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  1. 1. Edexcel GCSE 9-1 Psychology Topic 11 Research Methods Research and experimental design (p. 138) Learning objectives: 1) To learn about the different research and experimental designs. 2) To evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of these designs. Task 1: Key terminology: try to write it in your own words! Try to draw a picture or a key word/phrase to help you remember each in the right hand column. Research design Experimental design Independent measures design Repeated measures design Matched pairs design Task 2: Think back to the studies we have covered so far. Remember – there are two studies for each topic. For each of the studies listed (if we have covered them), state what design the researchers used. Topic Type of design Explanation for decision 1) Development 2) Memory 3) Psychological problems
  2. 2. 4) Brain & neuropsychology 5) Social Influence 6) Criminal Psychology 9) Sleep and dreaming Task 3: Complete the table showing the strengths and weaknesses of each design Strengths Weaknesses Controlling problems Independent measures design Repeated measures design Matched pairs design Task 4: Identify each of the following research and experimental designs.
  3. 3. 1) A study to investigate the value of believing in free will involving 13 female and 17 male university students. They were tested individually after having been randomly allocated to either the experimental or the control group. Design: Explanation: 2) A study to investigate the role of pets in preadolescent psychosocial development involving 130 children aged between 8 and 11 years old. Of the children, 65 were pet owners, and 65 were non- pet owners. Design: Explanation: 3) A study to investigate prisoner-guard conflict in a simulated prison environment where 10 were randomly assigned the role of guard and 10 were assigned the role of prisoner. Design: Explanation: Stretch and challenge: Some of these do not neatly fit into the categories we have been discussing. What type of experimental design are they? 4) A study to investigate whether helping behaviour in a natural environment is more likely in certain conditions where 4500 men and women passengers travelling on a New York Subway between 11am and 3pm were observed covertly. Design: Explanation: