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Industrial Property Landscape in Kenya: Facts, figures and trends

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Industrial Property Landscape in Kenya: Facts, figures and trends

  1. 1. Industrial Property Landscape in Kenya: Facts, figures and trends Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Industrial designs Utility modelsPatents 1990 2014
  2. 2. Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya This report is based on secondary data availed to The Scinnovent Centre by the Kenya Industrial Property Institute (KIPI). Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya © 2015 The Scinnovent Centre Editing, design and layout—Scinnovent Centre Publishing Services, Nairobi, Kenya.
  3. 3. 1914 First patent is filed in Kenya under the laws of England Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Patents and Designs Ordinance enacted Industrial Property Act CAP 509 enacted 1914 1989 Kenya Industrial Property Office (KIPO) established Mandate to examine, grant and register industrial property rights. Industrial Property policies and legislation
  4. 4. Patents: 1990- 2013 1994 Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya First patent granted since establishment of KIPO 2,388 patents were filed in the period 1990 – 2013 Patents filed in 2013 was 24 times more than those filed in 1990 when Act was enacted
  5. 5. Steady growth...... 633 patents had been granted representing 26.5% of total patents filed between 1990 and 2013 By 2013 Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya for the first time, the patent applications in Kenya exceeded the 100 mark In 2007,
  6. 6. Channels of application Gap between national patents and PCT patents granted widened with majority of the patents granted being PCT patents. National vs International 51.4% through patent cooperation treaty (PCT) 48.6% through national patent applications 73.6% PCT patents 26.4% National patents 2008 to 2013 633 patents granted First PCT patent application in 1994 1990-2013 Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya
  7. 7. Time taken to grant patents Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Time between filing date and grant date majority of patents took between 2 and 3 years to be granted.
  8. 8. Government Companies Individuals Different types of applicants More than half (57.58%) of patents filed by companies 36.07% of these granted Public research institutes Universities and other learning institutions Various forms of partnerships Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya
  9. 9. National patents filed in partnerships 10 types of partnerships: Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Partnerships between individuals granted most patents 278 patents filed by partnerships 14.4% of these were granted
  10. 10. Classification of patents granted, by economic sector Most patents granted to agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying granted the least 31.4% 0.5 % Based on International Patents Classification scheme Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya
  11. 11. Utility models: 1993 to 2013 396 utility models filed 42 granted Individuals 50%, Companies 31%, Partnerships 16.6% University and other learning institutions - 0 Public Research Institutes 2.4% 55.8% by individuals 17.4% by companies 16.9% by partnerships 8.6% by universities and other learning institutions 1.3% by Public Research institutions Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Partnerships between individuals/ individuals record highest success
  12. 12. Utility models: owners' category Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya were filed by partnerships Only 7 models were granted to these partnerships 67 utility models
  13. 13. Period taken to grant utility models Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Majority of utility models took 12 months and below to be granted. How long does it take to grant a utility model?
  14. 14. Industrial designs: 1991 to April 2014 industrial designs filed between 1991 and 2014 1392 51.3% granted Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya
  15. 15. Industrial designs classification by owners' category Companies filed and granted majority of industrial designs 82.5% filed only Public research institutes 0.3% of the industrial designs and were granted none Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya
  16. 16. Industrial designs filed in partnerships Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Partnerships between individuals/individuals recorded highest success 24 industrial designs filed in partnerships
  17. 17. Rejected/ Delayed applications Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya 73.5% of 2388 patents filed were rejected 90% of the 396 utility models filed were rejected 49% of the 1392 industrial designs filed were rejected High rejection/ delay rate
  18. 18. Several reasons for rejection- patents Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Some national patent applications evolved into different IP types: Most applications NOT granted due to lack of correspondence between applicant and KIPI Converted into a utility model Filed as PCT patents as per applicants request Failure to submit required fee Lack of response to KIPI Failure to meet set criteria Withdrawal by applicant
  19. 19. Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya Reasons for patent application rejections/ delay
  20. 20. Reasons for utility models applications rejections/delay Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya
  21. 21. Reasons for industrial designs applications rejections/ delay Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya
  22. 22. Citation: Scinnovent 2015. Industrial property landscape in Kenya: Facts, trends and figures. Scinnovent. Nairobi, Kenya This work was carried out with the aid of a grant from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Ottawa, Canada We give special thanks to the Kenya Industrial Property Institute (KIPI) for availing all the data used in this study Acknowledgement

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