SlideShare verwendet Cookies, um die Funktionalität und Leistungsfähigkeit der Webseite zu verbessern und Ihnen relevante Werbung bereitzustellen. Wenn Sie diese Webseite weiter besuchen, erklären Sie sich mit der Verwendung von Cookies auf dieser Seite einverstanden. Lesen Sie bitte unsere Nutzervereinbarung und die Datenschutzrichtlinie.
SlideShare verwendet Cookies, um die Funktionalität und Leistungsfähigkeit der Webseite zu verbessern und Ihnen relevante Werbung bereitzustellen. Wenn Sie diese Webseite weiter besuchen, erklären Sie sich mit der Verwendung von Cookies auf dieser Seite einverstanden. Lesen Sie bitte unsere unsere Datenschutzrichtlinie und die Nutzervereinbarung.
India became independent on August 1947 through a process of long and difficult struggle in which many section of the society participated.Under colonial rule,Indian people had lived in fear of the British government and did not agree with many of the decisions that they took. With high pressure of Indian National Congress ,British Government allowed to discuss the budget ask questions.The government of India Act 1909 allowed for indirect election to the Legislative Assembly
• Under colonial rule Indian people had
lived in fear of the British Government.
• Indians did not agree with many of the
decisions that they took
• With high pressure of Indian National
Congress ,British Government allowed to
discuss the budget and ask questions.
• The Government of India Act 1909 allowed for
indirect election to the Legislative Assembly.
But National leaders were not satisfied with
Reasons for opting Parliamentary
System of Government in India
• Being a British colony, India was
influenced by the British
Parliamentary system .
• To give equal representation to
• To reduce the chances of
• Lower House: House of
• Maximum strength- 552
• 530 members from states
• 20 members from Union
• 2 members from Anglo-
(nominated by President)
• Presided by the Speaker
• Members are elected for 5
• Upper House: Council of
• Maximum-250 seats
• 238 seats selected by
and 12 members nominated
• Presided by the chairman
• Members are elected for
Qualifications of the Member of the
Should be an Indian citizen
Not less than 25 years of age .
Should not hold any salaried
Should not acquired the
citizenship of another country
Should be mentally sound
Should not be bankrupt
No criminal procedures against
• Should be an Indian citizen
• Not less than 30 years of age .
• Should not hold any salaried
• Should not acquired the
citizenship of another country
• Should be mentally sound
• Should not be bankrupt
• No criminal procedures against
and Inform the
3.To Select the National
1. To Select the National Government
• The country is divided into different
• conduct an election.
• Count the number of elected members belong to
each political party and then a list is prepared .
• The party which gets an absolute majority(more
than half the seats in the Parliament) is invited by
the President to form the government.
• The government is formed by the party with
majority of elected members(more than half the
seats in the Parliament)
• The next majority party form the opposition .
• The speaker is elected from the ruling party
• The Prime Minister is the leader of ruling
• He selects the ministers to work with him to
implement the laws.
• At present the single party did not get a
chance to form the government. Why?
• Because the single party did not get a proper
majority to form a government.
• So ,they join together with different political
parties to form a government. Such
government is known as Coalition government
The Rajya Sabha is a Permanent House .
Its members are elected for term of six years
in accordance with the system of proportional
One-third of its members are retire in every
The Vice-President is the chairman of the
All the states do not send equal number of
members to Rajya Sabha.
The representation is decided on the basis of
population of representative states
2.To Control,Guide and Inform the
Generally, the first hour of a sitting of Lok Sabha
is devoted to Questions and that hour is called
the Question Hour. It has a special significance in
the proceedings of Parliament.
MPs of Parliament are free to ask questions to
ministers of the government to get information
on public concern matters.
The period after ‘Question Hour’ and before the
beginning of the rest of the day’s work is ‘zero
• Money bill can be introduced only in the Lok
Sabha and only by the ruling party.
• Lok Sabha is more powerful on the issue of
• The Speaker of the Lok Sabha has to certify it
as a money bill.
• After three readings in the Lok Sabha ,the bill
is sent to the Rajya Sabha.
• The Rajya Sabha can only make suggestions.
• Any member may introduce an ordinary bill.
• It can be intoduced either in the Lok Sabha or
in the Rajya Sabha.
• Once the bill is passed in one House after their
reedings , it goes to the other House.
• If the second House wants to change the bill,it
may send to the House where it originated.
• If the House of origin refuses to make change ,up
to six month a deadlock is created.
• Then the President will call for a joint session of
both the Houses.
• After discussion, the bill will be passed.
• Then it goes to the President .
• If the President signs the bill, then it becomes a
• This law is then called an Act.
• This bill is used to the constitutional
• This can be introduced either in the Lok Sabha
or in the Rajya Sabha.