Oscar-Claude Monet was born on 14 December 1840.
He was a French painter & a founder of French impression
The most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movements
philosophy of expressing one perception before nature.
His painting Impression, Soleil Levant (impression sunrise)
which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent
exhibition mounted by Monet & his associates as an alternative to
the Salon de Paris.
Monet ambition is to make French country side and led him to
adopt a method of painting by making different changes in the
same scene such as changing seasons.
From 1883 he lived in Giverny, where he purchased a house &
property & began a vast landscaping project which includes Lily
His painting The Water Lily Pond is one of his best known work.
Some of his famous paintings which make Monet a well known
through out the world are as follows:-
1. Impression sunrise
2. The Water Lily Pond
3. Women in the garden
5. The magpie
6. Le ground canal
7. Luncheon on the grass
He died on 5 December 1926
The water lily pond
Francois Augusta Rene Rodin was born on 12 November 1840 and
he is popularly known as Augusta Rodin.
He was a French sculptor.
As Rodin is considered as the progenitor of modern sculpture.
Rodin never set out to rebel against past as he was a progenitor
of modern era sculpture.
He was schooled and took as craftsman like approach to work.
Although he was good In craftsman but he was never accepted
into Paris foremost school of art.
Rodin possessed a unique ability to model a complex, turbulent
deeply pocketed surface in clay.
Rodin work were so criticized during his life time.
The most original work of Robin was depart from traditional
themes of mythology and allegory.
After departion he modeled the human body with realism and
celebrated individual character & physicality.
Due to his human model he was in controversy with surrounding ,
but he refused to change his style.
Some of his famous sculptures & model which made him world
famous are as following:-
1. The thinker
2. The gate of hell
3. The kiss
4. External spring time
He died on 17 November 1917.
The gate of hell
He was born on 7 January 1266.
Better known as Giotto.
He was an Italian painter & Architect from Florence in the late
He considered first in the great artist list during Italian
Giotto’s contemporary Giovanni Villani wrote that Giotto was the
most sovereign master of painting in his time who drew all his
figures & their posture according to natures.
Giotto’s masterwork is the decoration of the scrovegni chapel in
Padua also known as the arena chapel, which was completed
He fresco cycle depicts the life of the virgin and the life of the
It is regarded as one of the supreme masterpiece of the early in
That Giotto painted the arena chapel and was chosen by the
commune of Florence in 1334 to design the new campanile of
Florence cathedral are among the flew certainties about his life.
Some of his famous painting were:-
1. Ognissanti Madonna (1306)
2. Lamentation (1306)
3. Kiss of Judas (1306)
4. His one of the notable work were scrovegni chapel frescoes,
He died on 8 January 1337
Kiss of Judas 7
Leonardo da Vinci was born on 15 April 1452.
He was an Italian Renaissance polymath : painter. Architect,
Musician, Scientist , sculpture, Mathematician, Engineer,
He began his painting career in about 1469.
His father was Ser Piero.
His mother was Caterina.
He was educated very well in his youth and was finally
apprenticed to Andrea del Verrocchio in 1446who was a painter
In 1478 Leonardo become a master in art.
In 1482 Leonardo began to work for the duke of Milan, Ludovico
While in Milan Leonardo Acquired many apprentices & began
many paintings including The virgin of the rocks.
He worked on this one masterpiece from 1495 to 1497.
There in Milan he also painted the last supper.
Leonardo was and is renowned primarily as painter.
Among his work, the Mona Lisa is the most famous & most
He also served with a group of artist to decide where the famous
statue created by Michelangelo David.
Leonardo is revered for his technological ingenuity.
He conaptualised a helicopter a tank, concentrated solar power,
a calculator the double hull and he outlined a rudimentary theory
of plate tectonics.
He made important discoveries in anatomy, civil engineering,
optics and hydrodynamics but he did not publish his findings.
Some of his famous paintings are as follows:-
1. Mona Lisa (1503)
2. The Last Supper
3. Virgin and Child with Saint Anne.
He died in cloux, France on 2 May 1519
Paul Klee was a Swiss born artist and was born on December18
1879, Munchenbuchsee Switzerland.
His highly individual style was influenced by movement in art
that included Expression, cubism and surrealism.
He is known for painting, drawing print making.
Hus father was a music teacher and mother was an artist.
Paul Klee was a good musician, writer and teacher.
Klee was a natural draftsman who experimented with and
His lecture writing on form & design theory.
He and his colleague Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky both
taught at the Bauhaus school of art design & architecture in
His work reflect his dry humor and his sometimes child like
perspective his personal moods & beliefs and his musicality.
His famous paintings are as follows:-
2. Twittering machine
3. Castle & sun
4. Fish magic
5. Death & fire
He died on June 29 1940 at the aged of 60 Muralto Switzerland.
Fish magic Death & fire
Pablo Diego Jose Francisco DE Pauula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de
Loss Remedios Cipriano de la Santisima Trinidad Ruiz Picasso
know as Pablo Picasso.
He was born on 25 October 1881.
He was a Spanish painter, Sculptor, Printmaker, ceramicist and
He is the one of the greatest and most influential artist of 20
He is known for co-founding the cubist movement.
The invention of constructed sculpture and co-invention of
His famous works are the proto-cubist les Demoiselles d Avignon
One of his most famous work were Guernica (1937), a dramatic
porrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian
Air forces during the Spanish civil war.
He painted his own portrait at the age of 16.
Some of his notable work were:-
1. La Vic (1903)
2. Guernica (1957)
3. Family of Saltimbanques (1905)
4. Les Demoiselles d Avignon (1907)
5. Portrait of Daniel Henry Kahnweiler (1910)
6. The weeping woman (1937)
Henri emile benoit Matisse was a French artist, who represented
along with the other famous artists, the French culture.
Henri matisse was born in 1869 in a small French town.
His parents were hard workers & well off.
Having finished lycee, he went to Paris to study law. He also
worked at a law office.
Matisse’s discovery of his true profession came about in an
He began to paint in 1889. he said late “From the moment I held
the box of color in my hands, I knew this way my life”.
Two years later in 1891 Matisse returned to Paris to study art at
the academic Julian, but left 1 year later.
Matisse began painting still lives & landscapes in the traditional,
Flemish style at which he achieved reasonable proficiency.
In 1896 Matisse was elected as an associate member of the
societe Nationable , which meant that each year he could show
paintings at the salon de la societe without having to submit
them for reviews.
Some of his famous painting were:-
1. Nublev (1907)
2. Blue nude (1952)
3. Le bonheur de vivre
4. Portrait of Madame Matisse
5. Joy of life
He belongs with the periods of expressionism, past impressionism
fauvism, abstract expressionism, impressionism.
He died on 5 November 1954 Nice, France.
Portrait of Madame Matisse
Van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853 Zundert, Netherland.
He is known for his painting and drawing.
He belongs to the post impressionism period as well as realism,
In just over a decade he created about 21000 artwork including
around 860 oil paintings most of which date from the last 2 years
of his life.
His paintings includes landscapes, still life's, portrait & self
portraits & are characterized by bold color & dramatic 7
expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundation of
Some of his famous painting were:-
1. Sorrow (1882)
2. The potato eaters (1885)
3. Sunflower (1887)
4. Bedroom in Arles (1888)
5. The starry night (1889)
6. Portrait of Dr. Ganchet (1890)
7. Wheatfield with crows (1890)
He was not successful commercially. He suicide at 37 after years
of mental illness & poverty.
Sunflower The starry night
Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect & poet.
He was born on March 6, 1475 Caprese Michelangelo, Italy.
He belongs to the high Renaissance period.
Michelangelo as the greatest artist of his age and even as the
greatest artist of all time described by several scholars.
He is the best documented artist of the 16 the century.
He sculpted two of his best known works, the pieta & David
before the age of 30.
He also created two of his most influential frescoes in the the
history of western art “ The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel” in
Rome & The last judgment on its altar wall.
He succeeded Antonio da Sangall, the younger as the architect of
St. Peter’s Basilica.
Michelangelo was the first western artist whose biography was
published while he was alive.
He also belongs to Italian Renaissance, Mannerism.
Some of his notable works are:-
1. David (1504)
2. Sistine chapel ceiling (1512)
3. Pieta (1499)
4. The Last Judgment (1541)
5. The Creaton of Adam
6. Bacchus (1497)
He died on February 18, 1564 Rome, Italy.
The Last Judgment
He was born on June 7, 1848 Paris, France.
He was famous for his painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, engraving.
He belongs to post impressionism, Primitivism, Synthetism
Gauguin is now recognized for his experimental use of color and
synthetist style that were distinct from impressionism.
He spent 10years in French, Polynesia and most of his paintings
from this time depict people or landscape from that region.
Gauguin art become popular after his death.
Gauguin was an important figure in the symbolist movement as a
painter, sculptor, printmaker & writer.
He was also an influential proponent of wood engraving and
woodcuts as art forms.
He known for bold colors, simplified forms & strong lines, he
didn’t have any art formal training.
He died on May 8, 1903 at the age of 54 in French, Polynesia.
Jean Auguste was born on August 29, 1780 in Montauban,
He was a French Neoclassical painter.
He belong to the Neoclassicism, orientatism movement.
Born into a modest family in montauban, he travelled to Paris to
study in the studio of David.
In 1802 he made his salon debut and won the prix de Rome for his
painting. The ambassadors of Agamemnon in the tent of Achilles.
By the time, he departed in 1806 for his style revealing his close
study of Italian and Flemish Renaissance master.
While working from Rome, he regularly sent paintings to the Paris
salon, where they were faulted by critics who found his style
bizarre and archaic.
He was recognized at salon in 1824 when his Raphaelesque
painting of the vow of Louis XIII was met with acclaim.
Some of his notable work are as follows:-
1. Portrait of Monsieur Bertin (1832)
2. The Turkish Bath (1862)
Portrait of Monsieur Bertin
He was born on February 25, 1841 Limoges, France.
Pierre auguste Renoir commonly known as Auguste Renoir.
He is known for his painting.
He belongs to Impressionism movement.
He was a French artist who was a leading painter in the
development of the impressionist style.
He was the father of actor Pierre Renoir filmmaker Jean Renoir.
His father Leonard Renoir was a tailor of modest mean.
Auguste Renoir talent was encouraged by his teacher Charles
In 1862 he began studying art under Charles Gleyre in Paris.
Renoir had his first success at the salon of 1868 with his painting
lise with a parasol (1867) which depicted lise trehot, his lover at
Some of his notable work are:-
1. Bal du Moulin de la galette (1876)
2. Luncheon of the Boating party (1880)
3. Nude (1910)
He died on December 3, 1919 at aged of 78 at cagnes-sur-
Rembrandt was a Dutch, draughtsman, painter and print maker.
He was born on July 15, 1606 Leiden, Netherland.
He is considered one of the greatest visual artist in the history of
art and the most important in Dutch art history.
His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth &
He belongs to Dutch Golden Age Baroque movement.
He was influenced by the work of the Italian masters &
netherlandish artists who had studied in Italy like Pieter Last
man, the Utrecht caravaggists and Flemish baroque peter Paul
Rembrandt’s portrait of his contemporaries, self portrait and
illustration of scene from the bible are regarded as his greatest
Some of his notable work are:-
1. Self portraits.
2. The Anatomy lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632)
3. Belshazzar’s Fast (1635) 26
4. The Night watch (1642)
5. Bathsheba At Her Bath (1654)
6. Drapers Guild (1662)
7. The hundred Guilder print.
8. The return of the prodigal son reproduction.
He died on October 4, 21669 at aged of 63 at Amsterdam, Dutch
Self portraits 27
Marc Chagall was a Russian. French artist of Belarusian, Jewish
He was born on July 7, 1887, Liozna, Belarus.
He belongs to naive art, surrealism, cubism, expressionism,
fauvism, modernism, modern art.
He is known for his painting & stained glass drawings.
For decades he had been respected as the world’s pre-eminent
He also did large-scale paintings including part of the ceiling of
the Paris opera.
Using the medium of stained glass , he produced windows for the
cathedrals of Reims & Metz, windows for the UN and the art
institute of Chicago & the Jerusalem window in Israel.
His wife name is Bella Rosenfeld.
Some of his notable work are-
1. The father, Paris 1911
2. Bella with white collar, 1917
3. Young woman on a sofa
4. The poet Reclining
5. The Violinist.
He died on march 28, 1985, at 97 Saint-Paul-de-vence,
Young woman on a sofa
Salvador Dali was a Spanish surrealist artist.
He was born on May 1, 1904 Figueres, Spain.
He belongs to surrealism, expressionism, post-impressionism,
impressionism, realism, cubism, dad.
He was know for his painting, drawing, photography, sculpture,
writing, film, jewelry.
Some of his movies were age of gold, destino, babaovoand so on.
Salvador Dali painterly Skill are often attributed to the influence
of Renaissance masters.
He is also best known for the striking 7 bizarre images in his
His best known work, the persistence of memory was completed
in august 1931 and is one of the most recognizable surrealist
His education was done in Spain at san Fernando school of fine
He died on January 23, 1989 at 84 in Figueres, Spain.
Some of his famous paintings are:-
1. The persistence of memory (1931)
2. Soft construction with boiled beans (1936)
3. Dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pome granate a
second before awaking (1944)
4. Crucifixion (1954)
5. Galatea of the spheres (1952)
The persistence of memory
Henry Moore was an English artist.
He was born on July 30, 1890 Castleford, UK
He is best known for his semi-abstract monument bronze
sculpture which are located around the world as public works of
Periods- modern art, abstract art, expressionism, surrealism,
primitivism, geometric abstraction & more.
His education was done from Leeds arts university, Royal college
of art, Castleford high school.
His forms are usually abstraction of the human figures, typically
depicting mother and child or reclining figures.
He died on August 31 at 1986 aged 89 in much Hadham,
He got awards such as OM CH FBA.
Movement- bronze sculpture, modernism
Some of his famous work are:-
Reclining figures (1930-1980s)
Full name of Marcel Duchamp was henri- Robert Marcel
He was born on July 28, 1887, Blainville crevon, France.
Movement he belongs to were cubism, dada, conceptual art.
Marcel Duchamp was a French American painter.
Duchamp is commonly regarded along with Pablo Picasso &
henri Matisse as one of the three artist who helped to define
the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the
opening decade of 20th century.
Duchamp wanted to use art to serve the mind.
His partners were
1. Mary Reynolds (1929-1946)
2. Marid Martins (1946-1951)
He died on October 2, 1968 at the age of 81 in France.
Notable work of Duchamp are:-
1. Nude descending a staircase, NO.2 (1912)
2. Fountain (1917)
3. The bride stripped bare by her bachelors even (1915-1923)
4. Etant donnes (1946-1966)