Shari's Education Textbook

Shari Nearnberg
Shari NearnbergIT Risk and Assurance Intern um EY

This was a sample textbook I made in my Education 406 class. It includes a table of contents with various chapters as well as a further in depth analysis of 2 of the chapters.

Make a 
Difference: 
Become a 
Successful 
Educator 
By: Shari Nearnberg
Forward 
Dear Current and Future Teachers, 
Education plays a major role in the lives of individuals all 
throughout the world. It is a path that people take everyday and at all 
ages to further their knowledge about themselves, others, and the world 
around them. Education is more than just learning facts, studying for an 
exam, and getting the highest possible grades; it is about self-enhancement, 
integrity, and wisdom. 
Teachers lay the foundation for the education of young children 
and adolescents in order to help them be able to adapt to future 
endeavors and/or challenges, as well as to become well-rounded 
people. Your job as an educator goes above and beyond just coming to 
school and presenting to the students. You are a leader, a confidante, 
and most importantly a role model for them. The way you behave, the 
way you conduct the class, and the respect you show others and instill 
in them will help to form their character. Please understand that you 
have a true impact on the lives of your students. 
This book will provide you with guidelines, suggestions, and 
methods to properly to teach your students and help you to handle 
various classroom and school situations. Use it as a reference for 
yourself as you strive for personal growth and competence as a teacher. 
Remember, you teach your students but you don’t know everything 
there is to know. It is always ok to have your own guide to help you 
become the best educator you can be. 
Sincerely, 
Shari Nearnberg
Table of Contents 
1. Learning Styles of Students 
 Identifying the various learning styles of your students that you 
may encounter when teaching 
 Adapting your lessons to accommodate students that learn in 
less traditional ways 
2. Teaching Methods 
 How to vary your lessons enough to keep students interested in 
the material 
 How to ensure that your students are actually retaining the 
information you are teaching by checking for understanding on 
a continuous basis 
 How to handle students on all levels from those who are 
excelling academically to those who are significantly struggling 
with the material 
3. Staying on Task Each Day 
 How to make sure you efficiently manage your limited teaching 
time each day 
 How to make effective lesson plans that are concise, yet cover 
all necessary material 
 How to recover from days where you are behind in your lessons 
4. Gaining Respect from Students 
 How to properly express your role as an authoritative figure 
 How to make yourself available to your students so that they 
can confide in you and seek out help when needed 
5. Equality in the Classroom 
 How to teach your students to respect their classmates 
 How to educate students on the importance of accepting 
diversity and other’s differences 
 Help you to design activities for team-building within the 
classroom to foster collaboration 
6. Schooling
 Educate you on how most schools are run 
 Explain the importance of these standard rules and any other 
rules that you may come across throughout your career as an 
educator 
 Provide you with helpful resources in case you need help or 
clarification regarding your role as an educator 
7. Dealing with Administration 
 How to approach administration with any issues or areas of 
improvement in the school 
 How to manage administration expectations with your own 
beliefs and approaches to teaching
Chapter 2 - Teaching Methods 
1. Making a Lesson Plan 
 Observe your students, the classroom setting, and consider the 
subject you are teaching and then design a lesson plan to 
accommodate all circumstances 
 Ex: 
 Math teachers need to provide lesson plans that 
incorporate demos and examples of how to do problems 
and students will then practice on their own 
 An elementary school teacher that is teaching state 
capitals may want to make an interactive game as part of 
her lesson 
 A chemistry teacher may give a lecture about certain 
reactions and then design a lab for the students to 
observe first hand 
 Make the lesson plans structured but engaging in order to make 
sure students are actively participating 
 Take advantage of valuable resources in the classroom like 
computers and other technologies 
 Vary these lessons on a regular basis according to what you are 
teaching so that the students don’t get bored of redundancy 
2. Checking for Understanding 
 Creating a fun and engaging lesson plan is great but if the 
student aren’t learning anything, your efforts are going to waste 
 During every lesson, make sure all students are following along 
 Make the classroom atmosphere friendly so as to encourage 
people to ask questions when they don’t understand something 
 Make sure to emphasize the most important points of your 
lesson by either writing them on the board, repeating them, or 
changing your tone of voice to note the significance 
 Provide students with activities and/or problems to do either 
on their own or as a group in order to check their individual 
understanding of the material 
 Provide relevant and helpful homework assignments so that the 
students don’t readily forget the lesson learned
3. Dealing with Different Learning Abilities of Students 
 Clearly define your expectations in terms of what you expect 
them to learn 
 Make sure lesson plans flow at a pace to accommodate 
everyone in the classroom so that each student can easily follow 
along 
 Make lesson plans simple so that everyone can grasp basic 
concepts (lesson plans should be relatable and understandable 
for kids at different levels) 
 Provide a few complex examples or questions as additional 
problems for those that are excelling in the class and want a 
challenge 
 While students are working independently on their work 
following the lesson, it is a good time to approach any students 
who you feel are struggling with the material 
 Emphasize your extra help hours so that students can meet one-on- 
one
Chapter 2 -Video Links 
1. Strategies for Increasing Student Engagement 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y5hUggOKfyE 
Summary: This video shows an elementary school teacher while she is 
teaching her students Literature. Some of her students are native 
English speakers while others are new to the country. In her attempt to 
make learning fun and easy for everyone, she tries to incorporate ways 
to create reading assignments that they would enjoy, design group and 
partner activities, and clearly define her expectations through visuals. 
2. Top 10 Proven Classroom Management Tips for Teachers 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0XUTdaQIdKI 
Summary: This video provides teachers with a basis of how to run and 
manage their classrooms as well as how to handle (and in some cases 
prevent) unwanted situations from occurring. The following are the 10 
tips for effective classroom management: 
 Start the year tough 
 Be fair to all students 
 Be prepared for disruptions 
 Instill high expectations 
 Incentivize good behavior 
 Over plan as a backup if and when your lessons end early 
 Have a disciplinary plan 
 Focus on relationships with your students 
 Be careful about confrontation with students 
 Be patient
Chapter 2 - Articles 
1. Lesson Methodologies 
https://www.teachervision.com/curriculumplanning/teaching-methods/ 
48355.html?page=1&detoured=1 
Summary: This article goes through various types of lesson and 
teaching strategies for the classroom in the order from least interactive 
of students to most interactive. To name a couple, the article begins 
introducing a lecture style where the teacher presents a basic 
understanding of the material at hand. The method that requires the 
most involvement and learning however would be a reflective inquiry 
because it entails the students’ controlling what they learn and how 
they will learn it. 
2. Communicate with Students Through Technology 
http://www.nea.org/tools/52048.htm 
Summary: This article discusses innovative ways that allow both 
teachers to communicate with their students and students to 
communicate with each other. Technology plays a key role in the lives of 
most people, especially the millennial youth generation because they 
have grown accustomed to using them. Such examples that are 
emphasized to use in the classroom include: GoogleDocs for paperless 
work collaboration and VoiceThread to get students’ inputs on various 
videos.
Chapter 2 – Questions to Ponder 
1. How can I make my students want to come to my class everyday and 
learn? 
2. How can I make my lessons fun but also informative? 
3. How can I make my lessons interactive so that all students can 
participate? 
4. How can I ensure that all students are being challenged to their full 
potential? 
5. How much material should be covered on quizzes and/or exams so 
that students will not be overwhelmed by the amount of material?
Chapter 5 – Equality in the Classroom 
1. Respect Amongst Students 
 Clearly define behavioral expectations for the students so they 
know what to expect 
 Make expectations and rules very explicit so there is no 
ambiguity 
 Provide clear consequences for any inappropriate behavior so 
that students understand them 
 Explain the severity of bullying and how emotionally and 
physically devastating it could be 
 Provide a code of conduct document to be hung in the 
classroom for all students to see 
 Explain the importance of these rules so that students can 
understand them on a more personal level 
2. Educating Students About Diversity 
 Educate the students about various cultures, religions, 
nationalities, etc. 
 Explain to students that people may have different beliefs and 
cultures but they all strive to be accepted 
 Encourage people to get out of their comfort level and make 
new friends 
 Emphasize the importance of inclusion both in the classroom 
and outside of it 
 Explain to students why private get-togethers or gatherings 
should not be discussed in front of others who are not included 
3. Creating Team-Building Activities 
 Create projects throughout the year that are designed to 
incorporate students working together 
 Make groups at random in order to allow students to veer 
away from only choosing to work with their close friends 
 Explain the importance of working in groups or teams and how 
they will play a frequent role in their lives upon having a job
 Explain how teams can work efficiently, maximizing their 
productivity based on assigning work according to peoples’ 
skillsets 
 Encourage constant communication with group members in 
order to help each other and make a successful project 
 Encourage students to keep these connective ties even beyond 
the scope of the project
Chapter 5 – Videos 
1. Promoting Respect in the Classroom 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQNCMkL_YvM 
Summary: This video provides a great representation of what it means 
to show respect. In order for students to understand the concept of 
respect, they need a role model to show the importance of it. You, the 
teacher, are their role model at school. Teach them to interact with 
everyone in their class and make new friends. Make sure that the 
classroom has fair standards and expectations for all students and that 
everyone has a say in their education. 
2. Diversity in the Classroom 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fhTvgl5gep8 
Summary: This video provides a visual and written description of the 
significance of diversity. Our country is considered to be a “melting pot” 
and therefore educators should be teaching the value of learning about 
different cultures, nationalities, religions etc. in order to promote 
acceptance of everyone.
Chapter 5 - Articles 
1. 35 Activities Your Students Can Do To Learn Respect 
http://www.micheleborba.com/Pages/BMI05.htm 
Summary: This article provides a multitude of suggestions for teachers 
to teach their students about the importance of respect in the 
classroom. Many of these activities are hands-on and interactive, 
allowing each student to learn what respect means to them and how to 
demonstrate the proper way to show it to their peers. Some of these 
activities include: writing a commercial about respect, interviewing 
others about their opinions on it, and making a collage of people who 
are showing respect. 
2. The Benefits of Diversity in the Classroom on the 
Teaching Environment 
http://voices.yahoo.com/the-benefits-diversity-classroom-the- 
1030873.html?cat=4 
Summary: This article is provides advise for teachers on how important 
it is to promote diversity in the classroom in order to make the learning 
experience of all students the best it can be. The author is a teacher 
herself and is able to provide lessons through her own experiences on 
why tolerance and acceptance of peoples’ differences is crucial to 
promoting a calm working environment that is free from biases or 
prejudices. She also promotes providing diversity lessons to students 
regarding various religions, socioeconomic backgrounds, gender issues, 
etc. in order to foster equality and community in the classroom.
Chapter 5 – Questions to Ponder 
1. How can I, as a teacher, promote respect in my classroom? 
2. What disciplinary rules should I establish in my classroom for 
students who break the rules? 
3. What team-building activities can I create that can foster 
collaboration and encourage students to meet new people? 
4. How can I continue to incorporate the education of diversity in my 
lessons? 
5. How can I make my classroom an open and comfortable environment 
where all students can learn to their maximum potential?

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Shari's Education Textbook

  • 1. Make a Difference: Become a Successful Educator By: Shari Nearnberg
  • 2. Forward Dear Current and Future Teachers, Education plays a major role in the lives of individuals all throughout the world. It is a path that people take everyday and at all ages to further their knowledge about themselves, others, and the world around them. Education is more than just learning facts, studying for an exam, and getting the highest possible grades; it is about self-enhancement, integrity, and wisdom. Teachers lay the foundation for the education of young children and adolescents in order to help them be able to adapt to future endeavors and/or challenges, as well as to become well-rounded people. Your job as an educator goes above and beyond just coming to school and presenting to the students. You are a leader, a confidante, and most importantly a role model for them. The way you behave, the way you conduct the class, and the respect you show others and instill in them will help to form their character. Please understand that you have a true impact on the lives of your students. This book will provide you with guidelines, suggestions, and methods to properly to teach your students and help you to handle various classroom and school situations. Use it as a reference for yourself as you strive for personal growth and competence as a teacher. Remember, you teach your students but you don’t know everything there is to know. It is always ok to have your own guide to help you become the best educator you can be. Sincerely, Shari Nearnberg
  • 3. Table of Contents 1. Learning Styles of Students  Identifying the various learning styles of your students that you may encounter when teaching  Adapting your lessons to accommodate students that learn in less traditional ways 2. Teaching Methods  How to vary your lessons enough to keep students interested in the material  How to ensure that your students are actually retaining the information you are teaching by checking for understanding on a continuous basis  How to handle students on all levels from those who are excelling academically to those who are significantly struggling with the material 3. Staying on Task Each Day  How to make sure you efficiently manage your limited teaching time each day  How to make effective lesson plans that are concise, yet cover all necessary material  How to recover from days where you are behind in your lessons 4. Gaining Respect from Students  How to properly express your role as an authoritative figure  How to make yourself available to your students so that they can confide in you and seek out help when needed 5. Equality in the Classroom  How to teach your students to respect their classmates  How to educate students on the importance of accepting diversity and other’s differences  Help you to design activities for team-building within the classroom to foster collaboration 6. Schooling
  • 4.  Educate you on how most schools are run  Explain the importance of these standard rules and any other rules that you may come across throughout your career as an educator  Provide you with helpful resources in case you need help or clarification regarding your role as an educator 7. Dealing with Administration  How to approach administration with any issues or areas of improvement in the school  How to manage administration expectations with your own beliefs and approaches to teaching
  • 5. Chapter 2 - Teaching Methods 1. Making a Lesson Plan  Observe your students, the classroom setting, and consider the subject you are teaching and then design a lesson plan to accommodate all circumstances  Ex:  Math teachers need to provide lesson plans that incorporate demos and examples of how to do problems and students will then practice on their own  An elementary school teacher that is teaching state capitals may want to make an interactive game as part of her lesson  A chemistry teacher may give a lecture about certain reactions and then design a lab for the students to observe first hand  Make the lesson plans structured but engaging in order to make sure students are actively participating  Take advantage of valuable resources in the classroom like computers and other technologies  Vary these lessons on a regular basis according to what you are teaching so that the students don’t get bored of redundancy 2. Checking for Understanding  Creating a fun and engaging lesson plan is great but if the student aren’t learning anything, your efforts are going to waste  During every lesson, make sure all students are following along  Make the classroom atmosphere friendly so as to encourage people to ask questions when they don’t understand something  Make sure to emphasize the most important points of your lesson by either writing them on the board, repeating them, or changing your tone of voice to note the significance  Provide students with activities and/or problems to do either on their own or as a group in order to check their individual understanding of the material  Provide relevant and helpful homework assignments so that the students don’t readily forget the lesson learned
  • 6. 3. Dealing with Different Learning Abilities of Students  Clearly define your expectations in terms of what you expect them to learn  Make sure lesson plans flow at a pace to accommodate everyone in the classroom so that each student can easily follow along  Make lesson plans simple so that everyone can grasp basic concepts (lesson plans should be relatable and understandable for kids at different levels)  Provide a few complex examples or questions as additional problems for those that are excelling in the class and want a challenge  While students are working independently on their work following the lesson, it is a good time to approach any students who you feel are struggling with the material  Emphasize your extra help hours so that students can meet one-on- one
  • 7. Chapter 2 -Video Links 1. Strategies for Increasing Student Engagement http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y5hUggOKfyE Summary: This video shows an elementary school teacher while she is teaching her students Literature. Some of her students are native English speakers while others are new to the country. In her attempt to make learning fun and easy for everyone, she tries to incorporate ways to create reading assignments that they would enjoy, design group and partner activities, and clearly define her expectations through visuals. 2. Top 10 Proven Classroom Management Tips for Teachers http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0XUTdaQIdKI Summary: This video provides teachers with a basis of how to run and manage their classrooms as well as how to handle (and in some cases prevent) unwanted situations from occurring. The following are the 10 tips for effective classroom management:  Start the year tough  Be fair to all students  Be prepared for disruptions  Instill high expectations  Incentivize good behavior  Over plan as a backup if and when your lessons end early  Have a disciplinary plan  Focus on relationships with your students  Be careful about confrontation with students  Be patient
  • 8. Chapter 2 - Articles 1. Lesson Methodologies https://www.teachervision.com/curriculumplanning/teaching-methods/ 48355.html?page=1&detoured=1 Summary: This article goes through various types of lesson and teaching strategies for the classroom in the order from least interactive of students to most interactive. To name a couple, the article begins introducing a lecture style where the teacher presents a basic understanding of the material at hand. The method that requires the most involvement and learning however would be a reflective inquiry because it entails the students’ controlling what they learn and how they will learn it. 2. Communicate with Students Through Technology http://www.nea.org/tools/52048.htm Summary: This article discusses innovative ways that allow both teachers to communicate with their students and students to communicate with each other. Technology plays a key role in the lives of most people, especially the millennial youth generation because they have grown accustomed to using them. Such examples that are emphasized to use in the classroom include: GoogleDocs for paperless work collaboration and VoiceThread to get students’ inputs on various videos.
  • 9. Chapter 2 – Questions to Ponder 1. How can I make my students want to come to my class everyday and learn? 2. How can I make my lessons fun but also informative? 3. How can I make my lessons interactive so that all students can participate? 4. How can I ensure that all students are being challenged to their full potential? 5. How much material should be covered on quizzes and/or exams so that students will not be overwhelmed by the amount of material?
  • 10. Chapter 5 – Equality in the Classroom 1. Respect Amongst Students  Clearly define behavioral expectations for the students so they know what to expect  Make expectations and rules very explicit so there is no ambiguity  Provide clear consequences for any inappropriate behavior so that students understand them  Explain the severity of bullying and how emotionally and physically devastating it could be  Provide a code of conduct document to be hung in the classroom for all students to see  Explain the importance of these rules so that students can understand them on a more personal level 2. Educating Students About Diversity  Educate the students about various cultures, religions, nationalities, etc.  Explain to students that people may have different beliefs and cultures but they all strive to be accepted  Encourage people to get out of their comfort level and make new friends  Emphasize the importance of inclusion both in the classroom and outside of it  Explain to students why private get-togethers or gatherings should not be discussed in front of others who are not included 3. Creating Team-Building Activities  Create projects throughout the year that are designed to incorporate students working together  Make groups at random in order to allow students to veer away from only choosing to work with their close friends  Explain the importance of working in groups or teams and how they will play a frequent role in their lives upon having a job
  • 11.  Explain how teams can work efficiently, maximizing their productivity based on assigning work according to peoples’ skillsets  Encourage constant communication with group members in order to help each other and make a successful project  Encourage students to keep these connective ties even beyond the scope of the project
  • 12. Chapter 5 – Videos 1. Promoting Respect in the Classroom http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQNCMkL_YvM Summary: This video provides a great representation of what it means to show respect. In order for students to understand the concept of respect, they need a role model to show the importance of it. You, the teacher, are their role model at school. Teach them to interact with everyone in their class and make new friends. Make sure that the classroom has fair standards and expectations for all students and that everyone has a say in their education. 2. Diversity in the Classroom http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fhTvgl5gep8 Summary: This video provides a visual and written description of the significance of diversity. Our country is considered to be a “melting pot” and therefore educators should be teaching the value of learning about different cultures, nationalities, religions etc. in order to promote acceptance of everyone.
  • 13. Chapter 5 - Articles 1. 35 Activities Your Students Can Do To Learn Respect http://www.micheleborba.com/Pages/BMI05.htm Summary: This article provides a multitude of suggestions for teachers to teach their students about the importance of respect in the classroom. Many of these activities are hands-on and interactive, allowing each student to learn what respect means to them and how to demonstrate the proper way to show it to their peers. Some of these activities include: writing a commercial about respect, interviewing others about their opinions on it, and making a collage of people who are showing respect. 2. The Benefits of Diversity in the Classroom on the Teaching Environment http://voices.yahoo.com/the-benefits-diversity-classroom-the- 1030873.html?cat=4 Summary: This article is provides advise for teachers on how important it is to promote diversity in the classroom in order to make the learning experience of all students the best it can be. The author is a teacher herself and is able to provide lessons through her own experiences on why tolerance and acceptance of peoples’ differences is crucial to promoting a calm working environment that is free from biases or prejudices. She also promotes providing diversity lessons to students regarding various religions, socioeconomic backgrounds, gender issues, etc. in order to foster equality and community in the classroom.
  • 14. Chapter 5 – Questions to Ponder 1. How can I, as a teacher, promote respect in my classroom? 2. What disciplinary rules should I establish in my classroom for students who break the rules? 3. What team-building activities can I create that can foster collaboration and encourage students to meet new people? 4. How can I continue to incorporate the education of diversity in my lessons? 5. How can I make my classroom an open and comfortable environment where all students can learn to their maximum potential?