Una sa mga klasikong kabihasnang nakilala sa
Matatagpuan sa dulong-timog na bahagi ng
Balkan Peninsula sa timog-silangang Europa.
Ang coastline ng bansang ito ay irregular at
nagtataglay ng magagandang baybayin.
The Hellenic Age
( 800 B.C.E.-338 B.C.E.)
• Tinatawag ng mga Griyego ang kanilang mga
sarili na `Hellenes’. (Hellas- isang lugar sa
hilagang-kanluran ng bansa)
• Olympics - games in honor of Zeus.
• Mga lungsod-estado.
• May kanya-kanyang paraan ng pananampalataya ang
• Pinamumunuan ng isang hari(monarchy) o ng iilan
(oligarchy) ang bawat isa.
• Kadalasang hindi nagkakasundo ang iba’t-ibang polis
maliban kung magtutulungan ang mga ito sa
panahon ng kagipitan o problema.
• Sparta at Athens- dalawang pinakamalaking polis sa
Bahagi ng Polis
• Acropolis- pinakamataas na bahagi
sa isang polis; dito matatagpuan
ang mga templo nila.
• Agora- sentro ng isang polis;
pamilihan at kung anu-anong pampublikong
establisyemento ang matatagpuan dito.
• Polis- lugar panirahan ng mga sinaunang
SPARTA AND ATHENS
soldiers for the
good of the
Athens : A
Wars happened in Greece:
I. Greek-Persian War (also known as Marathon
II. Thermopylae War
III. Salamis War
IV. Peloponnesian War
V. Macedonian Empire Conquest
After this conquest, the Hellenistic tradition
that Alexander the Great imposed spread.
Contributions of Greek Civilization
• Science and Mathematics
Pythagoras: Pythagorean Theorem(geometry)
Archimedes: Circumference of a circle; Principle of
Euclid: Father of Geometry
Aristarchus: discovered that the Earth revolved
around the sun while rotating on its axis
Eratosthenes: estimated the circumference of the
world; first man to draw the latitude and
longitude lines on the map of the world
Goal: Honor their gods.
Doric- simplest; no base while the capital or
the top portion of the column is simple
Ionic- more slender; its capital is decorated
Corinthian- has the most
At first, it was part of their ritual during feasts
in honor of Dionysus, the god of Wine, but
starting from the 6th century B.C.E, it changed.
Most of their dramas were classified as
tragedy and comedy.
Tragedy : Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides
Comedy : Aristophanes
-Showed their skill in painting in their beautifully-
Common Design: daily work of the people like
singing, dancing, playing a musical instrument,
taking a bath and other activities
- Many of the creations were made of marble or
copper; highlighted the beauty of human form
( favorite subject: young, nude males)
- Famous sculptors: Phidias(Parthenon) ; Praxiteles
(statue of Hermes)
Hippocrates- established a school for the
study of medicine where the cause of an
illness was investigated and where the sick
was treated based on observation and a
curative method; “Every disease has a
Herophilus- Father of Anatomy
Erisastratus- Father of Physiology
• Writing of History
History- first used by Herodotus when he wrote
the History of the Persian Wars, an account of
the war between Greece and Persia.
Herodotus- Father of History; believed that the
defeat of Persia was a punishment of the gods
on men who are too proud.
Thucydides- wrote the History of the
Peloponnesian War; did not believed that fate
or the work of the gods could explain what
was happening to man
Zeus- god of the heavens
Hera- goddess of marriage
Aphrodite- goddess of love
Apollo- god of the sun
Ares- god of war
Artemis- goddess of hunting and nature
Athena- goddess of wisdom and war
Demeter- goddess of grain and harvest
Dionysus- god of wine and plants
Hephaestus- god of metal works
Hermes- messenger of news from the gods
Poseidon- god of the sea
“ The unexamined life
is not worth living”
supposed to be for
all and not for the
strong and the rich
“There should be
leaders who have the
capability to lead, the
men of virtue.”
Hinweis der Redaktion
Sparta- at the age of 13 years old, all boys were required to attend the military training until they reach the age of 20 where they will be officially soldier of the said city-state.Athens- most of the well-known philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates came from this city-state. They focused on education rather than military aspect. The democratic system is originated from this polis., which on latter part copied or been the base of many government system we have at the modern time.
Offenbar haben Sie einen Ad-Blocker installiert. Wenn Sie SlideShare auf die Whitelist für Ihren Werbeblocker setzen, helfen Sie unserer Gemeinschaft von Inhaltserstellern.
Sie hassen Werbung?
Wir haben unsere Datenschutzbestimmungen aktualisiert.
Wir haben unsere Datenschutzbestimmungen aktualisiert, um den neuen globalen Regeln zum Thema Datenschutzbestimmungen gerecht zu werden und dir einen Einblick in die begrenzten Möglichkeiten zu geben, wie wir deine Daten nutzen.
Die Einzelheiten findest du unten. Indem du sie akzeptierst, erklärst du dich mit den aktualisierten Datenschutzbestimmungen einverstanden.