Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.
HISTORY OF IMMIGRATION
OF AMERICAN JEWS TO
THE UNITED STATES
THE JEWISH CONTRIBUTION
TO OUR HISTORY
JEWS SETTLE THROUGHOUT
THE COLONIES
• Made contributions- To Colonial Americas
diversity
• Settled- In all three regions o...
COLONIAL ERA
• Dutch Jews-Dutch Jews- were early settlers ofwere early settlers of
• NewportNewport
• SavannahSavannah
• C...
IMPORTANT FACTS DURING
THIS PERIOD
• First Jewish
Community-Established
in New Amsterdam in
1654
• Legal status of Jews-
v...
NOTABLE JEWISH AMERICANS
DURING COLONIAL PERIOD
• Francis Salvador- First
Jew elected to government
office General Assembl...
REVOLUTIONARY WAR
• In 1776- there were 2000 Jews
in America
• Mostly- Spanish and
Portuguese
• Played significant role-
f...
JEWS IN 19TH
CENTURY
AMERICA
• Jewish Communities-
begin to organize
• Jewish orphanage- set up
in Charleston 1801
• Charl...
19th
CENTURY STATISTICS
ABOUT AMERICAN JEWS
• 1840- 15,000 Jews out of 17 Million Americans
• 1848- Jewish population grow...
CIVILWAR
• 3000 Jews fought for
Confederate Side
• 7000 Jews fought on
Union Side
• Jews- had leadership
positions on both...
CIVIL WAR CONTINUED
• Tensions- over race and
immigration
• Economic competition-
between Jews and Non
Jews
• Worst Outbre...
NOTABLE JEWISH AMERICANS
IN 19TH
CENTURY
• Judah P. Benjamin-
Secretary of State and
acting Secretary of War
• Lewis Charl...
NOTABLE JEWS IN 19TH
CENTURY CONTINUED
Levi Strauss- German
Jewish immigrant who
founded the first
company to manufacture
...
IMMIGRATION OF EASTERN
EUROPEON JEWS 1880-1925
• 1871-1880- 4100 Jews arrive annually from
Eastern Europe
• 1881-1890- 20,...
AMERICANIZATION OF INFLUX
OF JEWISH IMMIGRANTS
• Conservative Jewish
Theological Seminary of
America- Created modified
for...
JEWISH PHILANTHROPISTS
• Responded- To plight of Jewish women
and girls from Eastern Europe
• Donations- Aided women and g...
NOTABLE JEWISH AMERICANS
OF EARLY 20TH
CENTURY
• Jacob Schiff- Wealthy German
Jew who's generosity aided new
immigrants fr...
NOTABLE FACTS ABOUT THIS
PERIOD
• Organizations founded to combat
anti-Semitism- Anti-Defamation
League- American Jewish
C...
WORLD WAR I
• American Jews- Raise 63
Million Dollars in War relief
Funds
• 250 Thousand- American
Jews fought in World Wa...
Contribution of Jews to early 20th
Century Pop Culture
• Jews- Have a major role
in the rise of the motion
picture industr...
EARLY 20TH
CENTURY JEWISH
ENTERTAINMENT LEADERS
• Harry Houdini- Born in
Hungary as Erik Weisz- One
of the greatest magici...
EARLY 20TH
CENTURY JEWISH
ENTERTAINMENT LEADERS
• Irving Berlin- Born Israel
Isidore Beilin- was one of
the most influenti...
THE GREAT DEPRESSION- PRE
WORLD WAR II
• Jewish immigrants- suffer grave
economic conditions- high unemployment-
social fr...
THE HOLOCAUST
• United States – Tight
immigration Policies not
lifted
• Holocaust- Largely
ignored by American
Media
• Res...
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

Ethnic Immigration

Bible To War and Immigration

  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

Ethnic Immigration

  1. 1. HISTORY OF IMMIGRATION OF AMERICAN JEWS TO THE UNITED STATES THE JEWISH CONTRIBUTION TO OUR HISTORY
  2. 2. JEWS SETTLE THROUGHOUT THE COLONIES • Made contributions- To Colonial Americas diversity • Settled- In all three regions of the Colonies • New England • Middle • Southern • Colonies- more tolerant of Jewish People • Then most European Countries
  3. 3. COLONIAL ERA • Dutch Jews-Dutch Jews- were early settlers ofwere early settlers of • NewportNewport • SavannahSavannah • CharlestonCharleston • PhiladelphiaPhiladelphia • BaltimoreBaltimore • 1000 Jews-1000 Jews- to Population of 2.5to Population of 2.5 MillionMillion
  4. 4. IMPORTANT FACTS DURING THIS PERIOD • First Jewish Community-Established in New Amsterdam in 1654 • Legal status of Jews- varied between colonies there were often laws of discrimination • Maryland Toleration Act of 1649- did not include Jews • Rhode Island- was a colony that welcomed Jews
  5. 5. NOTABLE JEWISH AMERICANS DURING COLONIAL PERIOD • Francis Salvador- First Jew elected to government office General Assembly of South Carolina • Jonas Phillips- Strong supporter of Patriot cause and a blockade runner. Refuses to testify in Philadelphia court on the Sabbath due to religious objections. • Haym Solomon- Key figure in in financing patriot cause during the Revolution. Later was instrumental in saving the new Nation from collapse Haym Solomon
  6. 6. REVOLUTIONARY WAR • In 1776- there were 2000 Jews in America • Mostly- Spanish and Portuguese • Played significant role- fighting against the British • Important role- in financing Revolution • President Washington - remembers Jewish contribution during the war in writing to the Sephardic Congregation of Newport Rhode Island
  7. 7. JEWS IN 19TH CENTURY AMERICA • Jewish Communities- begin to organize • Jewish orphanage- set up in Charleston 1801 • Charleston- encompasses wealthiest community of Jews in North America until 1830 • First Jewish School-in New York 1806 • First Jewish Secular organization- B’nai B’rith established 1843 B’nai B’rith
  8. 8. 19th CENTURY STATISTICS ABOUT AMERICAN JEWS • 1840- 15,000 Jews out of 17 Million Americans • 1848- Jewish population grows to 50,000 • Increased Negative stereotyping- due to increased population • 1840’s-1850’s- Jews from Germany begin to arrive in large numbers- Ashkenazi Jews • Formation of – Conservative and Reform Judaism
  9. 9. CIVILWAR • 3000 Jews fought for Confederate Side • 7000 Jews fought on Union Side • Jews- had leadership positions on both sides • 9 Jewish Generals • 21 Jewish Colonels • President Lincoln- proposed legislation to allow Jews to serve as military chaplains • General Grant- issued order #11 expelling Jews from Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee
  10. 10. CIVIL WAR CONTINUED • Tensions- over race and immigration • Economic competition- between Jews and Non Jews • Worst Outbreak- Of anti- Semitism to date • Jews Denounced- As disloyal war profiteers • Accused of- Driving Christians out of business, aiding and abetting enemy
  11. 11. NOTABLE JEWISH AMERICANS IN 19TH CENTURY • Judah P. Benjamin- Secretary of State and acting Secretary of War • Lewis Charles Levin- First Jewish member of the House of Representatives • David Levy Yulee- First Jewish member of the United States Senate • Joseph Seligman- German Jewish immigrant who opened importing house and later banking firm David Levy Yulee
  12. 12. NOTABLE JEWS IN 19TH CENTURY CONTINUED Levi Strauss- German Jewish immigrant who founded the first company to manufacture blue jeans after moving to San Francisco and opening dry goods store during the Gold Rush
  13. 13. IMMIGRATION OF EASTERN EUROPEON JEWS 1880-1925 • 1871-1880- 4100 Jews arrive annually from Eastern Europe • 1881-1890- 20,700 Jews arrive annually from Eastern Europe • Cause of increased immigration- Escape Pogroms- anti Jewish uprising in Russia • 1924- 2 Million Jews have arrived from Eastern Europe • National Origins Quota of 1924- Severely restricts immigration from Eastern Europe
  14. 14. AMERICANIZATION OF INFLUX OF JEWISH IMMIGRANTS • Conservative Jewish Theological Seminary of America- Created modified form of Zionism • Believed- Jews could live in Jewish and American Worlds • National Council of Jewish Women- founded in Chicago in 1893- Founded by Philanthropists – aided in Americanization of Jewish female immigrants- aided female immigrants from arrival on Ellis Island to final destination
  15. 15. JEWISH PHILANTHROPISTS • Responded- To plight of Jewish women and girls from Eastern Europe • Donations- Aided women and girls to obtain housing- health care- employment- Socialization – English Classes Donations- Made from wealthy Jews to the poorer Jews- Aided in Americanization- Helped to bridge cultural gap- tried to fight immigration restriction
  16. 16. NOTABLE JEWISH AMERICANS OF EARLY 20TH CENTURY • Jacob Schiff- Wealthy German Jew who's generosity aided new immigrants from Eastern Europe. • Samuel Gompers- Major figure in American labor history- founded the American Federation of Labor ( AFL) • David Dubinsky- Founding member of the Committee of Industrial organizations- President of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) • Saul Alinsky- Considered to be the father of community organizing- influential in grassroots political organizing David Dubinsky
  17. 17. NOTABLE FACTS ABOUT THIS PERIOD • Organizations founded to combat anti-Semitism- Anti-Defamation League- American Jewish Committee- American Jewish Congress • First Jewish Governor elected- Moses Alexander serves as Governor of Idaho 1915-1919 • First Jew appointed to U.S. Supreme Court- Louis Brandeis appointed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1916 • First Jewish women to serve in U.S. Congress- Florence Kahn serves from 1925-1937 representing California 5th women to serve in Congress Florence Kahn
  18. 18. WORLD WAR I • American Jews- Raise 63 Million Dollars in War relief Funds • 250 Thousand- American Jews fought in World War I • 40 Thousand- American Jews signed up as volunteers • 3500- American Jews killed in action during the war • Jewish Welfare Board- Centers established to aide Jewish serviceman at home and abroad
  19. 19. Contribution of Jews to early 20th Century Pop Culture • Jews- Have a major role in the rise of the motion picture industry • Jewish Entertainers- In many cases change their names to attract a larger audience • Jazz Singer- First movie with sound- story of a Jewish Cantor who becomes a popular singer
  20. 20. EARLY 20TH CENTURY JEWISH ENTERTAINMENT LEADERS • Harry Houdini- Born in Hungary as Erik Weisz- One of the greatest magicians of all time • Al Jolson- Born in Lithuania as Asa Youelson- Played the leading role in the Jazz Singer- first film with sound • Samuel Goldwyn- One of the founding fathers of the movie industry- A founding member of Paramount and MGM • The Warner Brothers- Four Jewish brothers who were immigrants of Poland and founders of Warner Brothers Studios
  21. 21. EARLY 20TH CENTURY JEWISH ENTERTAINMENT LEADERS • Irving Berlin- Born Israel Isidore Beilin- was one of the most influential songwriters in the history of the United States- Composed lyrics and music to thousands of songs • George Gershwin- Born Jacob Gershowitz- Piano player and important American composer- Several of his songs now jazz standards George Gershwin
  22. 22. THE GREAT DEPRESSION- PRE WORLD WAR II • Jewish immigrants- suffer grave economic conditions- high unemployment- social frustration- disillusionment • Anti-Semitism- Rises in the 1930’s increases as the decade ends- continues into the early 1940’s
  23. 23. THE HOLOCAUST • United States – Tight immigration Policies not lifted • Holocaust- Largely ignored by American Media • Rescue- of European Jewish population not a priority in the United States • American- Jewish community deeply divided on opinion of events in Europe

×