An analogy is a literary term often used
in literature and poetry to make
connections between familiar and
Questions to test both logic and reasoning skills
and word knowledge. These questions ask test takers to
identify relationships between pairs of words. In order to
solve analogy questions, you must first have a clear
understanding of the words’ definitions and then use that
understanding to determine how the words are related.
logic reasoning skills word knowledge identify relationships
pairs of words words’ definitions words are related.
“blank is to blank as blank is to blank.”
Monkey : Banana :: Rat : ______,
is read “Monkey is to Banana
as Rat is to blank.”
The answer is, of course, “ .”
Improves Vocabulary Skills
When Students practice analogies, it builds their
interest and readiness for more rigorous and complex
readings. Teaching them that words can have
multiple meanings prepares them for better results
on future standardized tests.
Speeds Up Reading Comprehension
Research shows connecting what Students already know to new
concepts and ideas sharpens their focus and deepens their
understanding. Students practice analogies, it builds their interest and
readiness for more rigorous and complex readings. Teaching them that
words can have multiple meanings prepares them for better results on
future standardized tests.
Addresses Higher-Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)
as students grow older, they are challenged to do more and more with the
information they have learned and stored in their brains. This strategy
requires higher-order thinking skills (HOTS). Practicing analogies engages
adolescents to think about the words they’ve learned and how they are
Develops Verbal Reasoning Abilities
Analogies require students to develop useful learning strategies that
help them understand the relationship between words and how they fit
together. Research shows using analogies in the classroom helps
students understand a lesson more easily as teachers form connections
between the new topic and what has already been taught.
Play is to actor as concert is to
How do we Teach Analogies ?
Practice Questions | Self Learning Software | online Test to evaluate
• Orgill, M., & Bodner, G. (2004). What research tells us about using analogies to teach chemistry.
Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 5(1), 15-32.
• Shulman, L. S. (1986). Those who understand: Knowledge growth in teaching. Educational researcher,
• Shulman, L. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: Foundations of the new reform. Harvard educational
review, 57(1), 1-2.
• Brown, S., & Salter, S. (2010). Analogies in science and science teaching. Advances in Physiology
Education, 34(4), 167-169.
• Lemke, J. L. (1990). Talking science: Language, learning, and values. Ablex Publishing Corporation, 355
Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648 (hardback: ISBN-0-89391-565-3; paperback: ISBN-0-89391-566-1)
• Curtis, R. V., & Reigeluth, C. M. (1984). The use of analogies in written text. Instructional Science, 13(2),