1. Assessment of personality
Student of B.Ed.
Aligarh Muslim University, Murshidabad Centre
Personality refers to certain qualities in a person’s character which distinguish him from other
people. It is the sum total of the psycho-physical trade of an individual. There are many tools and
techniques for personality assessment of an individual. Basically two major methods of personality
assessment like projective technique and self-report. In this study I am develop an interview, an
observation, case study, and rating scale methods for the data collection. In rating scale there are
50 statement and their 5 opinion. This data was analyzed of qualitative and quantitative approach
by me to cooperate with a Scholar.
Key words:personality, Assessment, rating scale, casestudy:
The term personality is used in a number of ways including the apparent features of a person.
However, psychologists use it to refer to the characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting.
By characteristic pattern we mean the consistent and distinctive ways our ideas, feelings and
actions are organized. When we talk about personality we usually refer to the totality or whole of
the person. Thus, the enduring pattern expressed by the person in various situations is the hall mark
of personality. Interestingly the theories of personality go beyond the literal meaning of
“personality” which stands for large masks used by actors in ancient Greek drama. Contrary to this
the personality theorists view ‘personality’ as the essence of the person. It is a person’s “true” inner
nature. The unique impression that a person makes on others is equally important in understanding
personality. However the concept of personality has been defined by psychologists in many ways
and it is the theoretical perspective or position which directs our attention to particular aspects of
2. Definition of personality:
Personality is the sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristic of an
individual. It is the totality of qualities and traits, as of character or behavior that are particular to
a specific person.
According to R.B. Cattell (1970) “Personality is that which permits a prediction of what a person
will do in a situation.”
According to Allport (1948) “Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of
that psychophysical system that determines his unique adjustments to his environment”
Theories of personality:
The theories of personality in general can be classified into the following categories:
Type approach: The viewpoint of Hippocrates, Kretscmer, Sheldon, and Jung belong in
Traits approach: Allport’s theory and Cattell’s theory belong in this categories.
Type cum traits approach: Theory like Eysenck’s theory can be put under this categories.
Pscho-analytical approach: Theories like psycho-analytic, individual psychology,
analytical psychology, and psycho-social theories of personality may be included in this
Humanistic approach: Carl Roger’s self-theory and Maslow’s self-actualization theory
involve in this categories.
Assessment of personality:
In view of the fact that the knowledge about personality is useful in many settings researchers have
developed a variety of tools for its assessment. These tools can be categorized into three types
namely observational, self-report and projective. The observational tools include interview, rating
of a person in one or many situations. Projective tests are a special kind of test in which ambiguous
material is used and the person whose personality is being tested has to give his or her own meaning
or interpretation. Thus, it is expected that the personality of the examinee will be projected in the
response given by him or her.
On the basis of data through the observation, case study, interview and rating scale. I discuss
assessment of personality of my friend Modassar Hossain the followings-
According to Kreschmer’s:
On the basis of data his personality is Pyknic (having fat body), personality characteristics is
sociable, jolly, easy-going and good natured because his height is 5.6”, and weight is 70kg, he is
strong, fat having no physical handicapped.
According to Sheldon’s:
As of Sheldon, he is Mesomorphic because he is balanced development of viscera and somatic
structure. His personal characteristics craving for muscular activity, self-assertive, loves risk and
According to Spranger’s:
He is falls in theoretical, social, and political because he is interest in discovery in truth, social
worker and interest in primary in power.
According to Allport’s:
As of Allport theory he belongs under Central traits that are those few characteristics which can
be ordinarily used to describe as honesty, kindness, submissiveness, conservative, dominance etc.
According to Cattell’s:
His characteristics are according to Cattell (16-PF)-
4. Primary Factor Descriptors of High Range
Warm, outgoing, attentive to others, kindly, easy-going, participating, likes
Abstract-thinking, more intelligent, bright, higher general mental capacity,
Emotional Stability(C) Emotionally stable, adaptive, mature, faces reality calmly
Dominance(E) Dominant, forceful, assertive,aggressive, competitive, stubborn, bossy
Lively, animated, spontaneous, enthusiastic, happy go lucky, cheerful,
Rule-conscious, dutiful, conscientious, conforming, moralistic, staid, rule
Social Boldness(H) Socially bold, venturesome, thick skinned, uninhibited
Sensitivity(I) Sensitive, aesthetic, sentimental, tender minded, intuitive, refined
Vigilance(L) Vigilant, suspicious, skeptical, distrustful, oppositional
Abstractedness(M) Abstract,imaginative, absent minded, impractical, absorbed in ideas
Private, discreet, no disclosing, shrewd, polished, worldly, astute,
Apprehensive, self-doubting, worried, guilt prone, insecure, worrying, self-
Open to change,experimental, liberal, analytical, critical, free thinking,
Self-Reliance(Q2) Self-reliant, solitary, resourceful, individualistic, self-sufficient
Perfectionistic, organized, compulsive, self-disciplined, socially precise,
exacting will power, control, self-sentimental
Tension(Q4) Tense,high energy, impatient, driven, frustrated, over wrought, time driven.
5. According to Jung’s:
On the basis of rating scale data the friend’s total marks is 171.total statements are 50 each
statement carries maximum 5 marks and minimum 1 mark.so, total rating scale marks is 50*5=250
is maximum, lowest 50*1=50, an average marks (50+250)/2=150, My friend’s obtain 171 it is
above average. So, belongs to positive Ambivert that’s means who has a balance of extrovert and
introvert features in their personality.
On the basis of the above discussion I concluded that Personality is very difficult and complex
thinking, it’s assess is possible but very difficult without any expert it not possible. My friend
Sohail Ahamed is a very
Mangal,S.K.(2017) Advanced Educational Psychology, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi: India
Adler,A. (1927) Practice and Theory of Individual Psychology, Harcourt Brace and World, New
Allport, G.W (1948) A Psychological interpretation, Holt,New York: pp.28, 49
Cattell, R.B (1987) Personality Pinned Down, Psychology Today, Little Brown & Co.: Boston
Sheldon, W.H. (1942) The Varities of Temperament: A psychology of Constitutional Differences
Harper, New York
Kretschmer, E (1925) Physique and Character, Harcourt Brace: New York