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The Rise and Fall of the
Roman Empire from West to
East (Byzantine Empire)
Rome Wasn’t Built in a Day
• Rome built
 roads (Roman Road)
 aqueducts to bring water into the city.
 stadiums and amphitheaters (colosseum)
• Romans also developed the use of the arch
as a means of architectural support
Roman Art
• Mosaics were popular in Rome. A mosaic is
a picture made out of small, colored tiles or
pieces of glass.
• The Romans also made great statues that
looked like the real thing, even though they
were made from stone.
Rome was a Republic
• A republic is a form of government where
people elect representatives.
• Patricians: Senate
 Consul
• Plebeians: Everyone else but they were not
allowed a voice in the gov’t
• The United States has a representative
government. We learned about this form of
government from the Romans.
Women’s “Rights”
• Rome might have had representative
government, but not all people were
represented.
• Roman women were not allowed to vote.
Roman Citizenship
• Romans had a strong sense of citizenship.
• Roman citizens were protected by Rome,
but had a duty to participate in society and
to make it better.
• The philosophy that preached good
citizenship was called Stoicism.
• Stoicism stressed the importance of being a
good citizen.
Roman Law and Rights
• Roman laws stressed fairness and common
sense.
• There was equal treatment under the law in
Rome and people were considered innocent
until proved guilty when accused of a
crime.
• We took much of our system of government
from the Romans.
The Senate
• The Senate led the
Roman Empire.
• They made the laws
for the republic.
• First Triumvirate:
 Julius Caesar
• (Cleopatra)
 Pompey
 Crassus
Et Tu Brute
• Ides of March: March 15, 44 CE
• Caesar was assassinated
• Stabbed to death
Second Triumvirate
• Octavian
• Marc Antony
• Lepidus
Rome’s first emperor
• Octavian is Rome’s
first emperor.
• Julius Caesar’s
adopted son
• He took the name
Augustus Caesar.
• Under his rule, Rome
expanded and enjoyed
a period of peace.
Pax Romana
• Rome lived in peace for 200 years.
• It was called the Pax Romana, the Peace of
Rome. Unfortunately for Rome, the peace
would not last.
Rome grew weak
• Rome grew weak because
 it had grown too large.
 tax problems and couldn’t raise enough money to keep
the roads from crumbling.
 Mercenaries and corrupt generals
 Civil wars
 Economic issues
 Epicureanism v. Stoicism
 Rise of Christianity
Barbarians at the gates
• Romans called anyone who didn’t speak Greek a
barbarian (even though the word barbarian
actually means uncivilized, lacking in culture and
violent.)
• Barbarians Groups included
 Visigoths, Vandals, Huns, et.
• The Roman Empire fell in 476 AD.
• The eastern part of the empire would survive.
Byzantium
• The eastern part of the Roman Empire became
known as the Byzantine Empire or Byzantium.
Constantinople
• Constantinople was named for
emperor Constantine.
• Constantine was important
because he legalized
Christianity in the empire.
• Under Constantine’s rule,
Christianity spread greatly.
• He moved the capital of the
empire from Rome to
Constantinople.
Constantinople grows
• Constantinople
became a leading
center of trade.
• Trade helped the
Byzantine Empire
grow rich.
• Interactive map
Justinian
• Justinian was the
greatest of the
Byzantine emperors.
• Justinian Code
• Justinian also built
many churches
throughout the empire.
Theodora
• Wife of Justinian
• Influenced reforms;
 divorce rights
regarding property
ownership to
women
 other rights for
women and
children including
speaking in court
Disagreements between east
and west
• Most of the people in the Byzantine Empire were
Christian, but the people in the west and the
people in the east disagreed about how to worship
God.
• Petrine Doctrine
• This led to a split in the Catholic Church. It was
called the Great Schism.
• A schism is a split. The Roman Catholic Church
had a schism, splitting in half.
Great Schism =Two churches
• The church in the east was called:
Eastern Orthodox.
• The church in the west was called;
Roman Catholic.
Patriarch
• The leader of the
church in
Constantinople is
called the Patriarch.
Patriarch Ibrahim Isaac
Pope
• The leader of the
church in Rome is
called the Pope.
Constantinople is captured
• The split in the church weakened the
Byzantine Empire.
• In 1453, the Ottoman Turks captured
Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire
came to an end.
The Byzantine Empire
preserves great stuff
• The Byzantine Empire preserved the art and
literature of the Greeks and Romans.
• Without the Byzantine, the world may have
lost great treasures of the past.

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Rome to Byzantine.ppt

  • 1. The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire from West to East (Byzantine Empire)
  • 2. Rome Wasn’t Built in a Day • Rome built  roads (Roman Road)  aqueducts to bring water into the city.  stadiums and amphitheaters (colosseum) • Romans also developed the use of the arch as a means of architectural support
  • 3.
  • 4. Roman Art • Mosaics were popular in Rome. A mosaic is a picture made out of small, colored tiles or pieces of glass. • The Romans also made great statues that looked like the real thing, even though they were made from stone.
  • 5.
  • 6. Rome was a Republic • A republic is a form of government where people elect representatives. • Patricians: Senate  Consul • Plebeians: Everyone else but they were not allowed a voice in the gov’t • The United States has a representative government. We learned about this form of government from the Romans.
  • 7. Women’s “Rights” • Rome might have had representative government, but not all people were represented. • Roman women were not allowed to vote.
  • 8. Roman Citizenship • Romans had a strong sense of citizenship. • Roman citizens were protected by Rome, but had a duty to participate in society and to make it better. • The philosophy that preached good citizenship was called Stoicism. • Stoicism stressed the importance of being a good citizen.
  • 9. Roman Law and Rights • Roman laws stressed fairness and common sense. • There was equal treatment under the law in Rome and people were considered innocent until proved guilty when accused of a crime. • We took much of our system of government from the Romans.
  • 10. The Senate • The Senate led the Roman Empire. • They made the laws for the republic. • First Triumvirate:  Julius Caesar • (Cleopatra)  Pompey  Crassus
  • 11. Et Tu Brute • Ides of March: March 15, 44 CE • Caesar was assassinated • Stabbed to death
  • 12. Second Triumvirate • Octavian • Marc Antony • Lepidus
  • 13. Rome’s first emperor • Octavian is Rome’s first emperor. • Julius Caesar’s adopted son • He took the name Augustus Caesar. • Under his rule, Rome expanded and enjoyed a period of peace.
  • 14. Pax Romana • Rome lived in peace for 200 years. • It was called the Pax Romana, the Peace of Rome. Unfortunately for Rome, the peace would not last.
  • 15. Rome grew weak • Rome grew weak because  it had grown too large.  tax problems and couldn’t raise enough money to keep the roads from crumbling.  Mercenaries and corrupt generals  Civil wars  Economic issues  Epicureanism v. Stoicism  Rise of Christianity
  • 16. Barbarians at the gates • Romans called anyone who didn’t speak Greek a barbarian (even though the word barbarian actually means uncivilized, lacking in culture and violent.) • Barbarians Groups included  Visigoths, Vandals, Huns, et. • The Roman Empire fell in 476 AD. • The eastern part of the empire would survive.
  • 17. Byzantium • The eastern part of the Roman Empire became known as the Byzantine Empire or Byzantium.
  • 18. Constantinople • Constantinople was named for emperor Constantine. • Constantine was important because he legalized Christianity in the empire. • Under Constantine’s rule, Christianity spread greatly. • He moved the capital of the empire from Rome to Constantinople.
  • 19.
  • 20. Constantinople grows • Constantinople became a leading center of trade. • Trade helped the Byzantine Empire grow rich. • Interactive map
  • 21. Justinian • Justinian was the greatest of the Byzantine emperors. • Justinian Code • Justinian also built many churches throughout the empire.
  • 22. Theodora • Wife of Justinian • Influenced reforms;  divorce rights regarding property ownership to women  other rights for women and children including speaking in court
  • 23. Disagreements between east and west • Most of the people in the Byzantine Empire were Christian, but the people in the west and the people in the east disagreed about how to worship God. • Petrine Doctrine • This led to a split in the Catholic Church. It was called the Great Schism. • A schism is a split. The Roman Catholic Church had a schism, splitting in half.
  • 24. Great Schism =Two churches • The church in the east was called: Eastern Orthodox. • The church in the west was called; Roman Catholic.
  • 25. Patriarch • The leader of the church in Constantinople is called the Patriarch. Patriarch Ibrahim Isaac
  • 26. Pope • The leader of the church in Rome is called the Pope.
  • 27. Constantinople is captured • The split in the church weakened the Byzantine Empire. • In 1453, the Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire came to an end.
  • 28. The Byzantine Empire preserves great stuff • The Byzantine Empire preserved the art and literature of the Greeks and Romans. • Without the Byzantine, the world may have lost great treasures of the past.