and annual leave with wages • Employment of women and young personsThe Factories Act, 1948 2Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  3. 3. • Factory means any premises – I. Whereon 10 or more workers are/were working on any day of the preceding 12 months, and in any part of which manufacturing process is carried on with the aid of power II. Whereon 20 or more workers are/were working on any day of the preceding 12 months, and in any part of which manufacturing process is carried on without the aid of powerWhat is a Factory ? 3Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  4. 4. 1. Adult: A person who has completed his 18th year of age2. Adolescent: A person who has completed his 15th year of age but has not completed 183. Child: A person who has not completed his 15th year of age4. Young person: A person who is either a ‘child’ or an ‘adolescent’5. Occupier: Ultimate control over the affairs of the factorySome imp definitions 4Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  5. 5. 1. Cleanliness2. Disposals of waste and effluents3. Ventilation and temperature4. Dust and fumes5. Artificial humidification6. Overcrowding7. Lighting8. Drinking water9. Latrines and urinals10. SpittoonsProvisions ensuringhealth 5Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  6. 6. 1. Fencing of machinery2. Work on near machinery in motion3. Employment of young persons on dangerous machines4. Hoists and Lifts5. Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackle6. Floors, stairs and means of access7. Excessive weights8. Protection of eyes9. Precaution against dangerous fumes10. Safety officersSafety provisions 6Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  7. 7. 1. Washing facilities2. Facilities for storing and drying clothing3. Facilities for sitting4. First-aid appliances5. Canteens6. Shelters, restrooms and lunchrooms7. Creches8. Welfare officersProvisions for welfare ofworkers 7Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  8. 8. • Weekly hours: No adult worker shall be required to work in a factory for more than 48 hours in a week• Daily hours: Not more than 9 hours in any day• Intervals for rest: No work for more than 5 hours continuously without a break of 30 mins• Extra wages for overtime: wages at twice the ordinary rateWorking hours of adults 8Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  9. 9. • No child shall be permitted to work in a factory • For more than 4 and ½ hours in any day • During the night • (Night means a period between 10 pm to 6 am) • Period of work of children limited to 2 shifts • Child workers entitled to weekly holidays • Female child worker can work only between 8 am to 7 pmWorking hours forchildren 9Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  10. 10. • Not more than 48 hours in any week or not more than 9 hours in any day• Only allowed to work between 6 am to 7 pm• Some variations possible in the timings• But no variation shall allow between 10pm - 5 amWorking hours for women 10Labour Legislations 1/10/2012
  11. 11. 11Labour Legislations 1/10/2012