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Eclectiza SciBizTech 2018 finals

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Finals of the SciBizTech quiz in Eclectiza, Thapar University, Patiala on 18th February 2018.

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Eclectiza SciBizTech 2018 finals

  1. 1. Eclectiza SciBizTech finals
  2. 2. Special Thanks to Abhimanyu Bhadauria for effective guinea pigging.
  3. 3. Written round - 1 • 5 points per answer • One attempt per team for the theme, get points as on screen accordingly.
  4. 4. +15/-10 • If the fish of the Uranoscopidae family gets the moniker of the “mother-in-law” fish, due to it being ambush predators that can deliver both electric shocks and venom, an anatomical peculiarity of having eyes on the top of it’s head gives it what more common name, a term reserved for amateur astronomers, which incidentally is also shared with a Dream Theater song’s name?
  5. 5. +12.5/7.5 • BoJack Horseman fans may remember this animal as the character Yolanda Buenaventura, introduced in Season 4. • Fans of the Science Fiction classic titled Dune will remember that this animal shares its name with the Tlielaxu _______ tanks, “ a device for reproducing a living human being from the cells of a cadaver“, possibly due to the animal’s own highly-advanced regenerative capabilities. • What animal is this, whose name may fetch a significant score of 64 scrabble score if placed right?
  6. 6. +10/-5 • What we normally expect plants of this type, about how they obtain their nitrogen-rich nutrients, is actually performed by the immature plants of Nepenthes Iowii, which happen to grow on the ground. • The mature plants however, grow high above on the branches of trees, and instead have evolved to get their nitrogen fix due to the ‘byproduct’ of a symbiotic relationship with the tree shrew, wherein the tree shrew is given nectar as shown below and the shrew ‘gives‘ something in return, by performing an action while perched as shown, to eat the nectar. • What is the common name of this plant type? • What does this plant consume for it’s nitrogen fix?
  7. 7. +5/-2.5 • Shown here are the Arabian Jasmine and the Moon flower, the National Flower and the Flower of Charm, the two flowers of national importance in Indonesia. • What third flower completes the list of Indonesia’s floral emblems, which is known as Padma Raksasa in the native language?
  8. 8. +2.5/0 • Apparently in the order of their abundance in nature, if in Ancient Egypt’s numerical system, the number 1000 was depicted by a water lily, 10,000 by a bent finger and a million by the Egyptian God of infinity/eternity (anticlimactically named Heh), what particular stage of a certain organism’s development is used to depict 100000?
  9. 9. Exchange Sheets
  10. 10. +15/-10 • If the fish of the Uranoscopidae family gets the moniker of the “mother-in-law” fish, due to it being ambush predators that can deliver both electric shocks and venom, an anatomical peculiarity of having eyes on the top of it’s head gives it what more common name, a term reserved for amateur astronomers, which incidentally is also shared with a Dream Theater song’s name?
  11. 11. Stargazer
  12. 12. +12.5/-7.5 • BoJack Horseman fans may remember this animal as the character Yolanda Buenaventura, introduced in Season 4. • Fans of the Science Fiction classic titled Dune will remember that this animal shares its name with the Tlielaxu _______ tanks, “ a device for reproducing a living human being from the cells of a cadaver“, possibly due to the animal’s own highly-advanced regenerative capabilities. • What animal is this, whose name may fetch a significant score of 64 scrabble score if placed right?
  13. 13. Axolotls.
  14. 14. +10/-5 • What we normally expect plants of this type, about how they obtain their nitrogen-rich nutrients, is actually performed by the immature plants of Nepenthes Iowii, which happen to grow on the ground. • The mature plants however, grow high above on the branches of trees, and instead have evolved to get their nitrogen fix due to the ‘byproduct’ of a symbiotic relationship with the tree shrew, wherein the tree shrew is given nectar as shown below and the shrew gives something in return, by performing an action while perched as shown, to eat the nectar. • What is the common name of this plant type? • What does this plant consume for it’s nitrogen fix?
  15. 15. Pitcher plant, that consumes the shrew’s feces.
  16. 16. +5/-2.5 • Shown here are the Arabian Jasmine and the Moon flower, the National Flower and the Flower of Charm, the two flowers of national importance in Indonesia. • What third flower completes the list of Indonesia’s floral emblems, which is known as Padma Raksasa in the native language?
  17. 17. Rafflesia flower
  18. 18. +2.5/0 • Apparently in the order of their abundance in nature, if in Ancient Egypt’s numerical system, the number 1000 was depicted by a water lily, 10,000 by a bent finger and a million by the Egyptian God of infinity/eternity (anticlimactically named Heh), what stage of development of a particular organism is used to depict 100000?
  19. 19. Tadpoles.
  20. 20. All of these are inspirations for various Pokemon
  21. 21. • 17 questions, clockwise • +10, -5 on pounce • +10, -10 on bounce.
  22. 22. 1. • The De Beers diamond has had an interesting history. Found shortly after the company was formed, it was sold to this person, who employed Cartier to make an accessory to this diamond with 2,936 other, smaller diamonds. • The accessory disappeared in 1948 but the diamond resurfaced in a Sotheby’s auction in Geneva, 1982. • In 1998, Cartier fished the rest of the accessory and refit the necklace with zirconium and synthetic diamonds and added a replica of the De Beers. • What is this accessory? Who had it made?
  23. 23. Raja Bhupinder Singh’s Patiala Necklace
  24. 24. • Given that they aim to aid in making their surrounding environment greener, by manufacturing seed bombs to be bought and thrown onto the ground as a form of guerrilla gardening, identify the appropriately punny name of this Kickstarter project by Commonstudio. • What object, nowadays rarely seen and considered vintage, was repurposed to dispense these seedbombs in exchange for money to support this venture?
  25. 25. • Greenaid, Gumball machines
  26. 26. 3. • Many features of this factory in the town of Lingotto in Turin were rather unique for it’s time. For starters, it had a unique manufacturing concept where the product goes up a floor upon completing a stage of production. But the most unique design feature was what was placed on the building’s rooftop. • What was on the rooftop? • Which company’s factory was this?
  27. 27. • Fiat, and a racetrack to test their cars.
  28. 28. 4. • The X orbit refers to an orbit around the earth where few or no satellites are in the vicinity, where old decommissioned satellites are supposed to re- orbit to after their period of operation. This typically lies between 235 to 300km depending on the space agency defining the same. • The spacecraft Y is a place on the ocean about 4000 km southeast of New Zealand, where defunct spacecraft and, notably, the Mir space station, are deposited. The spot was chosen so as to not endanger human or oceanic life, and thus coincides with the Point of least accessibility. • Given the alternate name for the point of least accessibility, why is it appropriate that the most well-documented planned destructive re-entry was that of ESA’s unmanned resupply spacecraft—the Automated Transfer Vehicle Jules Verne/ What is the alternate name of the Point of Least Accessibility?
  29. 29. • Graveyard orbit, spacecraft cemetery, and Point Nemo
  30. 30. 5. • Berger and Milkman, marketing professors from Wharton and Upenn, found that two features predictably determined an article’s success: how positive its message was and how much it excited its reader. Articles that evoked some emotion did better than those that evoked none—an article with the headline “BABY POLAR BEAR’S FEEDER DIES” did better than “TEAMS PREPARE FOR THE COURTSHIP OF LEBRON JAMES.” But happy emotions (“WIDE-EYED NEW ARRIVALS FALLING IN LOVE WITH THE CITY”) outperformed sad ones (“WEB RUMORS TIED TO KOREAN ACTRESS’S SUICIDE”). • These findings proved to be immensely useful for social media sites like Twitter and Facebook, and this study is said to have influenced what particular design choice of a feature rolled out by Facebook on the 24th of February, 2016?
  31. 31. Why there are more positive than negative reactions
  32. 32. 6. • Seen here is a peculiarly arranged farm, which has one sector cordoned off for growing wheat, another for growing tomatoes, and to the far end, you can see a cowshed and a pigsty. • What are such farms called, and what are the two reasons why they are called so?
  33. 33. Pizza farms!
  34. 34. 7. • A study by Dutch medical researchers in 2006 revealed several discrepancies, such as the fact that the flexor compartment originates at the lateral epicondyle, when it is, in fact, the medial epicondyle. These revelations sought to cast doubts on whose teachings from the 17th century?
  35. 35. The anatomy lesson of Dr. Nicholaes Tulp, by Van der meer.
  36. 36. 8. • Usually, typing “man” on the terminal of a Unix-based system returns the requested page from the Unix manual, but as an easter egg, it outputs three identical words after midnight. What are they? This feature was later removed due to this very stackoverflow post.
  37. 37. 9. • Unlike usual plants that have leaves facing perpendicular to sunlight, the leaves of Marcgravia evenia instead have a parabolic shape as seen in this picture. • This is shown to attract a certain animal that would help in the pollination of the plant. • What animal, and how?
  38. 38. Bats, their shape aids the bats in echolocation
  39. 39. 10. • The X effect was coined by Michael I. Norton of Harvard Business School, Daniel Mochon of Yale, and Dan Ariely of Duke, who say that “labor alone can be sufficient to induce greater liking for the fruits of one’s labor.”, which, they say, helps explain the success of this brand X. • ID the brand, in news in the last month. (5) • According to an urban legend, what modification was made to the instant cake mix by Betty Crocker that supposedly helped sales due to the very effect demonstrated above? (The real reason was simply because it made better cakes).
  40. 40. • The Ikea effect, and Betty Crocker, instead of selling readymade cake mixes, asked to add an egg apparently to give the bakers a feeling of accomplishment.
  41. 41. 11. • The company which began as “Children’s Supermart” changed its name to what we know it as now, when Charles Lazarus could not fit that name into the sign in a branch in Rockville, Maryland. The name thus is a reference to his own, and the fact that the branch was where the name was changed. • LifeGem is one of many companies that offer to help remember your dearly departed, by turning your ashes into these objects. • The above two answers combine to form the name of which shell company that is in the news for all the wrong reasons?
  42. 42. • Toys R Us + Diamonds = Diamonds R Us, one of three Shell companies that approached PNB for a credit loan.
  43. 43. 12. • This movie revolved around stealing thousands of dollars of banknotes that were due to be destroyed, a fictional account of the Bank of England’s Loughton incineration heists. • If such a heist were successful, such notes that the bank deemed worthless and fit for incineration are back in circulation, therefore slightly lowering the value of all the other cash of the country in circulation. • This situation’s exact opposite is why sometime before 1993, all Americans owning cash became about 2 million dollars richer, proportionally. What had happened one cold night in the mountains surrounding a certain South American town?
  44. 44. • Pablo Escobar allegedly burnt US dollars to keep his daughter warm.
  45. 45. 13. • Hailed as the first “feminist” Tinder, Identify this app from its rather evocative logo (5). • In March 2017, the company announced it planned to launch a career networking app, Titled with a four-letter suffix to their app name. What is the name, given the name and the fact that networking involves communication between people?
  46. 46. Bumble, Bumble Bizz
  47. 47. 14. • Back in November 2016, this specific tartan design was registered in the Scottish Register of Tartans, as one intended to be worn upon X science’s outreach activities. The colour scheme of Red, Green and Blue also mirrors the most widely recognized version of the Flag of X, itself inspired by the X trilogy, a critically acclaimed series of hard science fiction novels. • What is X?
  48. 48. Mars exploration
  49. 49. 15. • What served as the inspiration to the illustration of the Facebook Titan in the Economist’s January issue?
  50. 50. Saturn Devouring his son by Goya
  51. 51. 16. • A low-cost robot with four limbs that comes with a bucket attached to a spider web-like extension, this robot comes with a screen, a camera, WiFi and Bluetooth. • Developed by Genrobotics, this robot will help eradicate which unfortunate social evil present in India, and has begun trials in Kerala? (5) • What is the name (a word with indian origins) given to this robot, probably inspired by the places it scurries into?
  52. 52. • The Bandicoot helps in sewer cleaning, therefore replacing manual/human scavengers.
  53. 53. 17. • Richard Turere of Nairobi, then a twelve year old child, was tasked to prevent lions from the nearby forest reserve from attacking his cattle at night. Short of killing the lion, he tried many things; a scarecrow, and a bonfire, but none of them seemed to work. • But one night he was doing something, which made him realise that his actions stopped the lions from coming in that night. Inspired by this, he built this setup shown in the right. • How does the lion lights work/ What deters the lions from coming in that the lights seek to emulate?
  54. 54. • The are supposed to look like someone patrolling with a torch.
  55. 55. Now for a fun list-it. • 2-(4-{2-[3,5-Bis(pent-1-yn-1- yl)phenyl]ethynyl}-2,5-bis(3,3- dimethylbut-1-yn-1-yl)phenyl)-1,3- dioxolane has an objectively more fun name: A NanoPutian. • It also has an objectively fun purpose; to teach children chemistry in a way that is most fun. • The following shows 5 derivatives of the Nanoputian molecule, formed by an acetal exchange. ID them all.
  56. 56. • Nano_______(7), pioneers of USA’s history. • Nano_____(5), headgear associated with Frenchmen. The cap of a certain colour is associated with the military. • Nano_______(7), • Nano_______(7), some of you might aspire to be one • Nano_____(5), a demonym you might associate most strongly with these hats
  57. 57. • Exchange sheets
  58. 58. • NanoPilgrim, NanoBeret, NanoMonarch, NanoScholar, NanoTexan
  59. 59. And for another list it. +5 points only for the punny titles. • In an article on The Economist's "Johnson" blog (Oct 28th 2010), Gideon Lichfield has tracked a long string of bad puns based on the Chinese unit of currency of the Yuan. The titles were inspired by: 1. The first three words of an pioneering, out of this world line 2. The oft-repeated introduction to a 1996 song, “Wannabe” from the Spice Girls 3. An English phrase with its origins in horse racing: Sometimes a horse is withdrawn from a race after bettors have already placed money on it; those bettors did not get a ___ ___ _____ _____. 4. A Latin Phrase, Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno, which happens to be Switzerland’s official motto, and the motto of the Three Musketeers 5. AKA card stacking, stacking the deck, ignoring the counterevidence, slanting, and suppressed evidence, an informal fallacy that occurs when only the reasons supporting a proposition are supplied, while all reasons opposing it are omitted.
  60. 60. Exchange sheets
  61. 61. • Yuan small step • tell me what yuan what you really really yuan • yuan for their money • yuan for all and all for one • yuan-sided argument
  62. 62. • 16 questions, anticlockwise • +10, -5 on pounce • +10 on bounce.
  63. 63. 18. What is Philip’s advertising?
  64. 64. Batteries, without which these battery operated toys are as boring as socks
  65. 65. 19. • Ian Banks had this to say while describing the 'Outside Context Problem' in Excession: "The usual example given to illustrate an Outside Context Problem was imagining you were a tribe on a largish, fertile island; you'd tamed the land, invented the wheel or writing or whatever, the neighbors were cooperative or enslaved but at any rate peaceful and you were busy raising temples to yourself with all the excess productive capacity you had, you were in a position of near-absolute power and control which your hallowed ancestors could hardly have dreamed of and the whole situation was just running along nicely like a canoe on wet grass... when suddenly this bristling lump of iron appears sailless and trailing steam in the bay and these guys carrying long funny-looking sticks come ashore and announce you've just been discovered, you're all subjects of the Emperor now, he's keen on presents called tax and these bright-eyed holy men would like a word with your priests.“ Given the above, what videogame series served as an inspiration to the OCP?
  66. 66. • Sid Meier’s Civilization series.
  67. 67. 20. • A X goat is a trained goat used in general animal herding. It is trained to associate with sheep or cattle, leading them to a specific destination. In stockyards, a X goat will lead sheep to slaughter, while its own life is spared. • The phrase also alternatively describes a goat that is fit with a tracker and is let loose to find feral goats which are then eradicated. What is X?
  68. 68. • Judas Goat
  69. 69. 21. These are some of the various projects one can make with this electronic hobby kit, whose USP is that it combines paper and flexible electronics into these things you see here. What is the appropriately punny name of this Kickstarter, that has two letters added to the second word of a phrase we may have been familiar with as kids?
  70. 70. Papier machine
  71. 71. 22. • In 1912, the appearance of these everyday objects (of size around two square feet with a 6-inch width) changed from gray-white to what it is today, due to the addition of carbon black, a form of paracrystalline carbon that has a high surface-area-to-volume ratio. • Naturally, it was expected that the colour of this fictional character would change as well. • Which it did, albeit briefly; it was reverted back to its original colour, by citing aesthetic and printing issues, and not due to racial concerns as was rumoured. • What is his most commonly known moniker?
  72. 72. • Bibendum/Michelin Man!
  73. 73. 23. • According to Alan Cooper, the "Father of Visual Basic," the concept of X was based on a "tragic misunderstanding“ by Microsoft of research conducted at Stanford University, showing that the same part of the brain in use while using a mouse or keyboard was also responsible for emotional reactions while interacting with other human beings and this is the reason people yell at their computer monitors. But, as people already related to computers directly as they do with humans, Microsoft’s oft-criticized addition of X emerged as an annoying interloper distracting the user from the primary conversation. • What is X?
  74. 74. 24. • Tokyo’s obsession with neon lights can be traced back to a singular moment in history when a company called Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo switched on a giant neon sign nearly 36 feet wide in the center of the Ginza district of Japan whilst nationally-televised. • What did this neon sign reveal?
  75. 75. Their new name, sony
  76. 76. 25. • In an attempt to “regain it’s cultural identity”, Bolivia, a country in the Southern Hemisphere, has clocks running anticlockwise from what we’re used to. Why did the country adopt this scheme? Or, why does the conventional scheme of a clock face run clockwise?
  77. 77. • A conventional clock runs clockwise because in early sundials developed primarily in the northern hemisphere, The sun’s shadow would run clockwise. • Bolivia is in the southern hemisphere.
  78. 78. 26. • According to article 81 of New York City’s health code, bare hand contact with food that is “ready to eat” is prohibited. • An additional clause in article 81 reads: “Except for medical alert bracelets or a ring that is smooth and without crevices, such as a wedding band, food workers may not wear jewelry on their arms or hands.” • When not violating the health code, the food there was panned, being described as “overcooked”, “mundane”, or “rubbery and low on flavour”. It was accused of relying on its one USP that was in trouble due to the above two clauses. • Which restaurant chain’s New York venture is plagued with such problems? How is the owner more popularly known as?
  79. 79. • Nusret Gokce (Salt –bae’s ) Nusr-Et
  80. 80. 27. • From the genus Deinopis, Also known as net-casting spiders or ogre-faced spiders, Identify the common name of this spider, named after an ancient profession, the retiarius type of which was also known to use a net as part of his profession.
  81. 81. • Gladiator spider
  82. 82. 28. • One of the most prominent modifications to the L96A1 Precision Marksman rifle was that of a milled bolt, which reduces its surface area, therefore preventing frost developing on it to some extent. What the modification was for, was reflected in the two-word addendum in it's name. This new improved rifle abbreviated as X was adopted by The Swedish & British military services. • What abbreviation, which (to the best of my knowledge, some) engineering students might be strangely familiar with? • A secondary modification was to its trigger guard, which was made to be wider. For what purpose?
  83. 83. • Arctic Warfare Precision (AWP), trigger modification to fit gloved hands.
  84. 84. 29. • The word X has been used to refer to a particular item of clothing, a sort of long cassock but often open at the front since at least the 15th century, in the 16th century becoming used for outer garments of the poor. It was in this sense that William Shakespeare used the word in The Merchant of Venice. • The modern use of the term for a fabric rather than a garment dates to Thomas Y, who invented the fabric & revived the name in 1879, and patented it in 1888. It has been used with a general meaning of "closely woven cloth" since at least 1904. • Having invented X, Y then claimed that they had also invented the _____ ____, an item of clothing that became popular after it’s use in World War 1, and has gone on to be worn by, as per an old Y ad, “the author, the statesman, the private eye”. ID X, Y and the two blanks.
  85. 85. • Burberry’s Gabardine, now used in Trench coats
  86. 86. 30. • The clients buying these modified power tools belong to which religious group?
  87. 87. • The Amish who are not supposed to use modern technology, often interpreted as technology powered by electrical means. • Pressured air tools aren’t powered.
  88. 88. 31. • C Paramathma from the Nalgonda district of the present day Telangana state made a request to the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare back in 2014 for something to be amended to the Indian Medical Council regulations. He refers to an incident where a certain Durgabai pharmacy issued a drug to a pregnant woman called Misoprost 200, instead of Microgest 200, the latter for helping with growth of the fetus, and the former for abortion. • The Andhra Pradesh court then sent it forward to the government, which notified of an amendment added to ‘Indian Medical Council (Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Ethics) Regulations, 2002’. • What amendment?
  89. 89. • Doctors must write prescription in legible writing.
  90. 90. 32. • Usually, Libraries lending e-books from publishers out to people have their DRM enabled, which lets a library member borrow the e-book for two weeks on their device, after which the e-book expires and the user can re-issue it or the library can issue it to someone else. • In March 2011, HarperCollins announced it would distribute eBooks to libraries with DRM enabled to delete the item after being lent 26 times, which was met with heavy criticism from libraries and users alike. • What was HarperCollin’s defence on this arbitrary limit to the number of lendings till the ebook self-destructs, a move possibly inspired by their experience in print media?
  91. 91. • Their research suggested that books often wear out in an average of 26 reissues.
  92. 92. 33. • In this country, this geographical feature is named after an exiled mythological figure from a certain religious tradition, that crossed it in one direction. In its neighbouring country, it is named after a different but similarly exiled mythological figure, of a different religious tradition, that crossed it in the other direction. • What geographical entity? What two exiled mythological figures?
  93. 93. • RamSethu, Adam’s bridge.
  94. 94. Thank you

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