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PARAGRAPHS
A PARAGRAPH is the structural unit of
a text because in this one there is
generated the secondary idea that
supports the p...
To write a paragraph:
• You have to know with clarity your principal idea and your secondary ideas
• To know which and how...
TYPES OF PARAGRAPH ACCORDING
TO ITS CONTENT
•EXPOSITORY
•DESCRIPTIVE
•NARRATIVE
•COMPARATIVE
•ARGUMENTATIVE
•CHRONOLOGICAL...
EXPOSITORY PARAGRAPH
• Expository paragraphs, therefore, are
responsible for providing information on
various events witho...
DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPH
• A descriptive text features in detail represent
some aspect of something or someone. You
can descr...
NARRATIVE PARAGRAPH
• A narrative paragraph is one that has a
situation, which is generally a successive
enumeration of fa...
ARGUMENTATIVE PARAGRAPH
• The argumentative paragraph aims to express
opinions or refute them in order to persuade a
recip...
ENUMERATION PARAGRAPH
• Are those in which an enumeration, which may
well be a list of ideas or points of a number of
idea...
CHRONOLOGICAL PARAGRAPH
• Presents a sequence of actions, statements,
information are not always supported by a
theory or ...
ACCORDING TO UBIETY
OPENING PARAGRAPH
They are those with whom he
begins a text, may contain an
introductory idea several ...
COMPARATIVE PARAGRAPH
• Consists of the expression of similarities or differe
nces between two objects or phenomena
• They...
CAUSE AND EFFECT PARAGRAPH
• It presents a fact followed by the
reasons that has caused it or for
the consequence that ari...
PARAGRAPH OF APPROACH AND RESOLUTION OF A PROBLEM
• structured in two parts:
• The first presents the problem, explicitly ...
DEDUCTIVE PARAGRAPH
• Main idea at the beginning. For its constructio
n is based on a generalization to then arise in
spec...
INDUCTIVE PARAGRAPH
• Main idea in the end. It starts with prayers
that express secondary ideas to reach a
generalization,...
CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH
• Used to close a theme or a section. It
is easy to detect it because it starts with
expressions such...
PERSUASIVE PARAGRAPH
• This type of paragraph tries to get the reader to accept a
particular point of view or understand t...
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Types of paragraph (3) Slide 1 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 2 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 3 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 4 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 5 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 6 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 7 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 8 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 9 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 10 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 11 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 12 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 13 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 14 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 15 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 16 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 17 Types of paragraph (3) Slide 18
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Types of paragraph (3)

  1. 1. PARAGRAPHS
  2. 2. A PARAGRAPH is the structural unit of a text because in this one there is generated the secondary idea that supports the principal idea.
  3. 3. To write a paragraph: • You have to know with clarity your principal idea and your secondary ideas • To know which and how many types of paragraph exist • To plan your paragraphs before writing them
  4. 4. TYPES OF PARAGRAPH ACCORDING TO ITS CONTENT •EXPOSITORY •DESCRIPTIVE •NARRATIVE •COMPARATIVE •ARGUMENTATIVE •CHRONOLOGICAL •ENUMERATION •CAUSE AND EFFECT •PERSUASIVE
  5. 5. EXPOSITORY PARAGRAPH • Expository paragraphs, therefore, are responsible for providing information on various events without including subjective comments. Its purpose is the promotion of events, not to convince the reader.. EXAMPLE • “The dog is an animal with four legs mammal. It is a domesticated canine that has the sense of smell very developed.There are numerous dog breeds, making copies of this species may have quite different characteristics. "
  6. 6. DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPH • A descriptive text features in detail represent some aspect of something or someone. You can describe an object, a chair, a street in a city. But also intangibles such as a person's thinking or feeling. EXAMPLE • He had very lively round eyes and a long gray mustache. His tail looked like a black elastic. Some ducks swimming in the pond, like a flock of yellow canaries, and their mother, all white with red legs, was trying to teach them to bury his head in the water.
  7. 7. NARRATIVE PARAGRAPH • A narrative paragraph is one that has a situation, which is generally a successive enumeration of facts usually ordered chronologically. This consists of a sequence of statements that do not require demonstration EXAMPLE • Esteban and Jacinta, on the platform at the foot of the bags, they saw him away from the oaks, with a thrill of painful goodbye to something that started and fired habíales forever
  8. 8. ARGUMENTATIVE PARAGRAPH • The argumentative paragraph aims to express opinions or refute them in order to persuade a recipient. The purpose of the author can prove or demonstrate an idea (or thesis), refute the opposite either persuade or dissuade the receiver on certain behaviors, facts or ideas. EXAMPLE • In a statement on recent studies of global warming, James Hansen, director of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, NASA said emissions of greenhouse gases are causing the oceans to warm and thus are changing the dynamics global climate energy
  9. 9. ENUMERATION PARAGRAPH • Are those in which an enumeration, which may well be a list of ideas or points of a number of ideas, events, situations, the steps in the various paragraphs of an instruction, and generally anything is happening or action to be enumerated for example where it must make a hierarchical enumeration, etc. EXAMPLE AerialVehicles a) Engine - Airplane - Airplane b) Propeller: - Helicopter c) A reaction - Rocket - Space rocket
  10. 10. CHRONOLOGICAL PARAGRAPH • Presents a sequence of actions, statements, information are not always supported by a theory or an intention. It is also called TIMELINE, because it refers to past events and can go from present to future or past it. It is used in novels and stories Furthermore, it is the most used in all types of writings. EXAMPLE • Silvestre Revueltas was born on December 31, 1899 in the state of Durango, Mexico. In 1906 he began studying violin.The following year he had already formed a gang of kids paying sweet young musicians. In 1908 he moved to Colima and continued his studies there. He showed so much talent that in 1913 he was sent to study at the National Conservatory of Music in Mexico City, where he remained until 1916.
  11. 11. ACCORDING TO UBIETY OPENING PARAGRAPH They are those with whom he begins a text, may contain an introductory idea several ideas or even the main idea of a text, which are being developed in consecutive paragraphs as the exhibition and aclarativos among others. TRANSITION PARAGRAPH The transition words or phrases are like bridges between each of the parts of writing. They help you connect a sentence to another, one idea to another, from one paragraph to another. Finally transitions your sentences and paragraphs together slowly to avoid sudden jumps or discontinuity between ideas. CLOSING PARAGRAPH These are the end (of a book or chapter for example), they are usually put in an overview of the ideas of the text as a conclusion. Synthesis Interrogative sentences Anecdote Quotes
  12. 12. COMPARATIVE PARAGRAPH • Consists of the expression of similarities or differe nces between two objects or phenomena • They can be compared in this type of paragraphs • Objects • People • Events • Situations etc. • Examples • The Spanish language is a romance language and alt hough it is very similar to other languages such as Italian, Portuguese, and French, there are always fully appreciable changes, but this does not detract that at any given time its similarity allows to understand between them, especially in the Italian P ortuguese and the Spanish, because they come to have the same words with simi lar or identical pronunciation.
  13. 13. CAUSE AND EFFECT PARAGRAPH • It presents a fact followed by the reasons that has caused it or for the consequence that arise • This is a viral infection that spreads through th e saliva of the infected animal to another, their infection occurs mainly by bite a nimals, initially of bats, or vampires who are carriers and spread to animals such as foxes, dogs and even cats or mice.
  14. 14. PARAGRAPH OF APPROACH AND RESOLUTION OF A PROBLEM • structured in two parts: • The first presents the problem, explicitly or veil ed. • In the second solution, in the same way that th e problem is exposed • It is evident that the number average measuring blood cholesterol has increased in the Mediterranean countries, which gives us id ea that are disappearing about healthy eating habits, which are replaced by ones in wh ich the animal fats have preponderant role.
  15. 15. DEDUCTIVE PARAGRAPH • Main idea at the beginning. For its constructio n is based on a generalization to then arise in specific cases • "Currently the whaling industry is about to disa ppear.The large herds of whales that formerly roamed the oceans, have been exterminated it is now, it is necessary to use space age technology to discover its vestiges • A excessive hunting has made a shortage of Greenland whale, the yubarta or humpback whales and the grey.The blue whale is also on the verge of extinction".
  16. 16. INDUCTIVE PARAGRAPH • Main idea in the end. It starts with prayers that express secondary ideas to reach a generalization, or idea themed as a conclusion to what has been claimed. • Start with the facts, then describe them and la ter formulate hypotheses and build theories to explain them; then deduct them ve rifiable particular conclusions; eventually resort to new observations or recalc ulations and contrast their conclusions with these results and finally, if it is required, correct their conjectures without m ercy: here is the severe character corrective auto of scientific research.
  17. 17. CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH • Used to close a theme or a section. It is easy to detect it because it starts with expressions such as the following in conclusion, in short, of all of the a bove we can conclude that therefore and other similar • We are an intermediate point in the evolution of the Internet. Permanent connectivity for many is now a reality, and the reduction of costs in the services, as well as considering Internet as a human right, approaching the ide a ofWEB 3.0 a reality.
  18. 18. PERSUASIVE PARAGRAPH • This type of paragraph tries to get the reader to accept a particular point of view or understand the writer's position.This is the type of paragraph that many teachers focus on because it's useful when building an argument. It often requires the collection of facts and research. • Methods of Persuasion • Facts- A statement of what is. • Referring to authority- An expert who can be relied on to give unbiased facts and information. • Examples- An example should clearly relate to the argument and should be typical enough to support it. • Predicting the consequence- Helps the reader visualize what will occur if something does or does not happen. • Answering the opposition- Answering possible critics shows you are aware of the opposing opinion and are able to respond to it.
  • Rozia1

    Sep. 23, 2021

NORMA MILENA DIAZ POSADA

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