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Android

  1. 1. 1. Introduction 2. Software development 3. Android Building Blocks 4. Android Features Prepared By Siddhesh siddhesh@webxpress.in
  2. 2. What is Android?  A software platform and operating system for mobile devices  Based on the Linux kernel  An open platform for developers, users & industry  Developed by Google and later the Open Handset Alliance (OHA)  Unveiling of the Android platform was announced on 5 November 2007 with the founding of OHA
  3. 3. What is the Open Handset Alliance (OHA)? (1)  It's a consortium of several companies  Devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices  Develop technologies that will significantly lower the cost of developing and distributing mobile devices and services
  4. 4. Android Version Release Date Codename 1.1 9 February 2009 1.5 30 April 2009 Cupcake 1.6 15 September 2009 Donut 2.0/2.1 26 October 2009 Eclair 2.2 20 May 2010 Froyo 2.3 6 December 2010 Gingerbread 3.0 22 February 2011 Honeycomb 4.0 19 October 2011 Ice Cream Sandwich
  5. 5. Obtaining The Required Tools • Java JDK • Eclipse IDE (optional) • Android SDK • Android Development Tools (ADT )
  6. 6.  Main.xml: The main.xml file defines the user interface (UI) of your application  MainActivity.java: This MainActivity is the entry point of the application, which is displayed when the application is started.  AndroidManifest.xml: Here you specify the permissions needed by your application. For e.g. <uses-permission android:name=“android.permission.INTERNET”></uses- permission>  String.xml: Store all the string constants in your application.  R.java: As you add more files and folders to your project, Eclipse will automatically generate the content of R.java.
  7. 7. A. Software Features  Integrated browser based on the open source WebKit engine  SQLite for relational data storage  Media support for common audio, video, and still image formats(MPEG4, H.264,MP3,JPG, PNG,GIF)  Google Maps is one of the feature bundled with the Android platform B. Hardware Features  Cellular networking : GSM, 3G  LAN : Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi  Graphics Hardware Acceleration  Camera, GPS and Compass  Touch screen and accelerometer for motion sensing
  8. 8.  As such, in August 2008, Google announced the Android Market, an online application store for Android devices, and made it available to users in October 2008.  Using the Market application that is preinstalled on their Android device, users can simply download third-party applications directly onto their devices.
  9. 9. THANK YOU ?

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