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HEART BEAT DETECTOR PPT

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Heart Beat Monitoring System
Heart Beat Monitoring System
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HEART BEAT DETECTOR PPT

  1. 1. Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering Raghu Engineering College (Autonomous) Accredited by NBA & NAAC with ‘A Grade, Permanently Affiliated JNTU KakinadaDakamarri (v), Bheemunipatnam Mandal, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh 531162 R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 1
  2. 2. A MINI PROJECT On A MINI PROJECT BASED ON HEART PULSE DETECTOR Submitted as a part of Second Year First Semester curriculum of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING By Mr.P.BHARAT 18981A0242 Mr. P.VENKATESH 18981A0243 Mr. P.CHANDRA MOULI 18981A0244 Ms.R.UMA MAHESWARI 18981A0245 Mr. S.HARSHAL 18981A0246 Under the Supervision of Mr. Ravi Tejaswi Associate Professor R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 2
  3. 3. RAGHU ENGINEERING COLLEGE Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering CERTIFICATE This is to certify that case study entitled as “A MINI PROJECT ON HEART PULSE DETECTOR “ submittedbyMr.P.Bharat(18981A0242),Mr.P.Venkatesh(18981A0243), Mr.P.Chandra mouli (18981A0244),Mr.R.Uma maheswari(18981A0245),Mr.S.Harshal(18981A0246)as a part of Second Year First Semester Curriculum of Under Graduate Program in Electrical & Electronics Engineering at Raghu Engineering College. Faculty Member Head of the department Mr.S.Ravi Tejaswi Dr.P.SASI KIRAN Associate Professor ProfessorR A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 3
  4. 4. HEART BEAT MONITOR Wrist band for calculating heart beat A heart rate monitor is a personal monitoring device which allows one to measure his or her heart rate in real time or record the heart rate for later study. It is largely used by performers of various types of physical exercise. R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 4
  5. 5. Why Monitoring……? More than 2 million people are at high risk of having heart attack. It would be helpful if there was a way for these people to monitor their heart. So we have a problem. That is the way our project focuses on how we can utilize this problem and find a solution. R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 5
  6. 6. Measurement of Heart rate • Stethoscope --- inaccurate • Electrocardiogram – costly & not user friendly R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 6
  7. 7. Average Heart Rate Age Average Heart Rate Newborn 140 7 years 85 – 90 14 years 80 – 85 Adult 70 – 80 R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 7
  8. 8. What we have done? ? ? • We , in this project are measuring the heart beat using the pulse oximetry logic. • The timer we have set for counting the heart beat is 0s. • There is a set point we can decide, after 0 s the heartbeat would be shown on the LED. R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 8
  9. 9. COMPONENTS WE USED ? ? ? 1.Breadboard 2. 555 timer IC 3. 2 pcs 10k resistors 4. Single strand wires for the connection in the breadboard. 5. 1uF ceramic disc capacitor 6. 2 LEDS 7.Voltage source of 12 volt. R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 9
  10. 10. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM :- R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 10
  11. 11. HEARTPULSE TESTING USING LED • Finger is illuminated by red light being emitted by red led. • When heart will expand then there will be more blood in blood vessels as a consequence more absorption of red light will occur and lesser amount of red light will fall on 555timer ic , decrease in resistance of ic will be less and large current will through ic . R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 11
  12. 12. R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 12
  13. 13. THE CHARACTRISTICS OF INPUT AND OUTPUT RESULTS R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 13
  14. 14. 555 TIMER IC 555 Timer IC is a classic timer IC which can be used in many kinds of timing related applications, check all the 555 Timer Circuit here. This is an 8 pin IC. The pin diagram of the 555 timer IC is shown in the below image. R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 14
  15. 15. BC337 NPN Transistor Transistor BC337 is an NPN bipolar junction transistor. The transistor BC337 consists of 3 pins, base, emitter, and collector as R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 15
  16. 16. WORKING OF MISSING PULSE DETECTOR CIRC • The 555 IC receives generate the pulses in our heart by the help of connecting wires, which is formed using resistor R1 and capacitor C1. Values of R1 and C1 determines the time period in monostable mode. R1 is connected across the capacitor C1. Input signal is directly connected to the trigger pin of the timer IC 555 and also connected to a single 10k base resistor • The triggering of LEDs based on our heart beats R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 16
  17. 17. APPLICATIONS :- • Have become a widely used training aid for a variety of sports. • Hospitals / Dispensaries • Better and accurate method of measuring heart beat. • At homes • A set point can help in determining whether a person is healthy or not checking his/her heart beat R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 17
  18. 18. LIMITATIONS :- • In-accurate method of calculating heartbeat. • Logic used in very simple. Therefore, results may vary as for a sophisticated instrument for the same purpose R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 18
  19. 19. FUTURE SCOPE :- • EEG, ECG and other health parameters can also be monitored. • Continuous monitoring and future diagnosis can be performed via the same system (TELEMEDICINE). • More than a single patient at different places can be monitored using single system. R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 19
  20. 20. REFERENCES:- 1. Pulse checking and heart assault location ,Mamidi manisha, Katakan neeraja, International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology (IJIET) 2. Myocardial dead tissue: 3. https://en. wikipedia. organization/wiki/Myocardial_ dead tissue . R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 20
  21. 21. R A G H U E N G I N E E R I N G C O L L E G E E E E E D C M I N I P R O J E C T 21

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