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Adeniran Ganiyat Abiodun (20HSM006).pptx

  2. INTRODUCTION PEDIATRICS DISEASES: This is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children. And the person who specialized in the area is called PEDIATRICIAN. MEANING OF PEDIATRICS DISEASES 2
  3. AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF PEDIATRICS DISEASES OBJECTIVES • To provide skillful, intelligent, need-based comprehensive care to the children in health and sickness • To interpret the basic need of the children to their parents and family members and to guide them in childcare. AIM • To reduce infant and child rate of deaths and control the spread of infectious diseases. 3
  4. Tonsillitis • Two lumps of lymph tissue in the throat, part of the immune system • Inflammation causes sore throat, difficulty swallowing • Can be acute, recurrent, chronic, Peritonsillar abscess. • Surgical removal if indicated • Pain management • Post operation complications: bleeding • No red ice popsicle VARIETIES OF COMMON PEDIATRICS DISEASES 4
  5. Chicken Pox This is highly contagious viral infection causing an itchy, blister-like rash on the skin. How it spread • By Saliva • By touching a contaminated surface • By Skin to Skin contact Diphtheria This is a serious infection of the nose and throat that’s easily preventable by a vaccine How it Spread • By airborne respiratory droplets • By saliva 5
  6. Measles This is viral infection that’s serious for small children but is easily preventable by a vaccine. How it Spread • By Saliva • By touching a contaminated surface • By Skin to Skin contact 6
  7. Parotitis This is the swelling of one or both parotid glands. How it Spreads •By contact with fluids from the mouth, nose and throat. Mononucleosis An infection with the Epstein- Barr virus. Which transmitted with Saliva. • It can be spread through Saliva. 7
  8. Pediculosis: head lice This is wingless insects that spread their entire lives on the human scalp and feeding exclusively on human body. It spread by Skin to Skin contact. Scabies: mite rash This is a contagious, intensively itchy skin condition caused by a tiny, burrowing mite. It spread by Skin to Skin contact. 8
  9. Impetigo This is highly contagious skin infection that causes red sores on the face. This normally spread by Skin to Skin Contact. 9
  10. Infectious Diseases Symptoms Signs •A high temperature, but cold feet and hands •A high temperature that doesn’t come down with paracetamol or ibuprofen. Symptoms Diarrhea Fever Rashes Cough Stomachache Teeth Pain Constipation 10
  11. Emergency signs include: •severe respiratory distress •signs of shock (cold hands, capillary refill time longer than 3 s, high heart rate with weak pulse, and low or immeasurable blood pressure) •coma (or seriously reduced level of consciousness) •signs of severe dehydration in a child with diarrhoea (lethargy, sunken eyes, very slow return after pinching the skin or any two of these). 11
  12. CONCLUSION The health of children is a product of complex, dynamic processes produced by the interaction of external influences, such as social and physical environment and their genes and behaviors. Because children are rapidly changing and development in response to these interaction. 12
  13. RECOMMENDATION • Measure and monitor important trends in children’s health and influence • Provide a surveillance and early warning capacity for the detection of significant changes in health. • Provide indicator of the performance of the personal medical care system. • Improve understanding of the mechanism of children’s development and guide evaluations of how changes in behaviors. 13