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  1. 1. Similarities SLT Biological Psychodynamic Cognitive Humanism Behaviourism Both use lab experiments and studies in controlled conditions. Both feel that organisms respond to stimuli in the environment. Both approaches lack ecological validity Both use lab experiments and studies in controlled conditions. Both are deterministic- Biological say we are determined by genes and Behaviourism by the environment. Both approaches lack Ecological validity. Both feel that behaviour is determined and that we have little free will in our actions. Both use lab experiments and studies in controlled conditions. Both approaches lack ecological validity Both feel that the environment are important factors in our behaviour (however Humanists think this is one of many factors!) Differences SLT Biological Psychodynamic Cognitive Humanism Behaviourism SLT feels that we have more free will in our behaviour as we choose to model our behaviour on some people and not others. Behaviourism feels that we learn by direct experience whereas SLT believes in vicarious learning. Biological are concerned with chemical interactions etc. Behavioural – based on stimulus response. Psychodynamic uses the idiographic approach (not many participant used) whereas Behaviourism uses Nomethetic- using lots of participants to make general laws of behaviour. Cognitive bases assumptions on Internal process only – whereas the behavioural approach is based on stimuli and effect. Behaviourists do animal research Cognitives do not! Behaviourism is reductionist and simplifies complex behaviour to S-R whereas Humanism is holistic and takes the whole person into account. Behaviourism uses Scientific methods but Humanism rejects this idea of Scientific Psychology. Behaviourism feels behaviour is determined by the environment and Humanism is concerned with free will.

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