DR.HARISINGH GOUR CENTRAL UNIVERSITY SAGAR
DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS
PRESENTATION ON ‘WEB BROWSERS’
Introduction to web browser
How Browser Work
WWW Web Browser
Statics of Web browsers
Ranking of Web browsers
What is a Web Browser?
In simple Words a web browser is a
program used to
Interpret and view HTML documents.
A web browser is a software
application for retrieving, presenting,
and traversing information resources
on the World Wide Web.
A Web browser acts as an interface between the
user and Web server
Software application that resides on a
computer and is used to locate and display
Web user access information from web servers,
through a client program called browser.
A web browser is a software application for
retrieving, presenting, and traversing
information resources on the World Wide
All major web browsers allow the user to open
multiple information resources at the same time,
either in different browser windows or in
different tabs of the same window
A refresh and stop buttons for refreshing and
stopping the loading of current documents
Home button that gets you to your home page
Major browsers also include pop-up blockers to
prevent unwanted windows from "popping up“
without the user's consent.
User interface Web Browser works here
Establish & maint connect
TCP – Accurate data
IP – Routers
MAC – Switches
Signals - Cables
The browser main functionality is to present the web
resource you choose, by requesting it from the server and
displaying it on the browser window.
The resource is usually an HTML document, but may also
be a PDF, image, or other type.
The location of the resource is specified by the user using a
URI (Uniform resource Identifier).
As You Write URL and hit GO button browser program
sends a request (Could I have the web page please?) to a
web server program running on the remote computer.
The server program, gathers the request from the web
browser, tries to hunt for the web page and then
formulates a response.
How Browser Work?
If server was able to locate the web page, it sends the
HTML file to the web browser.
The browser picks up all the information coming in from
the server and does its best to display the web page.
A typical web page not only has text but also images and
these are separate files that need to be transferred from
the server to the browser.
The browser-server communication goes on till all the files
have been transferred to the browser.
After that Browser-server connection is disconnected and
Web Page is Displayed on the browser window.
Now History And Some
Information Of Popular
The first web browser was invented in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee. It was
called WorldWideWeb (no spaces) and was later renamed Nexus.
In 1993, browser software was further innovated by Marc Andreessen with the
release of Mosaic (later Netscape)
Microsoft responded with its Internet Explorer in 1995, also heavily influenced
by Mosaic, initiating the industry's first browser war.
Opera debuted in 1996.
January 1998 was also the month that Netscape started the open source Mozilla
Google's Chrome, the most recent major entrant to the browser market, first
released in September 2008.
1st Browser made
Created by Sir
First version came
3 To remove confusion
It was later renamed
WorldWideWeb was the first web browser. When
it was written, WorldWideWeb was the only way
to view the Web
It was capable of displaying basic style sheets,
downloading and opening any file type supported
by the NeXT system, browsing newsgroups, and
spellchecking. At first, images were displayed in
separate windows, until NeXTSTEP's Text class
supported Image objects.
What after WorldWideWeb(Nexus)
Browser software was
further innovated by
First version came
3 In 1994, he made his
company Netscape and
changed mosaic into
Mosaic was developed at the National Center for
Supercomputing Applications(NCSA) at the
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
beginning in late 1992. NCSA released the
browser in 1993, and officially discontinued
development and support on January 7, 1997.
Mosaic was also the first browser to display
images inline with text instead of displaying
images in a separate window
First Browser War started…
Microsoft licensed Mosaic
from Spyglass as the basis
of Internet Explorer 1.0.
First version came in
And thus it all started...
Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft
Internet Explorer), is a series of graphical web
browsers developed by Microsoft and included as
part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating
systems starting in 1995
A new Entry in Browser’s war
Development of Opera web
browser began in 1994 when
it was started as a research
project at Telenor.
In 1995, the project
branched out into a
separate company named
Opera Software ASA.
First publicly available
version released in 1996.
Opera is a web browser and Internet suite
developed by Opera Software.
The browser handles common Internet-related
tasks such as displaying web sites, sending and
receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts,
chatting on IRC downloading files via BitTorrent,
and reading web feeds.
Opera is offered free of charge for personal
computers and mobile phones.
Steve Jobs enters in Browser market
Until 1997, Apple Macintosh
computers were shipped
with the Netscape
Later for Mac OS Internet
Explorer is used as default
On January 7, 2003, at San
Francisco, Steve Jobs
Safari is a graphical web browser developed
by Apple and included as part of the Mac
OS X operating system.
On the company's Mac OS X operating
system, it became Apple's default browser
Mozilla is formed…
Netscape starts the open
source Mozilla project.
It was produced to build
open source browser.
First release was in 2004.
The Firefox Web Browser is the faster, more
secure, and fully customizable way to surf the
Mozilla is a global community dedicated to
building free, open source products like the
award winning Firefox web browser and
Thunderbird email software. Mozilla Firefox
Browser war Intensifies
A free Web Browser
developed by Google.
It uses the same Engine
which is used by Apple’s
Safari i.e. Web Kit
It was first released as a
beta version for Microsoft
Windows on September 2,
Google Chrome is a web browser developed by
Google that uses the WebKit layout engine and
It was first released as a beta version for
Microsoft Windows on 2 September 2008, and the
public stable release was on 11 December 2008.
Is India Developed any web browser...
Yea now we can proudly say “YES”…
Epic was released on August 29,
2013 and focused on protecting on
users' privacy online. First released
15 July 2010.
Powered by the open-source
Created by a Bangalore based
Developed by- Hidden Reflex
Initial release - July 15, 2010; 6 years ago
Stable release - 48.0.2553.0 / March 19, 2015; 17 months ago
Operating system - Windows OSX
Engine - Web Kit
License - Proprietary
Most attractive feature is Built in Antivirus
The browser has a sidebar with lot of
Social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter,
and Orkut are pinned to the sidebar.
A free word processor, to do tool, snippet app
and timer are also included in the Epic browser.
The browser supports 12 Indian languages
Videos from YouTube can be watched in a
small window so that other activities can
sidebar supports users access to the latest national
and regional news from popular publications, live
television channels, videos, stock quotes, live cricket
scores, top music albums, and local events, Gmail,
Users can choose from 1500+ Indian themes
including browser-based wallpapers
How we get Epic...
Simply Down load it from
It support in any OS.
A mobile browser, also called a micro browser,
mini browser or wireless internet browser(WIB),
is a web browser designed for use on a mobile
device such as a mobile phone or PDA.
Opera Mini, offered free of charge, is designed
primarily for mobile phones, but also for
smartphones and personal digital assistants.
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